Haikali na Zinare, a Indiya

India masauki ne mai ban mamaki. Ba na kowa bane, kodayake mutane da yawa suna cewa tafiya zuwa Indiya yana canza rayuwarsu. Shin gaskiya ne? Bayan ruhaniyar ƙasar, gaskiyar ita ce tana da kyawawan wurare da yawa, shimfidar wurare, har ma da gine-gine. Lamarin ne na Haikali na zinariya.

Akwai gine-gine da yawa masu ladabi a duniya, gilding sananne ne, amma Gidan Haikali na Zinare o Harmandir Sahib na musamman ne. Shin kuna shirin zuwa Indiya? To wannan labarin naku ne.

Haikali na Zinare

Tana cikin garin Amritsar, a arewacin ƙasar, inda mutane da yawa ba su wuce miliyan ba. Iya iyaka da Pakistan, kusan kilomita 32 ne ban da Lahore, wani gari mallakar wannan ƙasar.

Haikalin Yana da al'adun gargajiya da ruhaniya na sij. Da sikhism, Yana da daraja tunawa, yana daya daga cikin addinin indiya wanda aka kafa tsakanin ƙarni na sha biyar da sha shida ta hannun Guru Nanak. A wancan lokacin rikici tsakanin Musulunci da Hindu ya yi sarauta kuma a yau, idan za mu yi magana game da yawan masu imani, Sikhism ya kasance na tara a cikin mashahuran addinai.

'Yan Sikh sun yi imani da abin bautawa guda da gaskiya goma da aka tattara a cikin littafi mai tsarki, da Guru-Grant sajib. Wadannan gaskiyar sun hada da ambaton Allah a kowane lokaci, kimantawa da girmama manufofi kamar tausayi, gaskiya, ko kaskantar da kai, gudanar da rayuwa mai amfani, da yarda da yardar Allah koyaushe, da sauransu. Masu aminci miliyan 19 suna zaune a Indiya kuma a farkon karni na XNUMX wani Sikh, Mamohn Singh ya sami nasarar zama Firayim Minista na ƙasar, ɗan siyasa na biyu da ba Hindu ba da ke riƙe da mukami. Babu wani abu mara kyau.

An ba da temples a cikin wannan addinin gurdwaras kuma babba shine wanda ya tara mu a yau: Haikalin Zinare na garin Amritsar. Menene tarihinta? To komai yana komawa shekara 1577 lokacin da Guru Ram Das ya haƙa rami a cikin wannan wuri, a ƙarshe tafkin wucin gadi wanda ke kewaye da shi a yau kuma wanda ke karɓar sunan Amritsar, kamar birni, wanda hakan ke nufin «wurin shakatawa nectar ».

Ginin haikalin ya gudana tsakanin 1588 da 1604, duk a rayuwar guru daya. A kan babban bagade, lokacin da aka kammala ayyukan, an sanya rubutun Sikhs, Adi Granth. Wannan littafin yana da waƙoƙi kusan dubu shida kuma yana buɗewa kuma yana rufe kowace rana, al'ada. Waɗannan waƙoƙin an tattara su a cikin 1604 ta gurus daban-daban har sai a cikin 1704 Guru Gobind Singh ya ƙara ƙarin waƙoƙin kuma daga baya ya tabbatar da cewa ba za a karɓi ƙarin gurus bayan mutuwarsa ba kuma cewa littafin mai tsarki zai zama El guru.

Haikali na zinariya yana wakiltar tsarin tunanin Sikh don haka tana da mashiga hudu, daya a kowane bangare, wanda ke alamta budewar wannan addinin ga sauran. Kowa na iya shiga har yau. Babu matsala idan kai Bayahude ne, ko Musulmi, ko Buddha ko Kirista. Babu matsala idan bakayi, fari, rawaya, namiji ko mace. Dole ne kawai kuyi hali cikin ladabi da girmamawa. ka rufe kanka, ka zauna a kasa, kada ka sha, ka tafi babu takalmi.

