Estella, abin da za ku gani kuma ku yi a cikin wannan kusurwar Navarrese

Estella

Garin na Estella An located a tsakiyar-yamma yankin yankin na Foungiyar Foral ta Navarra. Babban jari ne na merindad suna daya kuma yana da kimanin kilomita arba'in da hudu daga Pamplona.

An kuma san shi da "Birnin Ega" kusa da kogin da yayi masa wanka. Hakanan, wurin wucewa ne don Hanyar Santiago, musamman, na matakin da ya fito daga abubuwan da aka ambata Pamplona har zuwa Logroño. Ana iya ganin wannan a titunansa, waɗanda yawanci ke nuna alamun Jacobe kuma suna cike da mahajjata. Na gaba, za mu bayyana muku abin da za ku gani da kuma yi a Estella, amma da farko muna so mu gaya muku labarinsa.

Takaitaccen tarihin Estella

Estella Main Castle

Ragowar Babban Castle na Estella tare da giciyensa

Kafuwar Estella ya kasance saboda Sancho ramirez, Sarkin Aragon da Pamplona, ​​a cikin shekara ta 1090. Tuni a cikin karni na XNUMX, an gina wasu manyan gine-gine na garin, wanda ke nufin cewa a yau ana la'akari da shi. Babban birnin Navarrese Romanesque. A lokacin Tsakiyar Tsakiyar tana da ƙarfin tattalin arziki sosai kuma, da zarar ta koma birni, ta koma hannun Castilian a 1512.

Wannan ya haifar da sabon lokaci na wadata ga Estella wanda ya dade har zuwa karni na 19. Wannan ya kasance mai wahala saboda dabarun wurin da yake cikin Yakin 'Yanci kuma, sama da duka, a cikin Carlist Wars. A wannan lokacin ne masu riya suka kafa fadar sarauta a birnin.

Tuni a farkon karni na 20, Estella yana da kusan mazaunan dubu shida kuma ya kasance birni na uku mafi mahimmanci a Navarra, bayan Pamplona da Tudela. Tun daga wannan lokacin, ta sami damar kiyaye ƙarfin tattalin arziƙinta da zamantakewa a cikin Al'umma mai cin gashin kai.

Abin da za a gani a Estella

Estella Town Hall

Estella Town Hall

Da zarar mun sake nazarin tarihin wannan kyakkyawan gari a Navarra, za mu mai da hankali kan abubuwan tarihi da sauran wuraren ban sha'awa da yake bayarwa. Alamun tarihinta da wadatar tattalin arzikinta sune ragowar ta Babban Castle, wanda kuma ake kira Zalatambor, wanda daya ne daga cikin kagaran garin da ke kusa da shi Belmecher ta, da tsoho jauhari na tsakiya.

Dangane da na farko, ya samo asali ne tun karni na 11, ko da yake an lura da matakai uku wajen gina ginin. Ban da wanda aka ambata, na biyun zai kasance a ƙarshen karni na 12 da na uku tsakanin ƙarni na 13 da 15, sa’ad da aka rushe shi. Hakanan, yau rawanin ragowar gicciye bayyane daga nesa. Amma garin Navarrese yana da sauran abubuwan tunawa da yawa. Bari mu gano su.

The Church of Holy Sepulcher da sauran temples

Cocin Holy Sepulchre

Ikklisiya mai ban sha'awa na Holy Sepulcher

Located a kan titin Curtidores na yanzu, da coci na kabari mai tsarki An gina shi a tsakanin ƙarni na 12 zuwa na 14. Saboda haka, yana haɗuwa da abubuwan Romanesque tare da sauran Gothic. Facade mai ban sha'awa na wannan salon na ƙarshe, tare da baka mai walƙiya da kayan ado na sassaka.

Har ila yau ban sha'awa shine Cocin San Pedro de la Rúa, wanda ya mamaye birnin daga tsawo. An gina shi a tsakanin ƙarni na 12 zuwa na 13. Na farko nasa ne mai kyau cloister, dauke daya daga cikin mafi kyau sculptural kungiyoyin Navarrese Romanesque. Hakazalika, babban falonta, tare da manyan bakuna, da babban hasumiyarsa suna da ban mamaki. Hakanan, ciki, yakamata ku kalli Baroque Chapel na Saint Andrew, wanda ke dauke da hoton waliyyi na gari.

