Kwastam din Guatemala

Amurka nahiya ce mai cike da al'adu da tarihi kuma yankin tsakiyar yana da babban gadon Mayan wanda ba'a iyakance shi ga Mexico ba, kamar yadda wasu marasa tunani zasu iya tunani. Anan Amurka ta tsakiya take Guatemala kuma yau zamuyi magana akansa al'adunsu.

Idan ka kalli taswira zaka ga cewa kasar karama ce, amma gaskiyar magana ita ce matsatstsen yanayin kasa ya hada wurare da wurare daban daban. Kamar dai yadda akwai gandun daji na ruwa haka kuma akwai mangroves kuma kamar yadda akwai al'adun gargajiya na Hispanic el mayan gado shi ma ya ce ba.

Guatemala

A zamanin mulkin mallaka, yankin Guatemala Ya kasance wani ɓangare na Viceroyalty na New Spain amma kafin ya kasance mallakar ta Mayans da Olmecs. Samun 'yanci ya kasance a 1821, lokacin da ta zama Masarautar Guatemala sannan daga baya ta zama wani bangare na Daular Mexico ta farko da Tarayyar Amurka ta Tsakiya, har zuwa karshe a shekarar 1874 aka haifi jamhuriya ta yanzu.

Rayuwar siyasar wannan yanki na Amurka an yiwa alama rashin kwanciyar hankali, mulkin kama-karya da yake-yake. A nan duk abin da ya ƙare a 1996 kawai kuma tun daga wannan lokacin abubuwa sun lafa, duk da cewa wannan ba ya nufin cewa an bar talauci da rashin daidaito a baya.

Kamar yadda muka fada a sama yana da bambancin yanayin kasa. Yana da duwatsu da yawa, rairayin bakin teku a kan Pacific da mangroves don haka ku more mai girma nazarin halittu Bambancin wannan yana tafiya tare da ban mamaki bambancin al'adu. Akwai harsuna da yawa fiye da kungiyoyin yare 20 a zahiri, a cikin jimlar mazaunan kusan mutane dubu 15.

Akwai fararen fata, akwai baƙi, baƙi ƙalilan ne daga Asiya, 'yan asalin ƙasar da yawancin mestizos, waɗannan kusan biyu daidai suke.

Kwastam din Guatemala

Tunda akwai kungiyoyin yare da yawa kowannensu yana da kayan sawa na yau da kullun tare da tambarin su, salo da launuka kodayake gabaɗaya rawaya, ruwan hoda, ja da shuɗi suna nan. Tufafi suna haskakawa a nan kuma sune jarumai.

Misali, a cikin tsaunukan Altos Cuchumatanes, matan garin Nebaj suna sanye da riguna jajaye masu ɗamara masu launin rawaya, tare da ɗamara da rigar gargajiya mai suna huipil. Namiji yana sanye da jaket buɗe da hular dabino da wando.

Akwai wasu yankuna, alal misali a cikin garin Santiago na asalin Mayan, inda huipil na mata ya kasance mai ruwan hoda, tare da makada da adon furanni da dabbobi. Gaskiyar ita ce gwargwadon balaguronku a Guatemala, yawancin abubuwan da zaku iya samu a cikin kayan gargajiya. Dukansu zasuyi maka kyau.

Amma yaya Guatemala?? To an ce haka suna da gargajiya sosai kuma cewa duk da cewa ƙasa ce ta zamani al'adun pre-Hispanic da Hispanic har yanzu suna nan. Misali, ranakun hutu na addini misali ne mai kyau. Lamarin tunawa da zamanin waliyyai da Ruhu Mai Tsarki tsakanin ranakun 1 da 2 na Nuwamba, wani biki ne wanda ya samo asali tun kafin zamanin Ispaniya wanda ba a tuna da asalin sa.

Guatemalan koyaushe suna girmama matattu, tun kafin Kiristanci, kuma a zahiri ‘yan mulkin mallaka ne suka ɗauki waɗannan bukukuwa suka mai da su nasu don jawo hankalin peoplesan asalin zuwa matsayinsu. Ga waɗannan kwanakin iyalai sukan kusanci kaburbura su bar abinci da abin sha a wata al'ada da ake kira kaia.

