ʻO Cairo, e hui ana me ka 'makuahine o ka honua'

Kairo i ke kauwela

ʻO Cairo kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale i noho nui ʻia ma ka honua me kahi o 17 miliona mau kamaʻāina. ʻO Nicknamed ka inoa 'ka makuahine o ka honua' a me ka mea lanakila ', ʻo ia ka ʻīpuka i ka ʻāina o nā pharaohs a me ke kapikala nui ʻole o ka honua Arab.

ʻO kēia kūlanakauhale nui kahi e noho pono ai ka mea hou a me ka mea kahiko, ʻo ia kekahi o kēlā mau kūlanakauhale i ʻae ʻole i ka waena waena a haʻalele ʻole i kekahi i ka nānā ʻole. Nui a hewahewa nā mea kupaianaha i loko ona i hiki i nā poʻe mākaʻikaʻi ke hoʻokahuli inā ʻaʻole lākou e hoʻolālā i mua i nā wahi a lākou e kipa aku ai.

I ka manawa o ka wehe ʻana o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻAikupika Nui i ka makahiki 2018, hele mākou i nā alanui o Cairo e lawe iā mākou e ka mea pohihihi a me ka hoʻokalakupua o kēia kapikala o ʻApelika ʻĀkau.

Kaona Kūlanakauhale

Ke hele nei ma nā alanui o ke kaona hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa nā hale kūʻai a me nā hale kolone nani e ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka nani ma mua o ke kipi 1952.

Hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaka i ka huakaʻi me ke kipa ʻana iā La Ciudadela, kahi pā kaua Islam waena i kūkulu ʻia ma ka puʻu ʻo Mokkattam. Ua hānai ʻia kāna mau pale kaua i ka kenekulia 85 e hōʻoki i nā Crusaders a no kekahi manawa ʻo ia ka noho o ke aupuni. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā hoʻoponopono i hoʻokō ʻia ma muli o Saladino el Grande, e like me ka hihia o ka puna wai he XNUMX mita ka hohonu i hiki ke ʻike ʻia i kēia lā.

Ma hope ua kūkulu nā Turks i kahi mosque a me nā hale ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i kēia manawa nā hale hōʻikeʻike ʻehā: ʻo ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Koa ʻAigupita, ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Makai o ʻAigupita, ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Kaʻa a me ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Al-Gawhara Palace.

Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Cairo

Ma mua o ka wehe ʻana o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Nui ʻAigupita i ka makahiki 2018, ke kipa aku nei i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻAigupita ma Tahrir Square kahi hana i hiki ʻole ke alo ʻia. Loaʻa iā ia ka hōʻiliʻili nui o nā mea kahiko o ʻAigupita ma ka honua me nā ʻāpana he 120.000, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻia lākou āpau no nā kumu o ka lewa.

ʻO kahi wahi hoihoi loa e kipa aku ai ʻo ia ka hapaha Karistiano o Cairo. Hōʻike ʻo Copts ma waena o 10% a me 15% o ko ʻAigupita lehulehu. Hiki iā ia ke kiʻi ʻia e metro a pono ʻoe e haʻalele ma ke kahua ʻo Mari Girgis. Ma ka haʻalele ʻana e loaʻa iā mākou nā wahi o nā paia Roma a me nā hale pule he nui e hoʻomaka ana mai ka makahiki XNUMXth a hiki i ka Middle Ages. ʻO kekahi o nā mea i ʻike nui ʻia ʻo ka Hanging Church, San Sergio, Santa Bárbara a me San Jorge.

Hoʻopuni ʻia e nā hale pule e ʻike mākou i ka hale hālāwai ʻo Ben Ezra, e like me hoʻokahi heiau Karistiano hou ʻoiai he hale pule Coptic ia ma mua. ʻAʻole hiki ke uku i ka ʻauhau, kūʻai aku kahi Iudaio waiwai a lilo ia i hale hālāwai.

