Las Médulas, Tarihin Duniya

España Tana da kyawawan wurare masu kyau kuma wasu ba aikin ɗabi'a bane amma na mutum ne da ayyukan sa na yau da kullun a duniya. Wannan shine batun shimfidar wuri da ake kira Las Medulas, daya daga cikin dukiyar Castile da Leon.

Las Médulas yana cikin yankin El Bierzo, a cikin León, kuma an fasalta shimfidar wuri daga karafa da Romawa suka ɗauka. Tun 1997 ana la'akari da shi Kayan Duniya kuma tun 2002 Tarihin Halitta na Spain. Kun san shi?

Las Medulas

Wannan yankin yana ɓoye zinariya da sauransu Ba kawai Romawa suka ci amfani da shi ba amma mutanen da suka gabata wanda ya gano shafin. Amma ba tare da wata shakka ba Romawa ne suka yi amfani da wurin a cikin tsari da tsari. An yi amannar cewa amfani da shi ya fara a zamanin sarki Octavian Augustus tsakanin shekaru 26 da 19 kafin haihuwar Yesu, lokutan da Romawa suka ci yankin larabawa.

Pliny Dattijo, marubuci ɗan Latin kuma soja wanda ya mutu a shekara ta 79 bayan haihuwar Yesu, an ce iskar gas ta ɓarke ​​daga fashewar Vesuvius, shi ne mai kula da ma'adinai lokacin da yake matashi. Ya ce fam dubu 20 na karafa masu daraja sun bar wadannan ma'adanai a kowace shekara, cewa kimanin masu hakar ma'adinai dubu 60 suka yi aiki, ma'ana, an sake su a baya, wadanda aka sake a yanzu, wadanda dole ne su yi aiki don tallafa wa kansu.

An bar ajiyar gwal a cikin karni na XNUMX kuma ba tare da aikin mutum ba ciyayi suna ci gaba a ƙarƙashin ginin. Sannan yazo noman kirji, wanda aka yi amfani da shi don ciyar da ma'aikata kuma daga baya itace ya tafi aikin ginin, har yanzu akwai tsofaffin misalai a yau, don haka a ƙarshe kuma bayan lokaci wani yanayi mai ƙanƙanci tsakanin ja da kore, tare da lagoons, ya ɗauki fasali.

Lokacin da aka gabatar da Las Médulas a matsayin Wurin Tarihi na Duniya, wakilan Thai sun yi adawa da shi saboda ba sakamakon yanayi ba ne amma daga hannun mutum, na mummunan amfani da shi, amma daga ƙarshe ya sami matsayinsa a cikin jerin.

Ziyarci Las Médulas

Idan baku san tarihin wurin ba tukunna to hanya mafi kyau don fara ziyarar ita ce ta Ajin Archaeological. Anan ne muke koyo game da amfani da zinare, ayyukan injiniyanci da suka wajaba a kan haka, yadda Romawa suke jan ruwa da yadda duk wannan aikin ya canza yanayin har abada. Yana da ban sha'awa sosai. Ainihin hanyar Romawa ta kunshi kwance tsaunuka da tattara zinare ta hanyar tace shi.

Ana kiran hanyar Rushewar Montium kuma ya kunshi gina hanyar sadarwa domin kawo ruwa daga manyan tsaunuka da adana shi a tsaunukan da za ayi amfani dasu. A ƙarshen, an ƙirƙiri ɗakunan ajiya na cul-de-sac, sa'annan aka gabatar da ruwa cikin gaggawa, matsin iska ya tashi kuma a ƙarshen dutsen ya fashe. An wanke yumbu da ruwa a tashoshin katako kuma an cire zinaren bayan an tace hakan a cikin rassan heather.

Bayan shekaru 200 irin wannan aikin yanayin ya canza sosai. An cire kayan aiki masu yawa kuma an tara su a cikin kwarin, an rufe hanyoyin ruwa na ruwa, an halicci tabkuna sakamakon hakan kuma an halicci wasu lafuzza na baƙon siffofi. kololuwa

Yanzu idan wannan ɓangaren labarin bai shafe ku ba to kuna iya jin daɗin ra'ayoyin kawai. Don wannan shine mafi kyaun wuri Ra'ayin Orellán, wanda yake a cikin gari mai suna guda ɗaya, tare da fitowar rana da faɗuwar rana sune lokutan da sukafi dacewa ayi ta. Sa'an nan kuma ka ƙara da Cibiyar Tarbar Baƙi wanda shine inda mai yiwuwa hanyoyi na yankin, tare da ko ba tare da jagora ba.

