Parador de León

Parador de León yana cikin ɗayan kyawawan gine-ginen gine-gine na garin Castilian: the gidan ibada na San Marcos. Dake bakin tekun Kogin Bernesga, asalinta ya samo asali ne tun a karni na XNUMX, lokacin da aka gina dakunan kwanan dalibai don saukar da mahajjata da zasu je Santiago de Compostela.

Koyaya, ginin da muka sani yau an gina shi a karni na XNUMX a kan kango na baya kuma albarkacin gudummawa daga Ferdinand Katolika. A kowane hali, idan ka tsaya a Parador de León, za ka ji daɗin ɗayan Kayan adon Sifen na Spain. Idan kuna son sanin ɗan mafi kyawun wannan ban mamaki na gine-ginen, muna ƙarfafa ku da ku ci gaba da karatu.

Littleananan tarihin game da Parador de León

Kamar yadda muka gaya muku, an tsara gidan zuhudu na San Marcos ne saboda gudummawa daga Fernando de Aragón. Koyaya, aikin bai fara ba har zuwa mulkin Carlos I. Don aiwatar da ginin, an yi hayar gine-gine guda uku: Martin de Villarreal, wanene zai kasance mai kula da facade; Juan de Orozco, wanda zai yi aiki a coci, kuma Juan de Badajoz ƙaramin, Wanda zai shirya sacristy da cloister.

Ginin gidan zuhudu na San Marcos ya ɗauki sama da shekaru ɗari, yana ƙarewa a shekara ta 1679. Koyaya, tuni a cikin karni na goma sha takwas, an sami babban faɗaɗa ginin wanda ya dace da sauran ginin.

Cloister na gidan zuhudu na San Marcos

Cloister na Parador de León

Babban sassan Parador de León

Gidan zuhudun San Marcos kayan ado ne na gine-gine. Kamar yadda muka ambata, ana la'akari da shi ɗayan mahimman gine-gine na Renaissance ta Spain da kuma abin mamakin na Plateresque. Don bayyana muku shi, yana da kyau mu bambanta sassansa.

Da facade

Daidai a ciki zaka iya ganin yawancin fasali na plateresque na ginin. Pilasters, tsefewar da ke kawo ƙarshen tashar da sauran abubuwa na wannan salon ne. Fuskoki ne na zane guda ɗaya tare da benaye biyu waɗanda aka gama ciki cresting. Na farko yana da windows masu zagaye zagaye, yayin da na biyun yana da baranda da ginshiƙai tare da balustrades.

An kawata fentin tare da medallions wakiltar haruffa daga Greco-Latin tsufa tare da sauran alamomi daga tarihin Spain. A nata bangaren, hasumiyar fadar ta hada da gicciyen Santiago da zaki.

Amma ga murfin, hakika yana da ban mamaki. Ya kunshi jikuna biyu da babbar baka mai kwakwalwa da kuma ta Maɓallin ɗaukaka wanda yake wakiltar Saint Mark. Banzarsa ita ce baroque kuma ta haɗa da rigunan makamai na Santiago da na Masarautar Leon.

A cloister

Ya ƙunshi sassa huɗu. Biyu daga cikinsu an gina su ne a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX ta hanyar aiki, kamar yadda muka gaya muku, na Juan de Badajoz ƙaramin. Koyaya, zaku iya ganin bas-taimako saboda sanannen mai zane-zanen Franco-Spanish Juan de Juni wakiltar Haihuwa. A nasu bangare, an gina sauran bangarorin biyu a karni na sha bakwai da sha takwas.

Cocin San Marcos

Cocin San Marcos

Coci

A ƙarshe, cocin shine kashi na uku na Parador de León. Yana amsawa ga Hisan Hispanic Gothic, wanda ake kira Salon Katolika. An kammala gininsa a cikin 1541, kamar yadda aka nuna ta rubutun da zaku iya gani a cikin gungume akan façade.

Portofar haikalin tana ba da a babban ribbed vault gefen hasumiyoyi biyu. Hakanan zaka iya ganin a ciki sau biyu kuma saboda Juan de Juni, wanda ke wakiltar akan da Zuwa.

A nasa ɓangaren, cikin yana da raƙuman ruwa mai faɗi ta hanyar hanyar wucewa tare da sanduna. A cikin babban bagadensa, Annunciation da Apostolate sun yi fice, duka daga ƙarni na XNUMX. Amma kuma ya kamata ku kalli Coro, galibi aikin Juni, kodayake ƙananan ɓangarensa saboda Guillermo Doncel.

Sashin da aka ƙaddara zuwa Parador de León

Kodayake ba ta da mahimmancin fasaha kamar ɓangarorin da suka gabata, na ɗakunan Parador de León kuma yana da abubuwan jan hankali don bayarwa. Daga cikin su akwai tarin kayan kwalliya, kayan daki na gargajiya da sassaka itace. Amma, a sama da duka, da ayyukan hoto wanda ya kawata ginin kuma hakan na faruwa ne ga marubuta kamar su Lucio Munoz, Joaquin Vaquero Turcios o Alvaro Delgado Ramos.

Cikin gidan zuhudu na San Marcos

Cikin Parador de León

Amfani da gidan zuhudu na San Marcos

A halin yanzu, gidan ibada na San Marcos shine, kamar yadda muka ce, Parador de León. Koyaya, a tarihance yana da wasu amfani da yawa. A farkon, an gina shi kamar alhaji asibiti wanda ya yi Camino de Santiago.

Amma, abin takaici, ɗayan maimaita amfani da gidan zuhudu shine kurkuku. A ciki ne babban marubucin ya kwashe tsawon shekaru huɗu Francisco de Quevedo Da umurnin mai girma Count-Duke na Olivares. Da yawa daga baya, a lokacin Yaƙin basasa, ya zama sansanin tattara fursunonin Republican.

A ƙarshe, sauran abubuwan amfani da aka ba Parador de León na yanzu shine gidan mishan na Society of Jesus, Ofishin Janar na Sojoji, asibitin gidan yari, cibiyar koyarwa da ma makarantar dabbobi.

A cikin 1875, Cityungiyar Birnin León ta so ta rushe shi, wanda zai zama babban bala'i ga al'adun fasaha na Spain. Abin farin ciki, hankali ya yi rinjaye kuma bai yi ba.

Yadda ake zuwa Parador de León

Idan kun yi tafiya zuwa garin Castilian, muna ba da shawarar sosai ku tsaya a cikin wannan abin mamakin na Plateresque. Da zarar shiga León kuma don isa ga parador, abu na farko da yakamata ku sani shine yana cikin Filin St. Mark, kusa da babbar gadar.

Fuskantar gidan zuhudu na San Marcos

Facade na Parador de León

Idan kayi tafiya daga arewa, zaka isa garin ta A-66. Dole ne ku watsar da shi a cikin Budurwar Way kuma dauki N-120. Da zarar sun shiga gari, duka Avenida del Doctor Fleming da Veterinary Faculty zasu kai ku zuwa filin jirgin.

A gefe guda kuma, idan kun zo daga kudu, gabas ko yamma, tabbas za ku iso birni ta hanyar BA-30 da kuma BA-20. A wannan yanayin, kawai bi Avenida de Europa sannan Avenida de la makarantar dabbobi don zuwa San Marcos.

A ƙarshe, da Parador de León ko Convent na San Marcos Abin al'ajabi ne na Sifen Mutanen Espanya kuma ɗayan alamomin birni na Castilian. Gine-gine ne tare da al'adun gargajiya kamar tarihi wanda zaku ji ana jigilar sa zuwa wasu lokuta. Shin ba kwa son haduwa dashi?

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