Sake haihuwar kango na Pompeii

Duba Pompeii

Gano Pompeii a cikin 1763 ya haifar da babbar damuwa tsakanin masoya abubuwan tarihi na wancan lokacin. Suna fuskantar ɗayan manyan abubuwan binciken tarihi a tarihi wanda ya burge ɗaukacin al'ummomin ƙarni.

Bala'in fashewar Vesuvius a cikin AD 79 ya shafe biranen Rome uku daga kan taswira waxanda suke kan hanyarsu ta daukar rayukan mafi yawan mazaunanta. Saboda haka, abin mamaki ne cewa, irin wannan bala'in ya ba da damar kyakkyawar kiyayewa ta ƙauyen Roman kuma ya ba mu damar sanin ainihin yadda rayuwa ta kasance a wannan wayewar. Don ziyartarsa ​​shine shiga Daular Rome kuma, daga can, kowa na iya barin tunaninsu ya zama abin birgewa ...

Gano Pompeii

Rushewar Pompeii

A cikin 62 AD Pompeii ya sami girgizar ƙasa kuma ya kasance a cikin yanayin sake ginawa lokacin da ta gamu da mummunar aman wuta a shekara ta 79 AD. A cikin shekarun, ana ci gaba da tunawa da wanzuwar tsoffin kango a yankin, amma har zuwa karni na XNUMX lokacin da Carlos III na Spain da Naples suka ba da injiniyan sojan Spain don fara hakar.

Ba kamar Herculaneum ba, Pompeii ya kasance an rufe shi da wani kaurin da ba shi da kaifin toka na toka amintacce saboda samun damar kango ya kasance da sauƙi daga farko.

Ba da daɗewa ba garin Cicero, gidan Julia Felix, Babban gidan wasan kwaikwayo, da Odeon, garin Diomedes da haikalin Isis aka gano. Tsammani don binciken ya bazu ko'ina cikin Turai kuma da yawa daga cikin malamai sun fara zuwa Pompeii don yin tunani game da rusassun wannan birni mai almara.

Farawa a cikin 1860, tare da Giuseppe Fiorelli, an bi tafarkin kayan tarihi wanda yanzu ana iya ɗaukarsa na zamani. Shin wanene fara dabarun sanannen simintin gyaran filastar don samun silhouettes na waɗanda abin ya shafa na bala'i. Menene ƙari. yanke shawarar ba da izinin samun damar haƙawa ga kowa da kowa kan biyan kuɗin shiga. Idan har zuwa lokacin manyan ajin kawai sun sami izinin shiga kango, yanzu duk wani ɗan ƙasa zai iya yawo titunan Pompeii na da.

Wadanda aka cutar da Pompeii

A farkon karni na XNUMX, shaharar Pompeii ta karu da godiya ga kafofin yada labarai da ci gaba da kwararar baƙi na shekara-shekara, yayin da ake ci gaba da yaƙin neman kayan tarihi.

A karkashin mulkin kama-karya na Benito Mussolini, an ga garin a matsayin wani abin nuni na tsohuwar daukaka ta kasar Italiya kuma hukuma ta ware kudade masu yawa ga aikin hakar. Godiya ga wannan, binciken ya faru, kamar na Villa de los Misterios ko gidan Menandro tsakanin 1926 da 1932.

Tun daga shekarun XNUMX, an sake bankado sabbin gidaje uku: na Fabio Rufo, na Julio Polibio da na na Castos Amantes. Duk da haka, a halin yanzu, sulusi na ajiyar bai riga ya ga haske ba. Duk da haka, wataƙila mafi girman ƙalubale ga masu binciken ilimin kimiyyar kayan tarihi shine kiyaye kango da aka riga aka gano, wani abu da ke da wahala musamman a cikin yanayin matsalar tattalin arzikin da ake ciki yanzu.

