Alurar rigakafi don tafiya zuwa Brazil

Yin magana game da allurar rigakafi don tafiya zuwa Brazil na nufin yin hakan consejos, ba na wajibai ba. Wannan yana nufin cewa gwamnatin Brazil ba ta buƙatar kowane irin alurar riga kafi don shiga ƙasar. Sai dai don bukatun da aka samo daga annobar (a nan akwai labarin akan waɗannan ƙa'idodin ta ƙasa), Babu yanayin tsabtace doka don ziyartar ƙasashen Rio de Janeiro.

Koyaya, yakamata ku tuna cewa Brazil itace ƙasa ta biyar mafi girma a duniya. Tana da sama da muraba'in kilomita miliyan takwas kuma ya haɗa da bambancin yanayi da yanayin ƙasa. Saboda haka, an ba da shawarar sosai cewa karɓi wasu alurar riga kafi don tafiya zuwa BrazilMusamman idan kuna tafiya zuwa wasu yankuna.

Alurar rigakafi don tafiya zuwa Brazil, fiye da shawarwarin

Kamar yadda muke faɗa, theasar Kudancin Amurka tana da girma kuma ta haɗa da kyakkyawan ɓangare na Amazon. Sabili da haka, baza ku buƙaci alurar riga kafi ɗaya ba idan kuna tafiya zuwa na ƙarshe kamar kuna yin hakan Rio de Janeiro, misali.

A cikin kowane hali, akwai da yawa daga cikinsu waɗanda aka ba da shawarar sosai ba tare da la'akari da yankin da kuka ziyarta ba. Kuma babu ɗayansu da zai cutar da ku, don haka ba za ku rasa komai ba ta sa shi da guje wa haɗarin cututtuka masu haɗari. Kuna iya neman alƙawari don yin allurar kanku a kowane ɗayan cibiyoyin rigakafi na duniya na Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Spain a wannan haɗin. Amma, ba tare da wata damuwa ba, za mu tattauna da ku game da allurar rigakafin tafiya zuwa Brazil waɗanda aka ba da shawarar.

Allurar maganin zazzabi

Aedes aegypti

Tsoron aedes aegypti, dalilin cutar zazzabi

Wannan wata cuta ce da ta zama ruwan dare a kasar ta Kudancin Amurka cewa, har zuwa kwanan nan, mahukunta sun nemi a yi mata allurar riga-kafin kafin su shigo kasar. Cutar zazzaɓi wata cuta ce mai saurin yaduwa daga sauro tare da cizonta. Aedes aegypti, ana kuma kiran sauro mummy.

Wannan kwaro kuma yana watsawa dengue, mafi hatsari, tunda bashi da allurar rigakafi. Amma, komawa cutar zazzabi, alamunta sune, daidai, zazzabi, ciwon kai da ciwon baya, tashin zuciya da amai. Idan ba a magance shi a lokaci ba, mai haƙuri zai fara haɓaka jaundice (saboda haka adjective yellow) da kuma wahala daga zubar jini. Wannan kashi na biyu yana gabatar da mace-mace kusan 50%.

Saboda haka, cuta ce mai tsananin gaske. Kuma, kamar yadda ba ku da wani abu don yin alurar riga kafi, shawararmu idan kuna tafiya zuwa Brazil ita ce koyaushe kuyi hakan don ku sami nutsuwa. A kowane hali, idan ka ziyarci Amazon, ka tuna cewa wannan maganin ba zai kare ka daga abin da aka ambata ba dengue. Don haka sanya kaya masu dogon hannu kuma amfani da maganin sauro mai karfi.

Ciwon ciki

Yin rigakafi

Alurar riga kafi

Ba kamar na baya ba, ana cutar wannan cutar lokacin da kwayoyin cuta Clostridium tetani yana cutar da rauni. Kamar yadda kuka sani, ana iya samar da wannan a sauƙaƙe, musamman idan kuna tafiya zuwa yankunan daji na Brazil. Kuma dole ne ku tuna cewa ana samun ƙwayoyin cutar da aka ambata a ciki duk wani gurbataccen wuri. Misali, ya zama gama gari a cikin karafa.

