Menene fjords na Norway?

Duk mutanen da na sani waɗanda suka yi yawo da fjords ta Norway ta dawo cike da mamaki. Yanayi a ɗayan kyawawan maganganu masu tsoratarwa. Amma menene fjord, yaya aka kafa ta, wadanne halaye yake dasu, nawa suke, wanne zamu iya ziyarta?

Duk waɗannan tambayoyin an amsa su a yau a cikin wannan labarin na musamman akan fjords na Norway. Don tafiya!

Fjords

Da farko yana da kyau a bayyana abin da fjord ya fahimta daidai: kunkuntar, bakin gabar teku ne da ake kafawa lokacin da aka kwashe kwari kwata-kwata ko kuma wani bangare ta hanyar ambaliyar ruwan kankara. Wato, harsunan kankara wadanda a cikin karnonin da suka gabata suna tsara yanayin wuri. Lokacin da ruwan ya kai yanayin zafin daskarewa, sai ya haifar da karaya da yawa kuma ya samar da wani kwari mai nutsuwa kamar harafin U. Wani sashin da ke saman ruwan dayan kuma a karkashinsa.

Fjords gabaɗaya suna da zurfin gaskeZasu iya zama zurfin sama da mita dubu, yin rijistar mahimman wurare masu zurfin gaske a cikin mafi ɓangaren bakin tekun. Ana samun Fjords a da can akwai dusar ƙanƙara don haka ba cewa suna ko'ina cikin duniya ba amma a yankuna masu tsayi, waɗanda suka fi latitude 50 a arewacin duniya kuma daga latitude 40 a can kudu. A cikin Norway, misali, ko a Chile, a ɗaya gefen duniya.

A ƙarshe, an san ɓangaren fjord da ke fuskantar teku a matsayin "bakin fjord", kuma ɓangaren ciki shine ƙasan teku. Idan tsarin ilimin ƙasa ya fi faɗi fiye da yadda yake da tsawo, ba fjord ba ne amma bakin kogi ne. Fjords suna da nutsuwa sosai kuma shine daidai gaban hannun tsohuwar ƙanƙarar, ana ajiye duwatsu da tsakuwa da yashi wanda bayan lokaci ya haifar da shingen jirgin ruwa. Wannan fasalin shima ya juya fjords zuwa filayen jiragen ruwa.

Wasu ƙarin bayanai: UNESCO ta hada fjords biyu na kasar Norway a cikin jerin wuraren tarihin Duniya kuma godiya ga Ruwa na Tekun Fasha da kuma iskan ruwan da tasirin coriolis ke samarwa, yanayin yana da yanayi mai kyau kuma kusan babu ice.

Yaren mutanen Norway fjords

Norway tana da fjords da yawa, wasu sun fi wasu shahara. Za mu iya mayar da hankalin su kan su takwas fjords don haka bari mu san su. Da farko dai muna da Kaya Yanar, kudu maso yammacin fjords na yammacin Norway. Yana da wani shahararren makoma kuma yana da biyu kyawawan wurare masu kyau, sanannen Preikestolen da Kjerag.

Ana biye da shi Hardangerfjord, kudu da Bergen, yana da kyau musamman gunkin ƙasa a cikin bazara kuma tare da tudu cike da itacen apple. Hakanan yana da rassa biyu, makamai biyu, sananne sosai, Eidfjord da Sorfjord, kuma ya faɗaɗa tsawon kilomita 179.

El Aurlandsfjord Har ila yau, hannu ne na Sognefjord, kunkuntar kuma mai ɗauke da itace, kuma yana da kyakkyawan ƙauye mai suna Flam. Jirgin kasa mai sauri yana zuwa don haka ya zama wurin yawon bude ido. Ana biye da shi a cikin wannan jerin ta wanda ke haɗa jerin abubuwan al'adun Duniya, da Naeroyfjord, tare da kunkuntar hanyarsa ta mita 250 kawai a cikin wasu kusurwa. Tana da ganuwar tsaunuka a tsaye da kuma faduwar ruwa, kyakkyawar kati mai tsayin kilomita 18 kawai.

Sognefjord shine 'sarkin fjords'. Ita ce mafi tsayi duka tare da kilomita 200 da zurfin mita 1.308 a zurfin ta. Hakanan yana cikin fjords mafi fadi kuma yana da rassa da yawa waɗanda suke buɗewa daga babban.

