Idan kun ziyarci Burgos, kar ku manta da sanin waɗannan abubuwan ban sha'awa

Burgos

da manyan abubuwan tunawa na Burgos Su ne rukuni wanda ƙananan birane a duniya ba za su iya daidaitawa ba. Ba a banza ba, birnin Castilian yana ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda ke da tarihi a Spain.

Ko da yake akwai shaidar cewa yankin ya kasance tun daga lokacin Neolithic, an yarda da ranar kafuwar garin a matsayin shekara 884 a hannun Diego Rodríguez Porcelos. Amma ya sami ainihin mahimmanci a cikin 930, lokacin da ya zama babban birnin kasar Gundumar Castile kuma, to, na m mulkin godiya ga ayyukan Fernan Gonzalez. Zan rasa wannan yanayin tare da Bakalar Catoolicos, amma ba mahimmancin tattalin arziki ba saboda godiyar hatsi da kayan ulu na merino. Daga irin wannan kyakkyawan tarihi, abubuwan al'ajabi da yawa sun kasance a cikin birni. Na gaba, za mu nuna muku manyan abubuwan tunawa na Burgos.

Babban cocin Burgos

Babban cocin Burgos

Cathedral, daya daga cikin manyan abubuwan tunawa na Burgos

Yana daya daga cikin manyan alamomin garin. A gaskiya ma, shi ne game da daya daga cikin Kololuwar fasahar Gothic a Spain kuma an bayyana Kayan Duniya ta UNESCO. An gina shi a cikin karni na 13 bayan zane na John of Colonia kuma a cikin irin manyan Gothic cathedrals na Faransa. Amma har ila yau ya haɗa da abubuwa na Gothic masu ban sha'awa waɗanda ke ba shi iska mara kyau.

Hakanan, a ciki, dole ne ku kalli chapel na Constables, yi masa baftisma a matsayin "cathedral a cikin babban coci"; da Matakalar Zinare Salon Renaissance; da kaburburan Cid da matarsa ​​Jimena da kuma ɗakin sujada na Santa Ana tare da bagadinsa na ban mamaki. Amma abin da ya fi ban sha'awa shine mai tashi, na'ura mai sarrafa kansa na musamman wanda ke bugun sa'o'i yayin bude baki.

Monastery na Santa María la Real de las Huelgas

Las Huelgas Monastery

Monastery na Santa María la Real de las Huelgas

Gidan sufi ne na Cistercian wanda aka kafa a cikin 1189 by Alfonso VIII na Castile a matsayin sarki pantheon. A gaskiya ma, an binne wani yanki mai kyau na mutanen Castilian a can. A cikin ƙarni na baya an ƙara wasu abubuwan dogaro.

A cikin saitin, abubuwa kamar da Cloisters ko na farko na Romanesque cloister; da mudejar chapel na Santiago, coci da altarpiece halitta ta Juan de Pobes; mai girma babban birnin San Fernando ko Museum of Rich Medieval Fabrics. Har ila yau, gidan sufi yana da gidaje banner na Las Navas de Tolosa, wanda aka yi amfani da shi a cikin sanannen yakin homonymous na shekara ta 1212, da abin da ake kira Ya buge Codex. Na karshen, tun daga karni na 14, ya tattara wakokin da matayen suka yi a cikin addu’o’insu, kuma yana daya daga cikin manyan abubuwan da ake samu a zamanin Turawa.

Plaza Mayor

Plaza Mayor

Plaza Magajin Garin Burgos

Za ku same shi kusa da sanannen Epolon tafiya kuma yana da siffar polygon marar ka'ida. Da farko an kira shi Karamar Kasuwa Square domin an yi bikin wannan mako na mako a can. Sa'an nan kuma, an shiga ta hanyar ƙofar Carretas, wanda, tare da sake fasalin karni na 18, an kawar da shi, ya bar baka kawai kuma yana ƙara wasu. A lokaci guda kuma, an gina sabbin gine-gine a wurin.

A gefe guda, da Spur Ya kasance cibiyar rayuwar zamantakewar Burgos shekaru da yawa. An gina shi a cikin ƙarni na 19 kuma kyakkyawan tafiya ne mai layin bishiya. Haka kuma, an yi masa ado da mutum-mutumin sarakuna da sauran fitattun siffofi, maɓuɓɓugan ruwa, tafkuna har ma da ƙaramin maɗaurin ɗamara.

