Mongolia, huakaʻi kūwaho

E nānā i kahi palapala ʻāina a loaʻa ʻo Mongolia ma luna. Mai huikau me ka ʻāina ʻo Kina, akā aia wale nō ia, pili loa. He ʻāina paʻa ʻāina ʻo Mongolia akā aia kekahi mau hoanoho ikaika loa e like me Kina a me Rusia.

Ua lohe paha ʻoe iā Genghis Khan? ʻĀnō, he Mongolian ʻo ia a ʻo ia ke alakaʻi o kahi aupuni koʻikoʻi. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, he mau ʻemepela Mongol ko Kina. He heicic kāna moʻolelo politika akā mai ka makahiki 20 o ke kenekulia i hala he ʻāina kūʻokoʻa a inā ʻoe e ʻimi nei nā ʻāina ʻē exotic… Pehea kou manaʻo no kēia?

Monokolia

He ʻāina nui ia akā ma ka manawa like he kakaikahi loa kona mau kamaʻāina ma kēlā me kēia kilomika kilomika o ka ʻili. ʻOiai i kēia mau lā he hapa nui o lākou he poʻe nomadic a me semi-nomadic a ʻoiai ʻo ka hapanui no ka lāhui lāhui Mongolian aia kekahi mau lāhui liʻiliʻi.

ʻO kona mau kahakai i hoʻomalu ʻia e ka Waonahele Gobi, mauʻu mauʻu a me steppes.  Kaulana kāna mau lio, me lākou ʻo Genghis Khan i hoʻokumu ai i kona aupuni a ʻo ia kekahi o kāna moʻopuna nāna i hoʻokumu i ka Yuan Dynasty ma Kina a Marco Polo i kamaʻilio ai i kāna mau moʻolelo huakaʻi.

Ua kaua lōʻihi nā Mongol me ka Manchu, kekahi o nā lāhui i hele mai e hoʻomalu i ke aupuni Kina, a hiki i ka hopena ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka ʻāina i kahi repubalika kūʻokoʻa a me kahi ʻāina Kina i kapa ʻia i kēia lā ʻo Inner Mongolia.

ʻO Ulaanbaatar kona kapikala, kūlanakauhale anu inā aia i ka wā hoʻoilo. Hiki iā lākou ke hana -45 ºC! ʻIke nō, ʻaʻole e hele i ka hoʻoilo ke ʻole ʻoe makemake e ʻike i ka mea a Stalin mau paʻahao i ʻike ai i loko o kā lākou poʻe pio pio.

Pehea e hiki ai i Mongolia

ʻO Genghis Khan International Airport ma kahi o 18 mau mile ma ke komohana hema o Ulaanbaatar. Mālama ʻo Korean Air, Air China, Airlines Mongolian, Aeroflot a i ʻole Turkish i ka mālama ʻana i nā huakaʻi maʻamau, i waena o nā hui ʻē aʻe, no laila Hiki iā ʻoe ke hōʻea ma o ka lele pololei ʻana mai Kelemania, Iāpana, Hong Kong, Turkey, Lūkia a me Kina a me kahi pilina mai ke koena o ka honua.

Inā he adventurous ʻoe kekahi aia kahi Trans-Siberian Train kaulana, ka loa o ka honua. Mai Beijing a Saint Petersburg ʻaneʻane ʻewalu tausani mau kilomita a ʻo ia ka lālā Trans Mongol e holo ana mai ka palena Lūkia ma o Ulaanbaatar a hiki i ka palena Kina. He aha ka huakaʻi! 1.100 mau kilomita ka nui e holo ana i loko o Mongolia. Ke hana nei i ka huakaʻi ma kēia kaʻaahi kahi ʻike maikaʻi loa iā ia iho, ma ʻō aku o kahi e hele aku ai. Ua like ia me ka huakaʻi i ʻIthaca.

