ʻO Notre Dame, ke kāhiko gothic o Palisa

ʻaʻole ka nani

Aia kekahi mau wahi i ka honua e pono ʻole ai i kahi hoʻolauna no ka mea ke kamaʻilio nei kā lākou kaulana no lākou iho. ʻO kēia ka hihia o Notre Dame a i ʻole Our Lady of Paris, kekahi o nā kia hoʻomanaʻo a mākou i ʻike nui ai ma nā kāleka kāleka, nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni a me nā puke. He mea kupaianaha ʻo Notre Dame i kahi hana noʻeau, kahi mea nui i kipa ʻo Paris ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke nalo. A laila, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i kēia hale pule nona ka nani i hoʻohiwahiwa i nā hanauna holoʻokoʻa.

Mōʻaukala o Notre Dame

notre dame waho

ʻO ka hana ʻana o kēia hale pule Gothic hanohano i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka Virgin Mary ma ka Ile de la Cité i lilo i ka manawa a me ka ikaika. Ua hoʻomaka nā hana i ka 1163 a ʻaʻole ia a hiki i ka makahiki 1345 pau lākou. I loko o nā manawa holoʻokoʻa, ua ʻike maka ka hale pule i nā hanana mōʻaukala he nui e like me ka beatification o Joan o Arc a me nā coronations o Napoleon Bonaparte a me Henry VI o ʻEnelani.

Aʻo 1793, I ka wā o ka French Revolution, lilo ʻo Notre Dame i luakini i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ke kumu a ʻaihue ʻia kāna mau waiwai he nui. Eia hou, ua luku ʻia ka hapa nui o nā kiʻi kālai ʻia a ua hoʻololi ʻia ʻo Virgin Mary e nā kiʻi o ke kūʻokoʻa ma nā kuahu like ʻole. I kēia manawa ua pau ka hale pule i hale waihona waiwai a ʻaʻole ia a hiki i ka makahiki 1845 i hoʻomaka ai kahi papahana hoʻihoʻi i hala nā makahiki he iwakālua.

Ma hope, i ke Kaua Honua ʻElua, ua ʻeha ʻo Notre Dame i nā pōkā Kelemania ʻoiai ʻo ka pōmaikaʻi ʻaʻole i luku ʻia.

E kipa iā Notre Dame

gargoyle

ʻOiai he hale pule Kakolika ʻo Notre Dame Cathedral, ua lilo ia i manawa nui i mea hoʻokipa nui., no laila he ʻaneʻane ke kuleana e kipa i kēia hale pule aia ma ka Ile de la Cité i kou noho ʻana ma Palisa.

E ʻike ka poʻe ʻōlelo Paniolo i kipa iā Notre Dame i ka hopena pule e hāʻawi ʻia nā huakaʻi manuahi i ka Paniolo i kēlā me kēia Pōʻaono ma 14:30 PM. Inā ʻaʻole hiki ke hele i ka Pōʻaono, aia nā huakaʻi alakaʻi i ka ʻōlelo Pelekania i ka Pōʻakolu a me ka Pōʻalima ma ka hola 14:00 o ke ahiahi. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻolimalima i kahi alakaʻi leo.

Ma waho aʻe o ka hiki ke ʻoliʻoli i ka helehelena kupaianaha a me loko o ka luakini Gothic, hiki ke piʻi i ka hale kiaʻi hema o a noʻonoʻo i nā hale kaʻa kaulana a me nā hiʻohiʻona kupaianaha o Seine, Ile de la Cité a me Paris. Ke kipa aku nei ʻo ia i nā crypts o ka hale pule nui a me ka hale hōʻikeʻike archaeological, kahi e noho ai nā wahi o lalo o ka wāwahi Roma.

ʻAʻohe manuahi ka puka komo i Notre Dame, no laila hāʻawi ʻia i ka komo ʻana o ka poʻe, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e hele i kakahiaka i ka lālani. Wehe ʻia ʻo Notre Dame i ka lehulehu mai ka Pōʻakahi a ka Pōʻalima mai 8:00 a 18:45 pm a me nā Poaono a me nā Lāpule mai 8:00 a 19:15. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ke komo i nā hale kiaʻi a me ka crypt he kumukūʻai o 8,50 a me 7 euro pakahi. Komo manuahi ka poʻe liʻiliʻi.

Kalaiaina o Notre Dame

loko o notre dame

Kū i loko o ka hale pule ka nui o kona mālamalama, mahalo i nā puka aniani nui e wehe ana ma ke poʻo, ke kākau ʻōlelo, ke kākau ʻōlelo a me nā ʻaloʻalo. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā aniani aniani i ʻike ʻia i kēia lā i hoʻokau ʻia i ka wā o ka hoʻihoʻi hou ʻana i lawe ʻia mai ka XNUMX kenekulia.

Mai kahi manaʻo kuʻuna, kū i waho ke poʻo nui Pieta ma ke poʻo, i kahakaha ʻia e Nicolas Coustou i ka XNUMX kenekulia, ka mea i pelekikena ma luna o Notre Dame mai waenakonu o ka apse. Ma nā ʻaoʻao o ke kiʻi nā kiʻi o King Louis XIII, ka hana a Guillaume Coustou, a me Louis XIV, na Antoine Coysevox, e kukuli ana a hoʻopuni ʻia e nā ʻānela e hāpai ana i ka Arma Christi.

ʻO ka lālā nui o Notre Dame kahi mea hana nui a nani hoʻi ka hana a Aristide Cavaillé-Coll no ka hapa nui. Loaʻa iā ia nā pāʻani 113 a me nā paipu 7800, kekahi o ia mau mea mai ka Middle Ages, a me kahi pahu i kāhiko ʻia me nā automatons. Hiki ke lohe ʻia i kēlā me kēia Lāpule ma ka hapahā i hala ka ʻelima o ke awakea, ke pāʻani ʻia e kekahi o nā mea hoʻokalakupua titre o Notre-Dame, a i ʻole nā ​​manawa e loaʻa ai nā recital i hoʻokahi manawa i ka mahina, i ka Pōʻahā, e nā mea hoʻokalakupua mai nā wahi āpau honua

hale pule notre dame

Loaʻa i ka Hale Pule Nui ʻo Notre Dame kahi waiwai nui e pili ana i ka Passion of Christ: kahi ʻāpana o ka lei o nā kākalaioa a me ke Keʻa ʻoiaʻiʻo a me kekahi o nā kui o ke keʻa. Ua kūʻai ʻia kēia mau relic e King Louis IX mai ka Emepela o Constantinople. I ka 1239 ua lawe ka mōʻī ponoʻī i nā relic i Notre-Dame ʻoiai kūkulu ʻia kahi hale kūpono no lākou, a lilo i Sainte Chapelle. I ka wā o ka French Revolution, lawe ʻia nā relic i ka National Library. Ma hope o ka Concordat o 1801, ua hāʻawi ʻia lākou i ka lima o ka Archb Bishop o Paris, a ua waiho hou iā lākou i ka makahiki 1806.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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