Miraflores Charterhouse, ɗaya daga cikin manyan abubuwan tunawa na Burgos a bayan gari

Miraflores Charterhouse

Babban gidan haya na Miraflores

Kamar yadda taken ya ce, wannan abin tunawa yana da nisan kilomita biyar daga birnin, a cikin yankin Fuentes Blancas Park. Tun asali, gidan farauta ne na sarki. John II na Castile, wanda ya canza shi zuwa gidan sufi na Carthusian a cikin 1441.

Bayan Isabel Katolika zai gyara hadaddun, daidai, don binne iyayensa a can, wanda aka ambata Yahaya II e Isabella ta Portugal, haka ma dan uwansa. jariri Alfonso. Kaburburansu sun kasance ɗaya daga cikin ƙungiyoyin jana'izar Gothic mafi kyau a duk Turai. Amma, ban da haka, dole ne ku kula bagadin cocin, aikin Gil na Silowam, wanda gilding aka yi da zinariya cewa Columbus ya dawo daga tafiya ta biyu zuwa Indiya. Gidan sufi har da ayyukan manyan masu zane irin su beruguete y Joaquin Sorolla.

Castle na Burgos

Burgos Castle

Duban Burgos castle

Shi ne ainihin asalin garin a shekara ta 884, kodayake muhimmancinsa ya girma yayin da ya kasance yana da mahimmanci na musamman a lokacin mulkin. yakin castilian magaji. Sannan, magoya bayan Juana la Beltraneja kuma ya sha fama da kewayen sojojin na Isabel Katolika.

Ƙarnuka na watsi da fashewar makamanta da sojojin Faransa suka yi a lokacin Yakin 'Yanci ya haifar da talauci a halin yanzu. Duk da haka, a matsayin labari, za mu gaya muku cewa yana adana shi rijiyar na tsakiya. Shima yana kewarta karkace staircase wanda ke gangarowa ta cikinsa zuwa zurfin mita sittin da uku. Hakazalika, kuna iya ganin nasa na musamman cibiyar sadarwa ta gallery kuma ku ji daɗin wurin shakatawa da ke kewaye da shi tare da kyawawan ra'ayoyinsa na birnin.

Dandalin 'Yanci

Fountain a cikin Burgos

Fountain a cikin Liberty Square

Wanda ba a san shi ba kamar Magajin Gari, sakamakon rabon tsofaffi ne Babban Kasuwa Square cikin biyu. A gefe guda, ya halitta wanda ke Santo Domingo kuma, a daya, na Liberty, raba su ta hanyar arcades na Antón, gine-ginen da aka gina daga karni na 19.

Wannan na Liberty kuma ana kiransa da Cordon Square ta gidan masu luwadi ko Palace na Constables na Castile, wanda babban ƙofarsa ke ƙawata da igiyar Franciscan. Na gaba, za mu yi magana da ku game da shi, amma kuna da wasu gine-gine masu ban sha'awa a cikin dandalin. Misali, shi fadar lardi.

Palace na Constables na Castile

Gidan Cordon

Palace na Constables na Castile ko House of Cordón

Kamar yadda muka yi alkawari, yanzu za mu bayyana muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da wani babban abin tunawa na Burgos: wanda kuma ake kira. gidan tarko. Wanda ya kirkira Juan de Colonia da dansa Simón, yana daya daga cikin mafi kyawun misalan Civil Gothic gine na karni na 15 a birnin, duk da cewa an yi gyare-gyare da dama.

Fadar ta yi la'akari da abubuwan tarihi masu dacewa. Misali, a ciki sun karbi Bakalar Catoolicos a Columbus bayan tafiyarsa ta biyu zuwa Amurka. The Dokokin Burgos, wanda, a karon farko, ya tsara maganin da ya kamata a ba Indiyawan a nahiyar Amurka. Haka kuma, ya mutu a cikin dakunansa Philip Mai Kyau.

St. Stephen's Church

St. Stephen's Church

Cocin San Esteban, ɗaya daga cikin da yawa waɗanda ke cikin manyan abubuwan tunawa na Burgos

Baya ga kyakkyawan babban cocinsa, akwai wasu majami'u masu ban sha'awa waɗanda suka haɗa manyan abubuwan tarihi na Burgos. Misali, San Gil Abad, San Nicolás de Bari, la Merced, San Lesmes ko Santa María la Real. Amma, a matsayin misalin su, muna ba da shawarar ku ziyarci Saint Stephen's. Kamar yawancin waɗanda suka gabata, Gothic ne kuma an gina shi a ƙarshen karni na 13.

