Garuruwan tsakiyar Spain

santillana del mar

Akwai daruruwan garuruwan da ke tsakiyar Spain. Garuruwa ne da ake ganin lokaci ya tsaya, kuma idan muka ziyarce su, sai su kai mu zuwa ga manyan sarakuna ko jarumtaka da suka kasance a cikinta. mazauni, iyakokin iyaka ko manyan cibiyoyin tattalin arziki.

Yin yawo a cikin kunkuntar titunansa, da ganin gidajen kakanninsa da ziyartar kyawawan abubuwan tarihinta suna sa mu ji kamar mutane daga Tsakiyar Tsakiyar Zamani. Kuma mafi kyawun abu shine zaku iya samun su a duk lardunan Spaindaga Barcelona har zuwa Cáceres kuma daga Cantabria har zuwa Malaga. Domin duk wannan, muna ba da shawarar yawon shakatawa na mafi kyawun garuruwan da ke Spain.

Santillana del Mar, sananne ne a cikin garuruwan da ke Spain

Duban Santillana del Mar

Santillana del Mar, watakila mafi yawan al'adun gargajiya na Spain

Za mu fara shirin mu ne a cikin wani birni mafi shahara a zamanin da a ƙasarmu. Idan an tambayi ɗayanmu game da wani gari na tsakiyar Spain, yawancin mu za mu amsa Santillana del Mar.

Domin, ban da haka, yana da kyakkyawan villa a cikin zuciyar Cantabria. Ba a banza ba, yana riƙe da nau'in tarin tarihi na fasaha kuma yana daga cikin network na Mostauyuka Mafiya Kyau a Spain. A gaskiya muna iya gaya muku cewa wannan garin ba a banza ba ne. Kusan dukkan gine-ginenta suna da wani abu mai ban sha'awa.

Amma akwai da yawa waɗanda dole ne ku gani. Al'amarin na ban mamaki ne Colegiate Church of Santa Juliana, wanda aka gina a cikin karni na XNUMX yana biye da canons na Romanesque, kodayake an sake gina shi a cikin XNUMXth. Lallai ku ziyarci ma'ajin sa, mai manyan manyanta arba'in da biyu. Hakanan yana da mahimmanci ku ga abin da ake buƙata fadar yashi, a jauhari na farkon Renaissance tare da plateresque motifs.

Ba shine kawai gidan gargajiya da kuke iya gani a Santillana ba. Har ila yau, muna ba ku shawara ku ziyarci gidajen sarauta na Viveda, Mijares ko Valdivieso, da kuma ginin gine-ginen. Majalisa, salon baroque. A takaice, kamar yadda muke fada, duk gine-ginen da ke cikin wannan garin na Cantabrian suna da sha'awa. Ganin rashin yuwuwar gaya muku kowane ɗayansu, za mu ba ku shawara ku ga gidajen Quevedo da Cossío, Villa, Archduchess ko hasumiya na don Beltrán de la Cueva, del Merino da don Borja. Duk wannan ba tare da manta da Altamira Museum, tare da kwafin shahararrun kogonsa.

Besalú, al'adun Romanesque mai ban sha'awa

Basalu

Duban Besalu

Yanzu muna tafiya zuwa yankin La Garrocha, a lardin Girona, don in gaya muku game da Besalú, wani gari mai ban sha'awa a Spain. Dama dama zuwa Villa, tare da shi puente daga karni na XNUMX, yana da ban mamaki. Yana da tsayin mita ɗari da biyar kuma, duk da haka, an sake dawo da shi a lokuta da yawa. Hasumiyansa guda uku sun fito. Biyu suna kusa da bango da na uku mai tsayin mita shida da talatin, a tsakiya.

Besalú kuma tarin tarihi na fasaha. Kuma yana da ban sha'awa yahudawa kwata kunkuntar tituna inda har yanzu za ku iya ganin ragowar tsohuwar majami'a da kuma miqe, wurin da ake yin wankan tsarki. A nasa bangaren, da sufi na Sant Pere An gina shi a karni na XNUMX, kodayake a yau haikalin ne kawai ya rage. Kuma, a cikin fili ɗaya, kuna da gidan Cornellà da tsofaffi Asibitin Sant Julia, tare da facade daga XII.

