Abin da za a gani a Montevideo

 

A Kudancin Amurka, a bakin kogin Río de la Plata, akwai wata ƙaramar ƙasa da ake kira Uruguay. Babban birnsa birni ne Montevideo kuma a yau za mu gano tarihinsa da abin da ke nasa yawon shakatawa.

Don haka kusa da Buenos Aires, babban birnin Ajantina, matafiya da yawa galibi suna yin tafiye-tafiye, "tsallaka kandami", kamar yadda suke faɗa a nan zuwa Río de la Plata, ɗayan manyan koguna a duniya, don numfasa iska mai sanyi, irin na karamin gari.

Montevideo

An sanya sunan babban birnin Uruguay bayan dutsen da ke kusa da bakin kuma akwai nau'ikan da dama da ke magana game da asalin sunan. Dukansu sun haɗa fi'ili don gani tare da kalmar dutse. Tarihi ya nuna mana hakan a farkon rabin karni na XNUMX wadanda suka fara zama sun zo kuma aka fara kafa garin. A ƙarshen karnin da ya gabata, Turawan Fotigal sun riga sun kafa, ba da nisa ba, mafi kusa da gabar Buenos Aires, wani kyakkyawan gari da ake kira Colonia de Sacramento.

Don haka a cikin 1723 Turawan Fotigal suka kafa Montevideo amma shekara guda bayan haka Mutanen Espanya suka kore su. Sun tsallaka Río de la Plata daga Buenos Aires tare da wasu iyalai majagaba, wasu daga wannan garin, wasu kuma suna zuwa daga Canary Islands, tare da Guarani Indiyawa da baƙar fata daga Afirka.

Tarihin Montevideo da na Uruguay gaba ɗaya suna da alaƙa da tarihin Buenos Aires da Ajantina, amma kusancin da Portuguesean mulkin mallaka na Portugal ya yi a Brazil suma suna da tasiri. Daga baya, saƙar da sarrafa Ingila wanda ba ya son mashigar Río de la Plata a hannun wata ƙasa guda, tare da taimakon babban bourgeoisie na Buenos Aires, ɗan ƙaramin tarayya Uruguay ta sami 'yencin kai a 1828.

Bayan a farkon karni na XNUMX kuma hannu da hannu tare da irin tsarin shigowar makwabcinsa Argentina, Turawa da yawa sun fara zuwa, musamman daga Italiya da Spain. A cikin shekarun farko na karni na XNUMX, ƙauyukan Montevideo da ci gaban birane sun fara ɗaukar hoto.

Abin da za a ziyarta a Montevideo

Montevideo tsohuwar gari ce don haka ziyarar fara daga kwalkwali na tarihi. A dā yana da ganuwar dutse da kagara. Abinda ya rage shine ƙofar, tsakanin Peatonal Sarandí da Plaza Independencia. A cikin cibiyar tarihi zaku sami tsofaffin gine-gine, gidajen tarihi, gidajen shakatawa masu kyau, gidajen cin abinci da yawon shakatawa.

La Sarandí mai tafiya a ƙasa ita ce hanyar zuwa Old City, tare da haɗo mahimman maki biyu na tsohuwar ɓangaren garin: a gefe ɗaya kuma Filin 'Yanci kuma a daya da Babban Filin, tsohon Magajin Garin Plaza Yana da launuka masu launuka iri daban-daban na gida waɗanda ke zuwa daga lamba 250 zuwa lamba 700. Lokacin da aka rusa ganuwar ƙarni da yawa, an buɗe birni kuma don haka, Plaza Independencia, ya zama hanyar haɗi tsakanin Old City da New City.

A kusa da shi shine Fadar Salvo, Fadar Etévez, Hasumiyar Fasaha, Solía ​​Theater da Puerta de la Ciudadelzuwa. A tsakiyar dandalin akwai abin tunawa ga José Gervasio Artigas, jarumin ƙasa, tare da kabarinsa. Yana da kyau a nuna gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Solís, gini daga 1856, wanda aka sake dawowa a 2004 kuma yana da shago da gidan abinci mai kyau.

