Rawan gargajiya na yankin yankin Caribbean

Rawan raye-raye na yau da kullun na yankin Caribbean yana da tushe. Muna kiran wannan yanki mai faɗi wanda ya haɗa da ƙasashe da yawa waɗanda suka yi wanka da shi sosai Caribbean Sea da kuma tsibiran da ke kewaye da wannan yanki na Tekun Atlantika. Daga cikin na farko akwai México, Colombia, Nicaragua o Panama, yayin da game da karshen, za mu iya ambaci al'ummomi kamar Cuba (idan kuna son ƙarin sani game da al'adun wannan ƙasa, Latsa nan), Jamhuriyar Dominican o Jamaica.

Sabili da haka, raye-raye na yau da kullun na yankin Caribbean sune waɗanda ake aiwatarwa a wannan yankin. A halin yanzu, sakamakon sakamakon tasirin tasiri uku ne: 'yan asalin kasar, da Sifen da kuma Afirka, wadanda suka kawo bauta a matsayin makomarsu suka kawo su. A zahiri, yawancin waɗannan raye-rayen an shirya su ne a ƙarshen kwanakin wahala na bayi da ma'aikata masu 'yanci. Amma, ba tare da ƙarin damuwa ba, za mu gaya muku game da waɗannan raƙuman.

Raye-raye iri-iri na yankin Caribbean: babban iri-iri

Abu na farko da ya yi fice game da waɗannan raye-rayen shine yawancin su akwai. Misali, abin da ake kira suna cikin baki, asalinsu daga tsibirin Santa Lucia; da puja Colombian, da sextet ko sune palenquero ko ɗan ƙaramin ganga, haifaffen Panama. Amma, saboda rashin yiwuwar tsayawa a duk waɗannan raye-rayen, za mu gaya muku game da shahararrun.

Salsa, tsibirin Caribbean mai rawa

salsa

Salsa, rawa iri iri na yankin yankin Caribbean daidai kyau

Abin sha'awa, mafi yawancin al'adun Caribbean sun zama sananne a cikin Nueva York daga shekarun sittin na karnin da ya gabata. A lokacin ne mawakan Puerto Rican karkashin jagorancin Dominican Johnny pacheco sanya shi shahara.

Koyaya, asalinsa ya koma ƙasashen Caribbean kuma musamman ga Cuba. A zahiri, duka sautinta da karin waƙarta sun dogara da kiɗan gargajiya daga waccan ƙasar. Musamman, tsarin sautin ya fito ne daga su Cuba ne kuma an cire karin waƙar daga suna montuno.

Hakanan Cuban suna da kayan aikin sa da yawa. Misali, da bongo, da pailas, da güiro ko kuma ɗan marayan wasu suna tallata su kamar fiyano, ƙaho da bass biyu. A ƙarshe, jituwarsa ta fito ne daga kiɗan Turai.

Merengue, Gudummawar Dominican

Merengue

Dominican meringue

Merengue shine shahararren rawa a cikin Jamhuriyar Dominican. Ya kuma zo ga Amurka  karnin da ya gabata, amma asalinsa ya koma na goma sha tara kuma basu da tabbas. Da yawa sosai don akwai labarai da yawa game da shi.

Daya daga cikin sanannun sanannen ya ce wani babban jarumi ɗan ƙasar ya ji rauni a ƙafarsa da ke yaƙi da Sifen. Bayan sun dawo ƙauyensu, maƙwabta suka yanke shawarar jefa masa walima. Kuma tunda suka ga yana rame, sai suka zabi su yi koyi da shi yayin rawar. Sakamakon shi ne sun ja ƙafafunsu kuma sun motsa ƙugu, siffofi biyu na al'ada na aikin meeringue.

Ko gaskiya ne ko ba gaskiya ba, labari ne mai kyau. Amma gaskiyar ita ce wannan rawa ta zama wacce ta shahara a duniya, har ta kai ga an ayyana ta Al'adun Al'adu na Mutuntaka ta UNESCO.

Wataƙila mafi gaskiyar ita ce al'adar da ke danganta asalin ta ga manoman yankin Cibao cewa za su sayar da kayayyakinsu zuwa garuruwa. Suna zaune a masaukai kuma ana kiran ɗayansu Perico Ripao. Nan ne suka nishadantar da kansu ta hanyar yin wannan rawar. Saboda haka aka kira shi a wancan lokacin da yankin daidai Perico Ripao.

