Garuruwa goma mafiya mahimmanci a Faransa

Yin magana game da manyan birane goma a Faransa yana nufin magana game da waɗanda ke da mafi yawan mazauna. Amma kuma na waɗanda ke da historicalimar tarihi da daraja har ma wadanda suka karbi mafi yawan baƙi.

Domin ba a tantance mahimmancin birni ne kawai ta hanyar girma ko ƙarfin tattalin arziki ba. Akwai garuruwan da, kodayake sun kasance karami, suna da mahimmancin mahimmanci a tarihin tsohuwar ƙasar Gallic kuma suna da abubuwan ban al'ajabi na gine-gine waɗanda, kowace shekara, ke jan hankalin dubban masu yawon bude ido. Amma, ba tare da wata damuwa ba, za mu nuna muku manyan birane goma a Faransa.

Garuruwa goma mafiya mahimmanci a Faransa ta tarihi da yawan jama'a

Zagayenmu na birane goma masu ban sha'awa a Faransa zai fara, ta yaya zai kasance in ba haka ba, tare da kwantantuwa Paris, na soyayya «Garin Soyayya». Daga baya, za a ci gaba ta hanyar wasu ƙananan yankuna kamar na jama'a Marsella o Yayi kyau, babban birnin kasar Cote d'Azur.

Paris, ɗayan lu'ulu'u na Turai

Paris

Duba paris

Zamu buƙaci, ba ɗaya ba, amma labarai da yawa don gaya muku game da duk abin da zaku iya samu a Faris, don haka zan bar ku a nan ƙarin bayani game da birni. Amma, kamar yadda kuka sani, babbar alamarsa ita ce Hasumiyar Eiffel, An gina shi ne don Baje kolin Duniya na 1889 kuma yana cikin kyawawan lambuna na Filin Mars.

Ba baya baya a mahimmancin Katidral na Notre Dame ko Nuestra Señora, wani abin al'ajabi irin na Gothic da aka gina a karni na XNUMX. Kuma, kusa da wuraren tunawa, abubuwan ban mamaki Gidan Tarihi na Louvre ko tsawwala gini na Mara amfani, inda aka binne Napoleon Bonaparte.

Dole ne-gani a cikin Paris kuma shine unguwar bohemian Montmartre, Cocin zuciyar mai tsarki, Royal Basilica na Saint-Denis da Champs-Elysées. Duk wannan ba tare da mantawa da tafiya tare da bankunan Seine ba kuma jin daɗin abincin Faransa a cikin kyawawan gidajen cin abinci da gidajen cin abinci.

Marseille, ƙarfin tattalin arziki

Abbey na Saint Victor

Abbey na Saint Victor

Kasancewa a gabar tekun Bahar Rum kuma tuni Finninia suka canza zuwa tashar kasuwanci, ba shine birni na biyu mafi yawan mutane a Faransa ba, har ma da wanda ya sanya sunansa ga waƙar juyin juya hali mai taken. Marsellesa, taken kasar na yanzu.

A babban birnin sashen Bouches du Rhône zaka iya ziyartar kyawawan babban cocin Santa María la Magajin gari, babu kamarsa a duk Faransa don salon Romanesque-Byzantine. Kuma, kusa da ita, kada ku daina ganin Saint Victor Abbey, wanda aka gina a karni na XNUMX kuma wanda shine watakila mafi tsufa wurin ibada na Kirista a ƙasar Gallic.

Amma mafi halayyar Marseille sune 'yar mama. Waɗannan kyawawan kyawawan gidaje ne waɗanda suka yi aiki a matsayin mazauni na biyu na bourgeoisie na birni. Daga cikin su, Château de la Buzine ya yi fice don kyanta, amma a yau har yanzu akwai kusan ɗari biyu da hamsin a warwatse ko'ina cikin ƙauyen Marseille.

A ƙarshe, a cikin tsibirin If shine katanga na karni na XNUMX da ya shahara saboda kasancewar kurkukun wanda Ofididdigar Monte Cristo, sanannen hali na Alexander Dumas.

Lyon, na uku daga cikin manyan birane goma a Faransa

St. John's Cathedral

Lyon: St. John's Cathedral

Tare da kusan rabin miliyan mazauna, Lyon, tsohon babban birnin kasar na Gaul, shine birni mafi mahimmanci na uku a Faransa. Sanannen sanannen masana'antar siliki ne, amma sama da duka don girman hadadden tarihinta. A zahiri, yawancinsa an jera su azaman Kayan Duniya.