La cocin San Vicente Kayan ado ne na Romanesque daga karni na XNUMX kuma, a wajen bangon, zaku iya ganin ragowar ginin da cocin San Martín. Amma muna kuma son ba ku shawara kan wani abu da wataƙila ba zai bayyana a yawancin jagororin yawon buɗe ido na gama gari ba. Tun da kuna cikin Besalú, ku zo Castellfullit de la Roca, wani kyakkyawan gari na tsakiyar zamanin da ko da karami kuma da alama yana rataye daga wani dutse mai tsayi.

Aínsa, a cikin Huesca Pyrenees

Ainsa

Plaza Magajin Garin Ainsa

Ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun garuruwan da ke Spain shine Aínsa, wanda ke cikin yankin Sobrarbe na lardin Huesca. A cikin fara'a na tarihi yana ƙara yanayin gata, tun da wani ɓangare na yankin gundumar ta yana cikin kyakkyawan yanayi. Park Natural Park na Saliyo da Guara Canyons.

Don haka na dadewa za mu iya yin la’akari da Aínsa cewa almara ya kafa tushe a shekara ta 724 albarkacin mu’ujizar gicciyen wuta. A cewarta, saboda bayyanar wannan sinadari na allahntaka, sojojin Kirista na Garci Ximénez sun sami nasarar fatattakar musulmi. Tuni a cikin karni na sha bakwai aka gina Haikali tare da giciye ciki don tunawa da wannan labari da kuke iya gani a yau.

Amma babbar alamar Aínsa ita ce ta castle, wanda aka gina kusan karni na 1931. Shi ne ainihin asalin garin, tunda daga gare ta ne aka shimfiɗa bango don kare waɗanda suka zauna a kewaye. Tun daga XNUMX, abin tunawa ne na Tarihi na Artistic.

Muna kuma ba ku shawara ku gani a cikin garin Huesca cocin Santa Maria, wanda aka gina tsakanin ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX na bin ƙa'idodin Romanesque. Tashar yanar gizon da ke da rumbun adana kayan tarihi guda huɗu da tashar jirgin ruwa guda ɗaya da aka lulluɓe da vault na rabin ganga ta fito a cikin sauƙi, amma, sama da duka, hasumiya, na musamman girma a cikin Aragonese Romanesque.

Kar a manta ku wuce, kuma, ta kyawun sa Babban Filin, bude kuma tare da arcades, kuma ba don ganin Arnal da Bielsa gidaje, duka daga karni na XNUMX. Amma, sama da duka, ku bi ƴan ƴan ƴan titunan sa kamar kuna tsakiyar zamanai.

Frías, birni ne na tsakiyar zamanai a Burgos

Sanyi

Duban Frías, kayan ado na tsaka-tsaki a lardin Burgos

Da mazauna kasa da dari uku, za ku yi mamakin sanin cewa wannan gari a lardin Burgos rike take na birnin Sarki ya ba shi John II na Castile a cikin 1435. Wannan zai ba ku ra'ayi game da muhimmancin da yake da shi a tsakiyar zamanai.

Ɗaya daga cikin manyan alamominsa shine abin ban mamaki Romanesque gada daga karni na XNUMX wanda, tare da tsawonsa kusan mita dari da hamsin, yana cikin mafi tsawo a Spain. Daga baya sake fasalin ya kara abubuwan Gothic kamar wasu daga cikin bakansa, wadanda aka nuna. Har ila yau daga baya akwai hasumiya ta tsakiya wanda ke ƙawata shi.

Amma, watakila, babban abin jan hankali na Frías shine na da gidaje. Wasu daga cikinsu, kamar waɗanda ke cikin Cuenca, da alama suna rataye ne daga wani tudu a kan hanyar da ta haɗu da cocin San Vicente da kuma Castle na Velasco. Ƙarshen rawanin, daidai, tudun La Muela kuma an riga an yi rajista a cikin karni na XNUMX, kodayake lissafin yanzu yana daga XNUMXth. Wurin da yake da shi da girmansa sun ba shi yanayin tsaro mara shakka ga yankin.

