China: Matsayin mata, rigunan gargajiya da wasannin gargajiya

Sin

Sin, ita ce kasar da aka sani da "Girman Millennium", kodayake sunanta na gargajiya shine Zhong gaba ko «ƙasar cibiyar», tunda abin da aka fi so shine cewa ita ce mafi tsakiyar ƙasar a duniya, daga mahangar ƙasa, siyasa, tattalin arziki da al'adu.

Kodayake kan iyakoki sun banbanta a cikin karnonin da suka gabata, amma tsakiyar cibiyarsa tana nan daram, wacce a kanta aka haife wayewar kasar Sin: Kogin Huanghe, wanda, saboda yawan kuɗinsa, ya karɓi sunan "Yellow duniya" o "Yasar rawaya".

Zamu iya magana game da cikakkun bayanai game da wannan kasa ta musamman, amma a cikin wannan labarin mun so mu mai da hankali kan ra'ayoyi guda uku (al'adun kasar Sin):

  • Matsayin da mata ke takawa a wannan wayewar, tsawon shekaru.
  • Kayan riguna na al'ada na ƙasar da alamomin ta.
  • Wasannin gargajiya na kasar Sin.

China 2

Matar

Da yawa, shekaru da yawa da suka gabata, a cikin tsofaffin tarihin zamanin China, ta yi sarauta a waɗancan sassan da iko: yara sun ɗauki sunan mahaifiya ba na mahaifin ba. Yana da kyau rashin sanin sunan mahaifinsa a wasu lokuta, abu ne mai mahimmanci. Duk wannan "gatan" ya ƙare a lokacin daular Zhou, inda matar ta rasa manyan ayyukantas Tun daga wannan lokacin, har zuwa yanzu, aikin mata a kasar Sin shine gidan dangi, kuma a cikin wannan, koyaushe yana da mahimmancin gaske.

A tsawon shekaru, musamman mata masu wadata daga manyan matakan zamantakewar al'umma, sun sami damar haɓaka wasu ayyukan daban daban bangon bangon gida:

  • A lokacin daular Tang: akwai matan da zasu iya hawa dawakai.
  • A lokacin daular song kuma a farkon daular YuanAkwai matan da za su iya yin tafiya su kaɗai saboda dalilai na kasuwanci, kuma har ma akwai wata 'yar Taoist da ke ba da gudummawar masana'antar auduga.

Koyaya, sanannen yi wa bandeji kafafun mata, wanda ya rage ayyukansu sosai, tunda ya nakasasu saboda yawancin ayyuka. Kodayake ba a san dalilin asalin wannan al'ada ba, amma an ce don a bambanta matan Sinawa ne da matan waje, tunda ana ganin na baya baya.

China 3

Abin godiya ne ga tawayen da Taiwa, cewa an hana ɗaurin ƙafa, don haka ya ba mata ƙarin 'yanci.

Mishan mishan, a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX, sun fi son gabatar da 'yan mata ga koyarwa. A gefe guda kuma, tun zuwan hawan Jam’iyyar Kwaminis, ta yi ƙoƙari don haɓaka daidaito tsakanin maza da mata amma ba tare da yin watsi da wasu tsarin gargajiya na gargajiya ba. A kan wannan ne ya sa, har ma a yau, wasu iyalai ke watsar da 'yan mata a gidajen marayu inda suke rayuwa mara kyau kuma a wasu lokuta, suna fuskantar halaye marasa kyau.

A dress, your zaman jama'a matsayi

Sinawa, tun zamanin da, koyaushe suna ba ta a alama ta musamman ga tufafinsu. Misali: jarumawan masarautu masu fada suna sanya fuka-fukan tsuntsu biyu a cikin kwalliyarsu. Wannan ya nuna jaruntaka da ƙarfin jarumi.

China 5

Aya daga cikin sanannun sanannun tufafin gargajiya na China shine cewa ba kawai alamar ƙirar waje ba ce, amma kuma an ba ta wani ƙimar alama. Duk ɓangarorin wannan suturar suna sadarwa da mahimmin ƙarfin da ke cikin su.

Babban abubuwan nau'ikan rigunan al'adun kasar Sin Su ne:

  • El cin-fu, wanda aka hada da guda biyu, atamfa wanda ya isa gwiwoyi da siket wanda ya kai ga idon sawun.
  • El ch'ang-p'ao ko dogon kwat, wanda aka yi amfani da shi ga maza da mata.
  • Kuma a ƙarshe, da shen-i, wanda shine cakuda biyun da suka gabata.

A cikin wadannan rigunan launuka masu duhu sun mamaye na haske, kuma an yi su da kyan gani da launuka masu haske sosai. An bar launukan haske don yau da kullun, don aiki, da dai sauransu. Sinawa hade wasu launuka tare da lokutan shekara: kore yana wakiltar bazara; ja, lokacin rani; da fari, da kaka da baƙi, da hunturu.

wasanni na gargajiya

China 4

Mafi yawan al'adun Sinawa shine 'wushu', sananne ne a gare mu kamar 'Kung fu'. Wannan atisayen kare kai da horon jiki Jama'ar Sinawa suna yin sa tun dubunnan shekaru, kuma a yau, aikinsa ya tsananta.

Wannan wasan yana kunshe da aiwatar da hare-hare da ƙungiyoyin tsaro ta amfani da ƙarfi da kuzari. Akwai nau'i biyu daga gare ta:

  • Babu makamai.
  • Da makamai.

Wannan wasan tsohuwar al'adar da tarihi ne ya samo asali daga Sinawa, kuma azaman farfadowa, don yaƙi da aiki mai amfani. A ciki na 'wushu' Akwai rarrabuwa daban-daban da iri kuma makaman da ake amfani da su a cikin wasu sune saber, mashi, takobi, sanda ko bulala, a tsakanin wasu.

Godiya ga kyau na motsi wannan wasan, da 'wushu' yazo shima zuwa mataki da kuma gidan wasan kwaikwayo na kasar Sin, inda akrobatics shine mafi yawan kwarewar gani.

Dukkanin al'ummomin kasar Sin suna son wasannin motsa jiki, fada shine babbar fasahar da suka bunkasa.

Idan zaku ziyarci ƙasar rawaya ba da daɗewa ba ko kuma kuna da shi a matsayin makoma ta gaba, yanzu kun san wasu abubuwan da ke da yawa. Idan kuna sha'awar waɗannan nau'ikan labaran inda muke gabatar da asalin al'adu daban-daban na yanzu, bari mu sani a cikin ɓangaren maganganun. Godiya!

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