London kuma tana da gine-ginen zamani

Gine-ginen London

Yawancin biranen da suka daɗe ba su da halaye na musamman na irin gine-gine. Sun rayu tsawon ƙarni da yawa kuma wataƙila sun shiga cikin yaƙe-yaƙe ko rikice-rikicen cikin gida, don haka titunan su da gine-ginensu suna nuna irin wannan rayuwar daɗewa.

Babban birnin theasar Ingila yana ɗaya daga cikin waɗannan biranen. Tare da shuɗewar ƙarni London ta tara salon gine-gine daban-daban kuma ana iya ganinsa a cikin jama'a, gine-gine masu zaman kansu da sauran cibiyoyi ko ƙirar birni. Amma gaskiyar ita ce a cikin 'yan shekarun nan ya zama birni tare da abin mamaki zamani gine. An sabunta London don karni na XNUMX.

Game da london

Layin jirgin saman London

London ita ce babban birni na andasar Ingila kuma zuciyarta ta siyasa, al'ada da tattalin arziki. Ya tsaya a gabar Kogin Thames kuma yana da shekaru dubu biyu. Romawa ne suka kafa ta kuma yana da a wancan lokacin sunan Londoninium kuma yankin ya kasance Roman Biritaniya.

Lokacin da Daular Rome ta faɗi a nan, abin da ya faru a sauran Turai ya faru: ƙabilun baƙi sun ci gaba da birni da Tsarin Anglo-Saxon ya ɗauki sifa. Duk da shan wahala da yawa na hare-haren Viking, Landan ba za ta sake durƙushewa ba kuma za ta bi ta zamanin da da kuma lokuta masu zuwa.

Ta wannan hanyar a yau muna gani a titunanta cewa akwai misalai na daban-daban gine-gine: Renaissance na da, Jafiyanci kuma kamar yadda muka fada a sama, daga lokaci zuwa wannan ɓangaren da yawa misalai na mafi kyawun gine-ginen zamani a duniya.

Gine-ginen zamani a London

Yawancin misalai mafi kyau na gine-ginen zamani suna a cikin gundumar kuɗi. Muna da Ginin Lloyd, da Millennium Dome, Hasumiyar Heron, da Gadar Millennium, da Shard London Bridge, Gherkin, da London Eye, da Hasumiyar 42 da kuma Zauren birni na London da sauransu. Bari mu dubi wasu musamman:

Gherkin

Gherkin daga London

Ainihin sunan wannan wurin hutawa london gini yana da 30 St Mary Ax. Yana da ginin bene na kasuwanci a gundumar kuɗi. Ginin ya fara a 2003 kuma ya ƙare shekara guda daga baya. Yana da hawa 41 kuma tsayinsa yakai mita 180. Tana mamaye da wurin ginin da aka keɓe don kasuwanci da kuɗi wanda ya lalace a cikin harin IRA a cikin 1992.

Gini ne ingantaccen makamashi, yana da tsarin iska na ɗabi'a da tsarin da ke taimakawa wajen kiyaye zafi da sanyi, gwargwadon lokacin.

Hasumiyar Tsaro

Hasumiyar Tsaro

Wannan katafaren gidan sama Tsayinsa ya kai mita 230 godiya ga mast na mita 28. Yana da gini mafi tsayi a London. Ginin ya fara ne a 2007 kuma an kammala shi a 2011. Yana da babban ƙofar shiga da karɓar baƙi kuma akwai akwatin kifaye tare da kifi fiye da 1200. Shine babban akwatin kifaye na sirri a cikin ƙasar.

Hakanan akwai mashaya - gidan abinci a hawa na farko da hawa 38 zuwa 40 gidan abinci da na al'ada - mashaya tare da baranda na waje waxanda ke hawa da shimfidar shimfidar wuri, wato, wani abu a bayyane.

Hasumiyar 42

Hasumiyar 42 ta Landan

Es ɗayan manya-manyan gine-gine a London kuma an gina shi ne don ɗaukar ofisoshin Babban Bankin Westminster. An gina shi a cikin '70s kuma ƙa'ida bude a 1981. Sarauniya Elizabeth II tayi shi tare da gala da komai. Shin Tsayin mita 183 kuma kawai a cikin 2009 Hasumiyar Tsaro ta fi ta bayan shekaru talatin na sarauta.

Ginin ofishin kasuwanci ne da hedkwatar kamfanin. A cikin 90's fama da harin IRA Ya haifar da mummunar lalacewa kuma dole ne a dawo dashi ciki da waje.

