The typical costumes of a country, like gastronomy or music, are expressions of its folklore. In the case of Mexico, their clothing is the result of the mixture of indigenous and Spanish culture that has given rise to unique designs. with textures and colors that dazzle both foreigners and the national public.
If you have always wondered what the typical costumes of Mexico are like, then we will review the most striking and beautiful clothes of the American country.
Given its great extension there is a great variety of costumes whose composition varies depending on the customs or the climate of the region. However, the typical costumes of Mexico also have common elements. For example, most of the fabrics used to make the garments are hand-spun cotton fibers or local silk. As for the decorative motifs, the most used are flowers and butterflies.
The traditional dress of Chiapas is called chiapaneca and it comes from Chiapa de Corzo. It is believed that its design was made to represent the jungle and its spectacular floraThat is why colorful flowers stand out on a dark background.
The chiapaneca suit is composed of a satin blouse with a bateau neckline that leaves the shoulders exposed. The skirt is hand embroidered with silk thread to represent floral motifs in colors such as white, blue, pink or orange. The quechquémel, a kind of poncho that is placed on the upper part of the body, is also typical.
In Guadalajara, the typical male and female costumes are known as the Charro costume. The man's is black with color details. As a complement, a kind of poncho made of sheep or alpaca wool and a charro hat is used. The woman's consists of a tangle of blanket whose length reaches the ankles. The skirt is covered with embroidery made with the cross stitch technique and with colorful threads.
The Huichol and Cora Indians have maintained their customs for centuries and their women are known for their artistic talent when it comes to weaving woolen garments with unique designs. The typical male costume is that of the Huichol and consists of the use of a white blanket and a shirt whose sleeves are open at the bottom and is embroidered with colorful symmetrical designs.
Regarding the female costume, it is made up of a monocolor blouse with interior and exterior naguas on which a cloak is added that covers the head. They are also adorned with beaded necklaces.
The typical female costume of Puebla is known as china poblana. Its color is white and it is composed of a low-cut blouse and a skirt that receives the name of beaver because of the fabric with which it is made that reaches the ankles. This skirt can also be called zagalejo and consists of two layers: the upper one of green silk and the lower one of drawings. The suit has colored embroidery that recreates floral shapes.
In the Yucatan peninsula is the archaeological site of Chichén Itzá and the inhabitants of the region still preserve the indigenous customs, which can be appreciated in their typical costumes.
The clothing is characterized by having a predominantly white background on which flowers of multiple colors are embroidered and by being fitted at the waist.
Like the rest of the typical costumes of the different Mexican regions, those of Oaxaca are also characterized by being very colorful although they differ from the rest by printing indigenous symbols on the clothing such as stars, geometric shapes, animals or the sun. Colonial techniques such as bobbin lace or flamenco holanes, among others, are used in its preparation. As a curiosity, women's skirts are called posahuanco.
The typical Yucatan costume for women is called the terno and is made up of three pieces called huipil, doublet and fustán. The latter consists of a skirt fitted at the waist and long to the feet. For its part, the doublet is a square neck that is placed on the huipil, a white dress. As a complement, a shawl called a rebozo de Santa María and a filigree rosary made by hand by Yucatecan goldsmiths are used.
Whether in its male or female version, the typical costume of Veracruz is called jarocho and is characterized by being white. The women wear a wide and long skirt up to the ankles on which lace or embroidery is sewn in various shades. A velvet apron is placed over the skirt, which can be maroon or black. Another accessory is the fringed silk shawl.
As for the male attire, the typical Veracruz costume consists of pants and a white shirt that must have four pockets and four tucks.