Manyan biranen Spain

Duban Madrid

Manyan biranen Spain sun tattara, sama da duka, a kudu da gabashin kasar. Koyaya, ga waɗannan dole ne a ƙara su Madrid, wanda ban da babban birnin kasar, shi ne ya fi kowa yawan jama'a. Amma kuma kuna da su a arewa, inda Bilbao o Vigo Suna da mazaunan dubu ɗari da yawa.

A gefe guda kuma, lokacin da muke magana game da mazaunanta, za mu mai da hankali ga abin da ke alamanta ƙidayar ƙaramar hukuma. Wannan na iya ƙara maƙwabta fiye da yadda suke da shi saboda yana iya haɗawa da wasu ƙananan hukumomi waɗanda ke cikin majalisa, amma yana da tsauri fiye da sauran. Da zarar mun fayyace wannan batu, za mu nuna muku manyan biranen Spain.

Madrid

Plaza Magajin Garin Madrid

Plaza Mayor a Madrid, daya daga cikin alamomin birni mafi girma a Spain

Babban birnin Spain yana da ƙidayar jama'a a cikin Janairu 2021 na 3 mazauna, wanda ke nufin shi ne mafi girma a kasar. Hakanan, Babban yankinsa shine na uku mafi girma a Turai, a baya Paris y London. Yawanci, wannan ya faru ne saboda gaskiyar cewa ta ƙunshi mafi mahimmancin jihohi da ƙungiyoyin tattalin arziki. Kuma wannan yana fassara zuwa bayar da mafi kyawun damar aiki.

Amma kuma yana da ban mamaki abubuwan tarihi da gidajen tarihi. Ba zai yuwu mu ba mu labarin kowa a nan ba. Amma, a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin manyan alamomin, za mu ambaci Plaza Mayor, wanda yana daya daga cikin mafi kyau a Spain. Mutum-mutumin dawaki na Philip III ya mamaye shi kuma ya kamata ku kula da Bakin wukake ko kira Gidan Bakery.

Hakanan wakilin Madrid shine Royal Palace tare da Sabatini Gardens. An gina shi a ƙarni na XNUMX don maye gurbin tsohon Alcázar, wanda wuta ta lalata. Kuma, kusa da shi, kuna da ƙarancin ban mamaki Majami'ar Almudena. Amma ga gidajen tarihi, ya tsaya a waje da kowa da Prado, daya daga cikin mafi muhimmanci art gallery a duniya. A ƙarshe, je zuwa Kofar Rana, ina ne Gidan Wasika kuma tafiya ta cikin Gran via kallon sararin samaniya don jin daɗin kyawawan gine-ginenta na zamani.

Barcelona

Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia, aikin Antonio Gaudí

Kamar yadda muke faɗa, mun riga mun ƙaura zuwa gabashin ƙasar don mu sami birni na biyu mafi girma a Spain. Tun daga Janairu 2021, XNUMX, Ciudad Condal yana da 1 mazauna. Duk da haka, idan muka dauki dukan babban birnin kasar, zai kai kusan miliyan uku da rabi. Tabbas, wannan ya haɗa da yankuna da yawa kamar Hoton hoto na Llobregat, tare da mazauna kusan dubu dari uku, ko San Cugat del Valles da kusan dubu dari.

A kowane hali, Barcelona kuma tana ba ku abubuwan tarihi masu ban mamaki. Ɗaya daga cikin manyan alamominsa shine Sagrada Familia, Katolika Basilica tsara ta babban m Antonio gaudi. Sauran kayan ado na birnin ma saboda wannan, kamar su Gidan shakatawa na Guell ko Gidajen Mila da Batllo. A nata bangaren, Cathedral na Barcelona Yana da ban mamaki na Gothic kuma yana cikin cibiyar tarihi. Na wannan kuma nasa ne sananne Ramblas tafiya, inda zaku iya ganin Teatro del Liceo, Kasuwar Boquería da Palacio de la Virreina.

