Middle. This region of the world has been in the news for a little less than fifty years. Partly because it is an area very rich in oil, but precisely for this reason political conflicts break out one after another.
Furthermore, it is a important area in human history and many of its cities are thousands of years old. Unfortunately geopolitical issues make many of them impossible to visit, but we strongly hope that peace comes to them one day and we can enjoy them. In the meantime, get to know some of the capitals of the Middle East here.
It goes by various names, the Middle East, the Middle East, the Middle East, and even West Asia. It is a wide region that it is located between the Indian Ocean and the sea Mediterranean coast whose population, with few exceptions, is mainly Islamic. In addition, it concentrates most important oil reserves in the world so since the twentieth century it has been in the eye of the storm, so to speak.
There are still undefined questions about which countries make up the Middle East and which do not or partially, but it is generally accepted that in total they are 17 countries within this zone. Among them are Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Israel, Iran, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Syria, Yemen, the Palestinian Territories, Egypt, Cyprus and Turkey.
Middle East capitals
We can start with the capitals of the countries that can be visited. For example, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, Qatar, Cyprus, or Egypt. Let's look first at Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia.
Riyadh is the capital and the most populous city of Saudi Arabia. It is located in the center of the Arabian peninsula and although it has centuries of history its modernization began in the 40s XNUMXth century by the hand of Shah Saud, inspired by American cities. Thus, it was redesigned as a grid with neighborhoods, streets and avenues and the population began to grow steadily thereafter.
The 90s have not been calm in the region and not in Riyadh where there have been terrorist attacks towards locals and foreigners, the latter on the part of Al Qaeda and Yemen, which has the city in the sights of its missiles. Obviously the situation does not call for tourism but there are always adventurous people ...
The climate is arid and hot so in summer the temperatures are tremendous and always exceed 40 ºC. If you decide to visit you can vvisit the ancient city Inside the walls, it is a very small part but where you can appreciate the old Riad.
Is here the Fort Masmak, of clay and mud with towers and thick walls. old houses, the Murabba Palace From the 30s of the XNUMXth century, huge, and you can always take a trip to the surrounding villages. You can add a visit to National Museum of Saudi Arabia and Royal Saudi Air Force Museum.
Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates and in number of inhabitants it is behind Dubai. He is on an island shaped like the letter T in the Persian Gulf. His name, dhabi, It refers to the gazelles that inhabited this area so rich for so many civilizations. Here there are traces of ancient cultures so it is an archaeological wonder. Before the discovery and exploitation of oil, Abu Dhabi was engaged in the pearl trade.
It is also a city with tremendous summers so if you can avoid it do not go between June and September. The best months are from November to March. Then you can move more comfortably through its center with skyscraper, enjoy his sea wall or its parks, including the Lake park or Heritage Park. You will also see the huge and majestic Sheik Zayed White Mosque or you can visit the Abu Dhabi Louvre or Ferrari world.
Amman is the capital of Jordan and its roots go back to the Neolithic. It is the fifth most visited Arab city and has many archaeological treasures from different periods as the Greeks and Romans also walked around here.
There is a lot of history in the Jordan Museum, if you want to know about the famous dead sea scrolls, the Archaeological Museum, the Royal Automobile Museum and the Folk Museum.
Doha is the capital of Qatar and soon we will know more about it because it will be one of the venues for the next Soccer World Cup. This on the coast of the Persian Gulf and it is the most important city in the country. It was founded in the first half of the XNUMXth century and it is capital since 1971 when Qatar managed to stop being a British protectorate.
It has gained a lot of land from the sea and also has a very hot and desert climate. If you like museums you can visit the Museum of Islamic Art and the Arab Museum of Modern Art. There is also the Fort Al Koot, the seven kilometer long boardwalk, the cultural village of Katara and the beautiful and green Al Waab Park.
Beirut is one of the oldest cities in the world and it has been inhabited for more than five thousand years. It is the capital of Lebanon and the Greeks and Romans, Muslims, Crusaders and Ottomans have also passed through it later on. Even the French after the First World War. It used to be an active and very cultural city, not in vain did it come to be known as "The Paris of the Middle East."
But it all ended in the 70s with the civil war, the subsequent Lebanon War, and the conflict with Israel. Unfortunately they have not improved because today the city is witness to attacks and economic crises. But, if you decide to visit it, there are many interesting places: the historical center of Beirut with parks, squares and historic neighborhoods with pedestrian areas and boardwalks with multiple cafes.
You will see many French and even Gothic buildings, although there is no shortage of more Ottoman style. Between Crusader churches and mosques to Roman ruins. A beauty. Cities such as Jerusalem or Cairo remain in the pipeline but we have already talked about them on another occasion. Then there are other Middle Eastern capitals like the West Bank, Damascus, Sana'a or Muscat that only the most adventurous of tourists would want to visit today. We leave them for another post.