Kaʻao Mexico

Ke kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i nā kaʻao Mekiko, ke kamaʻilio nei mākou e pili ana i nā kuʻuna a me nā anecdotes o kahi poʻe kahiko. ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke hoʻopoina, ma mua o ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā Sepania, ua ola ka moʻomeheu ma ia wahi ʻoliva a mahope ka maia a ʻo ka mea i koho ʻia e nā Aztecs.

ʻO ka hua o ka synthesity o kēia mau lāhui āpau ka moʻolelo o Mekiko a, ʻoiaʻiʻo nō, kāna mau kaʻao. I kēia ala, ʻo kekahi o nā mea a mākou e haʻi aku ai iā ʻoe i ko lākou aʻa i nā moʻomeheu pre-Columbian, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi ma hope, i ka hui ʻana o nā kuʻuna Hepania me nā hōʻea mai ka Continent Kahiko. Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana i ka Kaʻao Mexico, kono mākou iā ʻoe e hoʻomau i ka heluhelu ʻana i kēia ʻatikala.

Nā kaʻao Mekiko, mai ka Olmecs a hiki i kēia lā

ʻO ka moʻolelo kuʻuna o Mekiko he waiwai nui a ʻano ʻokoʻa. Hoʻopuni ia i nā moʻolelo e pili ana i nā hōkū, me ka hānau ʻana o nā kūlanakauhale nui, me kā lākou mau lole maʻamau (eia kāu kahi ʻatikala e pili ana iā lākou) a me nā manaʻo a me nā hana a nā kamaʻāina o ka ʻāina. Akā, me ka makemake ʻole, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi o kēia mau moʻolelo.

Ka moolelo o Popo a me Itza

ʻO Popo lāua ʻo Itza

ʻO Snowy El Popo lāua ʻo Itza

Mai ʻO Mexico City hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i nā lua pele kiʻekiʻe loa o ka ʻāina: ka ʻO Popocatépetl a me ka ʻO Itzaccíhuatl, ka mea a mākou e kāhea ai, no ka maʻalahi, ka Popo a me ka Itza. ʻO nā mea protagonist ʻelua o kēia moʻolelo, kekahi o nā kaʻao Mekiko he nui o ko Aztec kumu.

I ka hiki ʻana mai o kēia kaona i kahi, ua hana ia i ka nui ʻO Tenochtitlan, kahi e noho ai ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Mekiko i kēia lā. I loko ona ua hānau ʻia ke kamāliʻiwahine Mixtli, ʻo ia ke kaikamahine a Tozic, ka ʻemepela o nā Aztecs. I ka hōʻea ʻana i ka makahiki o ka male, ua koi ʻia ʻo ia, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, na Axooxco, he kāne loko ʻino.

Akā aloha ʻo ia i ke koa Popoka. Pono ʻo ia e lilo i mea lanakila a loaʻa i ke poʻo inoa o Naita ʻElea. Ua hele ʻo ia i ka hakakā a hele lōʻihi ʻole i kahi manawa. Akā i hoʻokahi pō, ua moemoeā ʻo Mixtli ua make kāna ipo i ka hakakā a lawe i kona ola ponoʻī.

I ka hoʻi ʻana o Popoca mau makahiki ma hope mai, ua ʻike ʻo ia ua make kāna ipo. No ka hoʻohanohano ʻana iā ia, ua kanu ʻo ia iā ia i loko o kahi hale kupapaʻu nui a ma kahi āna i kau ai he mau puʻu he ʻumi a hoʻohiki ʻo ia e noho mau loa me ia I ka hala ʻana o ka manawa, uhi ka hau i ka puʻu kanu kanu o Mixtli a me ke kino o Popoca, e ala ana ka Itza a me ka Popo.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka kaao i ke aloha o ke koa me ke kamāliʻiwahine a, ke haʻalulu kona puʻuwai, ka luaipele kipaku fumaroles.

ʻO La Llorona, kahi kaʻao kaulana loa ʻo Mekiko

La Llorona

Nā Leʻaleʻa o La Llorona

Hoʻololi mākou i ke au, akā ʻaʻole ka wahi e haʻi iā ʻoe i ka moʻolelo o La Llorona. ʻLelo ʻia, i nā manawa koloneial, ua pili ka wahine ʻōiwi ʻōpio me kahi keonimana Sepania nāna i hānau ʻia he ʻekolu mau keiki.

ʻOiai ua manaʻo ʻo ia e male i kāna ipo, makemake ʻo ia e hana pēlā me kahi wahine Paniolo a ua nalowale ka manaʻo o ke kaikamahine ʻōiwi. No laila, ua hele wāwae ʻo ia i ka Lake Texcoco, kahi āna i luʻu ai i kāna mau keiki ʻekolu a hoʻolei iā ia iho. Mai ia manawa, nui nā poʻe e koi nei ua ʻike lākou i ke kaiapuni o ka lagoon he wahine aahu keokeo ka mea e kanikau nei i ka hopena kaumaha o kāna mau keiki a hoʻopau i ka hoʻi ʻana i Texcoco e hoʻohaʻahaʻa iā ia iho i kāna wai.

