Ciwon ciki

Hoto | Makarantar manajan al'adu da masu motsa rai

Idan ya zo ga abinci, mutanen Mexico suna da wata magana da ke cewa "cike da ciki, zuciya mai farin ciki." Babu matsala idan mun ci abinci a cikin gidan abinci na marmari, a wurin taco a kan kusurwa ko a gidan aboki, a duk inda yake kuma duk yadda yake, yan Mexico sun san yadda ake cin abinci mai kyau na gargajiya. A zahiri, yana da daɗi sosai kuma yana da matukar farin ciki a duk duniya cewa a cikin Nuwamba Nuwamba 2010 UNESCO ta amince da ita a matsayin anan Adam na angan Adam. Kuma menene abin da ke sa gastronomy na Mexico ya zama na musamman? Da kyau, wannan ya bambanta da jita-jita. "Mai yaji" ko "yaji" da mutanen Mexico zasu ce.

Abu na gaba, zamu sake nazarin mafi kyaun yanayin gastronomy na Mexico kuma mun shiga cikin ɗakunan girki.

Tushen abincin Mexico

Yana daya daga cikin tsofaffi tunda asalinsa ya faro shekaru 10.000, a lokacin da aka fara noman masara don sanya shi tushen abinci na mutanen Mesoamerican. Communitiesungiyoyin 'yan asalin ƙasar da ke zaune a yankin suna da kayan lambu, barkono da masara a matsayin abincin su na yau da kullun, kodayake waɗannan abinci sun haɗu da wasu da ba su da mahimmancin mahimmanci kamar tumatir, avocado, kakakus, kabewa, koko ko vanilla.

A yayin bikin gano Amurka, an saka sabbin abubuwa a cikin kayan abinci na Meziko kamar su karas, alayyafo, shinkafa, alkama, hatsi, wake ko nau'ikan nama daga dabbobi daga Turai kamar alade.

Wannan haɗakarwar ta haifar da ɗayan wadataccen gastronomies a duniya wanda ya bazu tasirinsa zuwa ɓangarorin duniya da yawa. A yau koda abincin Mexico sababin yawon buɗe ido ne ta hanyar yawon buda ido na gastronomic. Yawancin matafiya suna tafiya zuwa Mexico don sanin ingantaccen pozole, cochinita pibil, mole poblano, enchiladas, chiles ɗin da aka cika, da yaro ko kuma burodi mai ban sha'awa.

Halaye na kayan abinci na Mexico

  • Bambancin jita-jita shine ɗayan mahimman halayen abincin Mexico. Kusan kowace jiha tana da nata al'adun gargajiyar da girke-girke, amma abin da ya bambanta su shine wake, masara, barkono, da tumatir.
  • Wani halayyar gastronomy na Mexico shine cewa basu rarrabewa tsakanin abincin yau da kullun da abinci mara kyau.
  • Akwai yawanci jita-jita na biki irin su tamales, mole ko tacos waɗanda za'a iya cinyewa kowace rana ta shekara.
  • Kayan abinci na Mexico sakamakon al'adun gargajiya ne kuma a ciki zaku iya yaba hangen nesan da mutanen Mexico ke dashi na duniya.

Chili, wake da masara

Barkono mai barkono wani bangare ne na kayan abinci na yau da kullun na Mexico, yana mai da shi kasada mai ban sha'awa ga baƙi, saboda suna mamaki da yawan nau'ikan biredi da bambance-bambancen da wannan sinadaran ke bayarwa ga jita-jita.

Game da wake, har zuwa tsararraki ana amfani da su azaman ado a kowane abinci. Amma babban mashahurin tasirin gastronomy na Mexico shine, ba tare da wata shakka ba, masara a cikin salo daban-daban: enchiladas, chilaquiles, tacos ... ba tare da wannan abincin ba babu abin da zai zama iri ɗaya a cikin abincin Mexico.

Hankula jita-jita na Mexico

ingantaccen gandun daji na mexican, carnitas da tacos na kaza

Tacos

Ita ce mafi wakilcin abinci na gastronomy na Mexico. Ya dogara ne akan biredin masara wanda akan zuba abubuwa iri-iri kamar su nama, biredi, suttura, da sauransu. Yawancin lokaci ana bautar da su akan faranti kuma shirye shiryensu zai dogara da yankin ƙasar.

