Kyawawan garuruwan Toledo

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Idan muka yi la'akari da tafiya ta hanyar kyawawan garuruwan Toledo, za mu yi zaɓe saboda suna da yawa. Wannan lardin Castilian na La Mancha yana da yanayin gata wanda ƴan ƙasar suka mamaye Montes da Toledo da kuma Kogin Tagus da Tiétar, wanda ya ƙare har zuwa na farko.

Amma, sama da duka, filin Toledo yana da kyawawan garuruwa masu cike da tarihi da abubuwan tarihi. Hakazalika, yana da shimfidar wurare tare da tushen wallafe-wallafe mai zurfi, tun da ba dole ba ne ka manta da cewa maras misaltuwa Don Quixote ya rayu da yawa daga cikin abubuwan da ya faru a cikin waɗannan ƙasashe. Duk wannan yana daidaita lardin da yakamata ku sani sosai. Domin ku sami jagora, za mu nuna muku zaɓin kyawawan garuruwanmu na Toledo.

La Puebla de Montalban

La Puebla de Montalban

Magajin garin Plaza na La Puebla de Montalbán

Idan muna magana ne game da ra'ayoyin adabi, wannan garin shi ne shimfiɗar jariri Fernando de Rojas ne adam wata, marubucin Celestine. Na na yankin Torrijos, kusan a tsakiyar lardin, kuma zuwa kwarin Tagus mai albarka.

Amma La Puebla ta yi fice don ɗimbin abubuwan al'adunta. Kamar yadda jijiya cibiyar ne Plaza Mayor, yawanci Castilian, wanda zaku iya ganin cocin Lady of Peace, wanda shine tsaka-tsakin Gothic zuwa Renaissance. Za ku kuma sami a cikin filin ginin ginin Town Hall da kuma Fadar theididdigar Montalbán, Gine-gine na Renaissance mai ban mamaki tare da taɓawa ta Plateresque.

Har ila yau, muna ba ku shawara ku ziyarci wannan gari na kayan gargajiya na Nuestra Señora de la Soledad da Santísimo Cristo de la Caridad, na farko shine baroque kuma na biyu na gargajiya; Daular Franciscan da masu ra'ayin Conceptionist da Hasumiyar Saint Michael, sauran wani tsohon coci, wanda yana daya daga cikin alamomin garin.

Amma kuma ya kamata ku ziyarci, daidai, da Celestine Museum don ƙarin fahimtar marubucin da mahallin zamantakewa na wannan babban aikin wasiƙun mu. Hakanan, barin La Puebla, kuna da Tagus Bridge, tun daga karni na XNUMX, kuma, kimanin kilomita takwas daga nesa, za ku ga abin mamaki Burujon Canyons, Tsarin yumbu mai ban sha'awa wanda zai tunatar da ku Grand Canyon na Colorado.

Orgaz, wani daga cikin kyawawan garuruwan Toledo

Orgaz Castle

Castillo de Orgaz, ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun ƙauyuka a Toledo

Located a gindin Saliyo de Yébenes kuma a cikin Yankin Sisla Za ku sami wannan kyakkyawan gari wanda mu ma mun haɗa a cikin kyawawan garuruwan Toledo don abubuwan tarihi masu ban sha'awa.

Don fara yawon shakatawa na Orgaz, za ku iya ziyarci Plaza Mayor, amma kuma da coci na Santo Tomás Apostol, gina ta Alberto de Churriguerra a cikin karni na sha takwas, da kuma Orgas castle, wanda ya fito daga XIV kuma yana daya daga cikin alamun garin. Hasumiyar mubaya'a za ta burge ku, mai tsayin mita ashirin.

Akwai kuma ragowar tsohuwar bango a Orgaz da biyu daga cikin ƙofofin huɗu waɗanda suka haye ta: da arches na Belén da San José. Hakanan, garin yana da gadoji na tarihi da yawa, daga cikinsu akwai ɗaya daga cikinsu idanu biyar, gina a zamanin Charles III, kuma tare da wasu al'adun gargajiya kamar na El Socorro da La Concepción.

