Bath, babban wurin Burtaniya

Idan kuna son litattafan by Litattafan Jane Austen ko kowane fim na Ingilishi da ake yi a karni na XNUMX, to lallai ne kun ji labarin Bat. Ee, wurin shakatawa na ajin Ingilishi na wancan lokacin, kusan Alma mater na yawon shakatawa wanda zai zo daga baya azaman masana'antu ba tare da hayaki ba.

Shin ko kun san hakan Wanka wurin tarihi ne na Duniya? Ee, yana da tarihin shekara dubu, ban da mamaye babban babi ga masana'antar Ingilishi a cikin karni na XNUMX. Don haka, kamar yadda kuke gani, birni yana da fara'a fiye da ɗaya kuma wannan yana nufin cewa kasancewa a cikin ƙasa dole ne, a ko a'a, yi yawo kuma ku ziyarce shi.

Bath a zamanin Roman

Bat da aka kafa a karni na XNUMX Miladiyya ta daular Rome cewa a lokacin ya sami nasarar tsallaka Tashar Ingilishi. Ruwan zafi, maɓuɓɓugan ruwa na yankin, ya sanya shi ya zama tsohon wurin dima jiki, kodayake a zahiri ya riga ya zaman Zamanin Tagulla sau theasashe sun mamaye.

A hakikanin gaskiya, tsaunin da ya kalli garin na yanzu, Solsbury Hill, a wancan lokacin yana da kagara da sauran gine-gine sanannu ne saboda ra'ayoyin archaeological. Da alama cewa Romawa sunyi amfani da wasu wurare masu tsarki kuma aggiornaron zuwa nasa bautar. Don haka, aka ba da wurin bautar da aka sadaukar don allahiya Sulis ga Minerva. Daga baya, a cikin ƙarnuka masu zuwa, kayan haɗin keɓaɓɓen yanayin zafin jiki zai ɗauki fasali.

Tuni a cikin karni II AD Abubuwan al'ada na wanka na Rome sun bayyana: the caldarium, da tepidarium da kuma frigidarium. Hakanan, tsoffin garin Roman suna kewaye da ganuwar kariya, amma daga ƙarshe, tare da faduwar daular zuwa karni na biyar komai ya fada cikin matsala. A ƙarni na tara tsarin biranen mutanen Roman ya ɓace kuma ƙasashen mallakar sarauta ne.

A tsawon lokaci garin ya girma ƙarƙashin kariyar abbey. An gina sabbin maɓuɓɓugan ruwan zafi a kusa da maɓuɓɓugan sannan daga baya garin ya sami wayewa da faduwar tarihin siyasar masarauta. Yawancin yankunan garin an gina su ne a lokacin Stuart kuma iri ɗaya ne a zamanin Jojiya., wanda shine lokacin da adadin baƙi suka yi sama. Wannan lokacin daidai yake wanda aka bayyana a cikin litattafan Jane Austen.

Ziyarci Bath

Bat yana cikin kwarin avalon, kewaye da tsaunuka. Kogin da ya kasance ba shi da tsari kuma yana cike da rafuka da wuraren da aka yi ambaliyar ruwa da tafkuna, an sanya shi zuwa tasha guda kuma matsalolin ambaliyar sun ƙare a cikin 70s na karni na XNUMX.

Ruwan zafi, Maɓuɓɓugan, suna fitowa daga tsaunukan Mendip. Haƙiƙa sun samo asali ne daga ruwan sama wanda ya ratsa cikin ƙasa kuma ya miƙe kai tsaye zuwa ramuka masu zurfin zurfin zurfin sama da mita 2500. A can, godiya ga makamashin geothermal, yanayin zafin ruwan ya tashi zuwa zazzabi tsakanin 60 da 96 ºC. Underarfin matsi, ruwan ya hau saman, yana labe a tsakanin ɓarke ​​a cikin farar ƙasa, kuma yawon shakatawa yana amfani da shi.

Bath yana da yanayi mafi sauƙi fiye da sauran ƙasar ko da yake ana ruwa sosai. Ya kirga cewa a lokacin bazara yanayin zafi ya kusan 21ºC. Partayan godiya ga koren bel ɗin da ke kewaye da shi kuma wanda aka zana shi a cikin shekarun 50s. Duk wannan yana ba da gudummawa ga gaskiyar cewa yawon shakatawa ya ci gaba da kasancewa babban injin birni.