Don ganin magudanan ruwa akwai kuma Geirangerfjord, Tarihin Duniya. Tsaunukan tsaunuka a gefen, an kawata su da dusar ƙanƙara da ruwa da yawa, wasu daga cikinsu sun shahara sosai kamar yadda ake kira 'Yan uwa mata bakwai, Friaren ko Mayafin Aure.

Ga fjord mai ban mamaki muna da Hjorendfjord. Isasa ce da baƙon da yawon buɗe ido ya ziyarta kuma hakan ya bambanta da yanayinta da ƙananan ƙauyukan ta. Tsawon kilomita 35 ne. Wani fjord wanda aka sani da yanayinta shine Romsdalsfjord tunda tana da tsibirai da yawa a gabar ruwanta da kuma tsaunuka wadanda suke haskakawa don tsayayyar su. Akwai sanannun wuraren yawon bude ido guda uku a nan: hanyar tsaunin Trollstigen, mahangar garin Andalsnes, Rampestreken, da hanyar hawa ta Romsdalseggen.

Fjord wanda yawancin balaguron bazara ya ziyarta shine Trollfjord a cikin yankin Lofoten. Mita 100 ne kacal a mafi kankancinsa kuma tsawonsa bai wuce kilomita 3 ba. Matt Damon fim din, Siarkewar ƙasa (wanda mutane suke zama ƙarami), an yi fim ɗin a nan.

Fjords da sauransu

Ba wai kawai game da fjords bane amma game da kauyuka abin da ke can da yankunan yawon shakatawa ana iya ziyarta. Da Villageauyen Storfjorden Yana cikin wuri mai nisa kuma sananne ne ga namun daji kamar yadda kuke gani Whales da dabbobin ruwa lokacin da zaka fita cikin ruwa. Hakanan a lokacin hunturu sanannen wuri ne a matsayin wurin tsere kuma yana da gondola wanda ke hawa kan dutsen don samar da kyawawan ra'ayoyi game da fjord da kuma Sunnmore Alps.

Ta hanyar ruwan da ba a yawan zuwa Hjorundfjord zaka iya hawa cikin kananan kwale-kwale, tabkuna masu yawon shakatawa, gonakin tsaunuka da kuma yankunan karkara masu natsuwa. Harshen Yaren mutanen Norway. Don ganin shahara majami’un tsafi na kasar Norway a yankin yana da kyau a ziyarci Sognefjord. A cikin yankin akwai biyar daga cikin waɗannan tsoffin majami'u masu daraja da tsofaffi, Urnes, sun fara daga ƙarni na XNUMX kuma suna ƙarƙashin kariyar UNESCO.

A sama munyi magana akan Flam Railway da ƙauyen mai wannan sunan, a bankunan Aurlandsfjord. Tafiya ce mai kayatarwa ta cikin ramin kasa da shimfidar shimfidar kasa. Yana tsayawa a ruwan Kjosfossen, ƙari.

A gefe guda, ɗayan rukunin yanar gizon waɗanda, aka ce, sun yi wahayi zuwa wasu shimfidar wurare na Frozen, fim ɗin Disney, suna cikin Naeryfjord. Quan ƙaramin abu kaɗan Garin GudvangenKusan mutane ɗari suna rayuwa, ƙofa ce ga jerin koguna waɗanda za a iya bincika su.

Muna kuma magana game da Bagade, Prekeistolen, a dandamali mai duwatsu wanda yayi kama da baranda a saman fjord. Dole ne ku hau wani lokaci don isa shi amma ya cancanci hakan. Shin kun ga Rushewar Kuskuren Ofishin Jakadancin? Da kyau, anan ne Tom Cruise yake yaƙi da Henry Cavill.

Idan silima ba abinku bane, watakila tarihin viking? Saboda haka ya nufi ƙauyen Eidfjord, a bankunan Hardangerfjord. Daga nan zaku iya ɗaukar ƙaramin ƙaramin jirgin ƙasa wanda cikin mintuna 50 ya isa a Wurin binne Viking, a Haereid.

Waɗannan wurare wasu wurare ne da yawa waɗanda zaku iya ziyarta a cikin fjords na ƙasar Norway.

Shin kuna son yin littafin jagora?

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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