A daya hannun, da babban adadin gidaje masu daraja wanda ya cika titunan ta. A matsayin misali, za mu buga gidajen Count Tierrapilares, Calderón de la Barca, Ioseph ko Vizcaíno. Kuma, a ƙarshe, Orgaz da kewaye sun yi fice don ƙaƙƙarfan kimarsu ta archaeological.

Misalin wannan, kilomita biyar daga garin shine gundumar Arisgotas, wanda za ku sami ban sha'awa Visigoth Art Museum. Hakazalika, akan tudun La Tocha zaka iya ganin wasu mazaje biyu da suka shafe shekaru ɗari goma sha biyar a ciki Torrejon akwai necropolis na Roman kuma a ciki Villaverde Kuna iya samun ragowar gada da hanya daga lokaci guda.

Ocaña da kyakkyawan Plaza Mayor

Plaza Mayor of Ocaña

Babban Magajin Plaza na Ocaña

Wannan wani gari mai ban mamaki yana arewa maso gabashin lardin Toledo, yana kan iyaka Aranjuez, wanda, kamar yadda kuka sani, ya riga ya kasance na Madrid. Daya daga cikin alamominsa shine sanya shi Plaza Mayor, wanda aka gina a cikin karni na 2002 tare da bayyanar baroque. Tun XNUMX, haka ma, yana da sha'awar al'adu.

Muna kuma ba ku shawarar ku ziyarci Ocaña the Babban Fountain, wani kayan ado na Renaissance ta Juan de Herrera a cikin 1578, kuma Fadar Cardenas, daga lokaci guda, amma gina bin canons na Gothic, ko da yake a cikin canji zuwa Renaissance. Hakanan na zamani shine Lope de Vega gidan wasan kwaikwayo, tsohon Kwalejin Ƙungiyar Yesu.

A gefe guda, babu ƙarancin ƙayayuwa na abubuwan tarihi na addini a Ocaña. The Ikklesiya ta Santa María de la Asunción An gina shi a cikin karni na XNUMX a cikin salon zamani na zamani akan ragowar wani da ya gabata wanda, bi da bi, an gina shi daga wani tsohon masallaci. The Ikklesiya ta San Juan Bautista ya tsufa, tun da aka yi kwanan watan a XIII, ko da yake an yi gyare-gyare da yawa daga baya. Duk da wannan, an haɗa shi a cikin fasahar Mudejar na Toledo.

La Hasumiyar kararrawa na cocin San Martin Shi ne kawai abin da ya rage na wannan kuma an ayyana shi da sha'awar al'adu. An gina shi a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX, yana cikin salon Herrerian. Hakanan, Ocaña yana ba ku kyawawan gine-gine na al'ada. Daga cikin waɗannan, na Santo Domingo de Guzmán da Santa Catalina de Siena, duka na salon Renaissance. Kuma, riga a kan ƙetare, za ku sami Tsohon Fountain, mai yiwuwa daga zamanin Romawa.

A ƙarshe, Ocaña kuma yana da tushen adabi. Don ya mutu a ƙauyen Rodrigo Manrique, wanda dansa ya sadaukar da Coplas har zuwa mutuwar mahaifinsa. Kuma a cikin wannan gari an saita sanannen aikin Lope da Vega Peribáñez da Kwamandan Ocaña. Kamar bai ishe shi ba, can aka haife shi Alonso de Ercilla, marubucin The Araucana.

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Gidan Towers

Gidan Hasumiya, a cikin Tembleque

Tana gabas da lardin Toledo kuma yana da tazarar kilomita hamsin da biyar daga babban birnin kasar. Hakanan yana ba ku abin mamaki Plaza Mayor yawanci daga La Mancha. Tare da shirin bene mai murabba'i, yana da ƙofofin da ke da goyan bayan ginshiƙai da ƙorafi a ɓangaren sa na sama. An gina shi a tsakanin ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX, yana da siffofi na baroque da kayan ado na katako mai daraja. Dangane da wannan, babbar hanyar shiga ta fito waje, an rufe ta da cantilever tare da ra'ayi mai raɗaɗi.

Hakanan baroque ne daga karni na XNUMX. gidan hasumiyai, wanda aka ayyana a matsayin abin tarihi na fasaha na tarihi kuma ya yi fice don kyakkyawan facade. Kuma daga lokaci guda shine na Postas ko Tsohon Barracks, ko da yake ya fi wahala.