Me za mu iya yi a cikin wanka? Da kyau, ba tare da wata shakka ba, da farko san wannan archeological kufai wancan ne a tsakiya. Da tsohon wanka na roman suna ƙasa da matakin ƙasa na yanzu, kuma akwai tsoffin ginshiƙai da tushe. Sannan akwai Abbey na wanka wanda, kodayake ya girme, yana da ginin da aka fara tun ƙarni na XNUMX kuma yana da kyau ƙwarai.

Yawancin gine-ginen sun faro ne daga karni na XNUMX da XNUMX kuma salon Jojiya yafi rinjaye, tare da bayyane masu haske, wanda aka gina a dutse na gida. Yau da yawa daga waɗannan gidajen otal-otal ne saboda haka ya cancanci kwana a daren don fuskantar rayuwar Bath da gaske. Ko abinda ya gabata.

Da'ira Yana da makiyaya a Bath. Ya game lanƙwasa terraces wanda John Wood ya tsara wanda ke ba da sifa zuwa madaidaiciyar madauwari madaidaiciya wanda aka yi amfani dashi don ayyuka ko wasanni. Tare da wani iska, Koloseum a cikin Rome yana da fuskoki uku tare da tsarin gine-gine daban-daban kowannensu, a kan ginshiƙai: Ionic, Doric and Corinthian. Daga cikin waɗannan filayen abin birgewa shine Royal jinjirin wata farawa daga rabi na biyu na karni na sha takwas, amma wasu kyawawan kyawawa sune Saurin Somerset o Lansdown Crescent.

A kan Kogin Avon akwai neoclassical gada, da Gadar Pulteney. Yana da tuddai na kasuwanci, wanda shine dalilin da yasa yayi kama da sanannen Ponte Vecchio a Florence, kuma da kyar ya canza tun lokacin da aka gina shi. Umpakin famfo, tituna Jojiya, da gine-ginen gine-gine, da titin titi, gidajen kallo na gari cewa akwai biyar kuma dukkansu sanannu ne, nasu gidajen tarihi...

Kamar yadda kake gani, kwana ɗaya kawai a cikin wanka bai isa ba: akwai jirgi, tafiye-tafiye na bas, tafiye-tafiye da tafiyar rana daga Bath. Komai yana da daraja. Gaskiyar magana ita ce Bath yana kewaye da magudanan ruwa kuma ana iya bincika shi ta jirgin ruwa, akwai tafiye-tafiye na tsawan awa ɗaya, tare da kwando, ko kuma zaku iya zuwa Bathampton. Idan kuna tafiya tare da abokai zaku iya yin hayan jirgi mafi girma ku bincika kanku ko ku ci abinci a ciki gidan cin abinci mai iyo kawai a cikin gari, John Rennie.

Hakanan akwai abubuwan hawa bas a cikin na gargajiya tsalle kan tsalle Kuna ziyarci wuraren shakatawa na Bath ba tare da yin tafiya mai nisa ba, kuma a cikin jirgi kuna koyo game da tarihin Birtaniyya ta hanyar da ta fi sauƙi. Ko da akwai yawon shakatawa da suka wuce har zuwa Stonehenge, Glastonbury, Cotswolds...

Kuma a fili Bath shine maɓuɓɓugan ruwan zafi don haka akwai maɓuɓɓugan ruwan zafi da wurin shakatawa don cin gajiyar su. Dakunan wanka na zamani sune na Thermae Bath Spa, tare da wurin wanka a farfaji da sabis-sabis waɗanda ke kwantar da hankali da jiki. Ra'ayoyin daga farfajiyar suna da ban mamaki amma kuma zaku iya zaɓar tsakanin magunguna daban-daban 40. Babu buƙatar shiga ko wani abu makamancin haka, zaku iya biyan kuɗin sa'a biyu kawai, misali, akan farashin fam 40. Tayin yana da yawa, saboda wannan ba shine kawai otal ɗin da ke ba da wuraren shakatawa da magunguna ba.

Kuma a ƙarshe, Bath yana da ma'ana da wanka na Roman da na zamani. daidai yake da Jane Austen. Marubuciyar ta rayu anan tsakanin 1801 da 1806 kuma zaku iya bin sawunta ta cikin litattafan nata. Akwai Jane Austen Cibiyar kuma akwai ma wani Bikin Jane Austen da kuma Tmu Jane Austen wanda ya hada da kayan girbi. Ina mutuwa! Don haka, ka sani, idan ka je Ingila, zagaya Bath!

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