Hoʻopau mākou i kēia ala hoʻomana i Islamic Cairo, ma ke kaiāulu o El Azhar a i ʻole El Ghouri. ʻO kēia kahi ʻano hale hōʻikeʻike o ka moʻomeheu Muslim i ke ākea. I loko o ia mea hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa ka hale pule ʻo Ibn Tulun, mai ka XNUMXth kenekulia AD, a me ka hale hōʻikeʻike ʻo Gayer-Anderson i kūkulu ʻia i loko o ka hale o kahi kalepa Ottoman kahiko mai ka makahiki XNUMX.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao Islam kahi o ka pā ʻo El Azhar, kūkulu ʻia ma kahi ʻāpana o ke "kūlanakauhale o ka poʻe make" i loaʻa nā ʻike panoramic nani a kahi e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke kiʻi pikiniki ma ke kahakai o kahi loko i loko o kēia kūlanakauhale wela kahi e ua ʻole ai. ʻelua mau lā i ka makahiki.

ʻAʻohe mea i ʻoi aku ma mua o ka hoʻopau ʻana i kēia kipa i waenakonu o Cairo ma mua o ke kulu ʻana i ʻelua mau hale kūʻai mole i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka puʻuwai o ʻAigupita: El Abd (25, Talʻat Harb), me nā mea ʻono Aigupita maʻamau, a me Groppi (Tal ' ma Harb Square), me nā huahana like me ʻEulopa.

ʻO nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi hou aku e ʻike ai ma Cairo

Nā Pyramids o giza

ʻO Giza Pyramids Complex

Aia ma 18 mau kilomita mai Cairo ma ka Giza Plateau, nā Pyramids o Giza kekahi o nā monumona kahiko loa o ka honua. Hoʻomaka kona kūkulu ʻana ma kahi o 2.500 BC, ka mea nui a kaulana hoʻi ʻo ia o Cheops (140 mika kiʻekiʻe ma o 230 mika kumu). Ukali ʻia lākou e nā mea ʻo Khafre a me Menkaure.

Kūlike ʻole i ka manaʻo o ka poʻe he nui, ʻaʻole kūkulu ʻia kēia mau pyramid e nā kauā akā na nā poʻe hana i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia a uku ʻia hoʻi, e like me nā ʻano o ka ʻeli ʻana i hōʻike ai.

I ka wā o ka kipa ʻana i ka pā ʻo Giza hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka manawa kūpono e holoholo kāmelo, me ka maikaʻi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā kumukūʻai i kēia manawa a ʻaʻole pono e haggle.

Hale Hōʻikeʻike Coptic

Aia i loko o kahi hale aliʻi Roman Babulona kahiko, ʻo ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Coptic kekahi o nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi hoihoi loa ma Cairo e hōʻike nei i nā kiʻi mai ka wā Kalikiano ma waena o 300 a me 1000 AD.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Coptic ma 1910 a aia ma kahi o 16.000 mau ʻāpana i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻāpana like ʻole he 12 a me ke kaʻina o nā wā. Aia ma waena o lākou nā lole, nā papyri me nā ʻatikala mai nā ʻelele, nā niho ʻelepani, a me nā kiʻi kālai ʻia, a pēlā aku.

Hale Aliʻi Manial

Ma ka ʻākau o ka Mokupuni ʻo Rodah ka Hale Aliʻi Manial, kahi e noho ai ʻo Prince Mohamed Ali Tawfiq i ka hoʻomaka o ka XNUMX kenekulia.

ʻO kēia hale aliʻi he hui o ka Persian, Suria a me Moroccan kaila, i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā hale ʻelima i hana i ka hale aliʻi. ʻO ka pahuhopu o ke kamāliʻikāne ka hoʻokupu i nā loea Islam.

Hana ʻia nā māla o ka hale aliʻi i nā mea kanu mai nā kihi like ʻole o ka honua a hāʻawi ʻia me ka momona ma ka honua.

Hale Pule Isalama- Madrasa o Sultan Hassan

Ua kūkulu ʻia ka mosque-madrasa o Sultan Hassan ma waena o 1356 a me 1363, ʻo ia kekahi o nā laʻana ʻoi loa o ka kaila Mamluk ma Cairo. Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka ʻāpana maikaʻi loa o ka hoʻolālā mai ka hoʻomaka o kēia wā i hana ʻia me nā pōhaku nui.

Ke hele ʻoe i loko o ka puka komo, pono ʻoe e hele i kahi ala e hiki ai i kahi pā e hoʻopuni ʻia e nā pā a me nā lumi ʻehā kahi i aʻo ʻia ai ʻo Sunni Islam. ʻO nā wahi ʻē aʻe o ka mosque-madrasa i kūpono e kipa aku ai ka lumi o ka mausoleum o sultan a me ka cloister me kahi papa mosaic, he mea kupaianaha kāna hoʻolālā.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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