A gefe guda, mafi mahimmancin abin tunawa na addini wanda zaku samu a cikin Tembleque shine cocin na Lady of zato. An gina shi a cikin karni na XNUMX kuma yana da siffofi na tsaka-tsaki daga Gothic zuwa Renaissance. A waje, ya yi fice don ƙaƙƙarfan hasumiya kuma, dangane da cikinta, yana da ɗakunan karatu da yawa, daga cikinsu akwai na Jesús Nazareno da Virgen del Rosario.

Gadon addini na garin Toledo an kammala shi ta hanyar hermitages na La Purísima Concepción, Cristo del Valle, Loreto da San Antón. Amma mafi ban sha'awa shine daya daga Veracruz saboda siffarsa ta octagonal yana ƙarewa a cikin kubba.

Escalona, ​​a kan bankunan Alberche

Gidan Escalona

Castillo de Escalona, ​​wani daga cikin kyawawan garuruwan Toledo

Hakanan nasa ne, kamar La Puebla de Montalban, na yankin Torrijos, ko da yake a wannan yanayin yana kan gabar kogin Alberche. Dole ne a kasance a zaune tun zamanin da, kamar yadda Celtic, Roman da Visigoth suka rage a yankin. Tuni a cikin Tsakiyar Tsakiyar Tsakiya, yana da matukar mahimmanci saboda wurin da ya dace.

A gaskiya ma, babban alamar Escalona ita ce gidan sarauta, wanda ya karɓi wannan suna saboda ya ƙunshi kagara da kansa da kuma gidan sarauta na Mudejar. An rubuta wanzuwarsa a cikin karni na XNUMX, kodayake an yi imani da cewa ko da wani katangar Roma ne da farko. A daya bangaren kuma, a ci gaba da darussan adabin da muka yi ta bayyana muku kuma a matsayin labari, za mu gaya muku cewa a cikin gidan sarauta. Jariri Don Juan Manuel, Marubuci na tsakiya wanda ya yi mana wasici Idaya Lucanor.

Hakanan ya kamata ku gani a cikin yankin ƙofar san miguel, wanda akansa akwai hasumiya. Bayan haka na Saint Vincent, su ne waɗanda aka kiyaye daga tsohon bango. Mafi mahimmancin coci a Escalona kuma an keɓe shi ga San Miguel Arcángel, wanda aka gina akan wani babban haikalin Romanesque. A ciki za ku iya ganin kyakkyawan bagadin baroque. Hakazalika, an kammala kayan tarihi na addini na garin Zaman gidan zuriya na Franciscan Conceptionists. Amma Escalona kuma yana ba ku filin wasa na Castilian. Yana da Don Juan Manuel's, wanda a cikinsa yake gidan majalisa, yau Municipal Library tare da karamin gidan kayan gargajiya, da kuma kyau bandstand.

A gefe guda, Escalona ya san yadda za a sake ƙirƙira kanta a matsayin wurin fasahar birane don jawo hankalin yawon shakatawa. A cikin tituna za ku iya ganin samfurori masu yawa na aikin mai zanen titi Mista Stroke. Kuma, a ƙarshe, idan kun ziyarci garin a lokacin rani kuma kuna jin kamar yin wanka, kuna da bakin tekun kogi a bakin kogin Alberche. Daga gare ta, za ku kuma ga kyakkyawar gada daga karni na XNUMX.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku wasu kyawawan garuruwan Toledo. Amma muna iya gaya muku game da wasu da yawa, tunda wannan lardin yana da na gaske masu tamani. A matsayin misali, za mu kawo muku Oropesa, tare da manyan gidaje guda biyu da kyawawan Hasumiyar Agogo; kayan shafa, tare da Ƙofar Halifancinta da Gidanta na La Vela; Toboso, ƙasar Dulcinea maras tsara; Suruka, tare da yawanci La Mancha windmills, ko sosai torrijos, tare da ban sha'awa colegiate coci na Santísimo Sacramento. Ba ku tsammanin sun isa dalilai na ziyartar duk waɗannan kyawawan garuruwan Toledo?

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