Mafi kyawun tashoshin jirgin ƙasa a Spain

Tashar Toledo

Da yawa daga cikin mafi kyaun tashar jirgin kasa a Spain kasance a lokacin da layin dogo ya kasance manyan hanyoyin sufuri. Wannan ƙarfin, wanda ya zo daidai da kusan kashi uku na ƙarshe na karni na XNUMX da rabi na farko na XNUMXth, ya sa ya zama dole don gina manyan gine-gine don fasinjoji da ayarin motocin.

Amma waɗanda ke da alhakin waɗannan gine-ginen ba su gamsu da sanya su aiki ba. Lokaci ne da, ban da haka, suka nemi tafiya nasu lakabin fasaha. A sakamakon haka, mafi kyawun tashoshin jirgin kasa a Spain sun kasance, waɗanda suke abubuwan al'ajabi na gine-gine na gaskiya ba tare da rasa ƙimar aikin sa ba. Za mu nuna muku wasu daga cikinsu.

Tashar Canfranc

Tashar Canfranc

Canfranc, ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun tashoshin jirgin ƙasa a Spain

Zamu fara rangadin ne a daya daga cikin tashoshin mafi alama na Spain, wanda, haka ma, a yau ana amfani da shi ne kawai don ayyukan ababen hawa. Koyaya, an gina shi don zama tasha ta ƙarshe akan layin cewa zai hada Madrid da Francia ta hanyar Aragón kuma a gare shi Ramin rami na Somport, a kusan mita dubu biyu na tsayi.

An ƙaddamar da shi a cikin 1928 kuma yana da girma. A matsayinta na tashar kan iyaka, dole ne ta kasance tana ba da yadi na dogo na ma'auni biyu daban-daban, rataye kayayyaki, da wurin kwana na ma'aikata da danginsu. Amma kuma dole ne ta kasance tana da kwastam, ofisoshin 'yan sanda, ofisoshin gidan waya da sauran ayyuka.

Saboda haka, ginin yana da Tsawon mita 241 da tsarin rectangular zuwa kashi biyar. Amsa ga salon da Gine-ginen fadar Faransa daga karni na XNUMX tare da fifikon siffofin gargajiya, amma kuma tare da abubuwan gine-ginen masana'antu irin su ƙarfe da kankare. Kuma, a matsayin haraji ga gidajen da ke yankin, yana da rufin slate.

Babu shakka, Canfranc yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun tashoshin jirgin ƙasa a Spain, har ya kasance wurin da wasu suka yi. litattafai da fina-finai (akwai ma tatsuniyar da wasu fage na Likita Zhivago). A halin yanzu ana gyare-gyare don gina gidan Aragon Railway Museum da kuma ba shi otal da yawon shakatawa. Ana kuma shirin gina gidaje da wuraren kore.

Tashar Toledo

Tashar Toledo

Kyakkyawan tashar Toledo

Abin mamaki ne na neomudejar architecture An kaddamar da shi a shekara ta 1919. Saboda wannan dalili, an kuma ayyana shi a matsayin wurin sha'awar al'adu kuma an maido da shi a 'yan shekarun da suka wuce. Tsarinsa ya kasance saboda maginin gini Narciso Claveria, wanda ya manta game da aikin don ƙirƙirar ingantaccen aikin fasaha.

Yana rufe kusan murabba'in mita dubu goma sha uku kuma ya ƙunshi jiki na tsakiya da fikafikan ƙasa biyu. An ƙawata facade da manyan bakuna da bakuna. A gaskiya ma, duk saitin yana da yawa da aka yi wa ado da mudejar arches, mosaics tile, latticework da sauran abubuwa na mai arziki Toledo maƙerin zinariya.

Amma watakila babbar alamarta ita ce agogon agogo, wanda ke fitowa daga jikin ginin kuma yana da aikin gasa na Mudejar. A halin yanzu, wannan kyakkyawan tasha yana hidimar layin mai sauri La Sagra-Toledo, wanda nasa ne daga Madrid zuwa Seville. Ba tare da shakka ba, wannan ginin shine wakilin da ya cancanci ya karɓe ku idan za ku gano manyan abubuwan al'ajabi na abin da ake kira. "Birnin Al'adu Uku".

