Svalbard, mai nisa, daskararre kuma kyakkyawa makoma

Svalbard. Shin ko kun san wannan tsibirin da suna? Ba haka bane? Sannan ɗauki taswirar duniyar siyasa kuma ka kalli arewa da kyau, kusan zuwa dogayen sanda. Haƙiƙa tsibirin tsibiri ne wanda ke tsakanin gabar tekun Norway da Pole ta Arewa kanta, don haka koyaushe ana yin sanyi a nan.

Yana da hanya mai nisa amma ba komai bane ga maziyarcin don haka idan sanyi bai baku tsoro ba kuma kuna jin ƙishin haɗari a cikin wasu sanannun wuraren da zasu ba ku abubuwan da ba za ku manta da su ba da akwatin gidan waya, da kyau bari mu gani abin da za a yi a Svalbard.

Tsibirin arewa

Su na kasar Norway ne bisa hukuma tun daga 1920 kuma mutane uku ne kawai ke cikin rukunin: Hopen, Bear Island da Spitsbergen wanda shine babban tsibiri. Sun mallaki jimillar fiye da kilomita murabba'in dubu 62. Akwai dubu uku mazauna amma kadan fiye da dubu biyu ke rayuwa a ciki Longyearbyen, a cikin Spitsbergen kuma yana nan tunda inda gwamnati ke aiki.

Tsibirin yana daga cikin tsofaffin maziyarta masu tsananin zafin Vikings kuma akwai tsofaffin rubuce-rubuce waɗanda watakila sun haɗa da shi da wani suna ko a matsayin abin nuni, amma a cikin 1596 ne Barents, Ba'amurke ne, ya sauka a hukumance.

Tsibirin ya zama tushen aikin whaling na Dutch, wani aiki wanda yake da dadadden tarihi, kodayake a tsibiri ma hakan ne sadaukar da karafa cewa a yau ba Norway kawai ke aiki ba amma kamfanoni daga ko'ina cikin duniya.

Idan mutum ya kalli tsibirai akan taswira, zai yi tunanin yanayin daskarewa, amma a zahiri akwai wasu yankuna a duniya da suka fi sanyi. A cikin hunturu matsakaita shine -14 .C kuma a lokacin rani yana da wuya ya wuce 6 ko 7 ºC. Ina nufin, tare da waɗannan yanayin yanayin lokacin sanyi ne! Don haka, kawo tufafi masu ɗumi, kyamara mai kyau, kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka don sauke ɗaruruwan hotunan da za ku ɗauka idan kuma ba haka ba, to yawancin katunan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya.

Yawon shakatawa na Svalbard

Hanya mafi dacewa don zuwa tsibirin shine Ta jirgin sama kuma tabbas kofar gidan itace Spitsbergen. Idan bakada norweji Dole ne ku ɗauki fasfo ɗinku tare da e ko a'a da tarin tsiburai yana wajen yankin Schengen. Kar ka manta da shi!

Akwai jiragen SAS zuwa Longyearbyen kowace rana tare da tsayawa a Tromso. Kunnawa babban lokacin, daga Maris zuwa AgustaAkwai jirage da yawa kowace rana kai tsaye daga Oslo. Theimar ta bambanta dangane da ranar mako da kuka yi tafiya. Jirgin kai tsaye ya tashi daga Oslo ya isa bayan tafiyar awa uku, idan ka tashi daga Tromso awa daya da rabi ne.

Dangane da ciwon daskarewa, bari mu ga abubuwan al'ajabi da tsibiran ke tanadar mana a lokacin bazara: balaguron yawon shakatawa, yawon shakatawa, hawan kankara, farautar burbushin halittu, kayak, hawan dawakai, hawa dusar ƙanƙara, wuraren bazara na zafin rana, balaguron kamun kifi da shimfidar wurare na wata duniya. Ba mummunan tayin ba.

