Mafi kyawun hamada a Afirka

Tafiya zuwa mafi kyawun hamada a Afirka Zai ɗauka ku babban kasada ce, amma kuma don samun kanku tare da shimfidar wurare masu ban sha'awa. Ba abin mamaki bane, wasu daga cikin waɗannan wuraren sune, duk da saukin su, cikin mafi kyawun duniya.

Kamar dai duk wannan bai isa ba, hamada suna da nau'in sihiri don ruhu. Sauki da girman sa yana taimaka muku fahimtar abubuwan da ba dole ba na kayan duniya, suna taimaka muku kawar da damuwar duniya da haɗi da yanayi. Amma, ba tare da bata lokaci ba, za mu nuna muku wasu kyawawan hamada a Afirka.

Mafi kyawun hamada a Afirka: Me za ku iya gani a cikinsu?

A kowace nahiya a duniya akwai hamada masu ban mamaki. Ya isa mu ambaci, a matsayin misalai, na Atacama a Kudancin Amurka (a nan mun bar ku labarin game da wannan hamada,, na Gobi a Asiya ko na Gidaje (Spain) a Turai. Ko da, tsananin magana, wurare kamar Greenland sun kasance hamada wanda babu yashi a cikinsa, sai dusar ƙanƙara da kankara.

Amma daga dukkan wurare a duniya, wataƙila an sami mafi yawan hamada a ciki Afrika. Bugu da kari, kariyar da ke tsakanin su tana da girma sosai har suka mamaye wani bangare mai kyau na wannan nahiya. A takaice, don nuna muku, mafi kyawun abu shine mun riga mun gaya muku game da kyawawan hamada a Afirka.

Sahara

Hamadar Sahara

Sahara

Tare da kusan murabba'in kilomita miliyan tara da rabi, wannan hamada da muke kusa da ita ita ce mafi girma a duniya tsakanin masu zafi (na uku bayan Arctic da kuma Antarctica). A zahiri, yana ƙaruwa daga Jar Teku har sai Tekun Atlantika, mamaye mafi yawan Arewacin Afirka. Daidai zuwa kudu ya isa yankin Sahel, wanda ke aiki azaman sauyawa zuwa savannah na Sudan.

Kamar yadda zaku iya tunanin, a cikin wannan babban yanki na ƙasa kuna da abubuwa da yawa don gani. A saboda wannan dalili, za mu gaya muku kawai game da wasu wurare masu ban sha'awa da gaske waɗanda ke cikin mafi kyawun Sahara. Hakanan, za mu yi shi ne kawai ga waɗanda ke yankin Moroccan. Wadanda ke kudancin Aljeriya ko Libya na iya zama masu hadari saboda rashin kwanciyar hankali na siyasa a yankin.

Zamu fara da Merzouga, ƙaramin gari da ke kudu maso gabashin Maroko inda za ku iya ganin faɗuwar rana wanda ba za a iya mantawa da shi ba. Amma za mu yi magana game da shi, sama da duka, saboda za ku samu kusa sosai Erg Chebbi, ɗaya daga cikin manyan dunes masu ban mamaki a duk Sahara. Wasu daga cikinsu sun kai tsayin mita 200 kuma, tare da sautin lemu, suna ba ku hangen nesa.

Bai kamata ku yi kuskure ba kwarin kwari, inda za ku sami hamada kamar yadda kuka saba tsammani. Wato babban yashi mai yawa kuma, daga lokaci zuwa lokaci, wurin rairayin bakin teku da itatuwan dabino.

Koyaya, idan kun fi son mafi yawan mazaunin yankin Afirka, kuna da ziyarar da ba za a iya mantawa da ita ba a Ouarzazate, wanda aka sani da "ƙofar hamada" da kuma "Hollywood na Sahara." Wannan sunan na ƙarshe saboda gaskiyar cewa an harbe fina -finai da yawa a wannan wuri.

A Ouarzazate dole ne ku ga abin burgewa kasbah ta Taourirt, wani sansanin soja na adobe wanda aka gina a karni na XNUMX don kare tsohuwar hanyar zinariya. Amma kuma ya kamata ku ziyarci tsakiyar kasuwar ta, cike da yanki; da Almouahidine square da kayan aikin souk.