Valencia North Station

Tashar Valencia

Valencia North Station

Valencia yana da tashoshin jirgin ƙasa da yawa, amma mafi kyawun shi ne wanda ke kan titin Játiva, kusa da gungumen azaba kuma yana kusa da Gidan Gari. tsoho ne Tashar Arewa ko tasha ta Valencia-Term kuma an gina shi a farkon karni na 1917 da za a kaddamar a XNUMX.

Ginin yana da murabba'in murabba'in mita dubu goma sha biyar kuma mai zane ne ya tsara shi Demetrius Ribes. Duk da haka, su babban karfen alfarwa, wanda ya kai kusan mita ashirin da biyar, saboda Enrique Grasset. amsa ga salon zamani kuma yana fasalta neo-Gothic da tasirin tunani na farko daga babban maginin Austrian Otto wagner. Ya kasu kashi biyu: a gefe guda, fasinja ginin tare da tsarin U-dimbin yawa, a daya bangaren kuma, babban rataye wanda rufinsa yana da goyan bayan fasinja na ƙarfe.

Hakanan, babban facade shine nau'in kwance-kwance kuma tana da gawarwaki guda uku da suka fito waje kuma an yi musu ado da hasumiya. A cikin kayan adonsa, an sake ƙirƙirar launuka na rigar makamai na Valencia kuma, sama da duka, abubuwan al'ada na gonar lambu na Levantine kamar lemu da furanni orange. Don ita aka yi amfani da su glazed yumbu, mosaics, marmara da gilashikazalika da trencadis don haka masoyi ga Catalan da Valencian zamani. Kamar yadda kuka sani, ya ƙunshi haɗa ƙananan fale-falen fale-falen launuka daban-daban waɗanda aka haɗa da turmi (a zahiri, trencadis ana iya fassara shi azaman "yankakken").

Faransa, Barcelona kuma tana da ɗayan kyawawan tashoshi a Spain

Tashar Faransa

Duban iska na tashar Faransa

A cikin yawon shakatawa na mafi kyawun tashoshin jirgin kasa a Spain, yanzu mun zo Barcelona, musamman ga gundumar tsohon birni, don sanin tashar Faransa. An kaddamar da shi a cikin 1929 a lokacin bikin Bayyanar duniya Barcelona ta shirya wancan shekarar. A lokacin, ya haɗa da ci gaban fasaha kamar su kulle-kullen lantarki, masu buffer na ruwa da kuma hanyoyin karkashin kasa don matsar da kayayyaki.

Amma mafi ban sha'awa shine daga ra'ayi na gine-gine. An gudanar da aikin na birane Eduardo Marystany, wanda ya ƙirƙira wani tsari mai siffar U tare da rataye biyu da madaidaicin ƙofar waƙoƙi. Har ila yau yana da rumfuna guda biyu a gefen titi wanda aka haɗa a tsakiyar sa. An tsara wannan ginin don matafiya Pedro Muguruza, wanda ya ɗaga adon ma sober. A saboda wannan dalili, an ba da izini don inganta wannan Raymond Duran y pelayo martinez.

Girman tashar na Faransa yana da ban sha'awa. Gine-gine nannade waƙoƙin a cikin siffar U da hangar da muka ambata suna rufe su Alfarwa masu tsayin mita 195 da tsayin mita 29. Har ila yau, babban falo yana da manyan gida uku. A takaice, yana daya daga cikin tashoshi mafi ban sha'awa a Spain.

Zamora tashar

Zamora tashar

Tashar Zamora wanda, tare da salon sa na Neoplateresque, yana ɗaya daga cikin kyawawan tashoshin jirgin ƙasa a Spain

Zamora kuma ya yi fice don girmansa, tunda babban facade yana da Tsawon mita 90. Amma, sama da duka, yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun tashoshi a Spain saboda ta neoplateresque style. An fara gininsa a shekara ta 1927, ko da yake ba za a ƙaddamar da shi ba sai a shekara ta 1958. An ba da amanar aikin. Marcelino Enriquez a ƙasar da ke unguwar Las Viñas.