Zauren birni na London

Zauren birni na London

Ita ce mazaunin gwamnatin birni kuma tana gefen tekun kudu na Thames. Shin wani tsari mai ban mamaki wanda ke bin ra'ayin adana makamashi ta hanyar rage farfajiyar kanta. Bai yi aiki ba, a cewar binciken da aka yi daga baya.

Wasu mutane suna kwatanta London Hall Hall da kwai ko kuma mask din darth, daga Star Wars kuma tare da ɗanɗan ɗanɗano wani ma ya kira shi "gilashin gilashi". Me kuke tunani? Dangane da zane, yana da Mita 500 na tafiya mai walwala kwatankwacin Guggenhaim Museum da ke New York wanda ke zuwa daga tushe zuwa ƙarshen wannan 10 labarin gini.

Yana da a gidan kallo wanda a wasu lokuta ake bude shi ga jama'a, amma yayin da kake tafiya a titin zaka iya ganin cikin ginin da kewayensa.

Ginin Lloyd

Cikin ginin Lloyds

Wannan ginin zamani shine a cikin gundumar kuɗi kuma shine ɗayan hedkwatar sanannen Inshorar Gidan Lloyd. An gina shi a cikin '70s kuma an ƙaddamar da ita a tsakiyar 80s, kuma ta hannun Sarauniya.

Wannan ginin zamani yana da lif, matakala, tashar wutar lantarki da bututu a waje, a cikin salon Cibiyar Pompidu¡ou a cikin Paris. Ya haɗu da manyan hasumiyoyi guda uku haɗe da hasumiyoyi masu sabis guda uku a kewayen sararin rectangular na tsakiya.

Babban zauren, AtriumTana da rufin gilashi mai tashi sama kuma akwai wurare masu buɗewa da haɓakawa ko'ina. Matakan a total na 88 mita, yana da hawa 14.

London Eye

London Eye a London

Es motar ferris a london, hangen nesa na zamani na tsofaffin ƙafafun Ferris waɗanda muke gani a wasu biranen duniya. Tana gefen kudu na kogin kuma ana kiran ta da Millennium Wheel. Yana da tsayin mita 183 kuma yana da diamita na mita 120.

Fis ɗin ferris An gina shi a cikin 1999 kuma ita ce mafi girman motar Ferris a duniya har zuwa lokacin da aka gina Nanchang, amma har yanzu tana nan mafi girma a Turai. Steelarfe da yawa, kebul mai yawa da wasu manyan gondolas waɗanda suke kama da almara na kimiyya.

Millennium Dome

Millennium Dome a London

Lokacin da aka fara bikin farkon karni na uku a Landan, an gina wannan ginin a kan yankin Greenwich, zuwa kudu maso gabashin birnin. Nunin a ciki ya kasance har zuwa Disamba 2000.

Es ɗayan manyan gidaje a duniya. Fari ne kuma yana da hasumiyoyi 12 masu launin rawaya, ɗaya na kowane wata na shekara ko ɗaya na kowane awa ɗaya na agogo, mun riga mun shiga Greenwich. Dome Tsayinsa ya kai mita 52 a tsakiya kuma an yi shi a sashi tare da fiberglass juriya ga shudewar lokaci.

Shard

Shard gada

Hawan bene ne mai hawa 95. Yana da kadan fiye da 300 mitoci tsayi kuma ya fara ginawa a shekarar 1999 don kammalawa a 2012. Ya kasance wanda aka tsara ta Renzo Piano, shahararren mai zanen gine-gine da gine-gine da gine-gine na zamani masu ban mamaki da daraja.

Yana da siffar karkaceDa alama ta fito ne daga kogin, gilashi da yawa kuma a ganina, kyakkyawa bayyananne. Gini ne ingantaccen amfani da makamashi kuma tare da benaye yana da ofisoshin kasuwanci, gidajen abinci, makarantar kasuwanci mara kyau, ofisoshin Al Jazeera a London, otal, gidajen abinci da gidajen kallo.

Gadar Millennium

Bridge Millennium Bridge

Yana da dakatar da karfe wanda ya ratsa kogin Thames. Haɗa birni tare da Bankside. An yi shi a sassa uku, kowanne ya fi tsayi da tsayi, har sai ya isa gada a jimlar tsawon mita 325 dakatar da igiyoyi, takwas.

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