Leon Cathedral

Leon Cathedral

A yau zamu tattauna game da ɗayan manyan mahimman coci-coci a Spain, wanda kuma yake kan Camino de Santiago, don haka dubunnan mahajjata ke ziyartarsa ​​duk shekara. Wannan babban cocin mai ban sha'awa aikin Gothic ne kuma yana da mahimmanci a wannan ma'anar, tunda yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan ayyukanda aka kiyaye su a cikin ƙasarmu ta wannan salon.

Wannan Cathedral kuma ana kiranta La Bella Leonesa kuma yana rayuwa har zuwa sunansa. Yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi girman maganganun Gothic, wanda a cikin sa an rage ganuwar kamar yadda ya yiwu, idan aka kwatanta da salon mai ƙarfi wanda ya mamaye Romanesque, tare da ma'anar ɗaga godiya ga adon.

Tarihin babban cocin León

Leon Cathedral

An gina wannan babban cocin a kan farfaɗo inda akwai wasu wanka na Roman, wanda ya mamaye wuri mafi girma fiye da babban cocin yau. Tarihinta ya daɗe, tunda a lokacin da Kiristocin suka sake yin wannan yaƙi an lalata waɗannan bahon kuma a wurinsu an gina fada, wanda Ordoño II ya mamaye. Ta hanyar kayar da Larabawa, wannan sarki ya yanke shawarar gina maimakon fada a cikin gidan domin bauta wa Allah don ba shi wannan nasarar. Babu wani rikodin wannan haikalin dangane da salon sa, amma tabbas ya kwaikwayi waɗanda aka yi a kewayen cikin ƙarni na 1073. Bayan tawaye da yaƙe-yaƙe, wannan babban cocin ya zama kango. Ya kasance Fernando I de León wanda zai mayar da hankali ga sake gina babban cocin tare da taimakon Doña Urraca. A wannan lokacin za a gina babban cocin a cikin salon Romanesque wanda ya yi nasara a wancan lokacin, an tsarkake shi a cikin XNUMX.

Babban gilashin gilashi

Ya kasance a cikin Karni na XNUMX lokacin da aka fara ginin babban cocin Gothic cewa mun sani a yau. Wannan babban cocin kamar da alama maganan Faransa ne suka tsara shi tunda, kamar wanda ya gabace shi, Burgos Cathedral, yana da tsarin ƙasa na Reims Cathedral. Wannan babban cocin yana da gyare-gyare da tsare-tsare da yawa, tun da mawuyacin tsari wanda aka nemi ya raba shi da manyan bango da ƙirƙirar yanayi mai cike da haske wanda ya haifar da matsalolin gine-gine yayin tallafawa tsarin. A kan wannan an ƙara wahalar filin, wanda ba shi da ƙarfi kuma ya jimre yawancin gine-ginen da suka gabata.

Wajen babban cocin

Portico na babban coci

Ofayan ɗayan bangarorin da suka fi fice kuma sananne a cikin wannan babban cocin babu shakka falonsa ne. A waje ya nuna cewa salon Gothic a cikin dukkan maki. Da facade na yamma yana da siffofi biyu na gothic mai tsayin mita 65 da 68, don haka ana iya ganin cewa basu cika daidaita ba, tunda an gina su a lokuta daban-daban. Hasumiyar Bell ita ce ta farko kuma an gina Hasumiyar Tsaro kusan ƙarni ɗaya bayan haka. Falon sau uku a ƙarƙashin hasumiyai daga ƙarni na XNUMX ne. Waɗanda ke gefen suna sadaukarwa ga Saint John the Baptist da Saint Francis kuma wanda ke tsakiyar an sadaukar da shi ne ga thearshen Lastarshe. A cikin waɗannan ɗakunan ajiya zaka iya ganin siffofin sarakuna da manzanni, babban aiki da aka sassaka a dutse wanda ya wanzu daga zamani. A saman farfajiyar akwai taga mai faɗi tare da gilashi mai ƙyalli daga ƙarni na XNUMX.

A cikin Fkudu achada zaka iya ganin wasu hotuna muhimmanci. An ambaci ofofar Mutuwa don a nuna kwarangwal mai fuka-fukai. A tsakiyar, ana kiranta Sarmental, surar Kristi ne. A gefen dama akwai Pórtico de San Froilán, tare da hotunan da aka keɓe don wannan waliyin.

Cikin babban cocin

Cikin babban cocin León

Cikin babban cocin kuma an sanshi da Gidan Haske kuma zamu gano dalilin da yasa muka shiga. Da Gilashin gilashin gilashi 125 sun cika komai da haske, wani abu da ba mai yuwuwa bane a katolika na Romanesque inda akwai katangu masu kauri waɗanda basa barin haske ya ratsa ta hanya kamar yadda yake a tsarkakakken salon Gothic. Daga taga ta fure zuwa gilashin tabo a bangon, akwai wurare da yawa na haske waɗanda suka mai da shi babban coci-buɗe-faɗi.

El rumfunan mawaƙa sune mafi tsufa a duk ƙasar Spain. Yana da daraja mai yawa kuma an sassaka da itace. Flemish masu zane na karni na XNUMX. Abun bagaden da aka samo akan Babban Altar shima ya samo asali ne daga ƙarni na XNUMX, wanda yake wakiltar rayuwar Saint Froilán. Wannan babban cocin ma yana da ɗakunan bauta da yawa.

Cloister na babban coci

Kodayake bisa ka'ida an kirkiro babban cocin ne ba tare da gwangwaniA ƙarshe, an yi, an gama shi a karni na sha huɗu. A kusa da kayan kwalliyar akwai wasu ɗakuna, gami da Gidan Tarihi na Cathedral.

Wani abin da za'a ziyarta a wannan babban cocin shine crypt wanda aka kiyaye ragowar na zamanin d Roman baho. An gano waɗannan gawarwakin ne a cikin 1996 saboda haka wani abu ne yanzunnan, kuma yana bamu damar sanin ɗan tarihin tarihin babban cocin. Tana nan a gaban kudu facade na babban cocin.

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