Don ginin da aka yi amfani da shi dutsen zinariya na Villamayor, wanda ya kara taimakawa wajen kawata shi. Facade yana da sassa uku da yawan benaye, tare da hasumiya mai murabba'i huɗu. Hakazalika, mai tsaron gida na tsakiya ya fice daga fuka-fuki don nasa terrace tare da pediment triangular an yi masa ado da garkuwa biyu da agogo. kyakkyawa cresting An yi wahayi zuwa ga fadar Monterrey de Salamanca, ya kammala kayan ado. Kuma bene na ƙasa yana da arches na Renaissance suna samar da galleries.

Tashar Aranjuez

Tashar Aranjuez

Tashar Aranjuez

Wataƙila kun san cewa kiran Gidan Sarauta na Aranjuez babban abin al'ajabi ne. Abin da ba za ku sani ba shi ne cewa kayan adonsa na gine-gine suna farawa daga tashar jirgin ƙasa da kanta. A gaskiya ma, ƙaramin birni yana da mahimmanci a farkon wannan hanyar sufuri a cikin yankin Mutanen Espanya.

Layin jirgin kasa na biyu da aka samar a kasarmu shi ne wanda ya hade Madrid da Aranjuez. Kafin, wanda ya haɗa Barcelona da Mataro. Koyaya, a matsayin abin sha'awa, za mu gaya muku cewa an gina jirgin farko da ya wanzu a cikin ƙasar Sipaniya Cuba. Musamman, ya haɗa Havana tare da birnin Güines a cikin 1837.

Amma, komawa zuwa Tashar AranjuezBa game da na farko ba ne. Wanda kuke iya gani a yau an gina shi tsakanin 1922 zuwa 1927 kuma shine, kamar wanda yake a Toledo, na neo-mudejar style. Ya ƙunshi doguwar cibiya mai kusurwa huɗu a tsakiyarsa. Bangaren wannan waje an kawata shi da gyale bi da bi da aka yi masa ado da baka uku da tagar gilashi. Sama da ginin ya tashi a hasumiyar agogo.

Facade kuma yana da ban sha'awa fallasa jan bulo wanda aka yi amfani da shi don gina shi. An dora shi a kan doguwar rigar dutse aka yi masa ado fale-falen buraka. A ciki ma, akwai daban-daban mosaics kayan ado halitta ta Italiyanci Mario Maragliano. A nasu bangaren, dandali an rufe su da ginshiƙai masu goyan bayan ginshiƙan ƙarfe.

Tashar Concordia

Tashar Concordia

Tashar Concordia a Bilbao

Mun kawo karshen yawon shakatawa na mafi kyaun tashar jirgin kasa a Spain a cikin wannan daya Bilbao, abin mamaki zamani. Kuma shi ne mafi tsufa a cikin wadanda muka ambata, tun lokacin da aka kaddamar da shi a 1902 don karbar jiragen kasa da suka fito daga Santander. Aikin ya kasance saboda injiniya Valentin Gorbena da kuma gine-gine Severino Achucarro.

Ya fito a cikinta tsakiyar facade da aka ƙawata da shi tayal mai haske da yumbu wanda ya bambanta da ƙarfe na tsarinsa. Amma, sama da duka, zai ja hankalin ku taga fure daga samansa. Amma bangarensa na ciki, shi yi manyan ƙarfe da baka. Amma, sama da duka, za ku yi mamaki da sarari jiran, wanda aka saita azaman ra'ayi kan cibiyar tarihi na birnin. Wannan ba komai ba ne a cikin gine-ginen layin dogo kuma ya sa wannan kyakkyawar tasha ta zama wuri na musamman.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku wasu daga cikin mafi kyaun tashar jirgin kasa a Spain. Amma, babu makawa, mun bar wasu a cikin bututun. Misali, na Atocha in Madrid, wanda a halin yanzu har ma yana da lambun wurare masu zafi; na Almería, tare da salon Faransanci da tagoginsa; na Jerez de la Frontera, wanda ya haɗu da Renaissance, Mudejar da abubuwan yanki, ko tashar mafi ƙasƙanci na Puebla de Sanabriaa Zamora, tare da shahararren salon sa. Ku kuskura ku same su.

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