A ƙarshe, kusan mil goma sha biyar daga garin da ya gabata, kuna da wani kasbah wanda ke dauke da taken Gidan Tarihi na Duniya. Iya ta Ait ben haddou,.

Kalahari hamada

Kgalagadi Park

Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

Namibia tana daya daga cikin kasashen Afirka da suka fi yawan hamada. Musamman, Kalahari ya mamaye wani bangare na farfajiyarsa, amma kuma yadudduka masu fadi Botswana y Afirka ta Kudu (a nan mun bar ku labarin game da ƙasar ta ƙarshe), tunda tana da yanki kusan murabba'in kilomita miliyan ɗaya.

Farkon lokacin da baƙo ya ƙetare shi a cikin 1849. Sunansa zai zama sananne a gare ku, kamar yadda ya kasance Dauda Dauda, mai binciken Victoria Falls. Kuma, a matsayin son sani, za mu gaya muku cewa «kgalagadi» na nufin «ƙishirwa mai girma».

A cikin wannan hamada mai ban mamaki za ku iya ganin yanayin Yankin Kasa na Chobe, wanda ke da yawan giwaye, kodayake yana da buffaloes, hippos, giraffes da impalas da yawa. Koyaya, don ganin zakuna dole ne ku je wurin Tsakiyar Wasan Kalahari ta Tsakiya.

Hakanan ya fice a cikin wannan hamada Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, amma, sama da duka, da Makgadikgadi Gilashin Gishiri, waɗanda ke cikin mafi girma a duniya. An kafa su ne lokacin da babban tafkin mai suna ya bushe, wanda dubban shekaru da suka gabata suka mamaye wani yanki mafi girma fiye da Switzerland. Ba su da ƙima wanda hakan ya ba da gudummawa ga kiyaye su. Dan Adam da kyar ya shiga tsakanin su.

Tsohon hamada Namib

Namib hamada

Dune a cikin jejin Namib

Daga cikin mafi kyawun hamada a Afirka, Namib kuma ya sha bamban da shekarun sa, tunda ana la'akari da shi mafi tsufa a duniya. A zahiri, an yi imanin cewa ya wanzu shekaru miliyan 65 da suka gabata. Kuma wannan yana daya daga cikin dalilan da suka sa aka ayyana shi a matsayin Gidan Tarihi na Duniya.

Kamar yadda zaku iya tsammani daga sunan sa, shima ana samun sa a ciki Namibia kuma tana da fadin kusan murabba'in kilomita dubu tamanin. Idan kuka ziyarce ta, yashin ta jajaye zai ja hankalin ku, amma kuma wasu daga cikin abubuwan da suka fi jan hankali.

Da farko, a gefe ɗaya shine Cape Croos, wuri na farko da Turawa suka iso a cikin 1486. ​​A halin yanzu, gida ne ga mafi yawan ajiyar beyar teku a duk Afirka.

Kusa da na baya, ku ma kuna da shahararre Skeleton Coast, wanda yana daya daga cikin yankunan da ba a iya isa da su ta hanyar kasa a cikin kasar. Sunanta ne saboda yawan kwale -kwale da kwarangwal na whale a yankin.

Amma watakila mafi ban sha'awa shine Namib Naukluft Park, inda za ka ga dunes har zuwa mita dari uku. A ƙarshe, a matsayin abin sha'awa, a ƙarshen ƙarshen hamada Namib shine garin fatalwa Kolmanskop, garin hakar ma'adinai da Jamus ta gina a farkon karni na ashirin don masu neman lu'u -lu'u.

Danakil, ɗayan mafi kyawun hamada a Afirka

Dutsen Erta Ale

Dutsen tsaunin Erta Ale, a cikin hamadar Danakil

Located in the south part of Eritrea kuma a arewa maso yamma na Habasha, a cikakke Kasashen Afirka, Ana ɗaukar wannan hamada ɗaya daga cikin mafi ƙasƙanci da mafi zafi a duniyar, tare da yanayin zafi sama da digiri hamsin na Celsius.

