Girona Cathedral

Girona Cathedral

La Girona Cathedral ko Cathedral na Santa María de Gerona Ita ce mafi yawan wuraren yawon shakatawa na gari, musamman tun lokacin da ta fito a cikin jerin kayan sawa. Amma wannan babban cocin yana da babban tarihi da yawancin gine-gine da abubuwan fasaha waɗanda suka cancanci a yaba sosai.

Idan ka je ziyarci Girona ba za ku iya rasa kyakkyawar babban cocinsa ba tare da waɗancan matakalar samun damar. Tana cikin wani yanki mai mahimmanci, a mafi girman mahimmin tsohon garin, wurin da yayi fice sama da kowane gida. Tare da wannan bayanin kusan ba zai yuwu ba mu ganshi kuma mu zo wurin don ziyartarsa.

Tarihin Girona Cathedral

Girona Cathedral

Girona shine wurin zama na bishopric tun farkon Kiristanci a wannan wurin, saboda haka batun addini ne wanda koyaushe yana da mahimmanci. A bayyane yake ayyukan inganta jihar cocin da ya lalace farawa a cikin shekara ta 1015 ko ma a baya. Wannan matakin farko na ginin ya yi amfani da salon Romanesque da ya mamaye, wanda har yanzu akwai wasu bangarorin da za a iya gani a babban cocin na yanzu, kamar sanannen kayanta. Katidira ce wacce aka ƙara haɓaka da canje-canje iri-iri a cikin ƙarni da yawa, saboda haka tana da salo daban-daban. Façade da matakan suna daga ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX a cikin salon Baroque. A kan facin ma akwai wasu zane-zanen da suka dace tun daga ƙarni na XNUMX.

Babban facade

Fuskar babban coci

Ofaya daga cikin wuraren da aka fi ɗaukar hoto a cikin wannan babban cocin babu shakka falonsa ne. Ganin yana sanya abubuwa da yawa saboda yana cikin babban yanki. Da kyawawan matakala na matakai casa'in tare da farfajiyoyi shida Ya samo asali ne daga karni na 67 kuma shine kyakkyawan tsari don gabatar da kyakkyawan babban coci. Façade yana da salon baroque kuma yana da sifa iri ɗaya na bagade wanda aka yi wahayi zuwa gare shi. Yana da ginshiƙai da ginshiƙai da yawa waɗanda zaku iya ganin adadi daban-daban kamar su Saint Paul, Budurwa Maryamu ko Saint Joseph. Daga wannan lokacin muna iya ganin hasumiya mai tsayin mita XNUMX, wanda ke ba da facade bayyanar kamuwa da yanayin.

Cikin babban cocin

Girona Cathedral ciki

Cikin babban cocin yana da matukar mahimmanci, kamar yadda yake babban coci tare da mafi kyawun gothic nave a duniya, wanda kuma yana da wadataccen ado. Bayan mun shiga babban ramin jirgin sai muka tsinci kanmu a gaban wani babban jirgin ruwa na Gothic wanda aka rufe shi. A cikin ɓangaren farko akwai buttresses tare da ɗakin sujada guda biyu a kowane sashe kuma a ɓangare na biyu akwai manyan windows na Gothic. Duk tsawon lokacin zamu kasance tare da jin girman girman wannan babban cocin. Zamu iya ganin mawaƙa tare da rumfunan ƙarni na XNUMX da yankin presbytery tare da babban ɗakin sujada tare da bagade na ƙarni na XNUMX wanda aka rufe da azurfa. Bagadi a cikin ɗakin sujada yanki ne na Romanesque daga farkon kwanakin babban coci.

Gilashin tabarau masu gilashi wani mahimmin abu ne wanda dole ne a haskaka su a cikin wannan babban cocin. Akwai tagogi masu gilashi masu yawa kuma lalle an haɗa su a lokuta daban-daban.. Wasu ma sun fara daga ƙarni na XNUMX. A lokacin karni na XNUMX wadanda suka wanzu sun lalace kuma har yanzu ba a san dalilin ba, amma sun aiwatar da sake gini daga baya. A cikin wannan babban cocin ma za mu iya yaba da zane-zane, tunda yana da 'yan kaburbura, ciki har da na Bishop Bernardo de Pau ko Count na Barcelona Ramón Berenguer II.

Girona Cathedral cloister

Cloister

Cloister shine ɗayan partsan bangarorin babban cocin da suka rage daga farkon ginin sa. Gabas Romanesque style cloister an kirkireshi ne daga mai sassaka Arnau Cadell a lokacin karni na 122. Abubuwan zane-zane suna da manyan biranen XNUMX a ciki zaku iya ganin siffofin da aka sassaka da ƙyallen fris. Daga cikin wuraren da za a iya ganin akwai wurare daga Tsohon Alkawari da Sabon Alkawari tare da dabbobi da mutane a matsayin 'yan wasa. Hakanan a tsakiyar gwanon katako zamu iya ganin lambu tare da rijiya.

Gidan kayan gargajiya na Cathedral

A cikin wannan gidan kayan gargajiya mun sami sahihan kayan adon gaske masu mahimmanci. Da Tapestry na Halitta yanki ne mai matukar mahimmanci wanda ba'a san asalinsa ba. An yi imanin cewa zai iya farawa daga ƙarni na XNUMX kuma ya auna murabba'in murabba'i goma sha biyu wanda almara na Halitta ke da alaƙa da zane da adadi. A cikin wannan gidan kayan gargajiya za mu iya ganin hotunan Gothic na Saint Charlemagne, da gicciye ko abubuwan dogaro. Beatus na Gerona wani aikinsa ne, kwafin ƙarni na XNUMX wanda Beatus na Liébana ya yi.

Babban cocin Girona sananne ne

Ofaya daga cikin abubuwan sha'awar wannan babban cocin shine cewa kyanta ya sanya ta bayyana a cikin wasu kayan kwalliyar zamani. Shahararren mai shakka babu shakka Game da kursiyai. An yi amfani da wannan wurin don wakiltar septum na Baelor, saboda haka ana iya gane shi sosai cikin jerin, inda zamu iya ganin facade da matakan shiga.

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