Chilaquiles

Wannan abinci ne mai yaji wanda aka yi shi da gishiri mai ɗanɗano wanda aka ruɓa da barkono mai miya kuma aka haɗa shi da albasa, cuku, chorizo ​​ko kaza, da sauransu. Chilaquiles galibi karin kumallo ne na yawancin Mexico.

pozole

Wani irin miya ne da ake yin sa daga hatsin masara wanda ake saka naman alade ko kaza a ciki. Abubuwan da pozole ya ƙunsa zasu dogara sosai akan yankin da aka dafa shi kuma zasu iya haɗa da latas, albasa, kabeji, cuku, avocado, chili, oregano, da dai sauransu. Ana amfani da wannan abincin a cikin kwano.

Kek da nutsar

Wannan abincin Jalisco ne na yau da kullun kuma ana masa kallon hannun waliyi don yaƙi da rataya. Tushen kek ɗin da aka nutsar shine birote (ɓawon burodi, zinariya da gasa burodi) wanda aka cika shi da nama kuma ya bazu a cikin miya mai ɗanɗano. Su kuma tumatir, tafarnuwa, cumin, albasa ko ruwan hoda suma ana kara su.

Chongos

Asalinsu daga majami'u na son yin mulki a Zamora (Hidalgo, Michoacán), chongos kayan zaki ne mai sauƙi amma mai daɗi wanda aka yi shi da kirfa, madara mai laushi da sukari.

Murna

A da, wannan kayan zaki na Meziko na daga cikin abincin ƙasar na asali kuma ana amfani dashi azaman kayan zaki na bukukuwa Ana yin sa da 'ya'yan amaranth, zabibi da zuma.

Cunkushe da gyada

Hakanan suna da irin abincin mutanen Mexico kuma ana shirya su da sukari, yankakken gyaɗa, ruwa, margarine da man kayan lambu.

Hankula abubuwan sha na Mexico

Tequila

Tequila, babban abin sha a Mexico

Aya daga cikin mahimman al'adun Mexico shine gastronomy kuma a cikin wannan duniyar ta laushi, launuka da dandano, abubuwan sha mai dadi. Akwai giya, mai dadi, mai wartsakewa, mai yaji kuma babu alamar giya. Daga qarshe, nau'ikan suna da kyau kamar qasar kanta.

Tequila

Wannan shine mashahurin mashahurin mashahuri na duniya a Mexico kuma ya zama ɗayan manyan jakadun al'adun Mexico.

An fara samar dashi a tsakiyar karni na goma sha bakwai kuma tsarin samarwar yana da ban sha'awa kamar ɗanɗano. Ana samun Tequila daga ferment tare da yisti da distillation na shuɗin ruwan agave shuɗi, waɗanda daga baya ake saka su cikin gangayen katako.

A halin yanzu akwai kusan kayayyaki 160 da gonaki 12 da ke samar da shi, yana ba da rai ga ɗayan samfuran Mexico da ake buƙata a ƙasashen waje. Wanne yana da babbar daraja ta asalin lakabin. Bugu da kari, an ayyana yanayin agave na Jalisco a matsayin Gidan Tarihin Duniya kuma godiya ga wannan Hanyar Tequila ta inganta ta cikin yankuna daban daban da ke samar da ita., wanda ke da gidajen tarihi a kan tarihin wannan abin sha, da sauyin sa da kuma samarwa.

Michelada

Michelada hanya ce ta Mexico da yawa don jin daɗin giya mai sanyi da ƙanshin gishiri, tabasco, lemun tsami da sauran kayan haɗi waɗanda tare tare suke da ɗanɗano. A Latin Amurka, michelada mashahurin abin sha ne kuma galibi ana shirya shi da giyar gida.

Ruwan sabo

Ta Hanyar | Kayan abinci na bayan abinci

Yanayi mai zafi a wasu yankuna na ƙasar ya sanya ruwan sabo ya zama mashahuri abubuwan sha marasa giya. Ana yinsu ne daga fruita fruitan itacen sugara sweeta da sukari don sweetan zaki. Mafi shahararrun sune waɗanda aka shirya daga chia, hibiscus, tamarind da horchata.

Duk da yake chia ɗan asalin ƙasar ne, sauran fruitsa fruitsan itacen suna zuwa ne daga wasu ɓangarorin duniya kamar Afirka, Indiya da Spain. Koyaya, hanyar shirya da hidimar waɗannan sabbin ruwan (a cikin manyan gilashin gilashi) wani abu ne na al'ada da na gargajiya a Mexico.

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