Tafiya ta Vladivostok

Vladivostok Birni ne na Rasha kusa da kan iyaka da China da Koriya ta Arewa. Yana da wani garin tashar jirgin ruwa wanda ke kan nisan kilomita 9300 kawai daga Moscow kuma shine tashar jirgin ruwan Rasha mafi mahimmanci a gabar tekun Pacific. Don haka, wuri ne mai mahimmanci don kasuwancin teku.

A karo na farko da na ji labarin Vladivostok ya kasance a makaranta, a cikin darasin Geography, lokacin da muka sami labarin tatsuniyar Trans-Siberian Railway. A kan allo allon malamin ya zana layi da biranen biyu: Moscow da Vladivostok da kuma madawwami kilomita da ya haɗa su. Tun daga lokacin ya tambayeta yaya Vladivostok yake, menene za'a iya yi a ciki, menene yake bayarwa ...

Vladivostok

Kamar yadda muka fada yana da Garin tashar jirgin ruwa ta Rasha a tekun Pacific, kusa da kan iyaka da Koriya ta Arewa da China. Daga ƙarshen shekarun 50 har zuwa faɗuwar mulkin Soviet, an rufe garin ga duk baƙi tun da a nan ne hedkwatar rundunar sojojin Soviet ta Pacific.

Maganganun kasa a cikin Vladivostok akwai tsibiri da ɓangaren tsibiri da ke cikin Tekun Bitrus Mai Girma. Wani ɓangare na birni yana kan tsibirin Peschany kuma akwai magana game da wani abu kamar kadada dubu 56 a babban yankin da kusan tsibirai 7.500.

Ba koyaushe yake cikin hannun Rasha ba, ya san yadda ake cikin Hannun Sinawa na wani lokaci kuma a gaban sauran jama'ar gari. Rasha ta sami waɗannan yankuna a cikin 1858 kuma bayan shekara guda aka kafa tashar jirgin ruwa. Daga nan ne mazaunin ya fara girma da girma har zuwa cikin 1891 ginin Trans-siberiyanci Ya fara sannan kuma wurare masu nisa a cikin Rasha kamar wannan birni ya fara haɗuwa da duniya.

Jirgin an yi niyyar hada wannan muhimmiyar tashar jirgin ruwan da sauran kasashen Turai, inda zai hade babban birnin Rasha da sauran biranen kan hanyar. An gina ingantaccen tashar a cikin 1912 kuma anyi sa'a tun 1991 baƙi zasu iya ziyartarsa. National Gregraphic ya ce shine ɗayan mahimman biranen bakin teku 10 saboda yana da gadoji na hutawa, shimfidar wurare masu ban mamaki, tsibirai da kyawawan rairayin bakin teku ...

A kan haka dole ne mu ƙara rayuwar dare da take da shi, haɗinsa na gastronomy na abinci na Rasha, Asiya da Turai, gidajen tarihinsu ...

Yawon shakatawa na Vladivostok

Tarihi yana tafiya kafada da kafada da wannan birni, don haka idan musamman kuna son tarihin karni na XNUMX, zaku iya kuma yakamata ku ziyarci Gidan Tarihi na Soja da Tarihi na Rundunar Sojan Ruwa. Yana mai da hankali kan WWII kuma yana da ban sha'awa sosai. Wani gidan kayan gargajiya shine S-56 Submarine Museum, abin tunawa ga Russia waɗanda suka faɗa cikin yaƙe-yaƙe.

Hakanan zaka iya ziyarci Gidan Tarihi na Sukhanovs hakan yana nuna yadda tsohon birni ya kasance, tare da kayayyakin sawa, kayan adon sa, tagar da ta gabata. Kuma tabbas akwai wasu gidajen kayan gargajiya. Wani abu mai ban sha'awa shine Primorsky Aquarium, a tsibirin Russky. Ginin yana da fasalin ban sha'awa kuma an buɗe shi a cikin 2016 tare da samfurin Mir-1 da burbushin halittu waɗanda suka rayu shekaru miliyan 450 da suka gabata.

 

Tafiya da babu wanda zai rasa shi shine hawa zuwa Tsaunin Mikiya, daga inda kake da wasu Hanyoyi masu ban sha'awa na bays da birni. Kuna tafiya ta hanyar funci, ɗayan a cikin Far East Russia, a kan gangaren Sopka Orlínaya. An gina ta a cikin 1959 a ƙarƙashin mulkin Nikita Khrushchev, an gina kekunan hawa biyu ne kawai a Leningrad kuma ta fara aiki a shekarar 1962. The funicular yana ɗauke da ku a kan tudu, tsaunin da ya ɓace wanda ke cikin sarkar Sikhote Alin. Ra'ayoyin sun fi kyau.