Koho ka poʻe he nui e lawe i ka Moscow - Ulaanbaatar - huakaʻi ʻo Beijing. Ma waena o Moscow a me Ulaanbaatar he ʻelima mau lā a mai Beijing a Ulaanbaatar he 36 mau hola. He ʻeiwa mau keʻena me kēlā me kēia kaʻa me nā moena ʻehā a no kahi kālā hou e loaʻa iā ʻoe nā lumi māhoe. Kūʻai ʻia nā likiki ma ka pūnaewele mai ka pūnaewele www.eticket-ubtz.mn/mn a pono e kūʻai ʻia i hoʻokahi mahina ma mua.

Akā i ka wā e huakaʻi ai i Mongolia? E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ʻoʻoleʻa loa ka hoʻoilo. Nui loa ke anilā akā e hoʻomālamalama mau ana ka lā a maikaʻi loa ia. Hauʻoli ʻo Mongolia ma mua o 200 mau lā o ka lā i mau ai ka lani i kona mau makahiki a puni ka makahiki. He nani. Eia naʻe ka wā mākaʻikaʻi mai Mei a Kepakemapa ʻoiai ʻoe e noʻonoʻo i ka aniau ʻokoʻa e like me ka ʻāpana o ka ʻāina. Nui ka ua mai Iulai a ʻAukake, ʻAe nō.

ʻO kahi manawa maikaʻi e hele ai i Mongolia i ka waena o Iulai. Nui ka poʻe akā pono ia no ka mea aia ke National Naadam Festival a mākou e kamaʻilio ai ma hope. ʻO ka hope, pono ʻoe i kahi visa? ʻAʻole kekahi mau ʻāina, akā ʻaʻole ka hapa nui. Eia naʻe hana ʻia ka visa ma nā ʻelele a me nā consulate A inā ʻaʻohe mea i kou ʻāina, hiki iā ʻoe ke noi no hoʻokahi i kahi ʻāina pili i kāu i loaʻa a loaʻa iā ia i ka hōʻea ʻana mai, akā paʻakikī e ka ʻōlelo.

ʻO ka visa huakaʻi he 30 mau lā a ke loaʻa iā ʻoe, kūpono e hoʻohana ʻia i loko o ʻekolu mau mahina e hiki mai ana. I nā kaʻina hana ua noi lākou i kahi leka kono no laila inā ʻoe e hele i kahi mākaʻikaʻi hoʻonohonoho e noi ʻoe i ka ʻoihana. A hiki i ka hopena o 2015 ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia kekahi mau ʻāina mai ka visa akā no ka hoʻolauna ʻana i ka mākaʻikaʻi (aia ʻo Sepania ma kēlā papa inoa), akā ua manaʻo ʻia ua pau ka hoʻolaha ʻana e hōʻoia ma mua o ka huakaʻi.

ʻO ka mea e ʻike ai ma Mongolia

Ke nānā nei iā Mongolia ma ka palapala ʻāina hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokaʻawale iā ia i nā wahi like ʻole e like me nā helu kardinal. ʻO ke kapikala ma ka waena waena a ʻo ia nō kou ʻīpuka no laila eia kahi papa inoa o he aha e ʻike ai ma Ulaanbaatar:

  • Kaha Sukhbaatar. ʻO ia ka square nui a aia ke kiʻi o kēia kanaka ma waenakonu, he aloha ʻāina kaulana loa. ʻO kahi a puni ʻo ia ka Ballet and Opera Theatre, ka Cultural Palace a me ka Parliament, ʻo kahi laʻana.
  • ʻO ka hale mōneka ʻo Gandan. Ua noho ia i kona wahi mai 1838 akā ma mua o ia i ka puʻuwai o ke kapitala. Ua ulu nui ia mai ia manawa a i kēia lā ua kūkulu ʻia he mau mōneka Buddhist he 5. Ua ʻeha ka Buddhism ma lalo o Communism a ʻelima mau luakini o ka mōneka i nīnau ʻia i luku ʻia. Me ka hāʻule ʻana o ka Soviet Union, ua hoʻomaha nā mea āpau, ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia ka mōneka a i kēia lā he ola nui kona. He 40 mika kona kiʻekiʻe Buddha.
  • Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Nacional History. ʻO ia ka mea ʻoi loa e pulu i ka mōʻaukala o ka ʻāina mai ka Makahiki Pōhaku a i ke kenekulia XNUMX.
  • Hale Hōʻikeʻike National o ka Mōʻaukala Kūlohelohe. ʻO ka like, akā e ʻike i ka hohonu i ka flora, ka holoholona a me ka ʻāina o kēia ʻāina mamao. ʻAʻole nele nā ​​iwi kino Dinosaur,
  • Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Bogd Khan Palace. ʻO ka laki ʻaʻole ka Soviet i luku iā ia i ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe luku a lākou i alakaʻi ai i nā 30s. ʻO kēia ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Bogd Khan Winter a he hale hōʻikeʻike kēia i kēia lā. ʻO nā hale mai ka XNUMX kenekulia a ʻo Bogd Khan ke aliʻi hope loa a me Buddha e ola nei. Aia nā hale kūʻono nani ʻeono.

