Ziyarci Arc de Triomphe, a cikin Paris

Paris Tana da jerin wuraren da baza ku iya rasawa ba kuma a ciki akwai katafaren gini wanda ya mamaye manyan biranen Paris: the Arch na Nasara. Tabbas kun gan shi sau da yawa a cikin hotuna da fina-finai, amma kun ziyarce shi?

Ba lokaci bane mai jan hankali kamar sauran mutane a Faris, saboda haka zaka iya tsara shi na safe ko rana, 'yan awanni, babban kallo, babban hoto da voila, zaku iya tsallake Arc de Triomphe daga jerinku wuraren haduwa a Paris.

Arch na Nasara

Ba ita ce kawai baka mai nasara ba da aka gina a tarihi saboda a zahiri irin wannan abin tunawa ya shahara sosai a zamanin Roman. A zahiri, muna bin su al'adar kafa waɗannan baka tunawa da nasarorin soja. Ba bangare bane, gaba ɗaya, na ganuwar ko wasu ƙofofin birni, amma yana tsaye shi kaɗai kuma yana da ikon sarrafa kansa, daban.

Ina nufin akwai bakunan nasara waɗanda aka gina a zamanin Roman da kuma wasu da aka gina a zamanin da. Sun dawo da salo a cikin Renaissance wanda shine lokacin da sha'awar tsufa ya sake haifuwa da ƙarfi. Bayan haka, manyan sarakunan Turai daban-daban sun gina bakunan nasara kamar tsofaffin sarakuna. A cikin Jamus, Ingila, Rasha da ma a Spain da wajen Turai a Amurka kuma sun yi imani da shi ko a'a, a Koriya ta Arewa.

Amma ba tare da wata shakka ba, kodayake ba shine mafi girma ba, jirgin Arc de Triomphe a Faris shine mafi kyawun sananne a duniyako. Kuma wannan Paris tana… da kyau, Paris, tana taimaka sosai. Wannan baka An gina shi tsakanin 1806 da 1836 a kan umarnin Bonaparte. Wace nasarar sojoji ce take tunawa da shi? Yaƙin Austerlitz, Yakin Sarakuna Uku kamar yadda aka sanshi, wanda ya gudana a watan Disambar 1805 inda sojojin Emperor Napoleon I suka ci sojojin haɗin gwiwa na Tsar Alexander I da na Austria Austrian Emperor I.

Kodayake ra'ayin Napoleon Bonaparte shine gina shi a cikin Place de la Bastille, wani wuri ne na alama idan akwai wasu a nan kuma wanda kuma a wancan lokacin shine hanyar da sojoji suka bi daga dawowa daga yaƙin, ba zai yiwu ba kuma an tashe shi a cikin Filin Tauraruwa o Wurin de l'Etoile.

A farkon labarin na fada cewa baka ya mamaye cibiyar sadarwar boulevards ta Paris kuma hakan ne. Wannan sabon zanen birni wanda ya share Paris na wani zamani yana dauke da sa hannun Haussman, baron wanda a lokacin yake aiki a cikin birni kuma wanda ake bin wannan fasalin fasalin tauraro.

Babu wani abu da bazata. Manufar da ke bayan manyan hanyoyin da ke farawa daga ƙaramin fili ita ce, wannan ƙirar biranen tana hana ko hana shinge da ba sojoji damar wucewa cikin sauƙi. Yau, daga Plaza de la Estrella Avenue na Great Armada, Avenue na Wagram, Avenue Kleber kuma mafi shaharar duka, na Champs Elysees ko Champs Ellysees suke farawa.

Jean Chalgrin ne ya tsara Arc de Triomphe, kodayake ya mutu a 1811 kuma dole ne an kammala shi ta Jean-Nicolas Huyot ya mutu bi da bi shekaru huɗu bayan ƙaddamar da albarka mai albarka. Huyot ya sami wahayi daga Arch na Titus a Rome kuma ya siffata abin tunawa da Tsayin mitoci 49 da faɗi kamu 45 tare da ginshiƙai huɗu masu girma.