Yawon shakatawa Pompeii

Taron Pompeii

Ziyartar Pompeii na iya ɗaukar kwana guda da kyau akwai abubuwa da yawa don gani. Yana da kyau mu karanta kadan game da tarihin Pompeii da kuma shafuka daban daban da aka bude wa jama'a dan sanin wanne ne muke sha'awar ziyarta. Muna bada shawara musamman:

  • Filin taron: cibiyar rayuwar siyasa, addini da tattalin arziki na gari.
  • Basilica: wurin zama na gudanar da shari'a.
  • Haikalin Apollo: mafi mahimmancin ginin addini a Pompeii.
  • El Lupanar: gini ne wanda aka raba shi hawa biyu kuma aka shirya shi don karuwancin barorin Girka da na Gabas.
  • Baths din Stabian: sun samo asali ne daga karni na XNUMX BC kuma sune tsofaffi a garin. An raba su zuwa yanki mata da na maza. Suna da wuraren wanka daban-daban da ingantaccen tsarin dumama jiki.
  • La Casa del Fauno: Wannan babban gida ne tare da ɗakuna daban daban waɗanda aka kawata su da kyau kuma aka kiyaye su da kyau.
  • Gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Grande da Piccolo: wanda aka keɓe don nishaɗin mutanen Pompeii, suna cikin yanayi mai kyau.
  • Orto dei Fuggiaschi: a cikin wannan gonar, mutane da yawa sun yi mamakin fushin dutsen mai fitad da wuta wanda ya yi ƙoƙari ya nemi mafaka a cikin wannan gidan kuma ya mutu da ƙoshin lafiya. Jikin gawawwakinsu ya kasance a wurin don ba da shaida ga ƙarshen lokacin rayuwar waɗannan Pompeians.

Hanyoyin iska na Pompeii

Theofar Pompeii yakai kimanin yuro 11 kodayake idan a ziyarar da kake so ka hada da sauran shafukan makwabta (Herculaneum, Stabia, Oplontis da Bosco Reale) akwai tikitin duniya wanda yakai euro 20.

Awanni: Ana iya ziyartar Pompeii kowace rana daga Afrilu zuwa Oktoba daga 8:30 na safe zuwa 19:30 na yamma kuma daga Nuwamba zuwa Maris zuwa 17:00 na yamma

Adana Pompeii

Sake gina domus Pompeii

Kowace shekara kusan 'yan yawon bude ido miliyan uku suna ziyartar Pompeii, wani abu mai kyau saboda yana barin kuɗi mai yawa amma kuma yana da haɗari saboda gidan tarihin ya sha wahala a cikin' yan shekarun nan abin da aka sani da "Rushewa ta biyu na Pompeii."

Sakamakon zaftarewar kasa, fashi da makami, yajin aiki na ma'aikata, rashin tsari da kuma inuwar Camorra, an yi shakkar cewa garin ya ci gaba da kula da mutanen Wurin Tarihi na Duniya wanda Unesco ta bashi a 1997.

Matsalar da suka warware tare da girka tsarin sa ido na bidiyo da kuma daukar sabbin masu gadi arba'in a cikin tsarin abin da ake kira "Great Pompeii Project", wani shiri na kiyayewa wanda Tarayyar Turai ta dauki nauyin shi, wanda, bayan sun kasance a cikin haɗarin dakatarwa, an tsawaita shi har zuwa 2017. Shekaru biyu fiye da yadda aka tsara tun farko.

Aikin maidowa ya ba da izinin gyaran wasu gidaje guda shida kuma sun maido da launi zuwa hotunan almara da suke kawata bangayenta. Filayen marmara da mosaics masu launuka biyu a tsakiyar ɗakunan kuma suna haskakawa sosai.

Duk da haka, kalubalen yanzu shine a kammala maidowa cikin 2017 don daga baya kiyaye ajiyar a cikin mafi kyawun yanayi, haɓaka amfani da haɓaka sabon rukunin yanar gizo.

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