Za ku same shi a kusa da gidan sarauta, amma muna so mu yi magana da ku game da shi, saboda bayan an ƙazantar da shi, a yau yana da gidaje. Altarpiece Museum. Yana da tarin ban sha'awa na waɗannan nau'ikan addini na ado daga ƙarni na 16, 17, da 18, da salon Renaissance da Baroque. Bugu da ƙari, yana da sashin maƙerin zinariya mai ban sha'awa.

Arch of Santa María, wani babban abin tunawa na Burgos

Arch of Saint Mary

Arch of Santa María, daya daga cikin alamomin Burgos

Wannan tsohuwar ƙofar birni wata babbar alamar Burgos ce. An gina shi ne a tsakiyar zamanai, amma bayyanarsa a halin yanzu ya samo asali ne saboda babban gyare-gyare a cikin karni na 16. Sa'an nan, an ƙara kayan ado na ado kamar na cid da na sarki Carlos V.

A yau, Arco de Santa María yana buɗe wa jama'a kuma yana ba da ƙananan gidajen tarihi guda biyu. Daya tsaya a cikin kiran dakin banza ko na Sirrin kuma an sadaukar da shi, daidai, ga cid. Amma ga ɗayan, abin sha'awa ne kantin magani gidan kayan gargajiya. Wannan yana kan bene na sama, wanda ake isa gare shi ta matakan karkace. Kada ku rasa kyawawan ra'ayoyin da yake bayarwa na Paseo del Epolon.

Gidan Tarihi na Juyin Halitta na Burgos

Burgos Museum of Juyin Halitta

Gidan Tarihi na Juyin Halitta

Kamar yadda ka sani, a Burgos Dutsen Atapuerca An samo ɗaya daga cikin mahimman wuraren tarihi na tarihi a duniya. Daga baya za mu yi magana da ku game da shi, amma yanzu muna so mu yi magana game da gidan kayan gargajiya inda aka baje kolin da yawa daga cikin abubuwan da aka samu.

Ginin zamani ne wanda maginin gini ya yi Juan Navarro Baldeweg wanda ya samu kyautuka fiye da arba'in saboda zanen sa. Amma abin da ke da mahimmanci shi ne abin da ke ciki. Daga cikin guntuwar da yake ciki akwai wasu shahararrun waɗanda aka yi musu baftisma da sunaye na asali. Misali, da Elvis ƙashin ƙugu da kuma kwanyar Homo heidelbergensis Miguelón. Amma kuma zaka iya ganin wasan kwaikwayo na gaske na hominids da yawa har ma da haifuwa na jirgin wanda a ciki Charles Darwin ya yi tafiya zuwa Galapagos.

Bugu da ƙari, a gidan kayan gargajiya zaka iya shirya wani yawon shakatawa al Atapuerca site kuma zuwa Cibiyar Nazarin Archaeology (CAREX), inda zaku ga kwafin garin Neolithic.

Shafin Atapuerca

Babban nutsewa

Shafin Gran Dolina a Atapuerca

A gaskiya, ya kamata mu yi magana game da adibas, tun da ya fi ɗaya. Za ku same su kimanin kilomita goma sha biyar daga Burgos, a cikin tsaunuka masu suna iri ɗaya. Kamar yadda muka gaya muku, sun gyara daya daga cikin muhimman wuraren binciken burbushin halittu a duniya. Ba a banza ba, sun ƙunshi mahimman shaidu na homos antecessor, heidelbergensis da Neanderthalensis.

An bayyana Kayan Duniya, Ziyarar zuwa rukunin Atapuerca ta fara ne a cikin abin da ake kira Railway Trench, inda aka gano burbushin halittu da yawa. Sa'an nan kuma ci gaba ta hanyar Sima del Elefante, da Gallery Complex da Gran Dolina.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku manyan abubuwan tunawa na Burgos Abin da ya kamata ku sani idan kun ziyarci birni. Amma, babu makawa, mun bar wasu a baya. Misali, da manyan gidajen Castilfalé da tsibirinda Haɗu da mutane na Santa Clara da Santa Dorotea ko Malatós da San Pablo gada. Bugu da ƙari, idan kun kusanci Burgos, kar a manta da ziyartar wasu kyawawan garuruwanta. Ku zo ku gano wannan kyakkyawan lardin Sipaniya mai tarihi.


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