Dangane da cocin San Vicente Mártir da San Sebastián da aka ambata, kawai tana adana wasu abubuwa ne kawai na sigar Romanesque na farko. Ta fuskanci kurakurai iri-iri wanda ya tilastawa yawancin sassanta sake ginawa. Hakazalika, an kai tsohon murfinsa zuwa gidan tarihi na Cloisters da ke New York.

Hakanan ya kamata ku ga sauran abubuwan tarihi na addini a cikin Frías kamar wuraren zaman zuhudu na San Francisco da Santa María de Vadillo, da kuma Gothic coci na San Vítores. Kuma, game da farar hula, muna ba ku shawara ku ziyarci gidan bariki da fadar Salazar. Duk wannan ba tare da manta da kwata na Yahudawa ba, wanda ke cikin tituna na yanzu na Convención da Virgen de la Candonga.

Albarracín, ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun garuruwan da ke Spain

Albarracin

Duban Albarracin

Mun koma ga m al'umma na Aragón, musamman ga lardin Teruel, in ba ku labarin Albarracín, wanda aka kiyasta kafuwar sa a kusan karni na XNUMX, lokacin da gungun musulmi suka zauna a can. Domin wannan ya gina wani abin hawa alcazar wanda a halin yanzu ya zama abin tunawa na Tarihi na Fasaha.

Koyaya, duk garin yana riƙe da taken hadadden tarihi mai girma. Har ila yau a zamanin musulmi nasa ne hasumiyar tafiya, wanda wani bangare ne na katangar tsaro na garin. Alamar wannan ita ce hasumiya ta Doña Blanca, wacce ke a ƙarshen wurin shakatawa.

Kuma, kusa da castle, kuna da cocin ceto, wanda aka gina a karni na XNUMX akan ragowar wani tsohon haikalin Romanesque na karni na XNUMX. Ya haɗu da Gothic, Renaissance da salon Baroque. Hakanan, a ciki, zaku iya ganin tarin tarin Flemish mai ban sha'awa.

Kusa da babban cocin shine Fadar Episcopal, tare da facade na baroque mai ban sha'awa, kuma, a cikin abin da ake kira Portal de Molina, gidan Julianeta, sanannen gine-gine na yau da kullum. A ƙarshe, da Majalisa Yana daga karni na XNUMX.

Montefrío, Andalusian na tsakiya

Montefrio

Montefrío, ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun garuruwan da ke Spain

Located a cikin lardin na Granada, Montefrío yana da mahimmancin mahimmanci a tsakiyar zamanai na Al Andalus. A gaskiya ma, fadarsa ta kasance a cikin kotun Nasrid sarki Ismail III. Wannan katanga yana kan wani tudu mai ban mamaki inda akwai kuma coci na kauyen, gina a karni na XNUMX by Diego na Siloam.

Amma ba shine kawai abin da kuke iya gani a Montefrío ba. Bugu da ƙari, yin yawo a cikin titunansa da ganin fararen gidaje, ya kamata ku ziyarci wuri mai ban sha'awa na Cerro de los Gitanos, inda akwai wurare masu yawa na archaeological har ma da garin Roman da gada. Kuma a cikin Barranco de los Molinos za ku ga waterfalls da, daidai, niƙa daga zamanin Latin.

Hakanan, dole ne ku ziyarci Montefrío, wanda kuma aka ayyana tarin tarihi na fasaha, majami'u na San Sebastián da San Antonio, Renaissance na farko da Baroque na biyu. A gefe guda, na Jiki shine neoclassical. A nata bangaren, da Gidan Kasuwanci da kuma San Juan de Dios Hospital sun fito ne daga karni na XNUMX kuma Gidan Garin babban gida ne daga karni na XNUMX.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku wasu mafi ban sha'awa garuruwan tsakiyar Spain. Duk da haka, babu makawa, mun bar da yawa a cikin bututun. Kawai in ambaci kadan, zamu kawo muku Alkuzar in Huesca, peratallada in Girona, Ronda in Malaga ko Olive in Navar. Ku ci gaba da ziyarce su, ba za ku yi nadama ba.

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