Amma har yanzu birnin yana da wasu abubuwan al'ajabi. Wasu suna ciki Montjuic kuma an gina su don Nunin Duniya na 1929. Shi ne lamarin masu daraja Fadar Kasa, wanda a yau ya gina gidan kayan gargajiya na Catalonia; na Spanishauyen Mutanen Espanya, wanda ke sake ƙirƙirar gidaje na yau da kullun daga duk yankuna na ƙasar; na ban mamaki Rijiyar sihiri ko ginshiƙan da aka tsara ta Josep Puig da Cadafalch. Ba a manta da Arc de Triomphe wanda ya zama ƙofar baje kolin kuma an ƙirƙira ta Joseph Vilaseca.

Valencia

Serrano Towers

Torres de Serranos na tsohon bangon Valencia

Muna ci gaba da yawon shakatawa na manyan biranen Spain ba tare da barin gabashin ƙasar ba. Don haka mun isa na uku, wanda ke cikin Levante na Sipaniya. Valencia da 789 744 mazauna, idan kuma muka dauki bayanan don Janairu 2021. Tabbas, kamar yadda lamarin yake tare da Barcelona, ​​babban birni ya kai adadin mazaunan 1 saboda gaskiyar cewa ya haɗa da gundumomi kamar su. Torrent, da kusan dubu casa'in, ko Macen ciki da kusan dubu saba'in.

A cikin abin da birnin Levantine bai yi baya ba idan aka kwatanta da na baya shi ne na abubuwan tarihi da gidajen tarihi. Ba abin mamaki ba ne, tsohon garinsa, cike da gine-gine masu ban sha'awa, yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi girma a Spain, yana da kusan kadada ɗari da saba'in. Har yanzu ana iyakance shi ta sassa na katangar tsohuwar zamani wanda ke kiyaye kofofinsa guda biyu. Daya daga cikinsu shi ne na Quart Towers, amma mafi shahara shi ne ɗayan. An yi shi da Serrano Towers, manyan katangar polygonal biyu masu ban mamaki sun haɗe da jiki wanda a cikinsa akwai baka mai madauwari. Suna ɗaya daga cikin alamomin birnin Levantine.

Haka naku Cathedral, wanda aka gina a cikin karni na XNUMX bayan canons na Valencian Gothic, ko da yake yana da Romanesque, classicist da baroque. Ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da ya fi fice shi ne Miguelete Tower, wanda kuma nasa ne na salon farko, ko da yake an gina shi ne bayan karni guda. Amma Cathedral ba shine Haikali kaɗai da kuke iya gani a cikin birnin ba. Muna kuma ba ku shawara ku ziyarci Basilica na Budurwa, kayan ado na baroque; da Saint Nicholas Ikklesiya, yi masa baftisma kamar yadda "The Valencian Sistine Chapel" ga frescoes a kan rufinsa; da Church of Santa Catalina Martir ko gidan sufi na San Miguel de los Reyes.

Hakanan gothic shine Kasuwar siliki, wanda aka gina a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX kuma ya ayyana Gidan Tarihi na Duniya. A ƙarshe, dole ne ku ziyarci cikin birni Gidan kayan gargajiya na Fine Arts, da Gidan kayan tarihi na Valencian na zane da zamani kuma, sama da duka, abin ban mamaki Birnin Arts da Kimiyya, tare da ban mamaki gine.

Seville, wakilin Andalusian a cikin manyan biranen Spain

Plaza de España a cikin Seville

Plaza de España mai ban mamaki a Seville

Matsayi na hudu a cikin manyan biranen Spain shine babban birnin Andalusian. A cikin yanayin ku, kuna da 684 234 mazauna, duk da cewa babban birninta ya kai kusan miliyan biyu, tunda tana da gundumomi 46. Haka kuma tsohon garinsa na daya daga cikin mafi girma a kasar Spain, mai fadin murabba'in kilomita hudu.

A ciki, abin ban mamaki Cathedral, abin al'ajabi na Gothic wanda shine mafi girman haikalin irinsa a duniya. An gina shi a karni na goma sha biyar, a ciki ake binne shi Bitrus Mai Zaluntada Bakalar Catoolicos, Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand III na Saint o Alfonso X mai hikima. Amma mafi yawan sifofinsa shine guda ɗaya giralda, minaret na tsohon masallacin da mai daraja Farfajiyar bishiyar Orange.

