Albarracín, gari mafi kyau a Spain

Hoto | Pixabay

Lardin Teruel na ɗaya daga cikin yankuna waɗanda suka haɗu da Spainasar Spain. Wurin da ba a sani ba don yawon shakatawa wanda duk da haka yana dauke da kyawawan duwatsu masu daraja waɗanda suka cancanci sani. Anan mun sami ɗayan mafi kyaun misalai na fasahar Mudejar a duniya, wanda ya sa ta sami UNESCO ta amince da ita a matsayin Gidan Tarihin Duniya. Hakanan shine shimfiɗar dinosaur saboda a lardin an gano nau'ikan halittu goma na waɗannan dabbobi masu rarrafe a shekarun baya kuma kamar dai hakan bai isa ba, a cikin Teruel shine ake kira Tuscany na Sifen, musamman a yankin Matarraña.

Ofaya daga cikin abubuwan da aka adana shi mafi kyau shine Albarracín, garin da ke daɗaɗaɗa a tsaunukan Duniya wanda ake ɗauka mafi kyau gari a Spain. Kuna son sanin me yasa? Ci gaba da karatu!

Dimana Albarracín?

Albarracín yana kan tsaunuka kuma sashin ƙasa wanda ya samar da Kogin Guadalaviar. An kewaye shi da zurfin gas wanda yake aiki azaman matattarar kariya, wanda aka sanya shi tare da ɗamara bel na bango wanda ya ƙare a cikin babban gidan Andador. Wurin da yake, a tsawan mita 1182, da kuma yanayinta suna bayar da ayyuka da dama wadanda suka fi mayar da hankali musamman kan ayyukan waje kamar su tsaunin keke ko yawo. Bugu da kari, a cikin kewayen akwai adadi mai yawa na zane-zanen kogo 'yan mintuna kaɗan daga babbar hanyar.

Yadda ake zuwa Albarracín?

Wannan garin Aragonese yana da tazarar kilomita 35 daga Teruel, kimanin rabin sa'a daga babban birnin. Kodayake akwai yuwuwar tafiya ta bas, motar ita ce hanya mafi kyau don bincika birni da kewaye kyauta.

Asalin Albarracín

Tun daga asalinsa an yiwa Albarracín alama ta wurin ta, ƙarfin ta a matsayin wurin kariya yana yanke hukunci. An haife shi a matsayin ƙaramin ƙauye kusa da cocin pre-Romanesque na Santa María. A kusan shekara ta 965 AD an fara keɓe shinge na farko a lokacin mamayar musulmai, wanda ya haɗa da cocin Santa María da Alcázar.

Me za a gani a Albarracín?

Hoto | Pixabay

Alcazar da hasumiyar Andador

A halin yanzu na sansanin soja, wanda yake a ɗaya daga ƙarshen ƙarshen yawan jama'ar da ke mamaye kogin Guadalaviar, kawai ragowar abubuwan da ke ƙasa na bango da na hasumiyai ne aka kiyaye. A saman bene akwai babban mazauni a kusa da baranda, wanda a ƙarƙashinsa akwai babbar rijiya.

Hasumiyar Andador, wacce a farkonta hasumiyar albarrana ce, kuma ta samo asali ne daga ƙarshen karni na XNUMX kuma an saka ta a cikin shingen katanga a farkon karni na XNUMX, lokacin da garin ya zama babban birnin taifa wanda Banu ke mulki. Razin. Na asalin Berber. Farar Farar da ke kusa da Cocin Santa María ta faro ne daga ƙarni na XNUMX. Da shi ne aka gama tsarin kare birnin.

An rasa mahimmancin tsaronta a cikin karni na XNUMX, lokacin da Felipe V ya soke fueros na Aragon kuma ya ba da umarnin wargaza sansanin, duk da cewa ba bango da manyan hasumiya ba, kamar su Andador ko Doña Blanca.

A cikin shekarun da suka gabata na karni na 2000, an gudanar da ayyukan gyara don dawo da ganuwar yamma da kudu kuma zuwa shekara ta XNUMX an bayyana wannan rukunin Kadarorin Sha'awar Al'adu.

Titunan Albarracín

Hoto | Pixabay

Amma fara'ar Albarracín tana sama da komai a cikin shimfidar titunan ta wanda ya dace da yanayin yanayin kasar mai wahala, tare da matakala da hanyoyin. Kowane kusurwa, kowane gida abin birgewa ne ga kofofinsa da masu kwankwasawa, da tagogi masu kifi tare da labulen yadin da aka saka, manyan baranda masu ci gaba a cikin baƙin ƙarfe da katako da aka sassaka ... Babban abin tunawa na Albarracín shine garin da kansa, tare da duk mashahuri. dandano da nuna isa, mai nuna tarihinta da kyakkyawan aikin da mutanenta ke yi.