Bugu da kari, akwai shiryayyun balaguro a ranar Alhamis, Juma'a da Asabar a 11 da 12, Kuna iya yin ajiyar wuri daga gidan yanar gizon Montevideo. Idan ba haka ba, da kanku, kuna iya zuwa daga Talata zuwa Lahadi daga 11 na safe zuwa 18 na yamma Kuma idan kuna son yin hakan daga gidanku, zaku iya amfani da Solis App don ziyarci gidan wasan kwaikwayon ta hanyar da ta dace kuma tare da gaskiyar haɓaka.

Sauran shafukan al'adu da za a ziyarta a Montevideo sune Sararin Zamani na Zamani, Andes 197 Museum2, da Sararin Al'adu A Kasan Bangon, da Gidan Tarihi na Gidan Gwamnati, da Gidan Tarihi na Vilamajó, da Gidan Tarihi na Tarihin Pre-Columbian da 'Yan Asali, da Gidan kayan gargajiya na kayan kwalliya, Fine Arts Museum, the Museum of Art History, the Museum of Memory, the Migration Museum ko kuma Old Customs Museum.

Idan kana son Carnival Montevideo yana da babbar al'ada kuma kuna iya sanin sa a Carnival Museum. Har ila yau, mutanen Uruguay suna son ƙwallon ƙafa, saboda haka za ku iya ziyartar Gidan Tarihin Kwallon Kafakwano ko Gidan Tarihi na Peñarol, kuma don koyo game da al'adar gaucho akwai Musao del Gaucho. Hakanan akwai tsofaffin ɗakunan gidaje, daga yankin mallaka, waɗanda aka buɗe a matsayin gidan kayan gargajiya, kamar Gidan Garibaldi, Gidan Tarihi na Romanticasa ko Gidan Rivera.

El Fadar Salvo Wani gini ne na alama a Montevideo. Kwanan wata daga 1928 kuma wasu brothersan uwanta masaku ne suka gina shi. Tana da benaye 27 da tsayin mita 105, saboda haka ta kasance babbar hasumiya a Latin Amurka har zuwa 1935.

Montevideo birni ne wanda ke kallon Río de la Plata, don haka idan kun tafi rani ko bazara, kyakkyawan ra'ayi na iya zama wucewa ta ciki rairayin bakin teku masu farin arnas da ruwa mai tsafta. Akwai yawo na kusan kilomita 30 Yana gudana tare da rairayin bakin teku don haka babban tafiya ne. Babban abin da ke tafiya shine Tunawa da kisan kiyashi na yahudawa, Escollera Sarandí, Fitilar Punta Cárdenas, Montevideo Cartel, Plaza Virguilio da Puertito de Buceo.

Don morewa mai kyau panoramic ra'ayoyi na Montevideo to ya zama dole tafi zuwa ga tudu, tare da tsayi 135 tsayi kuma a saman Janar thearfin soja na Artigas, da Hanyoyin hangen nesa da kuma Hasumiyar Sadarwa daga unguwar Aguada.

Dare yazo, yaya game rayuwar dare a Montevideo? Ga mafi yawan gargajiya akwai milongas da kulake don rawa tango, madubi na Buenos Aires wanda zai iya zama kyakkyawa sosai ga masu yawon bude ido.

A lokacin rani zaku iya jin daɗin gidan wasan kwaikwayo na bazara, a karkashin sararin sama, kuma idan kana son abinci akwai Kasuwannin Gastronomic na Tsohon Garin, tare da kewayon dandano. Akwai Mercado Agrícola de Montevideo, tare da shaguna 100, da Sinergia Design, da Ferrando Market, da Siam Market da Kasuwar William, don kawai kaɗan.

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