Zahara de la Sierra, makoma a Cádiz

España Yana da wurare da yawa masu ban sha'awa da manyan balaguro da za a yi da 'yan kwanaki hutu. Ofaya daga cikin waɗannan yawon shakatawa shine abin da ake kira Hanyar White Villages, wata hanyar yawon bude ido ta Andalusiya wacce ta ratsa garuruwa da dama wadanda halayyar su itace gidajen su an zana su da lemun tsami. Zahara de la Sierra Yana ɗayansu.

Zahara de la Sierra yana cikin tsakiyar Saliyo na Grazalema Park, tsakanin kogin Bocaleones da Guadalete, kuma yana da kyau ƙauyen yawon shakatawa. Shin kuna son hawa dawakai, kayak, kogo ko yin yawo? Da kyau, duk wannan da ƙari anan yana yiwuwa.

Zahara de la Sierra

Sunan yana nufin kasancewar Balarabe a yankin kuma hakane. Garin ya kasance wani muhimmin wuri a lokacin mamayewar Musulmi, har zuwa lokacinda kirista suka mamaye shi. Sannan Faransanci zasu ratsa nan, a farkon karni na XNUMX, don haka garin yana da dadadden tarihi.

A yau Zahara de la Sierra sanannen wuri ne don bikinta, Makon Mai Tsarki, Carnival, Aikin Hajjin Bocaleones, kwanakin Corpo Christi da kuma bukukuwa daban-daban na waliyyai. Addara wa waɗannan bukukuwa tsoffin gine-gine ne na asali daban-daban da lokuta daban-daban da abubuwan jan hankali kamar su tafki, abin da ake kira Garganta Verde, kogin Arroyomolinos, kogin Bocaleones ko Cueva del Susto.

Kuma shine an ayyana garin Artungiyoyin Tarihi na Tarihi a cikin 1983 saboda haka zamu fara da titunan ta da gine-ginenta. Da Cocin Santa María de la Mesa cewa muna ganin yau ya faro ne daga karni na 1407 kuma ya samo asali ne daga Babban Cocin da Kiristoci suka gina a baya a shekarar XNUMX. Hasumiyar da ba ta bi ka'ida ba ce kawai ta rage kuma an maido da ita. Kofofinsa zasu bude, a cewar shafin yawon bude ido na garin, nan bada jimawa ba.

Nasa fararen tituna Kyakkyawan fili ne, baranda masu furanni suna kallo akan su, akwai wuraren kallo kuma tunda wurin tsaunin ne, duk hadadden yana da kyau, ma'ana, tituna suna hawa da sauka, akwai matakai, an kafa ra'ayoyi bayar da ra'ayoyi na gari da zagaye.

Gidajen, a nasu, fari da farin, iri biyu ne. Akwai waɗanda suke da tagogi tare da aikin ƙarfe mai sauƙi a ƙofofi da tagogi, mai yuwuwa tun daga ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX, da kuma gidajen daga ƙarnuka masu zuwa waɗanda tuni suna da jiki na uku, tare da ramuka madauwari a cikin fuskokinsu wasu kuma, tare da garkuwa a kansu.

Hakanan a titunan Zahara akwai wasu Tushen halitta wanda har yanzu ruwan dadi yake gudana, a cikinsu akwai maɓuɓɓugar Calera, maɓallin Altabacar da maɓallin Higuera. Garin ya san yadda za a kewaye shi da bango kuma abin da ya rage shi ne a yankin gabas. Da hasumiyar haraji, murabba'i, 12 zuwa 12, mita 60 da kusurwa kusurwa. Yana da hawa biyu a ciki da dakuna hudu.

Akwai murhu, windows masu fuskantar biyu, farfajiyar rufi da haɗuwa da matakala masu hawa. Akwai ragowar kibiyoyi, ragowar maɓallin juzu'i da gangara. Misali ne bayyananne na tsarin Nasrid tare da Kiristanci. A ƙarshe, muna da Cocin San Juan de Dios Lateran tare da Hasumiyar Tsaro. Wannan hasumiyar an haɗe ta da tsattsarkan waliyyi kuma shine abin da ya rage daga gare ta. Hasumiyar kararrawa ce kuma a farkon karnin an girke agogon abin hawa a saman bene.

Cocin ya fara daga 1958, yana da tsakar gida guda, yana da faɗi sosai, kuma ana buɗe shi kowace rana safe da rana. A gefe guda kuma akwai Yankin Nishaɗin Arroyomolinos, a gindin dutsen Monte Prieto, a wurin shakatawa, kusan a bankunan tafki. Tsakanin bishiyoyin fruita fruitan itace da lambuna aan an halicci ƙaramin bakin teku mai wucin gadi wanda a lokacin rani yana da daɗi sosai.

