Treviño, ʻāina o nā hale pule ʻoki pōhaku

Kēia pule wau e kia ʻO Castile lāua ʻo Leon. Ma ka Pōʻalua komo mākou i ka Cañón Río Lobo Kūlohelohe a i kēia lā me ke koho ʻO Treviño, kahi kaona a kalana kahi e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke hele wāwae ma waena o ka mōʻaukala a me ke kūlohelohe.

Mai ka makahiki 1983 he Treviño kahi Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻoihana mōʻaukala i manaʻo ʻia he waiwai o ka hoihoi moʻomeheu a kahi e kū ai nā hale aliʻi, nā hermitages, nā alahaka, nā punawai a me nā hale pule. E hui me ka nani Treviño.

Trevino

 

Ua noho ʻia nā ʻāina kahi o Treviño i kēia mau lā no nā kenekulia no ka mea ua loaʻa koena prehistoric ke hoike nei lakou no ia mea. Ke kulanakauhale o Treviño Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi o 1161 na ka Mō'ī Sancho VI o Navarra, akā ua lanakila ka Mō'ī o Castile Alfonso X iā ia ma lalo iki o hoʻokahi kenekulia a ua hele ke kūlanakauhale ma lalo o ka mana aliʻi. Ua lilo ia i kalana ma 1453, no laila ua hāʻawi ʻia i ka ʻohana Manrique de Lara y Castilla, i kēlā manawa a iā Duques de Jara.

ʻO Treviño kahi ʻāpana i kēia lā, me La Puebla de Arganzón, ka ʻO Treviño enclave, aia ia ma loko o ka moku ʻo Álava. Hoʻokumu nā kaona ʻelua i kahi mea e like me ka mokupuni a no ka manawa lōʻihi makemake lākou e kaʻawale mai Castilla y León, mai kahi mamao aku lākou i ka honua, a lilo i Basques. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, he hoʻokahi hola ka holo ʻana o Burgos a ʻo Vitoria he 18 mau mile wale nō ke mamao. ʻIke maopopo ʻaʻole makemake ʻo Castilla y León e ʻike i kekahi mea akā ma 2013 ua hoʻomaka kahi pae hou me kahi hoʻāʻo hou.

Trevino ola mai nā holoholona a me nā mahiʻai a ke ʻōlelo kālepa nei e hoʻopili ʻia iā Vitoria.

ʻO Treviño Huakaʻi

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ʻo ka momi o Treviño kona waiwai hoʻoilina a me nā hana noʻeau, akā hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohui i kekahi mau momi maoli. E hoʻomaka kākou me ka mea mua nona ka puʻuwai i hoʻokumu 'ia i ka makahiki 1661. ʻO ka hoʻolālā o ke kaona he medieval a aia nā hale pule a me nā hale aliʻi i waena o nā Hale Aliʻi o nā Helu o Treviño mai ke kenekulia XNUMX, i kēia lā hana ia e like me City Hall, a me ka Hale Aliʻi o ka hema o ke kenekulia XNUMX.

Aia i waena o lākou na alanui ololi, na mahinaai a me na wahi liilii, me ka hoʻohui i nā hale pule e like me ka hermitage o San Juan Bautista aiʻole ʻO ka parish o San Pedro Apóstol mai ke kenekulia ʻumikūmākolu. Aia i loko o ka pālaki kahi kiʻi o ka White Virgin, kahi kālai kiʻi 1th o Kristo a me kahi kuahu kiʻi Churrigueresque nani. Aia ka lehulehu ma nā Lāpule a me nā lā hoʻomana hoʻomana ma ka XNUMX i ka ʻauinalā a ma Iulai a me ʻAukake, nā mahina mākaʻikaʻi, aia he mau hola kūikawā no nā poʻe kipa i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka hale kaona ponoʻī.

I kēia mau kūkulu ʻana ua hoʻohui ʻia kekahi hermitage ʻē aʻe, kēlā o San Roque, ka Punawai XNUMXth kenekulia a me ka alahaka kaila gothic kēlā keʻa i ke kahawai Kōkua. ʻO ke kaona ʻo Treviño, ʻaʻole ka kalana ponoʻī, kahi kūlanakauhale i kūkulu ʻia ma ka pali hema o kahi puʻu ma luna o nā hale aliʻi medieval me ka hale kiaʻi baroque a me kahi hale pule parish, kahi pūnaewele i lilo i alanui nui.

Pili loa i ka Basque Country ʻo ka hale maʻamau i Treviño hana ʻia i ka pōhaku one aʻoi aku i kahi hale hoʻokahi, he hui liʻiliʻi o nā hale, kēlā me kēia me kāna hana ponoʻī: pipi, mauʻu, nā pono hana. A inā ʻoe e hoʻokala i kou mau maka, aia kekahi o ko lākou mau hale i nā ʻāpana o ka adobe a me ka wahie, medieval loa.

