Gidan Sarauta na San Juan de la Peña

Idan wani abu España cike yake da coci-coci da gidajen ibada, ko ba haka ba? Da kyau a ciki Aragón mun sami wannan wanda muke gani a cikin hoton: the Gidan Sarauta na San Juan de la Peña, kyakkyawan gidan sufi na Aragon.

Wannan gidan sufi na musamman ne saboda wurin da yake kuma saboda akwai kuma sarakunan Aragon da yawa da aka binne a ciki. Bari mu san shi tare.

Gidan Sarauta na San Juan de la Peña

Kamar yadda na fada a sama da ke Aragon, ɗayan ɗayan al'ummomi masu zaman kansu na Spain, masarauta mai tarihi wacce ta faɗo daga Siberras ta Iberian, kwarin Ebro da Pyrenees. Tana cikin arewacin ƙasar kuma tana iyaka da Faransa a ƙasashen duniya.

Zuhudu ne a cikin Botaya, wani karamin gari a cikin gundumar Jaca, a cikin lardin Aragonese na Huesca. San sani ya zama gidan ibada mafi mahimmanci a duk Aragon a lokacin babban lokacin Zamani kuma hakan yasa suna tsaron kabarin sarakuna daban-daban.

Amma menene asalinsa? To, koyaushe akwai wasu masu ba da gaskiya, masu aminci ko bayyanar da tambaya. A wannan yanayin da almara Ya ce wani mai martaba mai suna Voto ko Oto yana farauta a waɗannan ƙasashen sai ya ga barewa. Ya bi shi kuma a cikin wannan biyan ya fado daga dutsen amma ta hanyar mu'ujiza da ban mamaki shi da dokinsa ba su ji rauni ba. Maimakon haka, sun kwanta a hankali kan ƙasa mai ƙarfi.

Can, a ƙasan gangaren, ya ga wani kogo kuma a ciki ya sami gawar wani makiyayi mai suna Juan de Atarés. Abin ya ba shi mamaki kuma ya burge shi, ya koma Zaragoza, ya sayar da dukiyarsa, ya shawo kan ɗan'uwansa ya tafi tare, kuma tare suka ƙare da kasancewa sabbin baffan kogon. Daga baya sun shaida, tare da sojojin Kirista, nadin Garcí Ximénez a matsayin shugaba, sake mallakar ƙasashe ta hannun musulmai da gicciyen da aka cinna wuta a kan babban itacen omer na Sobrarbe.

Amma bayan labari, musamman, Ayyuka mafi mahimmanci waɗanda aka fara sufi da su ya fara a 1026 bisa umarnin Sancho el Mayor, sarkin Pamplona daga 1004 har zuwa rasuwarsa a 1035. Shekaru daga baya wani sarki, Sancho Ramírez, ya ba da shi ga umarnin na Cluniac sufaye kuma ya fara ɗaukar fom na yanzu. Abin baƙin ciki ba duk waɗannan gine-ginen ne suka isa kwanakinmu ba amma ya isa a ga yadda abin yake kuma abin al'ajabi ne.

Saitin gine-ginen zuhudu yana karkashin wani katon dutse don haka yana samar da katin gaisuwa mai kama da kama. A cikin gidan sufi akwai kyawawan sasanninta kamar su pre-romanesque coci, las zane-zanen San Damiano da San Cosme waxanda suke daga qarni na XNUMX kuma a bayyane yake Royal Pantheon, Pantheon na Manyan. Akwai kuma Romanesque kayan kwalliya, Gothic ɗakin sujada na San Victorián da tsarkakakken coci na shekara 1094.