Da zarar kun ga gari daga tsayi mai kyau zaku iya bincika shi da ƙafa. Hanya mafi kyau ita ce bincika titunanta fara da Titin Svetlanska, titin farko na gari. Gine-ginen sa masu kyau wani bangare ne na tarihin garin, tunannin farkon karni na ashirin, a yau an canza shi zuwa otal-otal da gidajen baƙi. Akwai kuma Bridge Bridge da Golden Horn Bay, duka shahararrun abubuwan jan hankali.

Gadar na ɗaya daga cikin gadoji guda biyar mafi tsayi a duniya. An kammala shi a cikin 2012 kuma yana ƙetare Golden Horn Bay, a tsakiyar Vladivostok, yana haɗa garin da yankuna masu nisa da babbar hanyar tarayya. Gadar Golden ta fara daga hannun dama na bakin ruwa.Ba ita kadai ce gada ba, gabaɗaya akwai guda uku: na biyu ya ratsa Gabas Bosphorus zuwa Tsibirin Russky kuma na ukun ya ratsa Amur Bay.

Duk gadoji a cikin Vladivostok an gina su a cikin shekaru uku, Ta cikin kauri da sirara, tunda ba a taɓa gina abubuwa da yawa cikin ƙanƙanin lokaci ba. Kuma ba a gina gada a kan rafin teku a Rasha ba, ko gada da ke goyan bayan igiyoyi don rufe tazara mai nisa ba. Don haka, an nemi shawarar ƙwararrun Sinawa, Faransanci da Jafananci. A ƙarshe, an tsara gadoji a cikin Saint Petersburg kuma sun ga haske.

A yau waɗannan gadoji guda uku nasarar injiniya ce kuma duk wanda ya je Vladivostok ya ƙetara su. Kwarewar tsallaka gadar Russky a cikin hunturu, tare da iska mai ƙarfi, abin birgewa ne… idan baku tashi da mota da komai ba! Ba tare da mota ba za ku iya ƙetare Gadar Zolotoy da ƙafa, a ranar nutsuwa.

A gefe guda kuma shine Tokarevskaya Koshka wutar lantarki, Makasudin balaguro da yawa. Shekaru 150 ke nuna shigowar jirgi zuwa tashar jirgin ruwa. Akwai masu yawon bude ido koyaushe suna daukar hoto. Har ila yau, dole ku ziyarci Vladivostok sansanin soja, wani hadadden garu yau ya zama gidan kayan gargajiya. Ko kuma majami'un kiristocin da Furotesta, Katolika da Rashawa na Orthodox suka gina a kan lokaci.

Waɗannan ƙungiyoyin addinan ba su kaɗai ba ne a cikin birni tare da kasancewar tarihi, akwai mutanen Yukreniya, Moldovans, Poles, Finns ... amma gina haikalin koyaushe yana buƙatar kuɗi kuma waɗannan manyan ƙungiyoyi uku sune waɗanda suka sami fa'ida. Wasu Majami’un Vladivostok an lalata su kuma wasu sun sami damar tsira daga zamanin gurguzu, wani lokacin basa aiki kamar gidajen ibada. Akwai a cikin duka 40 majami'u masu tsafi, amma mafi girma da daukaka shi ne Cocin Tsallake Uwar Allah, wanda aka maido da shi bayan faduwar Tarayyar Soviet.

Hasumiyar kararrawar tana da kararrawa 10 kuma mafi nauyin nauyi kilo 1300. Wannan haikalin yana da ƙarfin mutane dubu kuma yana ƙoƙari ya yi kama da yadda ya yiwu asalin sa, wanda ke da mulu biyar. Tare da gicciye, yana da tsayin mita 40. Wani coci sani shine Cocin Katolika na Uwar Allah Mai Tsarki, na jama'ar Yaren mutanen Poland ne da Cocin Lutheran na St. Paul.

Duk da cewa zaka iya zagaya garin da ƙafa zamu iya amfani da naka hanyar sufuri abin da ya hada da trolleybuses, trams da bas. Motar tana da tashoshi bakwai ne kawai. Kuma idan kuna so ku san tsibirin da ke kewaye akwai jiragen ruwa da na ruwa. Don haka zaku iya zuwa Tsibirin Russky, Tsibirin Rasha, wanda yakai murabba'in mita dubu, ya dace da yawo da kuma wasan motsa jiki.

Kuna iya zuwa Vladivostok daga Japan ko kuna iya komawa Vladivostok daga Moscow. Idan kuna tafiya ta jirgin ruwa kuma kuna zama ƙasa da awanni 72, baku buƙatar visa. Idan ka yanke shawara kan jirgin, zaka iya ɗauki Trans-Siberian a Moscow da ƙarfe 13:20 na dare kuma ku isa Vladivostok da ƙarfe 4:25 na safe akan sabis mai sauri. Mafi arha ya isa kusan 19:XNUMX na yamma washegari wanda ya bar babban birnin Rasha. Jirgin kasan ya tsaya a Ilan Ude, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Yekaterinburg da Nizhny Novgorod.

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