Tsibirin Marquesas, aljanna

Duwatsu, shuke-shuke masu shuke-shuke, teku mai shuɗi, rairayin bakin teku da rana, kyakkyawan taƙaitaccen abin da Tsibirin Marquesas. Wannan tarin tsiburai yana da nisan kilomita 1.500 daga Tahiti kuma aljanna ce ta gaskiya.

Idan kuna son irin wannan yanayin, al'adun Pacific, al'adun rayuwa da jin daɗin ayyukan waje, tafiya inda Gauguin da Brel suka yi tafiya ko nutsewa cikin duniyar ban mamaki, to, makamar ku ita ce Marquesas, kamar yadda namu yake a yau. Mu je zuwa!

Tsibirin Marquesas

Tsibirin tsibiri ne wanda ke da nisan kilomita 1.500 daga Tahiti kuma ya ƙunshi kewaye tsibirai goma sha biyu, amma shida ke zaune. Yau suna da yawan jama'a kusan 9200 mutane kuma cibiyar gudanarwar sa shine Nuku Hiva.

Tsibirin tsibiri kyakkyawa ne na rairayin bakin rairayin rairayin bakin rairayi masu rairayi. Shin moutains, dubun kwari, dubun waterfalls, don haka ayyukan da suke bayarwa suna da yawa: hawa dawakai, yawon shakatawa, 4 × 4 motocin jeep, ruwa, ruwa… Kuma kamar yadda muka fada a sama, masu fasaha Gauguin da Brel sun zagaya nan a farkon karni na XNUMX don neman 'yar zaman lafiya. Kuma sun same ta har abada domin ko a nan kaburburanta suke, a Makabartar Calvaire.

Ba kamar sauran tsibirai a Faransanci Polynesia ba, nan babu wasu lagoons ko murjani da ke kare bakin teku. ya tsibirin aman wuta na gefuna masu kaifi, na tsaunuka masu kaifi waɗanda suka tashi daga fashewar abubuwa na magma, wanda ke da dazuzzuka da kwari masu zurfin gaske. Ya game ɗayan mafi yawan tsibirai masu nisa a duniya, nesa da kowane yanki na nahiyoyi, don haka suna da nasu yankin lokaci.

Babban tsibirin kungiyar shine Nuku Hiva. An kuma san shi da suna tsibirin Mystic kuma yana da shafuka masu ban sha'awa da yawa: Hakaui Kwarin Ruwa, na uku mafi girma a duniya, da bakin rairayin bakin teku na Anaho, kogin karkashin ruwa wanda ke kiyaye tsirrai da fauna masu ban sha'awa da Cathedral na Notre Dame tare da wakilin zane-zanen itace da duwatsu na kowane tsibiri. Anan babban birni yake Taiohae, babban birnin mulkin tsibirin.

Matsayi mafi girma shine Dutsen Tekao, a tsayin mita 1.185, kuma bashi da maɓuɓɓugan murjani ko layin dogo. Tsibirin yana da taskokin tarihi da yawa, Tsarin dutse irin na Polynesia, garu da wuraren ibada. Faransa ce ta hade da shi a shekarar 1842. Da farko an sadaukar da ita ga cinikin sandalwood kuma ya kasance wata tasha ga mahaya, don daga baya ta sadaukar da kanta sosai don fitar da 'ya'yan itace.

Tsibirin yana da mummunan gabar yamma, tare da ƙananan raƙuman ruwa waɗanda suka buɗe cikin kwari masu zurfi. Babu ƙauyuka kusa da nan. Yankin gabar arewa ne cewa akwai manyan tashoshin jiragen ruwa guda biyu, masu zurfin zurfin ruwa: Anaho da Hatihe'u A'akapa. A gefen kudu akwai wasu jiragen ruwa kuma anan akwai karin tashar jiragen ruwa. A cikin gari akwai ciyayi masu kore inda ake kiwon shanu.

Kamar yadda muka fada a baya, cibiyar gudanarwa ita ce Taioha'e, daga kudu. Shin kun taba gani Mai tsira, jerin TV? Da kyau, a cikin Nuku Hiva an yi fim ɗin karo na huɗu, a cikin 2002.

An rarraba Tsibirin Marquesas zuwa tsibirin arewacin, akwai takwas kuma daga cikinsu akwai Nuku Hiva; tsibirai na kudu, bakwai, da wasu tuddai waɗanda ba su zama tsibiran da ke arewa ba. Tsibiri mafi muhimmanci na biyu shine Hiva Oa, Har ila yau, tsibiri mafi girma na biyu na rukunin kuma a cikin tsibirin kudu.

Anan ga tashar jirgin ruwa Atuona kuma wannan rukunin yanar gizon galibi shine tashar jirgin ruwa da ke tsallaka Tekun Pacific zuwa yammacin taɓawa. Zamu iya cewa Tsibiri ne mafi tarihin ƙungiyar saboda ya ƙunshi tsofaffin mutum-mutumi Tiki kuma wurin ne inda mai zanen Paul Gauguin da mawaƙin Jacques Brel suka mutu. An kuma san shi da Lambun Marquesas saboda yana da kore sosai kuma yana da amfani.

