Kasar Yahudawa ta Krakow

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Ofaya daga cikin yankuna masu ban sha'awa na Krakow shine yankin Yahudawa, wanda aka fi sani da Kazimierz, an kafa shi a karni na XNUMX da Sarki Casimir III a matsayin birni daban amma tsawon shekaru ya ƙare da kasancewa ɓangare na cibiyar tarihin garin. Me zamu iya gani a cikin yankin Yahudawa? Za mu gaya muku bayan tsalle!

Takaitaccen tarihin Kazimierz

Jewishungiyar yahudawa ta zauna a cikin Kazimierz daga kafuwarta har zuwa lokacin da aka tilasta mazaunanta zuwa ghetto Krakow yayin Yaƙin Duniya na II., a wani bangare na garin (wanda aka fi sani da Podgorze), har sai da aka tasa keyarsu zuwa sansanonin tattara mutane kusa da garin.

A ƙarshen yaƙin, an bar Kazimierz cikin mummunan yanayi kuma har zuwa shekarun 90 tare da yin fim ɗin Schindler's List ɗin da aikin gyara ya fara wanda ya ba shi damar samar da yanayin zamani. A halin yanzu, yankin Yahudawa na Krakow ɗayan mashahurai ne duka don zama da fita zuwa abincin dare ko liyafa. Yanki ne mai yanayi mai yawa, musamman tsakanin ɗalibai.

Bugu da kari, Kazimierz ya dawo da asalinsa tunda yana zama da sauki a samu a nan kasuwancin da ke da alaƙa da al'adun yahudawa kamar gidajen cin abinci na kosher, klezmer kide kide da wake wake ko kuma zane-zane, da sauransu. Ko da kowane bazara ana shirya Bikin Al'adun Ibrananci.

Me zan gani a Kazimierz?

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Wuraren da suka fi muhimmanci a gani a yankin Yahudawa na Krakow sune Gidan Tarihi na Yahudawa na Galicia, majami'un su, Gidan Tarihi na Ethnographic, Gidan Tarihin Injiniya na birni da sabon fili, wurin taro don ɗalibai.

Bayan yawon shakatawa a Kazimierz, mafi kyawun zaɓi shine tsallaka kogin don ziyarci Podgorze, tsohuwar ghetto ta yahudawa. Kuna iya yin ta ta hanyar gadar Bernatek wanda, wanda aka gina a cikin 2010, ya zama mafi shahara a cikin birni.

  • Tsohon Majami'ar shine mafi tsufa a Poland. An gina shi tare da gidajen farko a yankin Yahudawa yayin Tsararru. A halin yanzu baya aiki amma yana da gidan kayan gargajiya wanda aka keɓe don al'adun yahudawa.
  • Remuh Synagogue shine kadai wanda har yanzu ke ba da litattafan a Krakow. Kusa da shi zaka ga hurumin Ibraniyanci. Duk wuraren biyu suna cikin cibiyar Kazimierz: Dandalin Wolnica.

Hoto | AB Poland

  • Majami'un Ishaku, Tempel da Kupah suma ba a buɗe suke don yin sujada ba, amma ana iya ziyarta yayin da suke baje kolin ɗan lokaci.
  • Gidan adana kayan tarihin yana cikin tsohuwar zauren gari.
  • Ba za ku iya rasa Cocin Santa Caterina ba, a cikin salon Gothic, ko na San Estanislao, baroque.
  • Gidan Tarihin yahudawa na Galicia an keɓe shi ne don al'adun yahudawa 'yan Poland kuma yana da baje kolin hotuna masu yawa don girmamawa ga waɗanda aka kashe a Holocaust a Yaƙin Duniya na II.

Podgorze

Hoto | Magiczny Kraków

A lokacin shekarun mamayar Nazi, Podgorze ya kasance ghetto ta yahudawa ta Krakow. Ba shi ne ɗayan wuraren da aka fi ziyarta a cikin birni ba, amma tafiya a cikin titunanta yana ba mu damar ganin ragowar bangon ghetto, wanda za a iya samu a Lwowska 25 da Limanowskiego 62.

Wani muhimmin wuri shi ne Filin Bohaterów, sararin da aka zaɓi yahudawan da za a kai su sansanin taro. A cikin wannan dandalin akwai abin tunawa da kujeru, haraji ne na Roman Polanski ga yahudawan da aka tilasta su barin gidajensu tare da kayansu a jangali. A wannan dandalin kuma shine Farmacia del Águila, shine kadai kantin magani da ke ghetto a yayin mamayar da kuma wurin buya na iyalai da yawa.

Kusa da tsohuwar ghetto Podgorze ita ce masana'antar Oskar Schindler, wacce aka kirkira don amfani da aikin kwadago mai sauki kuma wanda ya kare rayukan daruruwan mutane.

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