Muna ba ku shawara ku ziyarci Vieux Lyon, sunan da aka ba wa tsohuwar da kuma maƙwabta. A ciki zaka samu babban john st john, tare da babbar taga ta tashi wacce ta hada Romanesque da Gothic. Amma kuma cocin San Jorge, da Hasumiyar Pink, da gine-ginen kasuwar musayar jari da otal din Bullioud ko kuma na musamman na Plaza de la Trinidad.

Koyaya, watakila mafi yawan al'adun Lyon sune traboules, waxanda suke wasu sassan ciki ne tsakanin farfajiyar gidajen. Birnin yana da kusan ɗari biyar, musamman a tsohon garin sa. A ƙarshe, a kan tsaunin Fourvière zaku sami gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Roman da odeon, gami da ɗorawa Notre-Dame de Fourvière basilica.

Toulouse, babban birnin Occitania

Hallin garin Toulouse

Hallin garin Toulouse

Sananne ga "Pink City" Saboda wannan launi ya fi yawa a cikin gine-ginen tubalin da ya fallasa na tarihi, Toulouse ma tana da abubuwa da yawa da za su ba ku.

Daga cikin abubuwan tarihi, muna ba da shawarar ka ziyarci Saint Étienne babban coci, tare da tsarin gothic ta kudu, da kuma ban sha'awa basilica na San Sernín, wanda shine ɗayan manyan majami'u Romanesque a Turai. Amma kuma gidan zuhudu na Jacobins da kuma basilica na Dorada na Toulouse, wanda ke dauke da abin da ake kira Black Virgin.

Amma ga gine-ginen jama'a, da yawa gothic hasumiyai kamar na Boysson, Bernuy, Serta ko Olmières. Kuma daidai su renaissance maida hankali ne akan. Misali, na Hotel Molinier, Assézat ko Jami'ar.

Daga baya ginin ban sha'awa ne na Capitol, wanda aka gina a cikin karni na XNUMX kuma wanda yanzu shine wurin zama na Yankin Yankin; tsohuwar Asibitin de la Grave, tare da dome mai ban mamaki da canal du midi, wani aikin ban mamaki na aikin injiniya wanda shine Gidan Tarihin Duniya.

Yayi kyau, kwalliyar Cote d'Azur

Castle na Turanci

Kyakkyawan: leakin Ingila

Kyakkyawan Nice yana cikin manyan birane goma a Faransa saboda dalilai da yawa. Da farko, ta yawan mazaunanta, tunda kusan ta kusan dubu dari uku da hamsin. Amma, a sama da duka, don kasancewa a yankin yawon shakatawa na Tekun Figi kuma suna da kilomita takwas na rairayin bakin teku masu ban sha'awa. Daga cikinsu, za mu ambaci na Opera, na Le Sporting ko na Castel.

Kuma muna ba da shawarar shi don abubuwan tarihi irin su sansanin Monte Alban da kuma manyan gidajen sarakunan Savoy, Prefecture ko Majalisar Dattawa, ba tare da mantawa da mashahuri ba tafiyar turanci. Ya kamata a ƙara su a cikin shawararmu, gine-ginen da aka gina a lokacin Kasar Belle. Misali, garuruwan del Inglés, Valrose, Santa Helena da Gairaut ko Hotel Excelsior.

Nantes, garin garin Jules Verne

Castakin Shugabannin Brittany

Nantes: Fadar Shugabannin Biritaniya

Yanzu zamu tafi yammacin Faransa don ganin garin marubucin Jules Verne. Wannan garin na Breton shima yana da abubuwan tarihi da yawa. Mai ban mamaki na da masarauta ta Dukes of Brittany da kuma Cathedral na Saint Peter da Saint Paul, kira na daban-daban tsarin gine-gine.

Kuma, kusa da su, masu daraja basilica na tsarkaka nicholas, Neo-Gothic kuma an jera shi azaman Tarihin Tarihi na Faransa; ƙofar Gallo-Roman ta San Pedro; gine-ginen Majami'ar Birni da Kasuwanci ko gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Graslin. Dukansu ba tare da mantawa ba, daidai, da Jules Verne gidan kayan gargajiyaZiyara mai mahimmanci ga masoyan marubuci musamman da kuma masoya adabin gaba ɗaya.

Strasbourg, babban birnin Turai

Strasbourg

Strasbourg: Franceananan Faransa

Yayi la'akari da babban birnin Turai tare da Brussels da Luxembourg, wannan birin Alsatian da ke iyaka da iyakar Jamus yana da wata cibiya mai tarihi ta bayyana a matsayin Gidan Tarihin Duniya.

Wannan yana zaune akan kira Babban Tsibiri na Strasbourg, inda dole ne ka ziyarci masu ban mamaki Katidral na Notre Dame, Gothic a cikin salo kuma yayi la'akari da ginin addini na huɗu mafi tsayi a duniya. Har ila yau, ya kamata ku ga majami'u na Santo Tomás, San Pedro el Viejo da San Esteban.

