ʻO ka nele i ka ʻike e waiho ai iā Nazca i kahi makaʻu

Nazca ave

Ma Peru, ma waena o nā kaona o Nazca a me Palpa, aia kekahi o nā mea pohihihi archaeological kaulana loa o nā manawa āpau. I kēia wao nahele aia kahi set of geoglyphs gigantic ʻike wale ʻia mai kahi kiʻekiʻe, kahi ʻano holoholona, ​​kanaka a me nā geometric. Ua hana ʻia lākou e ka moʻomeheu Nazca ma waena o 200 BC a me 600 AD a mai ka manawa i hoʻomaka ai nā archaeologists e hoʻopaʻa i nā ʻike i ka makahiki XNUMX, ua puka mai he mau hanana he nui e pili ana i ko lākou kumu a me ko lākou manaʻo, ʻoiai he mea pohihihi lākou.

ʻO nā laina Nazca kahi waiwai aupuni no Peru a kiaʻi lākou iā ia me ka ikaika. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole palekana ʻo Nazca mai nā makaʻi āpau e hoʻoweliweli iā ia. ʻO kēlā me kēia kapuaʻi wāwae ma ia wahi, no ka pono a me ke ʻano o ke aniau, waiho mau ʻia no nā makahiki he mau kaukani a ʻo nā pohō maoli i hana ʻia ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoponopono.

Minamina, ʻo ka ʻike ʻole e pili ana i ka noʻonoʻo o ka wahi i nā makahiki i hala iho nei ua alakaʻi i kahi o nā hana i hōʻeha nui iā Nazca.

greenpeace ma Nazca

ʻO nā pohō i hana ʻia ma Nazca

ʻO ka mea hou loa a hōʻino loa hoʻi o lākou i kū mai i Ianuali i hala, i ka wā i hele aku ai kahi mea hoʻokele mai kahi hui lawe kaʻa i ka Nazca Pampas me nā ʻōuli i hōʻike i ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe a ua hōʻino loa ʻia. ma ka pūnaewele archaeological i kahi ma kahi o 100 mau mika. A ʻo kahi hopena, ua waiho ʻia nā kahawai hohonu ma ka honua i hoʻopili ʻia i ʻekolu o nā makahiki he tausani makahiki i huki ʻia i ke one.

Kohu mea lā ʻaʻole i ʻike ke kāne i ke kūlana patrimonial o ia wahi a komo i loko o ka Nazca Pampas no ka mea he pilikia pākaha kāna kaʻa. Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike ke Kuhina Nui o Peruvian e hōʻino hewa i ka mea hoʻokele i kahi ʻōlelo.

Akā ua hōʻino ʻia nā Nazca Lines ma mua. I ka makahiki 2014, i ka manawa o ka UN Climate Conference i mālama ʻia ma Lima, ua komo nā mea hoʻouluulu mai ka hui Greenpeace i ia wahi a, ma kahi e noho ai ka geoglyph hummingbird, ua kau lākou i mau leka nunui me ka leka "ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻololi ai! Hou ka wā e hiki mai ana. Uliuli malu. " ʻike wale ʻia mai ka lani. Ma hope o ka haunaele, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Greenpeace e kala aku no ka hōʻino o ka pūnaewele, ka mea i hiki ʻole ke hoʻoponopono hou ʻia.

I hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope mai, i Kepakemapa 2015, ua kiʻi ke kumuhana i kahi a kākau i kona inoa ma kekahi o nā geoglyphs. Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ua kāne nei e nā kiaʻi kiaʻi no ka pale ʻana iā Nazca a hāʻawi ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi.

punawelewele ʻo nazca

Nā kuhiakau e pili ana iā Nazca, he aha ke kumu?

I ka mua, ua manaʻo nā archaeologists ʻo nā laina Nazca he mau ala maʻalahi wale nō ia, akā i ka hala ʻana o ka manawa ua loaʻa ka ikaika i nā kumumanaʻo ʻē aʻe e mālama ana ua hana ʻia nā "wahi hoʻomana" e ʻoluʻolu i ke akua o nā kiʻekiʻe.