Hiva Ova tana da bakin teku da rairayin bakin teku da dutse inda ake aiwatar da ruwa, amma duk da haka tsibiri ne wanda a wasu lokuta yakan zama kamar keɓe yake a cikin kansa, shiru, kusan keɓewa. Babban birninta shine Atuona, a ƙarshen kudu na Bay na Taaao, wanda aka kiyaye shi ta manyan tsaunuka biyu na tsibirin, Dutsen Temetiu da Dutsen Fe'ani.

Wani tsibirin shine Ua Pou, tsibiri na uku a girma. Yana da babbar ginshikan basalt, samfurin ayyukan dutsen mai fitad da wuta, waɗanda aka yi musu baftisma da sunan jarumai, Poumaka da Poutetaunui. A cikin 1888 waɗannan ginshiƙan sune suka sa Robert Louis Stevenson ya ce sun yi kama Bakan dutse masu aman wuta wadanda suka yi kama da tsafin coci, yayin da suke kallon gabar kogin Hakahau, mafi mahimmanci akan tsibirin.

Ua Huka na da kyakkyawa kyakkyawa, kusan budurwa. Akwai dawakai na daji, ƙasashe launin hamada, awaki ... Tahuata a nata bangaren ita ce mafi kankantar tsibiri daga ciki yake. Amma sananne ne ga shahararren mai binciken Biritaniya, Kyaftin Cook, wanda ya ziyarce ta a ƙarni na XNUMX. Ana samun damar ta ruwa ne kawai daga Hiva Ova don haka ya zama yawon shakatawa ne. Anninta masu ni'imtaccen ɗabi'a suna kauda kai da kyawawan ruwa, kuna zaune lafiya kuma kuna ɗaukar gida turaren gida, da Maganin kauna kamar yadda suke fada anan, mai shekara dari.

Fatu hiva tana da tsaunuka masu tsayi wadanda suka nitse cikin teku da samar da ra'ayoyi masu ban mamaki daga sama. A cikin 1937 mai binciken Thor Heyerdahl da matarsa, sun zauna na ɗan lokaci don zama a nan kuma sun taƙaita abubuwan da suka samu a cikin wani littafi. Da alama tun wancan lokacin ba abin da ya canza. Yawancin mazaunanta suna zaune ne a ƙauyen Omoa da kewayenta, tashar jirgin ruwa. Shahararren ya kiyaye yankin Hana Vave Bay na budurwai, kyakkyawa a inda ka kalle ta, musamman lokacin faduwar rana ...

Kuna son waɗannan tsibirin? Idan kuna son saduwa da su da kanku to ku kula da bayani mai amfani wanda na bari a ƙasa, koyaushe nasan cewa tsibirai ne waɗanda ba sa cikin tsarin yawon shakatawa na Faransa Polynesia na musamman: Tsibirin Society, Bora Bora, Moorea, Tuamotu Atolls da Tsibirin Leeward.

  • akwai tsibirai guda shida da ake zaune dasu kuma hudu suna da tashar jirgin sama, amma na gida ne, don haka zaku iya isa can ta jirgin sama ko jirgin ruwa. Idan kun zaɓi jirgin sama kuna tashi daga Tahiti tare da jiragen yau da kullun zuwa Nuku Hiva da Hiva Oa. Don zuwa wasu tsibirai, dole ne ku bi ta ɗayan waɗannan biyun. Idan, a gefe guda, kun zaɓi tafiya ta jirgin ruwa, gaskiyar ita ce, duk wanda ya tashi ta jirgin ruwa ta hanyar Polynesia ya ɗauke ku, kawai ya kamata ku nemi zaɓuɓɓuka, misali Tahiti Voile et Lagoon ko Poe Charter ko Aranui 5 na balaguron tafiya, wanda ke tafiya sau ɗaya a rana. watan amma suna kusan euro 3 a mako. Idan kana da jirgin ruwan ka to zaka iya tashi daga Galapagos ko Tsibirin Cook.
  • don motsawa tsakanin Tsibirin Marquesas kuna iya tashi, tsakanin manyan tsibirai guda biyu akwai jirgin sama daya ko biyu kowace rana. Tsibirin Ua Pou da Ua Huka ba su da sa'a tare da jiragen yau da kullun. Kyakkyawan ra'ayi shine saya Wutar Marquesas ta wuce tare da Jirgin saman Tahiti. Hakanan zaka iya motsawa ta jirgin ruwa, hayar gida, yi hayan jirgin ruwan ku. Akwai jirgin ruwan kwalliya a cikin Marquesas del Sur, wanda ke zuwa tsibirin Tahuata da Fatu Hiva (na kusan yuro 65 zagaye na tafiyar awa biyar).
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