Saboda haka, ba wuya ku hadu da ita ba. Bi da bi, da clostridium ya haifar neurotoxins hakan yana shafar dukkanin tsarin juyayi. Babban alamunta sune spasms, rikicewar jijiyoyi masu ƙarfi, taurin kai har ma da inna. Suna tare da zazzabi, yawan zufa, da zubewa.

Baya ga wahalar da yake haifarwa, idan ba a kula da shi a kan lokaci ba, yana iya zama na mutuwa. Saboda haka, kamar yadda muka shawarce ku a baya, ba za ku rasa komai ba ta hanyar yin rigakafin wannan cuta.

A gefe guda, allurar rigakafin tetanus yawanci ta hada da na diphtheria da kuma na tari mai tsanani, kuma an ba da shawarar yin tafiya zuwa Brazil. Na farko cuta ce mai saurin yaduwa ta baki, musamman ta tari ko atishawa. Kiran ne ya haifar da shi Klebs-Löffler bacillus kuma yana iya zama mai tsanani musamman ga yara ƙanana.

Game da tari, shima cuta ce ta numfashi mai saurin yaduwa wacce kwayoyin cuta ke haifarwa Bordetella pertussis. Halin shi shine tari na spasmodic kuma yana da saurin yaduwa. Kamar na baya, ya fi shafar yara ƙanana sosai. Koyaya, sai dai idan ya haifar da rikitarwa, yawanci yakan warke sosai.

Alurar riga kafi A

Jerin allurar rigakafi

Layi domin yin rigakafi

Wannan kuma wata cuta ce mai saurin yaduwa, wacce ke haifar da kumburin hanta. Ana samar da shi, dai-dai, ta kwayar cutar hepatitis A ko Paramyxovirus mai kwakwalwa 72 kuma ba shi da haɗari fiye da sauran nau'ikan nau'ikan cutar wanda za mu kuma tattauna da ku.

A zahiri, ba zai iya zama mai ɗorewa ba ko kuma haifar da lalacewar hanta na dindindin. Amma ana iya samun sa'ida cikin sauki, tunda ana yada ta gurbataccen abinci ko ruwa, kazalika ta wurin abubuwa marasa tsabta. A saboda wannan dalili, muna baka shawara da ka yawaita wanke hannuwanka, wani abu da babu shakka zai yi kama da kai saboda kwayar cutar coronavirus.

Kuma, ba shakka, muna bada shawara cewa ayi muku allurar rigakafin cutar hanta A. Ana yin allurai cikin allurai biyu cikin watanni shida. Yana da sauƙin tafiya zuwa Brazil, don haka ya kamata kuyi la'akari da karɓar maganin a lokaci mai kyau. Don cika shi, kuna buƙatar watanni shida don wucewa, kamar yadda muka ce.

Cutar rigakafin hepatitis B

Cutar hepatitis B

Cutar hepatitis B

Za mu iya gaya muku game da wannan cutar daidai abin da muka nuna don hepatitis A. Duk da haka, yanayin B shine mafi hatsari, tunda tana iya samarda cututtuka na kullum kuma wannan, bi da bi, na iya haifar da gazawar hanta, cirrhosis ko ciwon hanta.

Koyaya, a mafi yawan lokuta ba mai tsanani bane. Amma zai iya daukar tsawon watanni hudu kafin bayyanar cututtuka ta bayyana daga lokacin da ka kamu da cutar. A wannan yanayin, ana watsa ta ruwan jiki. Misali, jini ko maniyyi, amma ba daga tari ko atishawa ba.

Bugu da kari, akasin abin da ke faruwa tare da sauran cututtukan cuta, hepatitis B ya zama mai sauƙi cikin sauƙi matasa fiye da cikin manyan. Sakamakon haka, ya fi dacewa ayi rigakafi kafin tafiya zuwa Brazil. A wannan yanayin, antigen ya ƙunshi allurai biyu ko uku da ake gudanarwa, haka kuma, tare da tazarar watanni shida.

