The typical dress of Jalisco has many similarities with the typical clothing of the mariachis, to the point that they are often confused. In fact, it is believed that the latter were born in the Jalisco town of Cocula. However, they are not exactly the same. The second one incorporates buttons on the pants and jacket, in addition to having a greater variety of colors.
However, the authentic typical Jalisco costume, which this article will occupy, is more sober. As its name suggests, we are going to tell you about the classic clothing of this Mexican state, located in the western part of the country and bordering those of Nayarit, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Michoacán y Colima, as well as with the Pacific Ocean.
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Peculiarities of the typical dress of Jalisco
We will start by doing a bit of history regarding this clothing and then focus on the typical men's and women's costumes. They are both very different, a lot more colorful and cheerful that of the females.
History of the suit
The origins of charro suit, which, as you may have already deduced, is the traditional one from Jalisco, dates back to the XNUMXth century. Curiously, the clothing that identifies Mexico abroad was born, according to it is believed, in Spanish lands, specifically in Salamanca.
As you also know, the inhabitants of this province are called, precisely, charros. And, if you look at their typical clothing, it is true that they are similar to the Jalisco costume. The Spaniard consists of sturdy black pants, a short jacket of the same color, and high riding boots. Also, the hat is similar, although with much smaller wings.
This clothing would have passed to America with the arrival of the Hispanics and would be adopted in the Jalisco area. However, it received several modifications. In the following centuries, it was improved by adding numerous handmade embroidery and ornaments. Already in the XIX, it was the one used by the chinacos, name given to men who worked in the fields.
As a curiosity, we will tell you that the emperor Maximilian of Habsburg He was a great admirer of the charro suit. He even used it several times trying to adapt to his new nation. Already with the Mexican revolution, this clothing became popular becoming the quintessential mexican costume, surpassing those typical of other regions of the country (if you want to know more about the latter, we advise you this article).
However, currently not all typical charro clothes are the same. They differ the work clothes, full dress and full dress, although there is hardly any difference between them. The only one resides in the luxury of embroidery and ornaments that they have incorporated. As you may have guessed, the former are more sober than the latter, although all of them are very beautiful and striking.
If you visit Guadalajara, capital and most popular city in the state of Jalisco, it will not be difficult for you to find your typical costume. Logically, its inhabitants do not use it daily, but they do They take advantage of any event to dress it. But, without further ado, we are going to talk to you about the typical Jalisco costume for women.
Jalisco typical costume for women
Jalisco women wear a one-piece dress with a long skirt. It's made with poplin, its neck is high and its sleeves are baggy type. Also, in its upper part, at chest height, it carries some vee-shaped balls that overlap. Also the skirt is quite wide.
Regarding color, it is usually single tone, although this contrasts with the cheerful color tapes that it has overlapping and also with the lace that it wears as ornaments. As for the footwear, it is made of laces and has different accessories. Finally, the headdress of the hair is made with ribbons identical to those that appear on the dress.
Jalisco costume for men
Regarding the charro suit for men, it is composed, in its upper part, of a shirt on which a short jacket. It reaches the lower part of the thorax and its sleeves are equally short to show the silver ornaments of the dolls. Likewise, it can be adorned with seventy buttons of the same tone, although they can also be golden.
As for the pants, they are tight, suede or cloth and dark tones. They also carry trim along all legs. The clothing is complemented by lace-up boots of the same color as the suit.
Special mention must be made of hat. It was originally designed to resist the effects of the Jalisco sun and also as protection against falls from a horse. For this reason, they were made with hare hair, wool felt or wheat straw and had four stones or ribbons in their glass that doubled it and made it more resistant.
The brim of this typical hat is large and wide, as well as dubbed on its back. Finally, it is sometimes adorned with shawl or embroidered trims. So useful was this design for field work that it became typical throughout Mexico.
Finally, another piece that cannot be missing in the charro style is the serape. In this case, it is not a garment, but a kind of blanket that the riders carried along with the saddle of their horse. Therefore, you will not see it when you attend dances or parades on foot, but you will see it when it comes to equestrian passes or the charros shows that we are going to show you next.
When is the typical dress of Jalisco used
Indeed, once we have explained what the Jalisco costumes for men and women are like, we will focus on talking to you about the events and festivities where it is more common to find people dressed in them.
The show par excellence where these outfits are worn are those of the charrería. The traditional equestrian events of the Aztec country receive this name. They develop in arenas that are called charro canvases and they consist of the riders performing different exercises on the back of their horses.
As a sport, it was born at the beginning of the XNUMXth century to commemorate the cattle jobs in the field that were becoming obsolete. The charrería is organized in Mexico by a federation and its traditions have been recognized as Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO to conserve them.
Currently, women also play an important role in charrería. Not only because every year one is chosen Queen that is in charge of inaugurating the different festivities, but also because takes part in equestrian competitions. They are Amazons who participate, above all, in the discipline known for charra skirmish. It consists of groups of eight Amazons who perform choreographies on the back of their horses and to the rhythm of the music.
But, fortunately, more and more charras are encouraged to practice other kinds of the show. Among the most important, we will mention you the horse cove, the bull and mare riders, the piales on the canvas, the manganas on foot or on horseback, the shortlist in the ring or the step of death.
Logically, in these cases women wear other types of accessories for their suit. Among them, boots with spurs, hat and staff. In addition, they place on the horse a special mount called packsaddle.
The charrería is so united to the Mexican tradition that every September 14 the Aztec country celebrates the Charro Day. Throughout its territory (if you want to read an article about Veracruz, Click here) equestrian and musical shows are held to commemorate it. Regarding the latter, the mariachis they are the absolute protagonists.
Regarding the state of Jalisco, which we are talking about, on that date Guadalajara celebrates the International Meeting of Mariachi and Charrería. As you can imagine, the streets of the capital are adorned and thousands of men and women walk through them dressed in the typical Jalisco costume and interpreting traditional music.
The events are mainly concentrated in the Liberation Square, where there are numerous festivals. But there are also parades, gala performances in the Throat cut theatre and even masses sung in the Basilica of Zapopán.
Folk groups perform musical genres such as the Tapatio syrup, also known as "the Mexican hat" for being left on the ground and dancing around it. It is a courtship dance whose origin we must look for in the Mexican Revolution.
Equally very popular in this type of celebrations are the Snake, a dance that recreates work in the fields, the Iguana and Rocking horse, among other dances that the interpreters perform while listening to the mariachi sounds. This is the name of the songs that accompany the dances and shows of the charrería and that, therefore, are closely linked to the typical costumes of Jalisco.
In conclusion, we have told you about typical costume of Jalisco for both men and women. But we have also explained to you the importance of the world of charrería in Mexico, which includes this clothing and also the mariachi sounds. All this has configured a culture that has crossed the borders of the Aztec country to become popular throughout the world.