Don sashi, da Church of Saint Michael Shugaban Mala'iku Ya kasance daga lokaci ɗaya da waɗanda suka gabata, ko da yake an samu kari daga baya. A saboda wannan dalili, bayyanarsa mai girma ya haɗu da hasumiya ta tsakiya tare da baroque. Koyaya, mafi kyawun sashin sa shine portico na arewa, wanda shima yana da babban rukunin sassaka na Romanesque.

Babu ƙarancin ban mamaki shine gidan ibada na Santo Domingo, wanda aka gina a karni na 13 bisa tsari na Tybalt II na Navarre. Har ila yau, yana mamaye birnin daga tudu kuma yana amsawa ga canons na Gothic, aƙalla a cikin ɓangaren da aka adana, wanda ya ƙunshi coci da ɗaya daga cikin gawawwakin sufi.

Madadin haka, da Basilica na Puy An gina shi a cikin karni na 20 akan ragowar wani baroque na baya. Ginin neo-Gothic ne wanda ke dauke da hoton Budurwa ta Puy, bi da bi, majiɓincin waliyyi na gari. A ƙarshe, wasu haikalin kamar majami'u na Santa María Jus del Castillo, San Juan Bautista, San Pedro de Lizarra da Nuestra Señora de Rocamador sun cika al'adun addini na Estella.

Estella palacial: fadar Sarakunan Navarra da sauransu

Fadar Sarakunan Navarra

Facade na Fadar Sarakunan Navarra

An ayyana National Monument a 1931, za ku sami Fadar Sarakunan Navarra a cikin kyakkyawan Plaza de San Martín. An gina shi a cikin karni na 12 kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin 'yan misalan farar hula na Romanesque a cikin wannan yanki mai cin gashin kansa. Babban facade yana fitowa a cikin hadaddun, wanda aka rarraba a cikin sassa uku. Ƙarƙashin yana da bakuna da yawa na semicircular, yayin da na sama yana da ƙananan tagogi da ginshiƙai suka rabu. Hasumiya biyu kambi hadadden.

Bugu da ƙari, tun lokacin da aka mayar da shi a cikin 1975, yana da gidaje gidan kayan gargajiya sadaukarwa ga mai zane Gustavo de Maeztu, daya daga cikin fitattun abin da ake kira Makarantar Basque. Amma, sama da duka, dubi manyan tarihin ginshiƙai a ƙarshen, waɗanda ke sake haifar da yaƙi tsakanin Roland da giant Ferragut.

A gefe guda, ba wannan ba ne kawai fadar da kuke gani a Estella ba. Hasali ma, gidaje masu kyau sun yi yawa a garin. Daga cikin da yawa cewa tana da, za mu ambaci kyau fadar Eguía, wanda aka gina a karni na 16 bayan Canons na Renaissance. A kan facade, babban garkuwar heraldic na dangin mai gidan ya fito waje, da kuma dutsen da aka fallasa a ƙasa.

Har ila yau, ya kamata ku ga harabar kotu, wanda shine baroque daga farkon rabin karni na 18 kuma ya fito waje don kayan ado mai kyau. A lokacinsa, ya kasance babban zauren majalisa, amma yanzu shi ne hedkwatar kotun. A ƙarshe, da gidan Diego A yau shi ne cibiyar al'adu da kuma fadar gwamna Ya zama Carlism Museum. Za mu yi magana da ku game da wannan a gaba, amma kuma muna ba ku shawara ku gani Babban gidan sarauta na dangin Ruiz de Alda. An gina shi, kamar wanda ya gabata, a cikin karni na 17.

Gadar Cárcel da koren yankunan Estella

Gadar Kurkuku

Gadar Kurkuku mai tarihi

Har ila yau, an san shi, saboda bayyanarsa, a matsayin gada mai kololuwa, ta haye kogin Esga don haɗa tsohon garin Estella tare da unguwar Saint Peter na Rua. Asalin kwanan wata daga karni na 12, kodayake an sake gina shi a karni na 16. Hakanan, a lokacin bazara Yakin Carlist na uku An lalata shi a wani yanki don haka dole ne a sake gina shi bisa ga abin da ya gabata.