I ka pōkole, ʻo kēia ka mea a ke kūlanakauhale e hāʻawi ai, akā ma nā wahi o waho e hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike ma waena o nā wahi ʻē aʻe o ka aʻe:

  • ʻO Bogd Khan Mountain National Park. Aia ia ma ka hema o ke kapikala a he mauna mauna ia me nā kiʻi ana a me nā ʻano pua a me nā holoholona. I loko o kahi hale pule kahiko 20th kenekulia me kahi o XNUMX mau luakini a me nā ʻike hanohano o ke awāwa.
  • Pāka Aupuni ʻo Gorkhi-Terelj. ʻO 80 mau kilomita ia mai ke kūlanakauhale a hāʻawi i ka nui o nā mākaʻikaʻi kūwaho e like me ka holo wāwae, ka holo lio, ka holo kaʻa mauna a me nā mea hou aʻe. He awāwa nani ia me nā hana pōhaku ʻano ʻē, nā piko uhi uhi paina, a me nā kula uliuli i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā pua ulu.
  • Pūnaewele Kūlohelohe ʻo Gun Galuut. ʻO ka wahi maikaʻi inā makemake ʻoe i nā holoholona, ​​nā loko, nā mauna, nā muliwai a me nā kahawai hoʻi. Nā mea āpau i ka hoʻāhu like.
  • Kahu Waihona Khustai. 95 mile ia mai ke kapikala a ʻo nā lio hihiu hope loa o ka honua e noho nei. Ua ʻike ʻia lākou ma ka inoa o nā lio Przewalski, ma hope o ka mea ʻimi Polani i ʻike iā lākou i ka 1878, a ma hope o ka nalowale ʻana i kēia lā he ʻano pale lākou.

Ma kēia ʻatikala mua e pili ana iā Mongolia ke nānā nei mākou i ka hāʻawi ʻana iā ʻoe i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka ʻāina, pehea e hiki ai i laila, he aha kāu e pono ai e komo a me nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi loa ma ke kapikala a me nā wahi a puni. Akā e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, nui nui ʻo Mongolia no laila e hoʻomau pū mākou e ʻike pū.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1.   kekai ia

    Aloha Mariela, pehea ʻoe? ʻO ka mea mua, mahalo no ka palapala a me ka ʻikepili āu e paʻi ai. Ua hoʻolālā wau i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana e hana i ka trans-cyberian mai Russia a Beijing (pololei ʻo Moscow) a makemake wau e noho i kekahi mau lā ma Mongolia. Akā ʻo ka mea hoihoi iaʻu ma Mongolia ka huakaʻi kaiāulu, mamao loa mai ke kūlanakauhale. Loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi ʻike ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēia? E like me ka hiki ke hoʻomoana i kēlā mau halelewa kaulana, a i ʻole nā ​​mea e like me kēlā.
    Mahalo mua no kāu kōkua. Ua kākau wau i nā lā kūpono e huakaʻi ai a me ka leka kākoʻo e hiki ai ke komo, ʻikepili koʻikoʻi.
    Aloha mai Argentina.
    Santiago