Guanajuato, the city of Diego Rivera

Guanajuato, city of Diego Rivera

Guanjuato, the city of Diego Rivera, is also one of the states that make up Mexico. It is in the north center of the country, it has had an important role in the national history and economy, it has many cultural treasures, which is why it attracts visitors from all over the world, and it is Heritage.

Guanajuato It is the most visited colonial destination in the country and you can breathe authentic Mexico here. Let's get to know Guanajuato!

Guanajuato

Guanajuato, colonial city

The name derives from the word Purépecha quanazhuato, Castilianized to Guanajuato in the 1546th century, when the lands were given by the viceroy to Rodrigo Vázquez for his services during the conquest. It was born as a town in XNUMX and was called Royal Mines of Guanajuato for rich veins of silver had been discovered.

Guanajuato It became a city in 1741, as it grew and became part of a chain of agricultural settlements with many livestock that supplied the explorers, but we must not lose sight of the exploitation of the silver mines, which soon became the basis of the viceroyalty's economy. Later, naturally, it was not immune to the problems that the Spanish occupation by Bonaparte and the crisis in the entire metropolis produced in America.

And then, of course, the life of Guanajuato went hand in hand with the hectic national political life, independence, the new governments, the American intervention in the country, the French intervention, the Porfirio Díaz chapter, the Mexican Revolution, the entire 20th century and the current situation with drug trafficking.

What to see in Guanajuato

Alley of the Kiss, in Guanajuato

Guanajuato is a city for everyone, for solo travelers, for couples, families, children... Places and flavors combine to make you have a really good time, so let's start now with everything you can see in Guanajuato, the city of Diego Rivera .

The call Kiss alley It is famous for the following: it is said that when a couple visits it and kisses on the third step they will have enormous happiness for seven years. If the couple doesn't do it and passes through here without kissing it will be the other way around, seven years of very, very bad luck. Do not forget! You find it behind the Plaza de los Ángeles and you can always ask about the romantic history that the place hides.

Trick Street

Another well-known street is Trick Street, a street that is said is haunted so it is explored during the day and not at night. It seems that the ghost of a man named Martín circulates here, who lost his fortune and committed suicide. The ghost comes and goes down this street where there used to be a casino. Beyond the history, it is a very beautiful street.

Monument to the Pípila, in Guanajuato

As are also the Sopeña Street and Underground Street, which recalls the days of the mining town with its complex system of tunnels and underground passages. He Monument to Pípila It is a site in honor of Juan José de los Reyes Martínez, the Pípila.

Underground Street, in Guanajuato

This man, on September 28, 1810, during the first battle of the War of Independence, set fire to the door of the Alhóndiga de Granaditas in a truly heroic act. AND From up there the views of the city are great.. You can go up on foot or you can take the Guanjuato funicular, which is very fun and provides great views on the way up.

El mummy Museum It houses a group of naturally mummified bodies that were discovered by chance after exhuming the tombs of the Santa Paula Cemetery. They will be a hundred mummies that can be seen behind glass that protects them from time. What is the history of the Guanajuato mummies? Between 1870 and 1950 the local government charged a tax for burial in the local cemetery, and if the family did not pay it after three years the body was exhumed.

Mummies Museum, in Guanajuato

The soil here is very dry, and thus, the bodies were in very good condition after exhumation. That is, almost mummified. By the time this tax stopped being collected, around 1958, there were already a hundred mummies so it was decided to create a museum. The one that everyone visits nowadays, just steps from the city center, on the esplanade of the Municipal Pantheon.

When we talked at the beginning about the lands and the expansion of the Spanish, we said that the cattle that for topographical reasons were not convenient to leave in Mexico City and its surroundings were moved here. This is how the estates, and among them today you can visit the former Hacienda San Gabriel de Barrera, on the outskirts of the city center, today converted into Museum.