A gefe guda kuma, garin Navarrese yana da kyawawan wuraren kore. Ya kewaye ta Urbasa Andia Natural Park, inda za ku iya ɗaukar balaguron balaguro da hanyoyin hawan dutse. Amma, a cikin birnin kanta, kuna da filin shakatawa na Llanos, huhu na gaskiya godiya ga elms, poplars, poplars, maple, toka da bishiyar goro.

A ƙarshe, wani balaguron balaguron da za ku iya ɗauka ta yanayin Estella shine wanda ke bayarwa Greenway na tsohon Vasco Railway. Wannan tsohuwar layin ma'aunin kunkuntar ya danganta garin Guipuzcoan na Vergara tare da Estella kuma ya daina aiki a cikin 1967. Tun daga wannan lokacin, an yi amfani da ƙasar don ƙirƙirar sassa da yawa na hanyar kore. Dangane da garin da ake magana, kuna da hanyar da ta haɗa shi da ita Zubielqui.

Gidan kayan tarihi na Carlism da sauran wuraren al'adu

Carlism Museum

Fadar Gwamna, hedkwatar gidan tarihi na Carlism

Mun riga mun ambata mahimmancin da Estella ke da shi ga ƙungiyar Carlist. Don haka, ba abin mamaki ba ne cewa birnin yana da gidan tarihi da aka keɓe masa. A ciki fadar gwamna Kuna iya fahimtar wannan akida ta yau da kullun da aka haife ta a cikin 1833 a matsayin mai neman sarautar Spain wanda ya gudana a cikin ƙarni na XNUMXth da XNUMXth.

Mun riga mun yi magana da ku Gustavo de Maeztu Museum. Amma daya daga cikin mafi ban sha'awa zane-zane a cikin garin shi ne wanda za ka samu a cikin wurin shakatawa na bayyana. Waɗannan wasu manyan ƙoƙon kai ne da mai sassaƙa ya yi Luis Garcia Vidal.

Yadda ake zuwa Estella da lokacin da ya fi dacewa ku ziyarta

Titin Estella

Titin a tsakiyar tarihi na Estella

Mun riga mun gaya muku cewa Estella yana da nisan kilomita arba'in da hudu daga Pamplona. Daga babban birnin da kuke da shi layukan bas wanda ke haɗa wuraren biyu. Amma, idan kuna so ku zaga cikin motar ku, ku sani cewa babbar hanyar ita ce abin da ake kira Hanyar Camino (A-12), wanda ya haɗa shi, daidai, tare da Pamplona kuma tare da Logroño.

A daya hannun, idan kun yi tafiya daga San Sebastián, shi ne mafi alhẽri a yi amfani da N-120, yayin da, idan kun yi shi daga Vitoria, ya kamata ku yi amfani da N-132-A. Koyaya, babu layin dogo kuma filin jirgin sama mafi kusa shine na Noáin-Pamplona.

A gefe guda, lokaci mafi kyau don ziyarci Estella shine bazara, da kuma watannin Mayu da Oktoba. Garin Navarrese yana da yanayi irin na Bahar Rum, tare da lokacin sanyi da lokacin zafi. Matsakaicin zafinsa na shekara shine digiri 13 ma'aunin celcius kuma hazonsa shine 570 mm kowace shekara. A daya bangaren kuma, matsakaicin yanayin zafi a lokacin rani ya kai kusan digiri ashirin kuma da kyar ake samun ruwan sama. Saboda haka, lokacin rani shine, kamar yadda muka fada muku, lokaci mafi kyau don sanin garin Navarrese mai tarihi.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku babban abin da za ku iya gani kuma ku yi ciki Estella. Amma ba ma so mu ƙare ba tare da ba ku shawarar hakan ba, idan kun kusanci Navarra, kuma ziyarci sauran kyawawan garuruwa a cikin al'umma masu cin gashin kansu kamar yadda Amaiur u Olive. Kuma muna kuma so mu ba da shawarar ku gwada da dadi gastronomy na yankin. Ku kuskura ku gano duk waɗannan abubuwan al'ajabi.


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