Tana da yanki kusan murabba'in murabba'in dubu dari biyu da ashirin kuma ta yi fice don tsaunukanta, manyan gidajen gishiri da tabkuna da lava ta kafa. Daga cikin na farko, da Dabbahu, tare da tsayin mita 1442, kuma Erta Ale, karami, amma har yanzu yana aiki.

Koyaya, babban abin mamakin wannan hamada mara kyau shine cewa ita ce mahaifar mahaifiyar Mutanen Afar, ƙabilun makiyaya makiyaya waɗanda ke da manyan wuƙaƙe masu lanƙwasa da gashin kansu da sautin ringi. Suna gina gidajensu na wucin gadi ko Aris tare da rassa da yadudduka da ke kafa garuruwa da ake kira jakuna.

Tenerife Desert, tsawaita Sahara

Yankin Tenerife

Tenerife hamada

Mun bar ƙarshen zuwa wani mafi kyawun hamada na Afirka wanda, a zahiri, shine haɓakar Sahara a yankin kudancin ta. Amma muna bi da shi daban don keɓantattun abubuwa da yawa. A zahiri, "teneré" na nufin "hamada" a cikin yaren Tuareg.

A kusan murabba'in kilomita dubu ɗari huɗu, tana miƙawa daga yamma da Chadi zuwa arewa maso gabas na Niger. Kuma, kafin mu ci gaba da gaya muku game da shi, ba za mu iya tsayayya da gaya muku wani abin sha'awarsa ba. Ya ajiye kiran Bishiyar Ténéré, wanda ya kasance sananne na kasancewa mafi kaɗaici a duniya, tunda ita kaɗai ce a cikin kilomita da yawa a kusa. A cikin 1973, motar ta rushe shi kuma, a yau, wani sassaƙaƙen ƙarfe wanda ya tuna yana mamaye wurinsa.

Amma Ténéré yana cikin mafi kyawun hamada a Afirka don wasu dalilai. Da farko, saboda katon yashi da yashi. Amma kuma saboda yawan archaeological ya rage gidaje. Wataƙila shekaru dubu goma da suka gabata yanayin ta ya bambanta domin ana zaune a ciki.

A zahiri a Tassili n'Ajjer, fili a cikin yankin, yana ɗaya daga cikin mahimman kayan fasahar dutsen a cikin duniya. Babu kasa da samfuran dubu goma sha biyar na zane -zane da zane -zane daga zamanin Neolithic waɗanda ke wakiltar rayuwa da al'adun mutanen asalin wannan yankin. Sun dace musamman da al'adar kiffiyya.

A gefe guda kuma, a yankin da ya dace da Nijar akwai abubuwan ban mamaki duwatsun Aïr, taro mai yawa tare da yanayin Sahelian tare da kololuwa waɗanda ke kaiwa tsayin mita 1800 kuma suna da tsari mai ban mamaki.

Agadez

Garin Agadez

Kuma, tsakanin waɗannan tsaunuka da hamada kanta, birnin Agadez, babban birnin daya daga cikin fiefdom na al'adar Abzinawa. Za a iya jarabtar ku yin tunanin cewa wannan ƙaramin gari ba shi da abin da zai ba ku. Babu wani abu da ya fi gaskiya. An ayyana cibiyarta mai tarihi Kayan Duniya, lambar yabo da yake rabawa tare da duk hamadar Tenerife.

A zahiri, a tarihi ya kasance hanyar wucewa don hanyoyin kasuwanci da yawa. Ko a yau shine mafitar wanda ke kaiwa zuwa Sabha.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku wasu kyawawan hamada a Afirka. Amma zamu iya ambaton wasu kamar haka Lompoul, a Senegal, tare da rairayin ruwan yashi mai ruwan lemu; daya daga Taru, a Kenya, kusa da Kilimanjaro, ko na Ogaden, a Habasha. Koyaya, ba dukkan su ne masu araha da za mu ziyarta ba.

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