Menene harajin yawon bude ido kuma a ina ake amfani da shi a Turai?

 

A cikin watan Yulin, Barcelona ta amince da sabon harajin yawon bude ido don balaguro, wanda za a kara wa waɗanda aka riga aka yi amfani da su a wuraren otal-otal da wuraren shakatawa. Ko dai saboda kokarin da karamar hukumar ta yi na kare birnin na Barcelona daga cunkoson 'yan yawon bude ido ko kuma saboda son karbar kudi, gaskiyar ita ce suna kokarin daukar matakan da suka dace na yawon bude ido, kamar dai yadda karamar hukumar ta Venice ke zuwa don tsara damar shiga St Mark's Square daga 2018.

Amma ta yaya abin da ake kira harajin yawon buɗe ido ya shafi masu yawon buɗe ido? Lokacin biyan kuɗin hutunmu zamu iya samun kanmu a cikin takaddar ƙarshe tare da farashi mafi girma saboda wannan kuɗin. Kada ku rasa matsayi na gaba inda zamuyi magana game da menene harajin yawon bude ido, me yasa ake amfani dashi kuma waɗanne wurare ne suka haɗa da shi.

Ba Barcelona ko Venice ba ne kawai biranen Turai waɗanda ke amfani da harajin yawon buɗe ido. A wurare da yawa a duniya an riga an yi amfani da su, kamar su Brussels, Rome, the Balearic Islands, Paris ko Lisbon.

Adana kan jirage

Menene harajin yawon bude ido?

Haraji ne da kowane matafiyi zai biya lokacin da ya ziyarci wata ƙasa ko birni. Ana cajin wannan harajin galibi yayin yin tikitin tikitin jirgin sama ko a masauki, kodayake akwai wasu dabarbim.

Me yasa zamu biya harajin yawon bude ido?

Majalisun birni da gwamnatoci suna amfani da harajin yawon bude ido don samun asusu wanda aka tsara don matakan inganta abubuwan more rayuwa da ayyukan yawon buɗe ido, ci gaba da adanawa. Watau, kiyaye al'adun gargajiya, ayyukan maidowa, dorewa, da sauransu. A takaice, harajin yawon bude ido haraji ne wanda dole ne a juya shi da kyau a cikin garin da aka ziyarta.

Otal-otal a Spain

Yawan yawon bude ido daki-daki

Harajin iska

Lokacin da kake ajiyar jirgin sama, kamfanin jirgin yana cajin mu wasu jerin kudade don kare lafiya da farashin mai. Yawancin lokaci ana haɗa su cikin farashin ƙarshe na tikitin kuma suna biyan harajin amfani da kayan filin jirgin sama da jigilar sama.

A gefe guda, akwai wani harajin da ake amfani da shi ga matafiya waɗanda suka bar wata ƙasa. An san su da kuɗin fita kuma ana amfani da su a ƙasashe kamar Mexico, Thailand ko Costa Rica.

Kudade a kowane tsayawa

Wannan harajin yawon buɗe ido ana ɗora shi ne a kan zama a otal-otal da masaukin yawon buɗe ido (gami da gidaje don hutu) kuma an ragargaza shi a cikin kuɗin otal ɗin ko kuma ana cajin shi daban, kodayake a kowane hali yana ƙarƙashin VAT (rage kashi 10%). Ungiyoyin yawon buɗe ido suna tattara shi sannan su daidaita shi kwata-kwata tare da hukumar harajin da ta dace.

A Spain, kowace al'umma mai cin gashin kanta tana da nata ka'idoji game da harajin yawon bude ido, amma sun yi daidai da raba kudin ga asusun don ci gaba da yawon bude ido.e wanda ke ba da izinin kariya, kulawa da inganta dukiyar yawon buɗe ido da abubuwan more rayuwa da ake buƙata don amfanin su. A takaice, ana amfani dasu don bayar da bayanai da bunkasa bangaren.

Harajin yawon bude ido a Turai

España

La Seu Cathedral

A cikin Spain a yanzu ana biyan harajin yawon buɗe ido ne kawai a cikin Catalonia da tsibirin Balearic. A cikin rukunin farko, ana amfani da shi a cikin otal-otal, ɗakuna, gidajen karkara, wuraren shakatawa da wuraren shakatawa. Adadin ya bambanta tsakanin Yuro 0,46 da 2,25 ga kowane mutum a kowace rana dangane da wurin kafuwar da nau'inta.

A cikin alumma ta biyu, harajin yawon bude ido ya shafi jiragen ruwa, otal-otal, dakunan kwanan dalibai da gidajen yawon bude ido. An saka harajin tsakanin Yuro 0,25 zuwa 2 a kowane baƙo da dare dangane da nau'in masauki. A lokacin ƙarancin lokaci ƙimar ta ragu, kazalika don tsayawa fiye da kwana takwas.

Wasu ƙasashe a Turai

Fiye da rabin ƙasashen Turai sun riga sun yi amfani da harajin yawon buɗe ido don haɓaka ɓangaren. Wasu daga cikinsu sune masu zuwa:

Italia

Colosseum a cikin Rome

  • Rome: A cikin otal-otal na tauraruwa 4 da 5 ku biya Yuro 3 yayin da sauran nau'ikan zaku biya Yuro 2 kowane mutum da dare. Yaran da ba su kai shekara 10 ba ba za su biya wannan kuɗin ba.
  • Milan da Florence: Ana amfani da harajin yawon bude ido na Euro 1 ga kowane mutum da dare don kowane tauraron da otal ɗin yake da shi.
  • Venice: Adadin harajin yawon bude ido ya bambanta dangane da lokacin, yankin da otal ɗin yake da kuma rukuninsa. A cikin babban yanayi Euro 1 a kowane dare kuma ana cajin tauraruwa a tsibirin Venice.
Francia

Paris a lokacin rani

Harajin yawon bude ido a Faransa ya shafi ko'ina cikin ƙasar kuma ya banbanta tsakanin Yuro 0,20 da 4,40 ya dogara da rukunin otal ɗin ko farashin ɗakunan. Misali, an ƙara ƙarin 2% don tsayawa wanda farashin sa ya wuce Yuro 200.

Belgium

Harajin yawon bude ido a Belgium ya dogara da yankin da nau'in kafawar. A Brussels yana da girma fiye da sauran ƙasar kuma ya kasance tsakanin Yuro 2,15 don otal-otel mai tauraruwa 1 da Yuro 8 don manyan otal-otal 5, kowane daki da dare.

Portugal

Lisbon trams

A cikin babban birnin kasar, Lisbon, harajin yawon bude ido Yuro 1 ga kowane baƙo da ke zaune a kowane otal ko kafa. Ana zartar dashi ne kawai a cikin makon farko na zama a cikin birni. Yaran da shekarunsu ba su kai 13 ba su biya shi.

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