What to see in Tordesillas

Tordesillas

talk to you about what to see in Tordesillas is to make it from one's own history Castilla. It is no coincidence that this small town in the province of Valladolid It holds the titles of "very illustrious, ancient, crowned, loyal and most noble town."

In it was signed the Tratado de tordesillas of 1494, which divided maritime navigation and the conquest of new territories between Castilla, Aragon y Portugal. Likewise, it was the place where she was imprisoned Juana I of Castile, known as "La Loca", from 1509 until her death in 1555. Numerous monuments and places of interest have remained from such an illustrious past. Therefore, below, we are going to show you what to see in Tordesillas.

Plaza Mayor

Tordesillas main square

The beautiful Plaza Mayor of Tordesillas

We must begin our tour of the Castilian town in its Plaza Mayor, nerve center of life in the town. Although it has gone through several renovations, it retains its original 17th century structure. In fact, you still have access to the four primitive streets that made up Tordesillas.

In it, the traditional houses with wooden balconies and, above all, the low porticoes with columns that support the buildings. Everything in the square is designed, just like in other Castilians, to witness activities and celebrations that took place in it. For example, medieval games and bullfights.

Its main building is Town hall, which, however, forms a harmonious whole with the other constructions. Likewise, since 1994, one of the best festivals has been held there every first weekend in October. medieval markets from all over Castile.

The medieval wall and bridge

medieval bridge

Tordesillas medieval bridge

Like almost all towns that have their roots in the Middle Ages, Tordesillas had a wide Wall Built of stone, brick and rammed earth and with four doors. However, today, only a few canvases remain, which have also been reconstructed. But, above all, the call remains Tower of Sulla, in which a gate with a pointed arch opens.

Better preserved is the magnificent medieval bridge that saves the Duero River. The exact date of its construction is unknown, but it is estimated to be around the 15th century, although there was already another one before. Proof of its origin are the pointed arches between which there are triangular breakwaters. Until the 19th century, it was an obligatory passage to connect the northwest of Spain with the central area. Therefore, it was raised a tower on the bridge that served as a headquarters to pay the toll or pontazgo to cross it.

Monastery of Santa Clara, essential among what to see in Tordesillas

Santa Clara Monastery

Royal Monastery of Santa Clara

The king ordered it to be built as a palace Alfonso XI around 1340 to celebrate his triumph in the Battle of Salado. In fact, it served as a residence for Eleanor de Guzman, favorite of the monarch. They would be her granddaughters Beatriz e Isabel those that would transform it into a convent.

It is a building Mudejar which is accessed through a patio. In it is precisely the facade of Alfonso XI, which is considered a precursor to that of the Alcázar of Seville. Through it you access the interior, in which three parts stand out. The first is the iglesia, which is Gothic and has a single nave. However, its main chapel has an impressive Mudejar coffered ceiling. Likewise, they draw attention to the Saldaña chapel, from the 15th century, and the choir stalls, from the 17th century.

The second element that you should see is the cloister or Orchard Courtyard, restored in the same 17th century by Francisco de Praves. Finally, the third notable part of the set is the Golden Room, name due to the ornamentation of that color that crowned its dome. Unfortunately, it was destroyed by a fire, although the structure is still preserved, with the cross-ribbed dome itself and remains of wall paintings from the 14th century.

In addition, your visit will allow you to discover collections of paintings, sculptures and furniture. Among the pieces, an altarpiece painted by Nicholas French, the royal organ, which is believed to be Joan of Castile, and the spectacular roof of the presbytery.

The church of San Antolín and other temples

Church of San Antolin

Church museum of San Antolín, one of the main religious monuments to see in Tordesillas

Declared an Asset of Cultural Interest, the church of San Antolín It was built at the beginning of the 16th century following the Gothic canons. Inside, the main chapel stands out, covered with a star-shaped ribbed vault, as well as those of the Ulloa, the Acevedo and the Baptistery. But, above all, it is spectacular chapel of the Alderete, Flemish Gothic style. In its center is the tomb of the founder, made by Gaspar de Tordesillas with alabaster and plateresque features. And no less beautiful is its altarpiece, with sculptures of Juan de Juni. In fact, this temple houses the San Antolin Museum.