Koyaya, daga cikin manyan gidaje da mashahuran gine-gine zamu iya haskakawa: gidan Julianeta, gidan akan titin Azagra, dandalin Al'umma da ƙaramin mai ba da shawara mai ban sha'awa na Plaza.

Yanzu, gine-gine kamar Cocin Santa Maria, Cathedral, Fadar Episcopal sun cancanci ambaton musamman.

Babban cocin El Salvador

Hoto | Gidauniyar Santa María de Albarracín

An gina Cathedral na El Salvador tsakanin 1572 da 1600, a kan wani haikalin da ya gabata a cikin salon Romanesque da Mudejar.  Muna fuskantar ginin Renaissance tare da buta guda wanda aka lullubeshi da kayan masarufi na tsohuwar al'adar Gothic. Yana da ɗakunan bauta a tsakanin gindin mata da mawaƙa a ƙafa.

Yana da goyan bayan baroque pilasters da masarufi, waɗanda suke wani ɓangare na sake sabuntawa wanda aka yi a farkon karni na XNUMX a cikin wannan babban cocin, yana canza kamannin Gothic zuwa Baroque. A cikin karni na XNUMX, an yiwa fentin ciki launin toka kuma tare da gyaran haikalin a farkon karni na XNUMX, an cire wannan zanen don mayar da bangon zuwa launi na asali na karni na XNUMX.

Cathedral na El Salvador suna da burodi ta hanyar da zaka iya samun damar Fadar Episcopal da ke kusa da ita. A yau wannan ginin yana dauke da Diocesan Museum wanda ke da mahimmin tarin kayan zane-zane da maƙerin zinariya.

Fadar Episcopal

Gidan Diocesan na Albarracín yana kan bene mai daraja na Fadar Episcopal, ginin karni na XNUMX. Ana iya ziyarta a cikin yawon shakatawa da Gidauniyar Santa María de Albarracín ta shirya, wanda ake kira Filin Albarracín da Taskokin, wanene ke kula da gidan kayan gargajiya.

A cikin tarin tarinsa zamu iya haskaka maƙeran zinaren daga taskar babban coci da kuma kayan zane-zane na Flemish da aka yi a taron bitar Geubels a Brussels, wanda ke wakiltar labarin Gideon.

Koyaya, zaku iya ziyartar ɗakunan gidan sarauta kamar ɗakin Mayordomia, ɗakunan hukuma na bishop da ɗakunan keɓaɓɓun sa inda yakamata a haskaka ofishin, wanda aka kawata shi da zanen bango daga karni na XNUMX. Sauran dakunan suna nuna kayan kide-kide wanda tare da su aka gudanar da bukukuwan babban cocin, litattafan waka, teburin Gothic da wasu kayan daki.

Cocin Santa Maria

Tana can gefen gari, a cikin abin da ya taɓa zama tushen yawan jama'a. Asalin haikalin shine ikilisiyar Visigothic wacce ke cikin tsarin kariya na birni, ma'ana, na ganuwar, amma wata gobara da ta faru a karni na XNUMX ta haifar da mummunar lalacewa, don haka cocin na ƙarni na XNUMX da ke yanzu tare da nave ɗaya da aka lulluɓe shi da ribbed vault ya zo ya maye gurbinsa. A cikin ƙarni na XNUMX cocin Santa María cocin ne na gidan zuhudu na Dominican, wanda yanzu ya ɓace.

Fushinta yana cikin salon Mudejar, wanda ba a yabawa a cikin ɗakinta inda yawan adon manyan filastik wanda cocin da alƙaryar Albarracín ke bayarwa suka yi fice. Yana da manyan bagade da yawa masu mahimmanci, kodayake mafi mahimmanci shine na babban bagaden da aka samo daga karni na XNUMX.

Hoto | Pixabay

Hanya zuwa Ganuwar Albarracín

Ziyara zuwa Albarracín ba ta kammala ba tare da sanin bangon da ke kewaye da ita ba kuma wannan ɓangare ne na rukunin tarihi na garin. Akwai hanyoyi guda uku don zuwa can: ta titin Chorro, ta hanyar hawan Torres daga cocin Santiago da kuma tashar Molina. A lokacin yawon shakatawa dole ne ku hau wasu gangawo masu kyau, saboda haka yana da kyau ku sanya kyawawan takalma da ruwa.

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