Abin da zan gani a cikin Yucatan

México Aasar ƙasa ce mai yawan shakatawa, tare da dubunnan shekaru na tarihi da kyawawan wurare. Daya daga cikin shahararrun wuraren shakatawa shine Yankin Yucatan, Shafine mai ban mamaki tare da kayan adana abubuwa na yau da kullun wanda ya sa tafiyarmu ta zama ba za a taɓa mantawa da ita ba.

Yucatan, to, shine makomar tafiya a yau.

Yankin Yucatan

Wannan tsibirin ya kunshi jihohi uku, Yucatán kanta, Quintana Roo da Campeche, a cikin abin da ke Meziko, saboda kuma a nan Belize ne kuma wani ɓangare na Guatemala. Babban birnin jihar Yucatán shine Mérida.

Kafin zuwan Mutanen Espanya zuwa wannan yankin an san shi da sunan Mayab (ba yawa, ma'anarta), kuma yana da matukar mahimmanci ga Wayewar Mayan. Don haka yankin teku shine inda manyan biranen Izmaal, Chichen Itzá ko Mérida na yanzu, waɗanda a da ake kira Ichcaanzihóo suke.

Bayan rugujewar wannan wayewa, da yawa daga cikin waɗannan biranen da sauransu an watsar da su wasu kuma har yanzu suna rayuwa har zuwa zuwan Sifen, a farkon ƙarni na XNUMX. Saboda haka yankin yanki ne mai mahimmanci archaeological sites m zuwa daban-daban lokaci na Mayan ci gaba.

Anan yayi zafi sosai a lokacin raniMuna cikin Tropic of Cancer, saboda haka a matsakaita a cikin shekara akwai zafin jiki na 24ºC, kodayake yana fashewa a cikin watannin bazara a arewacin duniya. Ba yanki ne na tabkuna ko ruwa ko koguna ba, amma hakane yana da wadataccen hanyar sadarwa ta ruwa kuma wannan shine dalilin da yasa akwai kogwanni da kwalliya, Dubbai.

Yawon shakatawa na Yucatan

Mafi mahimman garuruwan jihar sune babban birninta, Mérida, Valladolid da Ticul. Babban birnin an san shi da Farin Birni kuma wuri ne mai nutsuwa. Mutanen Spain sun kafa shi a 1542 a garin Mayan na Toh, har yanzu ana gani a kusancin Plaza Grande.

Tafiya a ciki Merida dole ne ka hada da naka cibiyar tarihi kuma ga wasu daga cikin mafi kyawun gine-ginenta: Fadar Gwamnatin, da Gidan Montejo, las Gidajen tagwaye ko Cathedral na San Idelfonso. Montejo shi ne Adelantado mai kula da rarraba filayen kuma an kammala ginin gidan a cikin 1549, bayan rasuwarsa. Kuna iya samun wannan tsohuwar akan Calle 63, ta 60 da 62.

Cathedral na San Ildefonso shine babban coci na farko da aka gina a duk Latin Amurka kuma mafi tsufa a Mexico. An kammala ginin a shekara ta 1598, yana da raƙuman ruwa guda uku da ɗakunan bauta guda uku, hasumiyoyi biyu irin na Moorish da dome mai ginshiƙai da baka. A facade ne Renaissance kuma ka same shi a gaban Main Square, da soket na birnin.

Domin bangarenta zuwa birnin na Valladolid An san shi da Sultana na Gabas. Shima ya tsufa tunda da aka kafa a 1543 game da garin Mayan na Zací. Hankula na al'ada a nan sun haɗa da tsohon Convent na San Bernardino, Calzada de los Frailes, masu launuka iri-iri, Cocin San Servacio, Agave Distillery, Fadar Municipal ko kuma Artisan Center.

Baya ga abubuwan jan hankali na al'adu da gine-gine, a cikin garin da kansa akwai ɗimbin na dubun dubatan cenotes ko kuma rijiyoyin ruwan karkashin kasa a cikin Yucatán. Su ne Zací cenote, el X'kekén, da Samula da kuma Suytún. Kuma a cikin kewaye akwai wasu, da Cenote Xcanché da Hubik. Hakanan akwai wasu mahimman wurare masu mahimmanci na archaeological, da Yankin Archaeological na Cobá da na Ek Balam.

Kuma a bayyane, shima yana kusa Chichen Itza. Rushewar tana kan hanyar zuwa Cancun, Kilomita 120 daga Mérida. A zamanin da garin ya mamaye murabba'in kilomita 25 kuma ya kasance muhimmiyar cibiya ta addini da mulki, inda mashahurai ke zaune a fadoji masu launuka masu haske. A kusa da shi, an kiyasta cewa tsakanin mutane dubu 50 zuwa 60 sun rayu, kamar birni na zamani.

A cikin kango tsaye daga Gidan Kukulcán Tsayin mitoci 30, kuma a nan idan kun isa faɗuwar rana zaku iya jin daɗin kowane daren shekara haske da sauti. Sauran muhimman gine-ginen sune Stefan Bath, Kasuwa, Haikalin Jarumai, Dandalin Venus, Cenote mai alfarma, Dandalin Jaguars da Mikiya, Dandalin Kwanya, Kotun Kwallan kafa, Masu Kula, Gidan Colorada , Cenote Xtoloc ...