Shi kuwa kidan sa, ya dogara ne da kayan kida uku: jeri, da güira da tambora. A ƙarshe, yana da ban sha'awa cewa babban mutumin da ke kula da haɓakawa da haɓaka meringue shine mai kama-karya Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, duk mai son wannan sune suka kirkiro makarantu da makaɗa don inganta shi.

Mambo da asalin Afirka

abubuwa

Masu wasan Mambo

Daga cikin raye-raye na al'ada na yankin Caribbean, wannan ya haɓaka cikin Cuba. Koyaya, asalinsa ana danganta shi ne ga bayin Afirka waɗanda suka isa tsibirin. A kowane hali, sigar zamani ta wannan rawa saboda Kungiyar Arcaño a cikin talatin na karshe karni.

Shan da Cuban danzón, ya hanzarta shi kuma ya gabatar da aikin daidaitawa zuwa harbin yayin kara abubuwa na jinsi montuno. Koyaya, zai zama ɗan Mexico Damaso Pérez Prado wanene zai yada mambo a duk duniya. Ya yi hakan ta hanyar faɗaɗa adadin 'yan wasa a cikin ƙungiyar makaɗa da ƙara abubuwan jazz na Arewacin Amurka na yau da kullun kamar ƙaho, saxophones, da bass biyu.

Hali ma ya bambanta counterpoint hakan yasa jiki motsawa zuwa bugun ta. Tuni a cikin shekaru hamsin na karni na ashirin, da yawa mawaƙa sun canja mambo zuwa Nueva York sanya shi ya zama gaskiya ga al'amuran duniya.

Cha-cha

Cha Cha Cha

Cha-cha masu rawa

Hakanan an haife shi a CubaAsalin sa daidai za'a same shi a cikin tasirin mambo. Akwai masu rawa da ba su da kwanciyar hankali game da rawar rawar da Pérez Prado ya watsa. Don haka sun nemi wani abu mai kwantar da hankali kuma wannan shine yadda aka haife shi a cikin cha-cha tare da kwanciyar hankali da karin waƙoƙi masu jan hankali.

Musamman, halittarsa ​​ana danganta ta ga sanannen mai kaɗa violin da mawaƙin Enrique Jorrín, wanda kuma ya inganta mahimmancin waƙoƙin da duk ƙungiyar makaɗa ke yi ko kuma ta mai rera waƙa.

A cewar masana, wannan kiɗan ya haɗu da tushen Cuban danzón da nasa mambo, amma yana canza salon waƙarta da ɗaukar ciki. Bugu da kari, yana gabatar da abubuwa na skartische da Madrid. Game da rawa kanta, an ce ƙungiyar ce ta ƙirƙira shi don tsara ta a kulob din Silver Star a Havana. Takun sawunsa ya yi kara a ƙasa wanda ya zama kamar bugawa sau uku a jere. Kuma ta amfani da onomatopoeia, sunyi baftisma da nau'in kamar "Cha Cha Cha".

Cumbia, al'adun Afirka

Dancing cumbia

Colombia

Ba kamar na baya ba, ana ɗaukar cumbia a matsayin magajin rawar Afirka wanda ya kai Amurka wadanda aka kai su bayi. Koyaya, hakanan yana da abubuwan asali da na Mutanen Espanya.

Kodayake a yau ana rawa a ko'ina cikin duniya kuma akwai maganar ɗan Argentina, Chile, Mexico da ma cumbia Costa Rican, dole ne a nemi asalin wannan rawa a yankunan Kolombiya da Panama.

Sakamakon kirkirar da muke magana a kai, gangunan sun fito ne daga asalin Afirka, yayin da wasu kayan kida irin su da maracas, da pitos da gouache 'Yan asalin asalin Amurka ne. Madadin haka, tufafin da 'yan rawa ke sanyawa sun samo asali ne daga kayan tufafi na tsohuwar Mutanen Espanya.

Amma abin da ya fi jan hankalin mu a cikin wannan labarin, wanda rawa haka yake, yana da asalin asalin Afirka. Yana gabatar da lalata da kuma yanayin rawar raye-raye wanda har yanzu ana iya samun sa yau a cikin zuciyar Afrika.

Bachata

Rawa bachata

Bachata

Hakanan rawa ce da gaske Dominikanci amma an fadada shi zuwa duk duniya. Ya samo asali ne daga shekaru sittin na karni na ashirin daga rhythmic bolero, kodayake shi ma yana gabatar da tasiri daga merengue da kuma su Cuba ne.

