Abin da za a yi a Dresden

Dresden birni ne na Jamus, babban birnin jihar Saxony. Tsohon gari ne, sosai al'aduMai kyau idan kuna son rayuwar fasaha wacce ke tattare da kide-kide, kide-kide da dakunan tarihi. Haka ne? Don haka kar a bar ta a cikin tafiya ta hanyar Alemania.

A yau za mu mai da hankali kan wannan tsohon gari wanda aka sake haifuwa daga tokawar tashin bama-bamai na Biyu a matsayin Phoenix

Dresden

Garin ya yi sa'a a Yaƙin Farko, amma jim kaɗan kafin ƙarshen na Biyu bama-bamai kawancen sun mai da cibiyarta mai tarihi cikin halaka kuma yayi sanadiyyar mutuwar mutane sama da dubu 25. Harin bai kasance ba tare da jayayya ba, amma gaskiyar ita ce a wannan rana a watan Fabrairun 1945 garin ya ƙone da wuta.

Bayan yakin garin an bar shi a hannun Tarayyar Soviet, kuma a karkashin wannan gwamnatin ne aka sake gina cibiyar tarihi kuma sauran garin suka fadada ta hanyar mizanin tsarin kwaminisanci. Bayan mummunar ambaliyar a 2002, an ayyana kwarin Elbe a Dresden a matsayin Gidan Tarihin Al'adu na Duniya, rukunin da ya rasa a cikin 2009 lokacin da aka gina wata gada ta zamani mai kawo rigima.

Dresden yana kan bankunan Elbe, a kwarin kogin, yana fadada duka bankunan. Shine birni na huɗu mafi girma a cikin Jamus kuma a yau Yana ɗaya daga cikin biranen da ke da manyan wurare a cikin Turai.

Yawon shakatawa na Dresden

Kamar yadda muka fada, yana da super al'adu birniYana da silima da yawa, gidajen tarihi da abubuwan kida. Don haka me ya kamata mu ziyarta a Dresden? Na farko coci, Frauenkirche, tare da ɗayan manyan mulkoki a nahiyar. Asalin cocin an kammala shi a cikin 1743 amma an ƙone shi da wuta a cikin 1945. Ya kasance haka, a cikin kango, a matsayin abin tunawa da yaƙin, har sai da aka shirya sake gininsa a cikin 80s.

Wannan sake ginawa ya fara ne a cikin 1994 ta amfani da yawancin duwatsu na asali. Ayyukan sun gama a 2005 kuma an kirkiro gicciye da kewaye a Landan a matsayin alama ce ta sasantawa don halakar yaƙi. Na biyu, dole ne ka san Fadar Zwinger, wani kyakkyawan gidan Baroque wanda Saxon Elector August II the Strong ya bada umarnin a gina shi a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX.

An haife shi a matsayin kayan lambu amma ya zama babban hadadden bukkoki, lambuna, da mutummutumai. Ya ƙunshi kyawawan Maɓuɓɓugar Nymph, tare da abubuwa, kwalliya da mutummutumai. A yau wuraren adana kayan tarihi na gidan alfarma tare da tarin jama'a kuma ɗayan mafi kyawu shine Gemäldegalerie Alte Mesiter kamar yadda ya ƙunshi tarin ban mamaki na ayyukan Italiya, Dutch, Spanish da Flemish Renaissance.

An fara wannan tarin a watan Agusta na 1746 a cikin karni na 750 amma ya fara aiki a shekarar XNUMX a hannun Agusta III lokacin da ya sayi babban ɓangare na tarin Duke na Modena. Akwai ayyukan Rembrant, van Eyck, Titian, El Greco, Zurbarán da Rubens, daga cikin ayyukan XNUMX da aka nuna a lokaci guda, kawai kashi ɗaya cikin uku na babban tarin.

Gidan Dresden Opera, Semperoper, An buɗe shi a 1878 kuma shine gini na biyu a wuri ɗaya tun lokacin da na farko ya ƙone a 1869. Yana cikin tsarin neo-baroque da na Renaissance na Italiyanci, ya lalace a Yaƙin Na Biyu kuma aka sake buɗe shi a cikin 80s. Akwai wasanni amma kuma tafiye-tafiye don sanin kyawawan ɗakinta.