Wannan al'ada ta daɗaɗɗo ce da kuma bayani dalla-dalla na abincin da ake kira m wanne yafi Sifen.

Mutanen Sifen sun kawo shanu da dabbobin gona kuma mutanen asalin sun daidaita komai. Shahararren nama mai sanyi ya kai kayan abinci 50 kuma yayi kama da salatin sanyi. Mutanen Sifen suma sun karɓi al'adar kawo furanni zuwa kaburbura kuma kwanan nan, kamar duk al'adun rayuwa, mariachis ya bayyana a makabartu kuma a watan Oktoba bikin Halloween da ba zai iya aiki ba.

Idan ƙarni kaɗan kafin mamayar siyasa ta kawo al'adun ta, yau mamayar al'adu da tattalin arziki ta kawo nata.

Wani sosai bikin Katolika hutu ne Semana Santa. Ana yin bikin musamman tare da girmamawa sosai a Antigua inda akwai dogon layi da kyawawan shimfidu, ana kiranta ugsyallu masu yatsu, launuka masu launuka iri iri tare da kayan marmari da na furanni, wadanda mutanen da suke jerin gwano, sanye da shunayya, suka taka. Kafin zuwan Kirsimeti akwai wani biki na gargajiya wanda ke da hoton tsafin tsarkakewa: mutane suna tattara duk tsofaffin abubuwan shara kuma suna ƙona shi a gaban gidansu a ranar 7 ga Disamba.

Ana kiran wannan ƙungiya kona shaidan.

Kuma a sa'an nan, da Navidad tare da ƙarin jerin gwano, wasan wuta da al'adun haihuwa a cikin majami'u. Disamba 24 ne bikin masaukai a ciki a jajibirin ranar 24 ga wata an yi jerin gwano tare da hotunan Budurwa Maryamu da Yaron Yesu da yara ado kamar makiyaya da tambura, katako da kyandira ko fitilu. Yayin da suke tafiya suna rera wakoki na Kirsimeti da na aure kuma tare da rakiyar wasu burodi mai zaki ko tamale zasu daɗe har tsakar dare.

Una bikin da ya haɗu da Kirista da pre-Hispanic shi ne bikin ofan Kiristi na Esquipulas. Al'adar ce da El Salvador, Honduras da Guatemala suka raba kuma tana da alaƙa da baƙin alloli na Ek Chua ko Ek Balam Chua. Haƙiƙa ya faru a Chiquimula, a kan iyakar sau uku, a cikin Janairu.

Sauran al'adun, wadanda ba su da alaƙa da Kiristanci, sune Tseren Ribbon ko Wasan zakara, wanda a ciki ake neman izini daga waliyyai da Uwar Duniya kuma mahaya suna sa tufafi kala kala, yadudduka, fuka-fukai da katako.

A ƙarshe, idan muka aje hutun addini zamu iya shiga cikin karin bikin. Dukanmu muna bikin mu ranar haihuwa Kuma a nan a Guatemala yawanci kuna ƙona rokoki da ƙarfe 5 na safe ku ci tamale tare da cakulan da burodin Faransa don karin kumallo. Ga yara, ba za a rasa jam'iyyar ba. Kuma idan aka zo yin aure, abin da aka saba, a kalla a mafi yawan dangin da aka fi sani, shi ne ango ya nemi surukai don hannun budurwarsa kuma a yi wani taron biki na daban, daya don ta daya kuma don shi.

Gaskiyar ita ce, ƙasashen Amurka waɗanda suka fi kasancewa a cikin Spain, saboda wadatar su da kuma ƙirƙirar fasaha na mahimmancin wakilci waɗanda suka cika akwatin rawanin, a yau suna adana al'adun addini da zamantakewar jama'a da yawa waɗanda a wasu ƙasashe sun riga sun manta. ko sun fi annashuwa.

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