Ka mokupuni o nā pēpē

Mokupuni ʻo Doll

Ka mokupuni o nā pēpē

He helehelena pālua ko nā pēpē. Ma ka lima hoʻokahi, lawelawe lākou no ka mea liʻiliʻi e pāʻani ai. Akā, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, i kekahi mau hanana loaʻa iā lākou kekahi mea pohihihi. ʻO kēia ka mea i hana ma ka mokupuni o nā pēpē.

Aia ia ma kahi o Xochimilco, iwakālua wale nō kilomita mai ke kūlanakauhale Mekiko aku. Hiki iā ʻoe ke kiʻi i laila ma ke keʻa ʻana i nā auwai i nā moku kuʻuna hoihoi i kapa ʻia nā kaʻa uila.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ka mokupuni o nā pēpē ka hiʻohiʻona o nā kaʻao weliweli. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ka mea e wehewehe nei i kona kumu, maʻalahi, kaumaha no ka mea ua hānau ʻia nā mea āpau e kahi kaikamahine i make i ka wai.

Don ʻO Julian Santana ka mea nona nā māla (i ka ʻōlelo Nahuatl, chinampas) kahi i loaʻa ai ke kino o ka wahine ʻōpio. Ua hōʻoia ka mea nona ka ʻāina iā ia iho e hōʻike aku ana iā ia a, e hoʻoweliweli iā ia, ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia e kau i nā pēpē ma kāna ʻāina holoʻokoʻa.

ʻIke, hoʻomau ka moʻolelo e ʻōlelo nei ʻo Don Julián kēia hoʻi mai kēlā manawa kēia manawa e mālama i kāna mau pēpē. I kekahi hihia, inā ʻaʻa ʻoe e kipa aku i ka mokupuni, ʻike ʻoe he ea pohihihi maoli a ʻeleʻele hoʻi ia.

ʻO ke ala o ka honi o Guanajuato, kahi kaʻao Mekiko i piha i ka lyricism

Ke alanui o ka Honi

Alanui honi

Hele mākou i kēia manawa i ke kūlanakauhale o ʻo Guanajuato, kapikala o ka mokuʻāina o ka inoa like a aia ma waenakonu o ka ʻāina, e haʻi aku ai iā ʻoe e pili ana i kēia kaʻao Mexico aloha. Kūlike mākou i ke ala o ka honi, kahi ala liʻiliʻi he 68 mau kenimika wale nō ka laulā nona nā balconies, no laila, ʻaneʻane hoʻopili ʻia.

ʻO ia i loko o lākou kēlā ʻO Carlos lāua ʻo Ana, he kāne aloha nona ka pilina i pāpā ʻia e ko lākou mau mākua. I ka wā i ʻike ai ka makuakāne o ke kaikamahine ua hoʻolohe ʻole ʻo ia iā ia, ua pepehi ʻo ia iā ia ma ke kau ʻana i ka pahi ma kona kua.

ʻO Carlos, i kona ʻike ʻana i ke kupapaʻu o kāna ipo, honi akula i kona lima mehana. ʻAʻole i pau ka moʻolelo ma laila. Pono ʻoe e ʻike ia, inā ʻoe e kipa aku iā Guanajuato me kāu hoa, honi ʻoe ma ke kolu o ke anuu o ke alanui. Inā ʻoe e hana, e like me ke kuʻuna, e loaʻa iā ʻoe ehiku makahiki o ka hauʻoli.

ʻO ka Mulata o Veracruz

Castle o San Juan de Ulúa

Papu o San Juan de Ulúa

Hele mākou i kēia manawa Veracruz (eia ʻoe kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ka mea e ʻike ai i kēia kūlanakauhale) e haʻi aku iā ʻoe i kekahi moʻolelo sentimental hou, ʻoiai i kēia hihia o ka lili a me ka hoʻopaʻi ʻeleʻele. Wahi a kēia moʻolelo Mexico he wahine mulatto ka nani e like me ia i ʻike ʻole ʻia ma kahi kūlanakauhale i noho ai.
Pēlā kona nani i hele pinepine ʻole ai i ke alanui i ʻole e hoʻāla i nā kamaʻilio ʻōhumu. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole hiki ke alo aʻe iā lākou. A hoʻomaka ka poʻe e ʻōlelo ua loaʻa iā lākou mana kilokilo. Hoʻomaka kēia e hoʻonāukiuki i nā manaʻo kanalua o kona mau hoa makaʻāinana.

Eia naʻe, Martin de Ocaña, ka meia o ke kūlanakauhale, aloha aloha iā ia. Ua hāʻawi aku ʻo ia iā ia i nā mea hoʻonani āpau i wahine nāna. Akā ʻaʻole i ʻae ka mulatto a ʻo ia ka hāʻule ʻana. Hoʻowahāwahā, ua hoʻopiʻi ka mōʻī iā ia no ka hāʻawi ʻana iā ia i kahi concoction hoʻokalakupua e hāʻule i loko o kāna ʻupena.