Also church of Santa Maria It has a Gothic structure, although it was redesigned in a classicist style in the image of the Escorial monastery. Not in vain, it is the largest among those to see in Tordesillas and has three doors and a large tower with a square base. Likewise, inside you should look at its beautiful main altarpiece, attributed to the brothers Pedro and Juan de la Torre, and in its baroque organ.

For its part, the St. Peter's Church It is also a Gothic ashlar building from the late 16th century. It has two doors and a tower supported by a buttress. Its main chapel has a baroque altarpiece and is complemented by that of the Gaitán, covered by a dome and with praying statues. Refering to church of san juan, is of medieval origin, but was rebuilt in the 16th century. Hence its classicist forms. AND Santiago's It had a beautiful carving of the Immaculate Conception that is attributed to the Granada school, specifically, to a disciple of Alonso Cano.

Other religious monuments to see in Tordesillas

Iglesia de Santa Maria

The church of Santa Maria

Also included among what to see in Tordesillas in terms of religious heritage is the Carmel convent, whose origin dates back to the reign of Juan II and which has been converted into a municipal auditorium. For his part, the Mater Dei Hospital It was founded in 1467 by Mrs. Beatriz of Portugal, whose heraldic shield is seen in several places in the building. Among them, the porticoed cloister, the belfry and the church stand out, which is later, from the 16th century, and in Gothic style.

Nowadays, it is more important sanctuary of Our Lady of La Peña, since it houses the image of the patron saint of Tordesillas. It is located outside the town, on the left bank of the Duero River. Its origins date back to the Middle Ages. But it was blown up during the War of Independence, so its appearance is due to the reconstruction carried out between 1826 and 1840. In any case, the original structure and the rear façade, which dated from the XNUMXth century, were respected.

The church has a Latin cross plan and, inside, stands out the neoclassical altarpiece that houses the image of the aforementioned Virgen de la Peña. As for the exterior, it is made of brick and has a double belfry. In September, during the town's patron saint festivities, it is a procession to the sanctuary that brings together many people.

Treaty Houses

Treaty Houses

Treaty Houses, essential among what to see in Tordesillas

These are two attached palaces. Precisely, one of them hosted the negotiations that led to the signing of the Tratado de tordesillas, which we have already told you about and to which they owe their name. It is the oldest and is dated to the end of the 15th century, while the other dates back to the 17th century.

The oldest house has on its façade the shields of the Catholic kings and the owner family, the González de Tordesillas and Ulloa. Both were rehabilitated to commemorate the fifth centenary of the agreement and are used for cultural activities. But, above all, precisely, they house the Tordesillas Treaty Museum, in which you can learn everything related to this transcendental agreement for the world of the time.

Alderete Palace and other noble houses

Palace of the Alderete

The palace of the Alderete

In the four streets that lead to the Plaza Mayor, you can see some manor houses. Most date from the 16th century and are vestiges of the time of maximum splendor of Tordesillas. In general, it has two floors, the lower one made of ashlar and the upper one made of brick or rammed earth. Likewise, they are usually topped by a wooden eaves and access is through semicircular arches with large voussoirs.

Among all of them, the call stands out Palace of the Alderete, which is another of the monuments to see in Tordesillas. You will find it on San Antolín Street and it connects with the church of the same name through a passageway. It has the appearance of a fortress due to its battlements and was built in the 15th century by Don Pedro González de Alderete, town councilor. Finally, in the Plaza de Roma, next to the church of San Pedro, you have another of those stately houses, which dates back to the 16th century and stands out for its bars.

In conclusion, we have shown you what to see in Tordesillas. But this town in the province of Valladolid also offers you a river beach and numerous hiking and cycling routes. For example, that of Upper Douro, which takes you to the municipalities of Villamarciel and San Miguel del Pino; that of the Cañada Real de Foncastín or two stages of the cycle tour EuroVelo 1, which links the entire Old Continent from North Cape in Norway to Caminha in Portugal. Come and discover everything that Tordesillas offers you.


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