Abin da za a gani a Berlin

 

Berlin Yana daya daga cikin manyan biranen Turai da aka ziyarta kuma kodayake a priori Ba ya haskakawa kamar Paris ko Vienna, gaskiyar ita ce birni ne mai kyau kuma yana da jan hankali da yawa. Yana iya zama ba mafi kyaun makoma ba don ziyartar hunturu idan ba kwa son sanyi, amma har yanzu, a wannan lokacin na shekara, yana da kyau.

Bari mu gani abin da za a ziyarci a berlin.

Berlin

Yana cikin arewa maso gabashin kasar, shine gari mafi yawan adadi kuma kwanan wata ne daga farkon rabin karni na XNUMX. Ita ce babban birnin Masarautar Prussia, Jamhuriyar Weimar da Reich na Uku, duk da cewa makomarta ta ɗan yi baƙin ciki bayan ƙarshen Yaƙin Na Biyu lokacin da aka raba shi bayan raba ƙasar zuwa jamhuriya biyu.

Kamar yadda muka fada a sama Lokacin hunturu yayi sanyi sosaiBabu wuya wata rana da rana, kwanaki suna gajeru kuma akwai ruwan sama koyaushe da dusar ƙanƙara tare da iska mai sanyi tana saukowa daga Rasha kuma ta sa wannan kakar ta zama mai sanyi.

Yawon shakatawa na Berlin

za mu iya magana game da wasu wuraren hutawa cewa a ziyarar farko zuwa Berlin ba za a rasa ba. Na farko shine Reichstag. Wannan ginin yana cikin yankin Tiergarten kuma shine wurin zama na Daular Jamus tsakanin karshen karni na XNUMX da farkon XNUMX. To, ya kasance majalisar dokoki weimar kuma tun 1994 shine hedkwatar kowace shekara biyar na Majalisar Tarayya shugaban kasar Jamus ya zaba.

An kammala shi a cikin 1894 kuma yana da sabon salon renaissance. Sunanta baya nufin komai sai majalisa kuma an gina shi ne lokacin da kafuwar Daular Jamus ya buƙaci babban gini don tara duk wakilan ƙasar.

En 1933, wata daya bayan an nada Hitler kansila, da Reichstag tafi a cikin harshen wuta tare da kona wutar da har yanzu ba a warware ta ba a yau. Bayan haka an bayyana wani ta'addanci na 'yan Nazi, tozarta haƙƙin ɗan ƙasa da kuma tashin hankali na cikin gida wanda tuni muka san yadda ya ƙare. Bayan ƙarshen Yaƙin Na Biyu, ginin ya kasance cikin kango kuma a kewayenta, an shuka bishiyoyin da ba su da kyau wanda ya ba mutane abinci.

Zuwa tsakiyar 50s an yanke shawarar sake ginin a madaidaiciya, tsayayyen salon, tare da madaidaiciyar layuka kuma ba tare da ado mai yawa ba. A yau ana iya ziyarta kuma dole ne a yi rijistar ziyarar ta yanar gizo Na farko. Za'a iya buƙatar yawon shakatawa da aka tsara don watan da muke ciki ko watanni biyu masu zuwa.

La Kofar Brandenburg Ita ce ziyarar mu ta biyu. Hoton hoto ne mai ɗauke da hoto kuma ɗayan abubuwan tarihi waɗanda suka wanzu lokaci kuma hakan yana nuna alamun rabe-raben ƙasar a lokacin Yaƙin Cacar Baki kuma haka ne, har ila yau ranar haɗuwa. Yana da salon neoclassical y an gina ta tsakanin 1788 da 1791, wanda Carl Gotthard Langhans ya tsara, wanda Acropolis na Athens ya tsara.

.Ofar Yana da tsayin mita 26, tsawan mita 65.5 kuma faɗinsa yakai mita 11 tare da ginshikan Doric shida. A cikin 1793 ƙofar ta ci nasara a quadriga, wanda Napoleon ya yi jigilarsa lokacin da ya mamaye garin a shekarar 1806. Bayan ya yi watsi da mutum-mutumin ya koma Berlin da zuwa ƙofar, don ci gaba da kasancewa a ɓangaren Soviet bayan 1946. Mutane sun yi bikin Sabuwar Shekara ta 1989, tare da Fall of the Bango, anan ma. Braofar Branderburg baya rufewa amma kyakkyawan ra'ayi shi ne ziyartarsa ​​lokacin da ake gudanar da taron. Kada ku rasa ziyartar Gidan Tarihi na Branderburg.

La Hasumiyar Talabijin ta Berlin, wanda kuma ake kira Fernsehturm, ya mamaye sararin samaniyar birni tare da Tsayin mita 368 kuma an gina ta a cikin 60s. A lokacin ziyararka zaku iya morewa a panoramic view kyakkyawa daga can sama. Tare da katin yawon bude ido na gari, Katin Maraba da Berlin, kuna da ragi 25%. Don amfani da!

