Hasumiyar London

Daya daga cikin yawon shakatawa mashahuri a cikin babban birnin Burtaniya shine Hasumiyar London. Lokacin da yawon bude ido ya dawo duniya wannan hasumiyar za ta cika da baƙi kuma, amma kafin nan za mu iya sanin wani abu game da tarihinsa.

Hasumiyar, kamar yadda aka sani kawai, tana da mahimmancin tarihi sosai. Yawancin lokaci ya sami ayyuka daban-daban kuma tare da su ra'ayoyi daban-daban daga ɓangaren yawan mutanen London. Bari mu san tarihinta da abin da yake adana su.

Hasumiyar Tsaro

Hasumiyar Tsaro yana kan gabar Kogin Thames, a gefen arewa, a cikin karamar hukuma by Haske Hamlets. Labarin sa ya kasance tun shekara ta 1066 lokacin da shahara William Mai Nasara ya fara gina katanga a kan wurin don kula da yawan jama'ar yankin da kuma kula da yadda ya kamata don tashar jirgin ruwa ta gari.

Tsarin tsakiya an san shi da Farin Hasumiya kuma ya tashi a 1078, a cikin tsohuwar bangon Roman kuma an gina shi da farar ƙasa da aka kawo daga Normandy. A karnonin da suka biyo baya an fadada wadannan tsarin tsaron bayan bango da Farin Haske ya zama zuciyar babban tsarin tsaro mai ƙarfi.

La bango na ciki A wancan lokacin yana da hasumiyoyi 13, a kewayen Farin Hasumiyar. Daga cikinsu akwai wanda ya shahara sosai, Hasumiyar jini, duk da cewa Wakefield da Beauchamp suma sun shahara. To, akwai bangon waje kewaye da dutsen da Thames ke ciyarwa har zuwa tsakiyar karni na XNUMX.

Kuma akwai wani bango a waje da mashin wanda daga baya ya ba da cannon da bindigogin zamani. Gaskiyar ita ce duk hadadden ya mamaye kadada bakwai kuma ƙofar ƙasa kaɗai da ke wajen ita ce a kusurwar kudu maso yamma, daga cikin birni. A wancan lokacin kogin shine hanyar da aka fi amfani dashi don haka ƙofar ruwa shine wanda yake da cunkoson ababen hawa. An yi wa wannan kofar baftisma Kofar Mayaudara saboda fursunonin sun ratsa ta cikin hanyarsu ta zuwa gidan yarin da ke aiki a Farar White Tower.

 

Daga karni na goma sha uku zuwa farkon karni na sha tara hasumiyar ta haɗu da Royal menageriekasancewa gidan sarauta har zuwa karni na sha bakwai. Kamar yadda da yawa suka sani a tsakiyar zamanai ya kasance kurkuku da kuma wurin aiwatar da shi na fursunonin siyasa. Koyaya, yawancin fursunonin da aka yanke musu hukuncin kisa an kashe su ne a cikin abin da ake kira Green Tower, a wajen gidan sarauta, ko kan Tudun Dutsen ba can ba.

Mafi shaharar da aka zartar Anne Boleyn a cikin 1536, matar Henry VIII, Jane Gray da mijinta ko Sir Simon Burley, mai ba da shawara kuma mai koyarwa na Ricardo I, a tsakanin wasu da yawa. Wasu sun sami sa'a kuma sun kasance fursunoni ne kawai, kamar su Elizabeth I ko Sir Walter Raleigh. Misali a cikin zamani na zamani a Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya, an kashe wasu 'yan leƙen asirin.

Har zuwa '90s, da Wan kambi, a cikin subsoils inda Gidan jauhari, amma daga baya sun tafi hawa na sama inda aka fi yaba musu. A cikin wannan shekarun ma akwai ayyukan maidowa da yawa, musamman ma a cikin ɓangarorin da suka daɗe, kamar su ɗakunan Saint Thomas. Tun shekara ta 1988 tsohuwar ƙarfa take Kayan Duniya UNESCO ta tsara.

Ziyarci Hasumiyar London

Yau a cikin hasumiyar akwai ƙungiyar sojoji, tare da wani mazaunin gwamna a cikin karni na XNUMX gidan Sarauniya a cikin Green Tower. Wannan gwamnan shi ke kula da shi mai gadida kudan zuma wanene, a hoto, har yanzu yana sa a Tudor sau ɗaya kuma suna zaune a cikin hasumiyar. Su ne ke jagorantar baƙi, tsakanin mutane miliyan biyu zuwa uku a shekara.

Sunan daidai ga waɗannan mutane ko masu tsaron hasumiyar hukuma shine Yeoman mai gadi y Sun wanzu tun lokacin da aka gina hasumiyar a ƙarni na XNUMX. A zahiri, ana ɗaukarsa ɗayan tsofaffin kasuwanci a duniya. A lokutan baya suna taimakawa fursunoni kuma suna azabtar dasu idan ya zama dole. A yau ayyukansu ba su da ƙarfi kuma sun zama masana tarihi da jagora yawon shakatawa, amma don isa ga matsayin dole ne suyi aiki mafi ƙarancin shekaru 22 a cikin Sojojin Birtaniyya ko Navy ko Royal Air Force kuma su kai wani matsayi.

Da zaran an zaba, duk masu gadin suna zama tare da iyalansu a cikin hasumiyar. Akwai mata masu gadi? Ee, tun 2007. Idan ka je kowace rana za ka gansu sanye da tufafi masu launin shuɗi da ja, amma idan ka tafi wani lokaci na muhimmancin hukuma za ka gansu sanye da kayan Tudor cikin zinare da ja.

Ya zuwa yanzu haka tare da tarihin Hasumiyar London. Lokacin da aka shawo kan wannan mummunar cutar, Landan zata kasance a wurin tana jira don dawo da rayuwar da aka ɓace tare da baƙi daga ko'ina cikin duniya. Don haka, yana da kyau a san hakan Hasumiyar tana da awanni daban-daban dangane da lokacin shekara. Misali, lokacin tanadin hasken rana (har zuwa 31 ga Oktoba) shine Talata zuwa Asabar daga 9 na safe zuwa 5 na yamma da Lahadi da Litinin daga 10 na safe zuwa 5:30 na yamma. Kuna da lokacin shiga kawai har zuwa 5 na yamma.

Sa'ar al'amarin shine zaka iya siyan tikitin akan layi da kuma tabbatar da ziyarar. Farashin tikiti ga baligi shine 28 fam, kusan Yuro 33. Yaro ya biya fam 14. Da zarar ciki, me za ka iya gani? La Farin Hasumiya, wanda shine mashahurin Hasumiyar London, babban ginin kuma mafi tsufa a cikin birni; sanannun mazaunan hasumiya, hankaka, cewa bisa ga almara lokacin da suka kasance babu hasumiyar ta ruguje kuma tare da ita, a bayyane yake, Ingila, kuma wannan shine dalilin da ya sa akwai mashahurin hankakan can, koyaushe yana kula da su.

Hakanan zaka iya ziyarci Fada na da.

Akwai kuma Royal Chapel na San Pedro da Vincula, wanda ya fara daga 1520, kuma wanda ke da ragowar wasu sanannun fursunoni kuma aka kashe su. Har ila yau, ɗakin sujada na ci gaba da aiki don dangin masu gadin da ke zaune a cikin hadadden gidan. Kuma a ƙarshe, da Wan kambi Hakanan dole ne a gani kamar yadda zaku ga takuba, rawanin ko sandunan sarauta waɗanda aka zana su da duwatsu masu daraja kuma suka shiga cikin tarihi.

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