Yawon shakatawa na iya ɗaukar awanni ko kwanaki kuma ana yin su a ƙafa ko ta kayak. A lokacin rani lokacin da kwanaki suka dan fi tsayi, ana shirya balaguro zuwa arewa maso yamma na Spitsbergen ko Prins Karls Forland, yankunan da ke kusa da Isfjorden. Kungiyoyi galibi ana shirya su kuma kuna tafiya tare da tanti na kwana biyu. Babu shakka akwai hukumomin da ke kula da komai.

A gefe guda, tafiye-tafiyen kayak sun fi yawa, tsakanin kwanaki huɗu da takwas. Yankunan da aka sani da Dickson- / Eckmansfjorden, Billefjorden, Krossfjorden ko Kongsfjorden. Masu yawon bude ido suna ba da kayak da kayan sawa na musamman waɗanda ake buƙata. Kuna iya ziyarci kankara da kayak a tsakanin su.

Yawon shakatawa na tafiya sun hada da hau duwatsu (da Trollsteinen, da Troll Rock), shiga cikin kogon kankara (inda zaku iya kwana ma), tabo namun daji tsakanin glaciers da fjords har ma da wucewa lokaci-lokaci tsoffin biranen Rasha (Russia ta kasance a tsibirin har zuwa '90s, suna amfani da wasu ma'adinai). Idan ka natsu jiragen ruwa wani zaɓi ne.

Akwai jiragen ruwa rabin yini ko fiye da kwanaki daidai ga wasu Garuruwan Rasha, na Pyramiden da Barentsburg, wucewa ta cikin kyawawan tsaunukan Isfjord da kuma kankara masu ban mamaki. Aikin hakar ma'adinai ya haifar da ƙauyuka da yawa, wasu har yanzu suna zaune wasu kuma ba su, saboda haka game da sanin su ne.

Misali, wacce ita ce kofar shiga Arctic ita ce Ny-Alesund: Yawancin balaguro sun bar nan, gami da na Roald Amundsen, mutum na farko da ya san sandunan biyu.

Amma dole ne a yi komai a waje? Wannan ra'ayin ne! Ba ku san irin wannan wuri kowace rana ba. Jin daɗin kasancewa ƙarƙashin waɗannan sammai dole ne ya zama abin birgewa. Duk da haka, idan kuna son ƙarin abu zaku iya sanin Gidan Tarihi na Svalbard na tarihi da al'adu wanda zai ba ku damar sanin wadatar tsibirai (tare da babbar al'umma ta polar bears da kifayen teku, an riga an kare), ko Gidan Tarihi na Balaguro na Arewa, cocin babban birni, arewa a duniya, ko, dubanka, Svalbard Distillery inda kyau da sabo pilsen.

Shawara: san ta Ma'adana na 3. Shekaru goma bayan haka ya wuce zuwa hannun Yaren mutanen Norway, ita da wasu. Duk banda ɗayan an rufe kuma daga amfani da ƙarshen kwal don samun wutar lantarki a cikin birni.

Don nuna yawon shakatawa yawon arzikin ma'adinai shine cewa akwai yawon shakatawa na Mine 3, ma'adinai wannan fara aiki a 1971 kuma an rufe shi a 1996. Za ku san kayan aikin da aka yi amfani da su, bitocinsa kuma za ku ga komai kamar yadda yake lokacin da masu hakar ma'adinan suka bar kayansu suka tafi, ba za su dawo ba.

Yawon shakatawa yana farawa a 9 na safe kuma ya ƙare a 1 da yamma. Doguwa, amma suna ɗauke ku a otal ɗin har ma, idan kuna so, kuna iya tafiya daga ma'adanan kai tsaye zuwa tashar jirgin sama.

Suna ba ku tufafi na mai hakar gwal, da fitila da kuma damar kasada Mita 300 a cikin dutsen. Yawon shakatawa shine a cikin harshen turanci da kuma na kasar Norway. Wani shawarwarin: gwada samun lokaci kyauta kamar yadda a Ofishin yawon bude ido na Longyearbyen suna ba baƙi kekuna kyauta. Kamar yadda kake gani, wannan makoma a Norway abin birgewa ne ga masoyan yanayi. Wani zaɓi a cikin wurare masu nisa da ban mamaki.

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