Akā ma ʻō aku o ka hoʻoilina o ka mōʻaukala aia kekahi mau kāleka kāleka kūlohelohe i hiki iā mākou ke ʻike a aia ma nā wahi. Me ka neʻe ʻole o kahi neʻe loa, a ma ke kaʻa a me ke keke paha, hiki iā mākou e ʻike i nā kaona, nā ana a me nā hale pule ʻē aʻe ʻeli ʻia i loko o lākou. ʻAe, no ka laʻana, kāhea Nā ana kapu o Treviño.

ʻO kēia mau ana Aia lākou i nā awāwa o Treviño a me ka mauna Alavesa. Holo ka muliwai Kōkua a me nā kahawai he nui ma aneʻi, e hana ana i kahi palapala ʻāina o nā pali, nā pōhaku a me nā awāwa kahi e maʻalahi ai ke nalowale. Ua helu ʻia ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli haneli ana ua ʻeli nā kāne no nā kenekulia a ma waena o lākou nā hale kupapaʻu Karistiano mua a me nā hale pule, ka mea kahiko ma Euskal Herria, a hiki ke ʻike ʻia inā e ʻimi ana kekahi i kēia mau ʻāpana.

Ke nānā pono nei ʻoe i kekahi o nā kauhale kokoke, ʻo kēlā me kēia me kāna leʻaleʻa liʻiliʻi. ʻO kahi laʻana, aia ke kaona o Faido me kahi ala e piʻi i waena o nā ululāʻau, ʻo ia ka mea e lawe pono iā mākou i kahi o ka Nā ana o San Miguel a me San Julián, kahi e hiki ai iā mākou ke komo, a mai loko mai ona kahi hale pule i kālai ʻia i ka pōhaku e ʻike ʻia ma kēlā ʻaoʻao o ke awāwa. ʻO ia ka Halepule o kā mākou Lede o ka Pōhaku kahi hiki ke kiʻi ʻia e kahi ala ʻūlili.

Aia ma kahi o kekahi ka nā ana o San Torcaria a me de las Gobas, kokoke loa i ke kaona o Laño. Eia ke kau ʻia a maikaʻi o nā heiau a me nā lumi o ke ana, ʻo ia paha ka mea nui loa ma ka Iberian Peninsula, ʻoiai ka limestone keʻokeʻo i hana ai i ka hana maʻalahi. ʻO kēia mau hale pule he mau kuahu, sacristies a me nā hoaka akā ma hope o nā makahiki o ka waiho ʻana i ka mauna, akā ʻo ke kumu, ua pau i ka hāʻule. Aia nā lua kupapaʻu ma ka honua a he awāwa kapu maoli nō ia.

Na wai i hana kēia hana maikaʻi? ʻĀ, ʻaʻole maopopo leʻa ʻia a aia kekahi halo o mea huna e pili ana i ke kumuhana. ʻIke ʻia ma kahi o ka XNUMXth kenekulia hermits a ma hope ua hōʻea nā kaiāulu monastic a i ʻole nā ​​ʻohana mahiʻai ma ia wahi, a ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e puʻuhonua nei mai ka poʻe Mahometa. Akā e like me kā lākou kālai ʻana i nā mea āpau, haʻalele lākou iā ia i ke kenekulia XNUMX a hele aku i nā kūlanakauhale i loaʻa, e waiho ana i kahi ʻano like me ka tī me nā lua i loko o laila me kekahi mau pūnaewele maikaʻi, a ʻo kekahi poʻe e noʻonoʻo mau nei i kēia lā pehea lākou i hele ai i laila.

ʻO ka mea hope loa, inā mākou ma ke kaʻa, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā kūlanakauhale ʻē aʻe e like me ʻO Markinez me nā ana o San Salvador a me kāna hale pule i kālai ʻia i loko o ka pōhaku, ka hermitage pōhaku o Santa Leocadia a i ʻole ʻo San Juan. Aia no kekahi kulanakauhale o Arluzea kahi e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke kipa aku i ka hermitage o San Juan de Larrea, he hale kākela ia, he hale paʻa, akā he hale paʻa, me ka hale kiaʻi, nā paia a me ka lua wai.

A no laila hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomau i kā mākou huakaʻi i ʻO Saseta lāua ʻo Okina me kāna pūkuniahi. E ʻike i kēia mau mea āpau ʻaʻole ʻoe e neʻe ma mua o 20 mau kilomita ma waena o kahi ʻāina nani a neoneo i hele aʻe i nā awawa, nā hale kiaʻi a me nā ana. ʻAʻohe kanaka, ʻoiai nui ka mōʻaukala.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

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