I kēia lā ʻike mākou ua hana ka poʻe Nazca i nā geoglyphs ma ka lawe ʻana i nā pōhaku mai ka papa i ʻike ʻia ka pōhaku keʻokeʻo ma lalo. Eia hou, mahalo i kekahi mau kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui ʻo Yamagata ma Iapana, ʻike mākou aia ʻehā mau ʻano kiʻi like ʻole e hui pū ma nā ala like ʻole me kahi huakaʻi like: ke kūlanakauhale ma mua o Inca o Cahuachi. I kēia lā hoʻokahi wale nō pyramid e kū nei akā i ka wā o kona wā hauʻoli he kikowaena hele malihini mua ia a me ke kapikala o ka moʻomeheu Nazca.

Wahi a nā archaeologists Kepani, ua kūkulu ʻia nā kiʻi Nazca e ʻelua mau moʻomeheu ʻokoʻa me nā ʻenehana a me nā hōʻailona ʻokoʻa, i hiki ke ʻike ʻia i nā geoglyphs e huki ana i ke ala mai ko lākou wahi i kū mai ai i ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Cahuachi.

Ua ʻike lākou ua loli ka nui o nā kaha kiʻi ma ka ʻāina kokoke loa i ke awāwa ʻo Nazca a me ke ala e hele ai mai laila aku a i Cahuachi. Ma kēlā wahi aia kahi ʻano ʻokoʻa o nā kiʻi, i hōʻike ʻia ma luna o nā mea āpau e ka hōʻike ʻana i nā mea mana a me nā poʻo me he mea lā he tropeʻa lākou. ʻO ke kolu o nā hui geoglyph i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā hui ʻelua i loaʻa ma ka pā o Nazca, kahi e waiho ana ma waena o nā moʻomeheu ʻelua.

hānau kanaka

Wahi a nā archaeologists Kepani, ua loli ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā kiʻi Nazca i ka holo ʻana o ka manawa. I ka manawa mua ua hana ʻia lākou no nā kumu moʻomeheu wale nō, akā ma hope ua kau ʻia lākou ma ke ala e hiki aku ai iā Cahuachi. Kūlike ʻole i ka manaʻo o kekahi, ʻaʻole paha i hoʻohana ʻia kēia mau kiʻi e māka i ke ala hele malihini, ʻoiai e māka ʻia ia, akā e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā manaʻo, e hāʻawi ana hoʻi i kahi ʻano maʻamau.

Eia nō naʻe, nui ka poʻe i hoʻāʻo e hāʻawi i kahi pane i ke ʻano o nā laina Nazca a aia kekahi mau manaʻo e pili ana i ko lākou kumu. ʻO ka makemakika María Reiche ka mea i hoʻohuli iā Paul Kosok e ka ʻimi ʻana i ke kuhiakau i loaʻa i kēia mau kaha kiʻi kahi ʻano astronomical. Ua ʻeli nā kānaka hulihonua ʻo Reindel lāua ʻo Isla i nā pūnaewele he 650 a ua hiki ke huli i ka mōʻaukala o ka moʻomeheu i hoʻokumu i kēia mau kiʻi. ʻO ka lako o ka wai he mea nui ia ma ka ʻāina ʻoiai he wao nahele. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā kaha kiʻi i kahi ʻano moʻomeheu nona ke kumu e paipai ai i ke kāhea ʻana i nā akua wai. Ua ʻike nā kānaka hulikoehana i nā kaula a me nā mākia a kēia poʻe i huli ai i nā kiʻi.

Nā kiʻi Nazca

He aha ka hōʻailona o nā Nazca Lines?

ʻO nā kiʻi Nazca he geometric a me he figurative. Ma loko o ka pūʻulu figurative ʻike mākou i nā holoholona: nā manu, nā mōneka, nā nananana, kahi ʻīlio, he iguana, kahi moʻo a me kahi moʻo.

ʻAneʻane nā kiʻi a pau i hana ʻia ma kahi pālahalaha a aia wale kekahi ma nā pali o nā puʻu. ʻAneʻane nā helu āpau i kau ʻia i loko o lākou e hōʻike i nā kiʻi kanaka. Hoʻoninani ʻia kekahi e nā laina kū aʻe ʻekolu a ʻehā paha e hōʻike ana i nā hulu o kahi pāpale haipule (ʻo kekahi o nā mummies o Peruvian i kau i nā pāpale gula o nā hulu a me nā hulu).

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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