Bugu da kari, don bachata an maye gurbin wasu kayan kida na wadannan wakokin. Misali, an maye gurbin maracas na bolero da da güira, Har ila yau, na cikin dangin mai kaɗa, kuma an gabatar da su guitar.

Kamar yadda ya faru tare da sauran raye-raye da yawa, an dauki bachata a farkonta a matsayin rawa ta azuzuwan masu tawali'u. Sannan an san shi kamar "Kiɗa mai ɗaci", wanda yayi tsokaci game da halin ɓacin rai wanda ya bayyana a jigoginsu. Ya riga ya kasance a cikin shekaru tamanin na karni na ashirin lokacin da yanayin ya yadu a duniya har sai da UNESCO ta rarraba shi a matsayin Abubuwan Tarihi na 'Yan Adam.

Ta wani bangaren kuma, a tsawon tarihinta, bachata ya kasu gida biyu. Da tecnoamargue yana ɗaya daga cikinsu. Ya haɗu da halaye na wannan rawa tare da kiɗan da aka ƙirƙira daga kayan lantarki yayin haɗuwa da wasu nau'ikan abubuwa kamar jazz ko dutse. Mafi kyawun wasansa shi ne Sonia Silvestre.

Abu na biyu shine ake kira hoda bachata, wanda ya sami ƙarin shahara sosai a duniya. Ya isa mu gaya muku cewa manyan mutanensa sune Victor Victor kuma sama da duka, Juan Luis Guerra domin ku gane shi. A wannan yanayin, an haɗa shi da ballad na soyayya.

Game da nau'in a halin yanzu, babban mai bayyana shi shine mawaƙin Ba'amurke na asalin Dominican Romao Santos, da farko tare da kungiyar ku, Aventura, kuma yanzu solo.

Sauran raye-rayen hankula na yankin da ba sanannen yankin Caribbean ba

Taswirar kasa

Mapalé masu fassara

Raye-rayen da muka gaya muku yanzu irin na Caribbean ne, amma sun ƙetare ƙasarta don zama sananne a duk duniya. Koyaya, akwai wasu raye-rayen da basuyi nasara a ƙasashen waje ba, amma sun shahara sosai a yankin Caribbean.

Lamarin ne na hadin gwiwa, wanda asalinsa yake a yankin Colombia kafin zuwan Mutanen Espanya. Ya haɗu da tasiri daga bututun ɗan ƙasa tare da rawar Afirka kuma yana da kyakkyawar hanyar lalata. A halin yanzu rawa ce ta kwalliya wacce ke da rawar lilting da rawar biki. Don rawa shi, yawanci suna ɗauka kayan kwalliyar mallaka. Har ila yau nasa ne da irin wannan rawa da fandango, wanda ba shi da alaƙa da sunan Mutanen Espanya. Asali daga garin Bolivia na sugar, saurin yadawa Korabiya ta Urabá. Hanyar farin ciki ce wacce a ciki, cikin mamaki, mata ke ɗaukar kyandir don ƙin kwarkwasa da mazan.

Bayyanan asalin Afirka suna da taswira. A cikin wannan rawar, ganguna ne da mai kiran ne ke saita sautin. Asalinta yana da alaƙa da aiki, amma a yau yana da sautin bikin da ba za a iya musuntawa ba. Rawa ce mai kuzari da kuzari, cike da maganganu.

A ƙarshe, za mu gaya muku game da bullerengue. Kamar sauran raye-raye na al'ada na yankin Caribbean, ya haɗa da rawa, waƙa da fassarar waƙa. Ana gudanar da na karshen ne da bugawa da tafin hannu kawai. A nata bangaren, mata ne ke yin wakar koyaushe kuma ana iya yin rawa ta hanyar ma'aurata da kungiyoyi.

A ƙarshe, mun gaya muku game da wasu shahararrun raye-raye a cikin Caribbean. Na farkon da muka ambata muku sun samu daukaka a duniya da shahara. A nasu ɓangaren, waɗannan sanannun an san su sosai a yankin da ake aiwatar da su, amma ƙasa da haka a sauran duniya. Ala kulli hal, akwai wasu da yawa raye-raye iri-iri na yankin Caribbean. Daga cikin su, za mu ambata a cikin wucewa da man shanu, da rubutun, da Mutanen Espanya suka kawo Amurka, ko Zan kasance Na sani-Na sani.

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