Kamakura, makoma a Japan

 

Kamakura yana daya daga cikin hankula balaguro da za a iya yi daga Tokyo, Babban birnin kasar Japan. Idan duniya ba za ta kasance cikin wannan annoba ba, da 2020 ta kasance shekara mafi girma ta yawan yawon bude ido a Japan, tare da wasannin Olympics da duka, don haka kasa ce da aka ziyarta sosai.

Akwai balaguron yawon shakatawa da yawa da za a yi daga Tokyo kuma Kamakura bai kai awa ɗaya kudu da birnin ba. Super kusa da sosai shawarar, saboda a Bugu da kari, sanannen Kamakura Buddha me ka gani a hoto

Kamakura

Yana da birni na bakin teku wanda ke tafiya kudu da kudu daga Tokyo. A wani lokaci ita ce cibiyar siyasar ƙasar, a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX, gwamnatin da ta dau tsawon ƙarni ɗaya ƙarƙashin ikon Minamoto shogun da sarakunan Hojo. Daga baya ikon ya wuce zuwa birnin Kyoto, lokacin da magajin siyasa ya yanke shawarar zama a wurin.

Yau kawai a garin da ba shi da nutsuwa tare da wuraren bautar gumaka, wuraren tarihi, da wuraren ibada. Kuma tunda yana bakin teku, yana da rairayin bakin teku waɗanda yawanci suna da cunkoson rani. Yadda ake zuwa Kamakura?

Ta jirgin kasa akwai hanyoyi guda uku. Kuna iya ɗaukar Layin Odakyu wacce ita ce hanya mafi arha. Kuna siyan Enoshima Kamakura Free Pass kuma wannan ya haɗa da zagayawa tsakanin Shinjuku a Tokyo da Kamakura. Bugu da kari, ya hada da amfani da Enoden, wani jirgin kasa amma lantarki, don yen 1520 kawai. Ta wannan hanyar safarar yana ɗaukar mintuna 90 kafin a iso, don haka idan kuna son ɗaukar ƙaramin lokaci dole kuyi amfani da layin JR.

JR yana da Layin Shonan Shinjuku, wanda ya haɗu da Shinjuku da Kamakura a cikin awa ɗaya kuma kuɗin 940 yen. Yana da kyau a jira jirgin zuwa Zushi, wanda shine wanda ke tsayawa a tashar Kamakura (tashi biyu a kowace awa), in ba haka ba dole ne ku canza a tashar Ofuna. Wani layi shine JR Yokosuka Layi haɗa tashar tashar Tokyo tare da Kamakura. Tafiya tana ɗaukar ƙasa da awa ɗaya kuma farashinta yakai 940 yen.

Yankin yana da matakai biyu: Enoshima Kamakura Kyauta Kyauta, a yen 1520, wanda ya hada da tafiye tafiye Shinjuku / Kamakura tare da amfani da Enoden; da kuma Hakone Kamakura Wucewa, don yen 7000), wanda ke ba da damar amfani da Enoden da layin Odayu, amma har ma da zirga-zirga a kusa da Hakone a cikin kwanaki uku a jere.

Me zan ziyarta a Kamakura? An rarraba manyan abubuwan jan hankali a Kamakura a yankuna uku kusa da tashoshi: kusa da Kita Kamakura Station, Kamakura Station da Hase Station. Yaya karamin gari yake da gaske zaka iya motsawa a kafa ko, don wani abu mafi kyau, yi hayan babur. Hakanan akwai motocin safa da na tasi, idan kuna son zuwa wurare masu nisa.

Zuwanmu na farko yana kan Kamakura Babban Buddha, Kamakura Daibutsu. Mutum ne na tagulla na Amida Buddha wanda yake a farfajiyar Kotokuin Temple. Tsawonsa ya kusan kusan mita goma sha ɗaya da rabi kuma shine mutum-mutumi na biyu mafi tsayi na Buddha a ƙasar. Ya kasance daga 1252 kuma asalinsa yana cikin babban babban zauren haikalin, amma wurin ya sha fama da mahaukaciyar guguwa da yawa a ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX don haka daga baya aka yanke shawarar sanya shi kai tsaye a waje.

Babban Buddha na Kamakura tafiya ne na mintina 10 ko ƙasa da tashar Station, tashar ta uku akan layin Enoden daga Kamakura. Tashar tashar Enoden tana kusa da tashar JR Kamakura kuma wannan ƙaramin jirgin kasan na lantarki ya haɗa Kamakura da Enoshima da Fujisawa. An rufe Buddha har zuwa Yuni saboda cutar coronavirus kuma a yau yana buɗe amma ana rage sa'o'inta: daga 8 na safe zuwa 5 na yamma. Admission shi ne kawai yen 300 kawai, kasa da $ 3.

El Haikalin Hokokuji karami ne, kyakkyawa, kuma dan nesa dashi. Yana daga cikin Rinzai mazhabar Zen Buddhism kuma an kafa shi a farkon zamanin Muromachi, kasancewar shi ne gidan ibadar dangin Ashikaga. Ya bayyana yayin da muke hawa kan tudu, ta bayan fāda da ƙaramin lambu har sai mun isa babban zauren da aka sake ginawa a farkon karni na 1923 bayan Babban Girgizar Kanto na XNUMX.

Mafi darajar mutum-mutumi a cikin haikalin shine na Buddha, amma kuma akwai ƙaramar hasumiya mai kararrawa da mafi girman dukiya: kyakkyawa kaɗan lambun bamboo wanda ke bayan babban zauren. Akwai kamar bamboo 2000 da kuma kunkuntar hanyoyi don tafiya tsakanin, a gidan shan shayi inda za ku sha shayi mai shayi (koren shayi), kuna yin tunani game da wannan kyakkyawa. Hakanan akwai wasu koguna waɗanda kamar suna riƙe da tokar wasu sarakunan dangin Ashikaga.