Waɗannan hanyoyi sun fi ƙasa ko ƙasa kaɗan, dangane da sha'awar ku, yanayinku na jiki, lokacinku, kodayake suna ba da shawarar samun aƙalla kwana biyu don ziyarar ta kammala. Akwai hanyoyi biyar masu yiwuwa: Hanyar Kewaye, Hanyar Valiñas, Hanyar Sumido Lake, Hanyar Hanya da Hanyar Kauyuka.

  • Hanyar Kewaye: wannan ita ce hanya mafi tsayi kuma saboda haka mafi kyau idan kuna da lokaci saboda kuna ganin komai. Yana ba da bayani game da haƙar ma'adinai ta Roman, kan yadda aka ƙirƙira dausayi da tabkuna ta hanyar amfani da ruwa a cikin wannan amfani.
  • Hanyar Valiñas: Hanya ce mai shahara kuma mai sauƙi wacce ta taɓa manyan wuraren yankin kamar kogon La Encantada da La Cuevana, tushen Tiya Viviana, garin Las Médulas, ma'adinan kanta, bishiyoyin kirji ...
  • Tafkin Sumido Lake: tare da ɗan lokaci kaɗan hanya ce mai kyau wacce ta haɗa da Mirador de Chao de Maseiros da kyawawan ra'ayoyi. Hanyar tana wucewa ta cikin wasu tabkuna na wucin gadi, waɗanda aka ƙirƙira ta magudanar ruwa a cikin aikin hakar ma'adanai da kuma ta hanyar kwashe tashoshi ko wasan zinare. A zahiri, Tafkin Sumido ya kasance tashar wanki, ɗayan hanyoyin sadarwa masu nisan kilomita 100, sau da yawa a cikin duwatsu, wanda ya ba da damar kawo ruwa daga tsaunuka mafi tsayi kuma aka adana don amfanin na gaba.
  • Hanyar Convents: Kuna iya samun damar ta daga Orellán ko kuma daga hanyar da kanta kuma hanya ce mai dacewa zuwa Hanyar kewaye. Wannan takaddama ta musamman tana ba mu bayani game da wasu fasahohin musamman waɗanda aka yi amfani da su a hakar Roman, da "Hannun Montium" ko haduwa
  • Hanyar Kauye: Hanya ce da ke mayar da mu lokaci, zuwa lokacin daular Rome, da kuma yadda hakar ma'adinan da ta aiwatar ya yi tasiri ga al'umma da kuma yankin.

Kowace hanyar da kuka zaɓa, yanayin shimfidar wuri yana da kyau kuma yana ba ku damar shiga tarihi kuma kuyi tunani kan yadda ayyukanmu akan yanayi ke canza shi. Don mafi kyau da mafi sharri. Za ku ga rusasshen Roman amma kuma manyan bishiyoyi na bishiyoyi, na wasu samfuran shekaru shida ne, misali. Kyakkyawa. Kamar yadda muka ce, Kuna iya zaɓar yin ziyarar ta kanku ko yin yawon shakatawa wanda zai iya zama ta babbar motar 4x4 ko ƙaramar mota.

Babu ƙofa ɗaya zuwa Las Médulas amma wurin yana da kyau. Ee hakika, babu zirga-zirgar jama'a a cikin yankinTa hanyar safarar jama'a zaka iya zuwa Ponferrada ne kawai a cikin bas na kamfanin AUPSA. Hakanan zaka iya isa can ta jirgin ƙasa.

Bayani mai amfani game da Las Médulas

  • Mafi kyawun ziyarar shine lokacin kaka, lokacin shekara tare da launuka masu ban mamaki.
  • Cibiyar Karbar Baƙi tana cikin garin Las Médulas. Lambar wayarsa ita ce 987 420 708 619 258 355.
  • Cibiyar Tafsiri ta Canals tana cikin garin Puente Domingo Flórez. Lambar wayar su 987 460 371. Admission kyauta ne.
  • Kusa da Mirador de Orellán shine Galería de Orellán. Kudaden shiga suna biyan euro 2 akan kowane baligi kuma 1 ga yaro.
  • Ajin Archaeological Class yana cikin Las Médulas, a cikin Carrucedo 2442. Lambar wayar su 987 40 19 54. Farashin: Yuro 2 ga kowane baligi da Yuro 1,5 ga waɗanda suka yi ritaya. Yara har zuwa shekaru 8 ba sa biya. An shirya balaguron jagora daga nan.
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