A gefen baka za ku ga nasarorin sojojin Napoleonic da aka zana kuma a gefen ciki akwai sunaye 558 wadanda suka dace da janar-janar na daular Faransa. Wadanda aka ja layi a kansu sune wadanda suka mutu a bakin aiki.

A kowane ginshiƙi akwai mutum-mutumi kuma akwai friezes, ayyukan da ke ɗauke da sa hannun masu zane Corot, Etex da Pradier. Mafi shahararrun mutum-mutumi duka shine wanda ke ɗauke da sa hannun mai suna Francois Rude, La Marseillaise. Akwai rukuni guda huɗu na kwatarniya, a kan mahaɗansa: Nasarar Napoleon, Maris na 'Yan Agaji, Samun Alexandria da Yakin Austerlitz. Na biyu ana kiransa La Marseillaise.

Anan ma akwai Kabarin Sojan da ba a San shi ba na yakin duniya na farko kuma tabbas wutar dawwama tana ci gaba da ƙonawa har abada tana tuna waɗanda suka ba da ransu don landasar. Wutar da kwanon tagar da aka yi wa ado da takubba aiki ne na mai ginin Henru Favier, kuma hasken bikin farko ya faru ne a ranar 11 ga Nuwamba, 1923 ta hannun Maginot, ɗan siyasan Faransa da ke bayan shahararren Maginot Line, mai tsaron gida cibiyar sadarwar da ta gaza a WWII.

Amma abu mafi mahimmanci shine tun daga lokacin wutar ta sake sakewa karfe shida da rabi na yamma a kowace rana, koyaushe ta hanyar wakilin ɗayan ƙungiyoyi ɗari tara na tsoffin mayaƙa, sun taru a cikin ƙungiya ta musamman don baka. Kuma dole ne a ce ko a lokacin da 'yan Nazi suka mamaye wutar ba a kashe wutar ba kuma akwai wani aiki a hukumance a duk ranar 11 ga Nuwamba, wanda shi ne lokacin da Faransa ke tunawa da karshen yakin farko.

Shekaru tara da suka gabata, a cikin 2018, da maido aiki na baka tun lokacin da duk tsarin, amma musamman ma kayan agaji, sunyi datti sosai. Bugu da kari, maganin hana ruwa ya riga ya cika shekaru ashirin, don haka ya zama dole a tsaftace, a dawo da kayan aikin sannan kuma a sake amfani da sabon abu mai hana ruwa gudu.

Tun shekara ta 2008 akwai cikin baka gidan kayan gargajiya tare da baje kolin multimedia na dindindin. An kira shi Tsakanin yaƙe-yaƙe da zaman lafiya kuma yawon shakatawa a cikin tarihin abin tunawa da bakunan don tunawa. Abu mai kyau shine ban da gidan kayan gargajiya da wutar dawwama ta sojojin da ba a san su ba zaka iya hawa zuwa rufin kuma ku ji daɗin kyan gani game da Champs Elysees, Place de la Concorde, Arch of Defence da Louvre Museum.

Hakanan akwai shagon kyauta kuma idan ka siya Gidan Tarihi na Paris ya wuce zaka iya amfani dashi.

Bayani mai amfani don ziyarci Arc de Triomphe

  • Lokacin buɗewa: daga 1 ga Afrilu zuwa 1 ga Satumba an bude daga 10 na safe zuwa 11 na dare; Daga Oktoba 31 zuwa 31 ga Maris yana yin hakan har zuwa 10:30 na dare. Yana rufewa a ranar 1 ga Janairu, 1 ga Mayu, 8 Mayu da safe, 14 ga Yuli da 11 ga Nuwamba Nuwamba da safe kuma 25 ga Oktoba.
  • Farashin: Yuro 12 da 9 tare da ragin farashi.Labarin farko na watan kyauta ne, daga 1 ga Nuwamba zuwa 31 ga Maris. Idan kai ɗan ƙasar Bature ne ƙasa da shekara 26 ko malamin firamare ko sakandare kuma. Kuna iya biyan kuɗi ko ta katin kuɗi.
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