Rigakafin MMR

Yaron yana karɓar MMR

Yaron da ke karɓar rigakafin MMR

Wannan shine sunan da aka sanya wa wanda ke hana cututtuka kamar kyanda, rubella, da kumburi. Na farko kamuwa da cuta ce irin wacce ake samu, wato, tana faruwa tare da jajayen fata akan fata, wanda kwayar cuta ke haifarwa, musamman daga dangi syeda_abubakar. Wata alama ta wannan cutar ita ce tari kuma, idan ya kunna wa kwakwalwa, zai iya zama mai tsanani.

Amma ga rubellaHakanan cuta ce mai yaduwa wacce kuma take nunawa tare da fatar fata kuma ƙwayar cuta ce ke haifar da ita. A wannan yanayin, ana daukar kwayar cutar ta hanyar hanyar jirgin sama kuma yakan dauki tsakanin kwana biyar zuwa bakwai kafin ya bayyana, amma yana da saurin yaduwa. Koyaya, banda batun mata masu ciki, ba mai tsanani bane. A cikin wadannan, zai iya lalata amfrayo yana haifar da lalacewar dindindin.

A ƙarshe, da cutar sankarau shima cuta ce da ta zama ruwan dare. Wataƙila sunansa ba zai zama sananne a gare ku ba. Amma, idan muka gaya muku abin da suke gyamboTabbas kun ji labarin su. Ana daukar kwayar cutar ta hanyar Mumps myxovirus, kodayake akwai kuma wani nau'in wanda kwayoyin cuta ke haifarwa. Ita ma ba cuta ce mai tsanani ba in dai za a magance ta. In ba haka ba kuma a cikin mawuyacin yanayi yana iya haifar da cutar sankarau, pancreatitis ko rashin haihuwa a cikin maza.

Alurar rigakafin MMR ta hana duk waɗannan cututtukan kuma ana ba da ita a cikin allurai biyu makonni huɗu.

Sauran kiyayewa kan tafiya zuwa Brazil

Ruwan kwalabe

Ruwan kwalba

Wadanda muka bayyana maku sune rigakafin tafiya zuwa kasar Brazil wanda kwararru suka bayar da shawarar. Muna baka shawara ka sanya su idan zaka yi. Amma, ban da haka, ana ba da shawara cewa ku bi wasu hanyoyin kiyaye tafiya don kada lafiyar ku ta lalace.

Mataki na farko shine a gare ku don shiga don Rijistar Matafiya na ma'aikatar harkokin waje da kuma cewa ka yi hayar a inshorar likita. Ka tuna cewa Tsaro na Tsaron Mutanen Espanya bashi da inganci a cikin Brazil. Sabili da haka, idan kuna rashin lafiya, duk kuɗin da sun gudu da kudinka. Kuma wannan ya hada da asibiti, magani har ma da komawa gida.

A gefe guda kuma, dukkan kwayoyin halitta suna ba da shawarar cewa, a lokacin shan ruwa, kawai za ku sha shi kwalba, ba daga famfo ko marmaro ba. Hakanan, 'ya'yan itace da kayan marmari da kuka ci ya kamata su zama anyi wanka da kyau kuma ansha magani.

Game da rairayin bakin teku, tabbatar cewa basu da ƙazanta. Kunnawa Sao Paulo y Santa Catarina akwai 'yan kaɗan inda aka hana yin wanka. Kuma, game da magunguna, dauke su daga Spain don gujewa barin su. Koyaya, ana iya bincika su a tashar jirgin sama lokacin isowa. Sabili da haka, muna ba da shawarar ku ma ku kawo girke-girke ko takaddar da ta tabbatar da cewa kuna shan su.

A cikin kowane hali, idan kuna da shakka, muna ba da shawarar ku ziyarci shafin yanar gizon ma'aikatar harkokin waje don bayyana duk abin da har yanzu kuke mamaki.

A ƙarshe, mun gaya muku game da duka rigakafi don tafiya zuwa Brazil shawarar masana. Babu wanda ke da illa, saboda haka muna ba ku shawara ku sanya su. Kuma, idan har yanzu kuna da shakka, yana da kyau ku shawarta likitanka. Don haka, zakuyi tafiya lami lafiya kuna rayuwa a kwarewa mai ban mamaki cewa babu wata cuta da za ta lalata ku.

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