Hasumiyar yana kan Alexanderplatz kuma yana riƙe da taken kasancewarsa ginin da ya fi tsayi a Turai yana buɗewa ga jama'a. An gina shi a cikin shekaru huɗu kawai, don ƙaddamar da shi a watan Oktoba 1969. Hermann Henselmann ne ya tsara shi. Bayan haɗewar Jamus biyu, hasumiyar ba wata alama ce ta Gabashin Jamus kuma an haɗa ta gaba ɗaya cikin Berlin. A yau tana karɓar baƙi miliyan ɗaya a kowace shekara daga ƙasashe 86.

Gidan kallo na Hasumiyar Talabijin ta Berlin tana da tsayin mita 200 kuma yana da mashaya da gidan abinci. Idan kuna shirin zuwa wannan gidan abincin, zai fi kyau kuyi littafi akan layi. Lift din yana hawa cikin dakika 40 kawai kuma bayan ji, koyaushe zaka iya tsayawa ta shagon kyauta ka dauki abin tunawa tare da kai. Hasumiyar tana buɗewa daga Maris zuwa Oktoba daga 9 na safe zuwa tsakar dare kuma daga Nuwamba zuwa Disamba daga 10 na safe zuwa tsakar dare kuma.

 

Ana bin wannan hasumiyar Gendarmenmarkt, wani murabba'i wanda yake kusa da Friedrichstrasse kuma wancan Yana tattara manyan gine-gine masu ban mamaki uku na birni: zauren kide kide da wake-wake da majami'un Faransa da na Jamus, da Deutscher Dom da Französischer Dom. Ba majami'u biyu bane, amma hasumiyoyi ne. Ofayansu yana da Gidan Tarihi na Huguenot ɗayan kuma ɗayan baje kolin tarihin majalisa ne. Da yawa suna faɗin haka Ita ce mafi kyawun filin a cikin Turai kuma ba tare da wata shakka ba a lokacin rani wuri ne na dogon lokaci.

Bayan yakin an dandalin ya zama kango amma a cikin 70s gwamnatin Berlin ta sake gina shi kuma ta sake fasalin ta da sunan Platz der Akademie. Sunan Gendarmenmarkt, yana da shi tun lokacin haɗuwa a 1991. Idan kun tafi a lokacin rani filin shine filin Jirgin Sama, kide kide da wake-wake, kuma idan ka tafi a lokacin sanyi yakan dauki bakuncin Kasuwar Kirsimeti.

Katolika na Berlin sun kasance daga ƙarshen karni na XNUMX kuma shine mafi mahimmancin cocin Furotesta a cikin garin. Bai zama babban coci ba amma coci ne na Ikklesiya. Cocin gidan sarautar Hohenzollern ne, sarakunan Jamusawa da Prussia kuma tuni a wuri guda akwai misalin ƙarni da suka gabata. Babu shakka cocin ya wahala sosai daga tashin bama-bamai na Yaƙin Na Biyu amma an maido shi gaba ɗaya shekaru 44 da suka gabata.

Coci za'a iya ziyarta kuma akwai tafiye-tafiye masu shiryarwa kowane minti 20: babban ruhun, Gidan Auren, Hohenzollern Crypt tare da sarcophagi 100 daga ƙarni biyar, gidan kayan gargajiya da tarihin gini, matattakalar masarauta wacce ke hawa matakai 270 zuwa saman dome zuwa ga birni a ƙafafunku.

Hakanan ziyarar ba zata iya zuwa ba Fadar CharlottenburgA waje da tsakiyar gari, amma tare da tarin zane-zanen kasar Sin da ainti wadanda suke da kyau, a tsakiyar lambunan da basu da kasa kuma suna da gidajen adana kayan tarihi. Kuma magana game da gidajen tarihi shine Tsibirin Tarihi, Wurin Tarihi na Duniya bisa ga UNESCO da hedkwatar Altes Museum, Sabon Museum, Bode Museum, Museum na Pergamon da kuma Tsohuwar Taskar Kasa. Fiye da shekaru dubu shida na tarihi suna mai da hankali a nan kuma don ziyarar yana da sauƙi don samun Katin Maraba na Berlin a kusa.

A ƙarshe, ba za ku iya barin Berlin ba tare da ziyartar Tunawa da Bangon Berlin da kuma Cibiyar Rubutun. A yau, yayin da duniya ke ci gaba da gina ganuwa, bai kamata mu rasa damar da za mu rayar da wannan ba, wanda shine mafi shaharar bango a tarihin kwanan nan. Tana tsakanin gundumar Bikin aure da Mitte, akan titin Bernauer, tana da ɓangaren bango na asali da kuma hasumiyoyin lura waɗanda ke ba da damar sake yin wata hanyar ta daban ta duniya da iyakokin ciki.

Kuma a matsayin abin tunawa zaka iya koyaushe ziyarci Potsdamer Platz da Kurfürstendamm, ɗayan keɓaɓɓun wurare don siyayya ko, idan kun tafi tare da yara, ziyarci Gidan Zoo na Berlin, mafi tsufa a ƙasar.

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