Kū i mua o ia mau hoʻopiʻi, ua laka ʻia ka wahine i ka Papu o San Juan de Ulúa, kahi i hoʻokolokolo ʻia ai a hoʻopaʻi ʻia e make i ke ahi i mua o nā kānaka āpau. ʻOiai e kali ana i kāna hoʻopaʻi, ua hoʻohoka ʻo ia i kahi kiaʻi e hāʻawi iā ia i kahi koʻo a i ʻole gis. Me ia, huki ʻo ia i kahi moku a nīnau i ka luna hale paʻahao i ka mea e nalowale ana.

Pane kēia i ka hoʻokele. A laila, ua ʻōlelo ka mulatto nani "e nānā pehea kāna hana" a, me ka lele ʻana, kau ʻo ia i luna o ka moku a, ma mua o ka maka pīhoihoi o ke kiaʻi, ua hele ʻo ia ma ke ala.

ʻO ke kamāliʻiwahine Donaji, kekahi moʻolelo kaʻao pōʻino ʻo Mexico

ʻO kahi pyramid Zapotec

ʻO ka pyramid Zapotec

ʻO kēia kaao kaʻao a mākou e lawe aku ai iā ʻoe no ka moʻolelo moʻolelo o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Oaxaca a hoʻi mai nā lā ma mua o Columbian. ʻO Donaji He kaikamahine wahine ʻo ia ʻo Zapotec, moʻopuna a King Cosijoeza. I kēlā manawa, ke kaua nei kēia kūlanakauhale me nā Mixtecs.

No kēlā kumu, lawe pio lākou i ke kaikamahine aliʻi. Eia naʻe, ua hoʻoweliweli ʻia e ko lākou mau hoa paio, ua ʻoki lākou i ke poʻo o lākou, ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou i haʻi i kahi i kanu ai lākou i kona poʻo.

I nā makahiki he nui ma hope mai, he kahunapule mai kahi āu i kēia lā Saint Augustine o Juntas ʻo ia me kāna pipi. Loaʻa i kahi mea makamae līlia a no ka makemake ʻole e hōʻino iā ia, ua koho ʻo ia e ʻeli iā ia me kona aʻa. Kāhāhā ʻo ia i kāna ʻeli ʻana, ua ʻike ʻia kahi poʻo kanaka i kahi kūlana kūpono. Na ke Kamāliʻiwahine Donaji's. No laila, ua hui ʻia kona kino a me kona poʻo a lawe ʻia i ka Luakini ʻo Cuilapam.

ʻO ka kaao o Gallo Maldonado

Nānā iā San Luis de Potosí

San Luis de Potosí

ʻAʻole ia e kāhāhā i ka nui o nā kaʻao Mekiko e pili ana i nā aloha aloha. ʻĀ, ʻo kēia a mākou e lawe aku nei iā ʻoe e hoʻopau i kā mākou huakaʻi huakaʻi pū kekahi i ka puʻuwai haʻihaʻi.

ʻO Luis Maldonado, ʻo Gallo Maldonado kahi i ʻike ʻia, ʻo ia ka mea haku mele i noho i San Luis de Potosí. ʻO ia ka papa waena akā ua aloha ʻo ia iā Eugenia, no ka ʻohana waiwai. He pilina mau ko lāua, akā i kekahi lā ua haʻi aku ka wahine ʻōpio iā ia ke hoʻopau nei ʻo ia i kāna aloha a ʻaʻole e nānā hou iā ia.

Kaumaha i kēia, ʻo ke kanaka ʻōpio i loko o ke aloha i hōʻino, hoʻololi i nā mea inu no nā mele, a hiki i kona maʻi ʻana a make. Eia naʻe, pūʻiwa ke ʻano o kona mau hoahānau, i kekahi lā ua kīkēkē kekahi i ka puka o ka hale a lilo ʻo Maldonado. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i wehewehe i ka mea i hana ʻia, ua haʻi wale ʻo ia iā lākou ua anuanu ʻo ia a ʻae lākou iā ia e komo i loko.

Ua hana lākou pēlā, akā ua hoʻomaka hou ke ʻōpio maikaʻi ʻole i kāna ola bohemian a me ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa. Ua mau kēia no kekahi manawa, a hiki i ka manawa hou, nalowale ʻo Maldonado Gallo, kēia manawa mau loa. ʻAʻole lākou i lohe hou iā ia.

Akā i kēia manawa hiki mai ka ʻoi loa o ka moʻolelo. ʻO kekahi mau kāne i ke aloha i hele wāwae i ko lākou aloha ma waena o ke kikowaena nui o San Luis de Potosí i nā lā mahina piha i ʻōlelo ai ua ʻike ʻia ka Gallo Maldonado e haʻi i kahi mele manaʻo.

I ka hopena, ua haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi o nā mea he nui Kaʻao Mexico hōʻailona kēlā i ka moʻolelo kahiko o ka ʻāina Aztec. Akā hiki iā mākou ke haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe he nui. ʻOiai ke hele wale nei mākou, e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i ka mea mai loaʻa kulina ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka Aztecs, kēlā o ka ʻO Charro Negro, na o lima ma ka pā, ka o ka alanui o ke keiki nalo a ʻo ka nahesa hulu paha ʻO Quetzalcoatl.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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