Don koyo game da tarihin garin na da za ku iya zagaya cikin Cibiyar Tafsiri ta Villaauyen Zamani, tare da kayan aikinta na multimedia don ba da labarin tarihin wurin. Za ku ga yawancin abubuwan archaeological, rami daga zamanin Turdetan, abubuwa tun daga zamanin Roman, da muslunci da sauransu.

El Yankin Halitta yana da matukar ban sha'awa yankunan: da Green Maƙogwaro Tana da kyakkyawar makama da aka sani da Hermitage na maƙogwaro, da bushewar Makogwaro. Akwai kuma samuwar katako na itatuwan fir, da pinsapar, na Quaternary, wanda fauna ke zama a ciki inda bire, dawa, da mikiya ta zinariya ko falgalin peregrine ke sarauta. Idan yanayin Zahara de la Sierra yana da ban sha'awa a gare ku, ba za ku iya rasa su ba Cibiyar Fassara Pinsapo, a tsakiyar tsohon garin.

Gine-gine, tituna, maɓuɓɓugan ruwa, gidajen tarihi da shimfidar ƙasa, amma wane irin balaguro zan iya yi a Zahara de la Sierra? Mutane sun fara ba da shawarar a hanyar da ta haɗa Zahara da Puerto de las Cumbres tare da Pinsapar. An shigar da wannan hanyar ta cikin Canteras, kan hanyar Zahara - Grazalema, hanyar da ta ratsa dajin fir, Biosphere Reserve. Tafiyar awa shida ce kuma abu ne mai sauki.

Wata hanyar yawon bude ido ta haɗu da Zahara tare da Dusar Ruwa da Puerto de la Breña. Daga garin akwai hanyar zuwa Puerto de la Breña wacce zata dauke ku zuwa hanyar fita Garganta Verde. Crossetare lambunan, kun isa gada a kan rafin Bocaleones, fara hawa, kuna iya ganin Garganta Seca kuma yayin da kuke ci gaba da hawa ra'ayoyin suna da kyau da kyau. Tafiyar awa biyar ce.

Hanya ta uku ta haɗu da Zahara, da Garganta Verde kuma ta dawo garin. Ana iya aiwatar dashi ta mota, keke, tafiya ko akan doki kuma yana ɗaukar awa ɗaya, awa ɗaya da kwata. Ba hanya ce mai sauƙi ba saboda haka bai da kyau a yi ta tare da yara yan ƙasa da shekaru bakwai. Akwai hanya ta biyu wacce ta ratsa ta Garganta Verde, har ma da wahala. Sauran hanyoyin yawon bude ido sune na Puerto Las Palomas, Arroyomolinos, San Cristóbal, La Bodega, Puente de los Palominos ko Los Llanos del Revés.

Zuwa ga gine-ginen tarihi, zuwa tituna masu ban sha'awa, zuwa gidajen da aka shafe da farin, maɓuɓɓuganta waɗanda har yanzu suke kwarara ruwa da shimfidar wuraren ta ƙara. bukukuwa wanda ke jan hankalin daruruwan mutane a kowace shekara. 20 ga Oktoba shine Idin thea Patan Maigirma Saint Simon da Saint Jude, bikin tunawa da mamayar kirista na Zahara a shekarar 1483. Bikin ya hada da jerin gwano, jawabin magajin gari da kuma sanannen abinci a Plaza del Rey.

A watan Agusta ne Shekarar shekara, tare da gasa ga mutane na kowane zamani. Biki ne na dangi don haka idan wani daga cikin dangin ya bar gari to ya saba su dawo su shiga. A ranar 24 ga Yuni, ana gudanar da aikin hajji a rafin Arroyomolinos don girmama San Juan. An sauya waliyyi daga garken gado tare da mahajjata kuma akwai sadaukarwa sosai a taro, akwai hamayya kan ruwa, kiɗa, rawa da abinci.

A watan Yuni ana yin bikin gawar. Biki ne na Sha'awar Yawon Bude Ido na andasa kuma mafi mahimmanci a Zahara don kyanta da martabar ta. Ana ba da Mass yau a cikin Cocin Santa María de la Meza, akwai jerin gwano mai kyau tare da yara a farkon saduwarsu, ƙungiyar kade-kade, shayar da fure da addu'o'i da yawa. Komai ya ƙare awanni da yawa tare da babban shahararren biki tare da na zamanin da, abinci, gasa da ƙarin raye-raye.

Kuma a ƙarshe, kada mu manta game da Carnival a watan Fabrairu ko Maris, shi ma wani biki ne na gargajiya da shahara, tare da yin fareti a ko'ina. Kamar yadda kake gani, babu shakka Zahara de la Sierra ta kasance babban wurin yawon bude ido a Andalus.

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