Hacienda San Gabriel de Barrera, in Guanajuato

This hacienda is a window to the past, with beautiful gardens and living rooms still furnished with European objects and furniture, which speaks of the wealth of the family that used to live here. There's even an English garden, and you can stay for tea.

And finally we arrive at Diego Rivera. After all our article today is called Guanajuato, the city of Diego Rivera. Rivera was a very famous Mexican artist, muralist and painter Cubist, who He was born right here on December 8, 1886. The famous husband of the no less famous artist Frida Khalo, although Rivera's life was very rich long before he met his last wife.

Diego Rivera House Museum

La Diego Rivera House Museum It is the house where the artist was born and spent his childhood. His twin brother died here, when they were both barely a year old, and he survived rickets. The house is small and houses some of Rivera's works, obviously being one of the main attractions of the city. It opens from Tuesday to Saturday from 10am to 7pm and on Sundays it opens between 10am and 3pm. General admission costs 30 Mexican pesos. It is on the Pocitos street, 47, in the center.

Diego Rivera House Museum

Inside you will see a recreation of the rooms according to the custom of the time, the parents' bedroom, the artist's aunt who lived with them, the dining room and the studio. In the Nudes and Drawings Room there is a self-portrait, nudes of Frida Khalo and Dolores Olmedo as well. There are more portraits, lithographs, watercolors, inks, preliminary sketches of the History of the Theater Mural, pencil drawings, photos of his works... Five rooms, in total.

Basilica of Our Lady of Guanajuato

La Basilica of Our Lady of Guanajuato It is one of the best churches in the city. It is a large, yellow temple, with an equally beautiful interior. Here is the sculpture of the oldest virgin to arrive in America, carved in Andalusia. The Catholics of Granada hid it from the Arabs and much later it was given to Charles V, and his son, Philip II, gave it to Guanajuato in 1557 in gratitude for the riches that the city sent to Spain.

Altar of the Basilica of Our Lady of Guanajuato

The virgin is a work of art in polychrome and stewed cedar wood measuring one and a half meters: It is the Virgin with the Child Jesus and is on a solid silver pedestal that was added in Guanajuato. Every August 8 is her holiday. The church was built between 1671 and 1696 in baroque and neoclassical style. Right next door is the beautiful Peace Square, with its cafes around and its charming, colonial buildings.

El  San Diego Temple It is the second most photographed church in Guanajuato, with its beautiful red dome and its churriqueresque style on the facade. This style is common in the Mexican colonial architecture of mining towns. You can find the temple next to the Juarez Theater. And what can we say about this other famous building?

Juarez Theater, in Guanajuato

El Juarez Theater It was built in the 19th century and still functions as such, being one of the venues of the International Cervantino Festival, an annual music, art and theater event that takes place in mid-October. Then comes the Day of the Dead, so October and November I would say are two very good months to visit Guanajuato.

University of Guanajuato

Another temple to visit is Temple of San Francisco, beautiful inside and out, orange in color, with a highly decorated portal and a clock in the center. The University of Guanajuato It is another striking, imposing building, with its main entrance with 133 steps leading to the door. Other places to see and photograph this ancient institution are the Patio of the Old Jesuit College of the Santísima Trinidad, the Armando Olivares Carrillo Library or the Mesón de San Antonio.

El Hidalgo Market It is a traditional place that works in the center of the city and is the best place to observe, pass and make various purchases. There is an upper floor and they sell souvenirs, food, cheap fresh produce and much more.

Hidalgo Market, in Guanajuato

Finally, walk through Guanajuato It is something that will allow you to discover its nooks, its hidden squares, its alleys. You will surely pass through the Plaza San Roque, Plazuela de San Fernando, with artists painting and its bars, restaurants and cafes, the Los Angeles Square, near the Callejón del Beso, with its musicians, and the Union Garden, located right in front of the San Diego Temple, a small triangular-shaped square with cafes, bars and more restaurants.

You can connect Mexico City with Guanajuato by bus, on a trip of around four and a half hours.


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