Sikh ɗin ne da kansu, wasu masu ba da agaji, waɗanda ke kula da ginin da ɓangare na kuɗin don hakan ya fito ne daga gudummawar da Sikh ɗin ke bayarwa a duniya. Wadannan hannayen aiki suna gogewa marmara kuma zuwa jan ƙarfe kuma zuwa zinariya wanda haikalin yake bauta wa a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX, lokacin da aka gyara shi gabaki ɗaya bayan aan shekarun da ba a kula da shi ba.

Amma menene Gidan Haikali na Zinare? Da kyau a gauraye salon, Indian, Islamic, Hindu hall Wuri mai tsarki 12, 25 ne mita 12, 25, murabba'i ne, kuma yana da hawa biyu da dome na zinare. Bi da bi yana da marmara bene 19, 7 ta 19, mita 7 da a kandami na cikin gida 5 zurfin zurfin da ke kewaye da mashigin marmara mai faɗin mita 1 wanda aka yi tafiya a cikin agogo.

Wannan dakin an haɗe shi zuwa ga dandamali ta hanyar hanya ko hanyar tafiya. Idan kanaso ka shiga cikin kandami yana yiwuwa, Sikh suna la'akari da hakan ruwa yana da iko wanda ke taimakawa da gyara karma kuma zaka ga mutane dauke da kwalaben roba da wannan ruwan. Sau da yawa wasu masu ba da agaji waɗanda ke kula da haikalin duka suna narke shi kuma suna malale shi.

Inakin kuma yana da hawa biyu, tsarkakken rubutu yana kan bene na farko kimanin awanni 20 a rana. Ana ɗaukar awanni huɗu daga nan kuma a kai su wani ɗaki, duk a cikin manyan shagulgula. Floorasan da ke sama bene ne wanda aka haɗa ta matakan. Haske zinariya da tagulla ko'ina kuma akwai dalilai na dabi'a suma. An yi wa rufin ado da lu'ulu'u kuma zane-zanen fure da ke kewaye da komai kuma waɗanda suke cikin bangarorin marmara a kewayen ɗakin su ne Larabawa.

Akwai wani gini, wanda yake gaban hanyar tafiya da zauren tsattsarka, wanda shine hedkwatar reshen siyasa na Sikh a cikin jihar Punjab. Yana da game Akal Takht, Kursiyyin Allah Mara Gadi. Hakanan zaku ga hasumiyar agogo wacce a bayyane take bata kasance a da ba. Turawan Burtaniya sun rusa wani gini bayan yakinsu da Sikh kuma sun gina agogo irin na Gothic daga jan bulo. An rushe ta shekaru saba'in daga baya kuma a yau akwai wani abin da ya fi dacewa da haikalin.

Zaka kuma gani wasu bishiyoyi waɗanda ake kulawa da su sosai, Tunda asali hadadden gidan ibada na Zinare hadadden fili ne kuma bishiyoyi sun kewaye kandami. Isaya yana kusa da agogo kuma an yi imanin cewa maginin haikalin ya zauna a nan don kallon ayyukan ci gaba. Akwai wasu bishiyoyi guda biyu waɗanda aka kiyaye su da ƙarfi.

Kuma a ƙarshe, idan kuna son ƙarin sani game da Sikhism zaku iya ziyartar Gidan Tarihi na Sikh wanda yake a arewacin ƙofar Haikalin. Akwai zane-zanen shahidai da gurus, labaran yadda aka tsananta musu ta hanyar tarihi, abubuwan tarihi da ƙari. Wani sabon ɓangaren ƙarƙashin ƙasa an haɗa shi, kusa da agogo amma a waje da farfajiyar haikalin.

Idan kuna shirin tafiya zuwa Indiya kuma kuna son sanin Haikalin Zinare zaku sami damar yin shaida al'adu daban-daban na yau da kullun y abinci kyauta 24 a rana. 

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