Yayin da kuke ziyartar haikalin, ya kamata ku kuma ga Real Alcazar, Gidan sarauta mai ban mamaki wanda ya haɗu da Gothic, Mudejar, Renaissance da Baroque abubuwa. Kuma muna gaya muku iri ɗaya game da Taskar Indies, wani gini saboda John Herrera. A nata bangaren, hasumiyar Zinare Yana da wani alamomin birnin kuma an gina shi a karni na XNUMX.

Against na karshen kana da hankula Unguwar Triana, wanda ake shiga ta gada mai suna. A cikin wannan za ku iya ganin abubuwan tarihi irin su majami'u na Nuestra Señora de la O da San Jacinto ko Casa de los Mensaque, ba tare da manta da tsoffin muryoyin unguwanni irin na Madrid ba. Hakanan, yana da kyau sosai Unguwar Santa Cruz, tare da fararen gidajenta da aka kawata da tiles.

A ƙarshe, dole ne ku gani a cikin birni Maria Luisa Park da kuma Filin Sifen, wani abin al'ajabi na gine-gine na salon yanki da aka gina don Nunin Ibero-Amurka na 1929. Mawallafinta sune masu gine-gine Aníbal Gonzalez y Vincent Traver kuma siffarta ta semicircular tana wakiltar rungumar juna tsakanin Spain da al'ummomin Latin Amurka.

Zaragoza

Rukunin Saragossa

Duban Basilica del Pilar, a Zaragoza, ɗaya daga cikin manyan biranen Spain

Mun kawo karshen rangadinmu na manyan biranen Spain a Zaragoza, wanda ke da yawan jama'a 675 301 mazauna. Romawa ne suka kafa shi a wani tsohon garin Sedetana kuma ya yi wanka a bakin kogin Ebro, don haka shi ne birni na biyar mafi girma a ƙasarmu ta yawan jama'a.

Babban alamar Zaragoza ita ce Cathedral Basilica na Uwargidanmu na Pillar, wanda shine haikalin baroque mafi girma a Spain. An gina shi a farkon karni na XNUMX kuma an sake gyara shi a karshen wannan karni. Saboda haka, shi ma yana da neoclassical abubuwa. Amma, idan yana da ban mamaki a waje, ba haka ba ne a ciki. Yana da frescoes na Goya kuma daga Mariano Bayeukira Holy Chapel, aikin Ventura Rodriguez, kuma tare da kyakkyawan babban bagadi saboda Tsarin Damien.

A gaban Pilar, kuna da tsohon babban coci ko seo del mai ceto. An gina wannan a cikin karni na XNUMX bayan bin canons na Romanesque. Amma kuma an sami ƙarin haɓakawa da yawa waɗanda suka ƙara fasalin Gothic, Renaissance da Baroque. An gina shi a kan tsohon masallacin, wanda aka adana minaret din da kuma haskakawa Ikklesiya, wani ban sha'awa na jana'izar ɗakin sujada a cikin salon Mudejar.

Haka kuma, kusa da duka Cathedrals shine Kasuwar Zaragoza, wani kyakkyawan gini irin na Renaissance na Aragone wanda aka gina a farkon karni na XNUMX. Koyaya, idan muka yi magana game da gine-ginen farar hula a Zaragoza, abin mamaki mafi ban mamaki shi ne Fadar Aljafería, wani sansanin musulmi da aka gina a karni na XNUMX. Kamar sauran abubuwan tarihi, idan abin mamaki ne a waje, ya ma fi na ciki. Daga cikin kayan adon da yake ciki akwai dakin zinare, Patio de Santa Isabel ko dakin Al'arshi.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku manyan biranen Spain. Bayan biyar da muka ziyarta sai su zo Malaga, tare da mazauna kusan dubu ɗari shida; Murcia, wanda ke iyaka da dubu dari biyar, da Palma de Mallorca da kimanin dubu dari hudu da ashirin. Ba ku ganin garuruwan sun cancanci ziyarta?


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