Akwai jirage ta jirgin sama akan Chichen Itza, akwai Daren Kukulkán wanda nayi magana a kansa kafin kuma na rufe, da Balamkanché Grottoes, misali. Chichen Itzá shima bashi da nisa da wani gari a Yucatán, Izamal, wanda aka yiwa lakabi da Pueblo Mágico.

Izamal ta mallaki al'adu guda uku, wadanda suka gabata, zamanin mulkin mallaka da kuma na zamani. Shin garin rawaya, da yawa, idan ba duka gidajensa aka zana a wannan launi ba tun shekarar 1993, wanda lokacin ne John Paul II ya ziyarce shi (launin rawaya launin Vatican ne). A Izamal zaku iya ziyartar Gidan zuhudu na San Antonio de Padua, Plazuela de la Cruz, Plaza de la Constitución, Cibiyar Al'adu ta Artisan don siyayya da Pyramids na Izamali mana.

Tafiya mai kyau a cikin Izamal shine hawa cikin motar kwalekwale kuma bari su dauke ku ta titunan mulkin mallaka. Amma banda waɗannan biranen, menene a cikin Yucatan? Da kyau, rairayin bakin teku, gonaki, majami'u, kogwanni da kogwanni! Bari mu fara da rairayin bakin teku masu: gabar tekun jihar tana da sama da kilomita 378 na ruwan turquoise.

Daya daga cikin shahararrun rairayin bakin teku shine Kogin Progreso, tashar shiga jihar. Yana da kyakkyawar hanyar tafiya, daga inda zaku iya ganin jiragen ruwa suna zuwa, kuma yana da fili, kasuwa, gidajen abinci da shaguna. Filin wasa sananne ne tare da yan gari, kilomita 36 daga Merida. Kusan kilomita 90 akwai wani bakin teku, Celestún.

Celestún shine ƙasar ruwan hoda flamingos, dubbai kowace rana. Kuna iya yin hayan jirgin ruwa kuma kuna yawo a ciki mangwaro kuma sunbathe a ciki rairayin bakin teku masu tare da dabino na kwakwa. Wani wurin da za'a ga flamingos da kuma ruwa mai haske shine Telchac, kilomita 65 daga Mérida. Daga nan zaku iya fita don sanin wasu rairayin bakin teku kamar Santa Clara, Dzilam de Bravo ko Crisanto. Telchac shine tashar jirgin ruwa sosai picturesque tare da farin rairayin bakin teku.

Wani shafin mai ban sha'awa shine Yankin Las Coloradas, Yankin Kariya don Kunkuruwan Ruwa tun daga 80s. Akwai nau'ikan kunkuru guda uku daga cikin bakwai kunkuru abin da ke cikin duniya. Don haka, babu shaguna ko kasuwanni, amma akwai shagunan da zasu fitar da ku hanyar kwana.

Wani kallo Maya duniya Baya ga Chichen Itza, ya haɗa da Uxmal, Ek Balam, Mayapán, Chacmultún, Dzibilchaltún, Xcambó ko Hanyar Puuc. Idan kuna so cenotes da abubuwan jan hankali a cikin ruwa a Yucatan sune masu zuwa: Cuzamá, Lol Ha, Sambula, Ik kil, sararin samaniya mai alfarma cenote, X'keken wanda shine salon cavern, Samula, Zcí, Yodzonot, Uinic, Santa Rosa, Balmi, Canunché , San Ignacio, Xcanché ko Chiquila, da sauransu, wasu nau'in kogo, wasu a buɗe ko buɗe-buɗe.

Daga lokacin mulkin mallaka gadon shine heneque gonaki, wanda aka keɓe ga masana'antar fiber Henequen, wanda tuni aka maye gurbin sa ta roba. Mutane da yawa a yau za a iya ziyarta a yawon shakatawa. An gina su tsakanin Karni na XNUMX da XNUMX, a zamanin koren zinare. Mafi mashahuri haciendas sune Hacienda Xcanatún, daga karni na XNUMX, yau otal, da Yin Temozón Sur, 45 km daga Mérida, da Hacienda Santa Rosa de Lima na karni na sha takwas kuma sadaukar da noman aloe vera ko Hacienda Yaxcopoil, tare da poplar.

Akwai wasu da yawa da suka buɗe ƙofofin su ko dai otal-otal ko tafiye-tafiye na rana. Waɗannan haciendas ɗin ma wurare ne masu kyau don gwada mafi kyau Yucatan gastronomy, ya dogara da naman turkey, masara, tortilla, chilies, wake, avocados, tamales, tacos da kuma ciye-ciye.

Kamar yadda kake gani, jihar Yucatán ta cika cikakke idan ta kasance game da farantawa matafiyin rai. Ya haɗu da yanayi, biranen mulkin mallaka, flamingos da kunkuru, Mayan kango, kogwanni, cenote da abinci mai daɗi. Abun farawa shine yawanci Mérida don haka ku more kasada ta gaba.

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