Yaya kuke zuwa haikalin Hokokuji? Tafiya daga tashar motar Jomyoji (ana ɗaukar wannan a tashar Kamakura, minti 10 ne a 200 yen). Kuna iya ɗaukar 23, 24 ko 36. Idan kuna son tafiya, zaku isa da ƙafa cikin rabin sa'a ko kaɗan daga tashar jirgin ƙasa ɗaya. Lambun Bamboo yana buɗewa daga 9 na safe zuwa 4 na yamma kuma yana rufe daga Disamba 29 zuwa Janairu 3. Kudinsa yakai 300 kuma idan kuna son sabis ɗin shayi sai ku biya ƙarin Yen 600.

Wani haikalin shine Hase Haikali, na mabiya darikar Jodo kuma sananne ne sosai mutum-mutum goma sha ɗayan mutum-mutumi na Kannon, allahn rahama. Falon ya kusan tsayin mita goma kuma an yi mutum-mutumin da katako, ɗayan mafi girma irinsa a Japan. Labari ya nuna cewa wannan itacen iri ɗaya ne wanda aka yi amfani da shi wajen sassaka gunkin Kannon na Nara. Haikalin yana da gidan kayan gargajiya, wanda ke biyan ƙarin ƙofar, wanda ke adana ƙarin gumaka, zane da sauransu. A wani gefen kuma Hall din Amida-do ne mai dauke da mutum-mutumi zinare goma na Amida Buddha.

Haikalin, saboda yana gefen gefen tsauni, yana da kyakkyawan terrace daga inda ra'ayoyi game da garin Kamakura suke da kyau. Hakanan akwai gidan abinci don more more shuru kuma zaku gani, kusa da matakalar da ke hawa da sauka, ɗaruruwan ƙananan mutummutumai na Jizo Bodhisattva, waɗanda ke taimakon rayukan yara zuwa aljanna.

Dama a ƙasan gangaren ƙofar haikalin, tare da lambuna da tafkuna. Hasedera mintuna biyar kacal daga tashar Hase. Yana buɗewa daga 8 na safe zuwa 5:30 na yamma har zuwa 5 na safe tsakanin Oktoba da Fabrairu. Ba ya rufe kowace rana kuma ƙofar tana biyan kuɗin Yen 400.

Babban haikalin da ke Kamakura shine Tsurugaoka Hachimangu. An kafa shi a cikin 1603 kuma an sadaukar da shi ga Hachiman, allahn majiɓincin gidan Minamoto da samurai gaba ɗaya. Ana samun haikalin ta wata doguwar hanyar da ta tashi daga tashar jirgin Kamakura, ta ƙetare garin gaba ɗaya kuma ta ƙetare ta ƙarƙashin toris da yawa. Babban ɗakin yana kan baranda a saman matakala. A ciki akwai gidan kayan gargajiya tare da takuba, takardu, masks ...

Daga hannun dama daga matakalar, har zuwa shekarar 2010, akwai bishiyar ginko wacce a wani lokaci ta zama maboyar buya don afkawa bindiga. Tsohon, kyakkyawan zinare a lokacin bazara, bai tsira daga guguwar iska ba a cikin Maris 2010 kuma ya mutu.

A ƙasan matakalar akwai wani mataki inda galibi ake yin kiɗa da raye-raye kuma kuna iya ganin wani wuri mai tsarki da kuma gine-ginen kakanni a can. Hakanan zaka iya zuwa wannan haikalin daga tashar Kamakura, ko dai ta bas ko a ƙafa. Admission kyauta ne.

Ba za mu iya bayyana yawan gidajen ibada da Kamakura ke da su ba amma za mu iya suna: Kenchoji, Zeniarai, Engakuji, Meigetsuin, Ankokuronji, Jomyoji, Zuisenji, Myohonji, Jochiji, Tokeiji da Jufukuji. Dukkanansu suna da kyau amma gaskiya ne cewa baza ku iya ciyar da shi ba yayin ganin temples, a karo na uku duk suna ɗaya. Abin da muke ba da shawara shi ne ziyarci Enoshima da rairayin bakin teku kuma yi dan yawo.

Enoshima karamin tsibiri ne kusa da Tokyo wanda aka haɗa shi zuwa gaɓar tekun ta hanyar gada da kuke hayewa da ƙafa. Tsibirin yana da wuri mai tsarki, hasumiyar lura, kogwanni da lambuna. Ana iya bincika tsaunin dazuzzuka a ƙafa kuma za ku ga wuraren bautar gumaka da yawa waɗanda aka keɓe wa Benten, allahiya ta sa'a, lafiya da kiɗa.

Hakanan akwai akwatin kifaye kuma rairayin bakin teku masu kyau, tare da dumi, ruwa mai natsuwa da kaguwa! Daga Kamakura Enoden yana ɗaukar mintuna 25, daga Shinjuku kuma kuna iya isa wurin kuma daidai daga tashar Tokyo.

A ƙarshe, Idan kuna son yin yawo a Kamakura akwai hanyoyi guda uku: Daibutsu Tour, Tenen Tour da Gionyama Tour, yau an rufe saboda mahaukaciyar guguwar shekarar da ta gabata. Idan ka je shekara mai zuwa, yi ƙoƙari ka bincika waɗanne ne buɗe. Hanyoyi ne masu ban sha'awa, koren hanyoyi waɗanda suke haye tuddai waɗanda ke haɗe da temples da wuraren bautar gumaka. Gabaɗaya, basa wuce fiye da rabin sa'a zuwa minti 90, amma ba a share su ba saboda haka kula da takalmi da ruwan sama.

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