Fadar Renaissance wacce ta kasance daga mazaunin masu zaɓaɓɓuka da sarakunan Saxony daga karni na XNUMX zuwa na XNUMX shine Rariya A yau ya ƙunshi gidajen tarihi da yawa, theakin Baitulmali, kayan yaƙi na tarihi da Zauren Turkawa tare da fasahar Ottoman.

Har ila yau, yana da Kupferstich - Kabinett, tare da tarin zane 500, zane da zane na zane-zane kamar Goya, Michelangelo, Jan van Eyck, Rubens da Rembrandt, da Münzkabinett, tsabar kuɗi.

La Koren Vault tsari ne na ɗakunan sarauta waɗanda aka canza su zuwa gidan kayan gargajiya. Sun mamaye hawa na daya da na biyu na reshen yamma na fada. Sunan, koren vault, an ba shi hawa na farko, daga ƙarni na 3, tare da kusan ayyukan fasaha XNUMX na hauren giwa, zinariya, azurfa da amber. A hawa na biyu kuma akwai New Green Vault, wani gidan kayan gargajiya daban tare da ayyukan da ƙwararren maƙerin nan Dinglinger ya yi a watan Agusta II mai ƙarfi.

A bangaren gabas na fada, akwai Mural 102 tsawon dogon zango. An fara zana wannan bangon a wajajen 1870 amma daga baya ya maye gurbinsa da tayal mai falo, a wajajen 1900. An san shi da Fürstenzurg kuma yana nuna masu sarauta 35 na Gidan Wettin, daga margraves na ƙarni na XNUMX, ta hanyar manyan sarakuna da zaɓaɓɓu zuwa sarakunan ƙarni na XNUMX.

Da yake jawabi na ain a Dresden akwai kuma Tarin Dresden Aji, a cikin zauren kudu na Fadar Zwinger. An kafa tarin jihar a watan Agusta na II a cikin 1715 kuma ya ƙunshi dukiyar China da Jafananci daga ƙarni na 20. An tattara tarin abubuwa kusan dubu 10 amma akwai XNUMX% kawai akan nuni.

Don babban ra'ayi na ɓangaren gari shine Brühl terrace, arewacin cocin. shine panoramic terrace Mita 50 da ke kallon kogin Elbe daga hannun dama daga tsakanin gadar Augusto da Carola. An haɗa farfajiyar da babban cocin ta hanyar tsaka-tsakin shagalin bikin kuma ta samo asali ne daga lokacin tsohuwar katanga na birni, gangaren. Daga wannan duka, onlyan lambuna kaɗan ne suka rage a gefen gabas.

Albertinum Sunan da aka bayar wa wurin da tarin kayan masarufi suke kuma anan ne a farfajiyar. A yau kuma ya ƙunshi sabon hoto tare da fasahar da aka samo a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX da kuma ayyuka da yawa na Tasiri.

La Babban cocin Dresden Yana gefen yamma na Brühl Terrace, yana da salon Baroque na Italiya, kuma an sake gina shi bayan yaƙin. Akwai mambobin gidan Wettin 49 da aka binne a nan cikin keɓaɓɓen wuri, ciki har da Augustus I da III da kuma duk sarakunan ƙarni na XNUMX na Saxony. Hakanan yana kiyaye gabobin ƙarshe na maestro Silbermann.

A gefen dama na Elbe, Neustadt shine sunan gundumar Dresden da aka sake ginawa bayan gobarar 1730. Saboda haka sunan, «sabo», neu, ɓangaren ciki yana ƙunshe da garu na da, na waje yana da sanduna sama da 150 da gidajen abinci kuma yana da kyau a fita na dare kuma ku sami lokaci mai kyau.

Idan kuna son gidajen sarauta, kuna iya yin tafiyar rana 'yan kilomitoji don sanin lokacin bazara na masu zabe da sarakunan Saxony. Akwai fadoji uku, da Wasserpalais, el Bergpalais da kuma Neues Palais. A yau sune gidajen tarihi na kayan daki, kayan kwalliya da kayan yadi kuma yana da kadada na kyawawan lambuna don yawo.

A ƙarshe, wannan birni na Jamusanci yana da katin rangwamen yawon buɗe ido wanda zai iya zama mai amfani: Katin Birnin Dresden wanda ke aiki don tafiya akan jiragen ƙasa na birni, trams da bas da jiragen ruwa a cikin garin. Ya wanzu na kwana ɗaya, kwana biyu da uku, marasa aure da iyali kuma samfurin da ake kira Regio.

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