Sancho el Mayor ne ya ba da kickoff kuma saboda haka, a cikin ƙarni na gaba sai gidan sufi ya girma, ya faɗaɗa tare da sababbin gine-gine sarakunan Aragon sun fara zaɓan shi a matsayin masaukin su na ƙarshe wanda da shi ne ya fara samun martaba kuma a bayyane yake, mafi arzikin da aristocracy kanta ya bayar. A cikin kowane hali, mahimmancin gidan sufi yana da nasa abubuwa da yawa a ƙarnuka masu zuwa kuma ba da gudummawa da yawa sun daina zuwa kuma wasu abubuwan mallaka ma sun ɓace, an ƙara bashi, akwai wuta da ci gaba da lalacewa.

Daidai, gobara a 1675 wacce ta ɗauki tsawon kwanaki uku duka ta tilasta gina sabon gidan sufi tunda asalin ya kasance ba'a iya zama dashi. Sabon ginin an gina shi ne a kan Llano de San Indalecio, ciyawar kan babban dutse. Ayyukan sun ci gaba har zuwa karni na XNUMX kuma akwai mutane da yawa da ke kula da su, amma an yarda cewa mafi mahimmanci ga yanayin wurin shi ne maginin daga Zaragoza Miguel Ximenez.

Sakamakon shine daidaitaccen tsari, tare da ɗakuna da yawa da kuma tsari mai ma'ana na sararin samaniya. Salon baroque ya haskaka a façade na cocin, tare da karin tsire-tsire da ado da adadi na manyan waliyyai guda uku, San Indalecio, San Juan Bautista da San Benito. Latterarshen shine waliyin kafawar tsarin zuhudu da aka faɗi anan.

Daga cikin fitattun abubuwan da suka faru a matsayin mataki shine gaskiyar cewa a nan, Ranar 22 ga Maris, 1071, aka gabatar da tsarin ibadar Roman a karon farko a yankin Iberian, irin na cocin yamma. Watau, al'adar Hispano-Visigothic ta ƙare a nan kuma daga karshe cocin Aragon ya daidaita da Paparoman.

Kusan 1835 sufaye sun bar gidan sufi sannan, ba tare da kulawa ba, komai ya fara lalacewa. A cikin shekaru 50 na karni na XNUMX, katin wasiƙa ya kasance mara kyau kuma sai bayan a shirin sake ginawa gwamnatin Aragon ta yi nasarar dawo da haskenta.

A yau Royal New Monastery na San Juan de la Peña yana aiki da Cibiyar Fassara ta Masarautar Aragón, a masauki da kuma Cibiyar fassara na gidan ibada na San Juan de la Peña. Kuma dole ne ka san duka ukun.

El Cibiyar Tafsiri ta Zuhudu Dole ne a gani kamar tayin yana da kyau. Baƙon ya yi ta yawo cikin tsari na asali, wanda aka kafa a cikin gidan sufi, a kan gilashin bene wanda ke ba da damar ganin yadda gidan surar yake a da da kuma matakai daban-daban da ya rayu a ciki: refectory, cellar, kitchen, the utility rooms or ma'ajiyar kayan abinci. Duk an saita su, tare da kayan ɗaki da mannequins na friars. Akwai bangarori waɗanda ke ba da bayani da hotunan 3D waɗanda aka sake bugawa akan allon taɓawa.

A nasa bangaren da Cibiyar Fassara ta Masarautar Aragon yana aiki a cikin majami'ar baroque na Sabon gidan ibada. Akwai manyan fuskokin wayoyin hannu da ke kunna bidiyo tare da asalin Masarauta da Masarauta yayin ziyarar yawon bude ido, duk a cikin nunin haske da sauti, inda kujerun ke motsawa da irin wannan abu. Bidiyon na tsawan minti 45.

A ƙarshe, da masauki. Yana kusa da gidan sufi kuma shafi ne na taurari huɗu category. Tana da daki biyu 25, hudu daga cikinsu suna da falo daya kuma an daidaita shi ne domin nakasassu), gidan abinci da wurin cin abinci, dakin taro na mutane 150 da filin ajiye motoci na motoci 28. An buɗe wannan rukunin yanar gizon a cikin 2007 kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin na ƙarshe don shiga Network na Hospederías de Aragón.

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