Tare da waɗannan abubuwan tarihin, zaku sami a cikin Strasbourg wasu kamar su Franceananan Franceasar Faransa, tare da titunanta da kuma na da gine-gine, da Fadar Rohan ko gidajen Kammerzell ko Kwastam. A ƙarshe, kar a manta da shiga cikin Dandalin Kleber, a tsakiyar yankin kasuwanci, da kuma ganin Museum of Fine Arts, tare da mahimman tarin zane-zane.

Montpellier, birni ne wanda yake na wnimbin Sarautar Aragon

San Pedro Cathedral

Montpellier: St. Peter's Cathedral

Birni ne mai saurayi idan aka kwatanta shi da mafi yawan waɗanda suka gabata, tunda aka kafa shi a karni na XNUMX. Koyaya, ba'a rasa a wurare masu ban sha'awa waɗanda suka cancanci ziyarar ku.

Na farko shine Babban cocin San Pedro, tare da farfajiyar farfajiyar da aka kafa ta ginshiƙai biyu masu 'yanci da alfarwa. Kuma, ƙari, muna ba ku shawara ku ga magudanar ruwa ta San Clemente, wanda aka gina a ƙarni na XNUMX, ƙofar Peyrou, a cikin salon Doric, da kuma kyakkyawan ginin Kwalejin Magunguna inda haruffa irin su Nostradamus, Rabelais da Ramón Llul suka yi karatu.

Don sashi, da Jardin des Plantes Ita ce mafi dadadden lambun tsirrai a Faransa, tunda aka ƙirƙira ta a shekarar 1523 kuma Hasumiyar Pines ta fara daga ƙarni na XNUMX kuma tana ba da amsa ga salon Norman Gothic.

Bordeaux, ƙasar giya

Bordeaux

Filin musayar jari na Bordeaux

An kira babban birnin yankin New Aquitaine, Bordeaux "Kyawun bacci" saboda ya rayu tsawon lokaci ba tare da inganta abubuwan tarihi ba. Koyaya, don 'yan shekaru yanzu, ya farka yawon buɗe ido. A zahiri, yankin garin da aka sani da Tashar Wata An ayyana ta a matsayin Gidan Tarihin Duniya.

En "Lu'u-lu'u na Aquitaine", kamar yadda kuma aka sani, dole ne ku ziyarci Babban cocin St. Andrew, wanda aka gina a karni na XNUMX, ƙyamaren ƙofofin ta kamar Cailhau da na ban mamaki basilica na Saint-Michel, a cikin salon Gothic mai haske kuma tare da hasumiyar ƙararrawar ƙararrawa sama da mita ɗari sama.

Amma kuma dole ne ku ga basilica na San Severino, tsawwalawa abbey na Santa Cruz, da babbar Grand Theater da Yankin Lescure, duk an gina su ne a cikin salon zane. Duk wannan ba tare da manta da ba Filin kasuwar hannun jari, wani rukunin gine-ginen gargajiya mai ban sha'awa.

Lille, «Garin Fasaha da Tarihi»

Wasannin Lille

Lille Opera

Don kammala rangadinmu na manyan biranen goma masu muhimmanci a Faransa, za mu tsaya a Lille, wanda aka yi wa laƙabi da "Garin fasaha da tarihi" tun da ita ce Babban Birnin Tarayyar Turai na Al'adu a 2004.

Ya kusa kusa da iyakar Beljiyam, a cikin Lille mai girma kagarar Vauban, a halin yanzu an canza shi zuwa wurin shakatawa. Har ila yau dole ne ku ga kyan gani Notre Dame de la Treille babban cocin, salon neo-gothic kuma an gina shi a karni na sha tara. Kamar na kusa Cocin St. Maurice, ke riƙe da rukunin Tarihin Tarihin Faransa.

Amma, mafi kyau idan zai yiwu shine Fadar Fine Arts, wanda aka gina ta hanyar umarnin Napoleon kuma wanda ke dauke da tarin zane-zane da zane-zane. Kuma zamu iya gaya muku daidai game da ginin Opera. Amma babban alamar Lille shine Charles de Gaulle, wanda ke da gidan kayan gargajiya da aka girka a wurin haifuwarsa.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku manyan birane goma a Faransa. Koyaya, wasu da yawa sun kasance cikin bututun mai. Misali, yawon bude ido Cannes, wanda muka riga muka sadaukar matsayi a kan shafinmu, na da Gawar, da tarihi Avignon ko kuma yawan jama'a Aix en Provence. Shin ba kwa son ku san su?

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