ʻO kahi e hōʻea ai: United Arab Emirates

Mai kahi manawa i kēia ʻāpana i Waena Hikina Ua puka mai kahi mana nona ka waiwai nui mai kā mākou gula wai, ka mea e hoʻopuni i ka honua no kēia manawa: ʻaila. ʻLelo wau Aupuni 'Emira' Alapia Hui Pū 'ia.

Keikikāne ʻehiku wahine nā mea e hana i kēia ʻāina mōʻī a i kēia lā e hoʻomanaʻo iki mākou kāna moʻolelo, mai ka wao akua a i ka waiwai, a hiki huakaʻi Hāʻawi lākou iā mākou i kēia lā. ʻO kahi huakaʻi i ka peninsula ʻo ʻAlapia, kahi ʻāina o nā puʻu a me nā ʻohana, i kēia lā kahi ʻāina o nā hale skyscrapers a me kālā.

United Arab Emirates

Aia he ʻehiku emirate e hana i kēia ʻāina: Dubai, Sarja, Umm al-Qaywayn, Fujairah, Ajman, Abu Dhabi a me Ras al-Khaimah. E like me ʻApelika, he nui nā mana o ʻEulopa me ka geopolitical hoʻokumu o ka ʻāina. Ua hōʻea nā mea ʻimi Pukiki ma aneʻi i ke kenekulia XNUMX, e ʻimi a wehe ana i nā ala i ʻAsia. Ma hope, i nā kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX, na ka poʻe Pelekania ka mea i hoʻolilo i ka Persian Gulf i wahi nui ma kā lākou ala kālepa.

Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao ka poʻe ʻEulopa, e ake ana e wehe i ke kālepa, ma kekahi ʻē aʻe nā ʻohana Arab e pili ana i nā mua like ʻole no ka mea ʻoi aku ka nui o ka poʻe ʻEulopa ma kahi o ka Ottoman Empire a me ka Persian Empire a no ke aha ʻaʻole, nā pōā. Ua ʻike mākou i kēlā ko Beritania Maikaʻi kā lākou hana ʻana ma ka hoʻomalu ʻana i ka honua, no laila i ka kenekulia XNUMX ua hoʻokumu lākou i palekana i ka panalāʻau o ka emirates i kēia manawa.

Ma ke kau inoa ʻana i nā kuʻikahi me nā aliʻi kūloko, ka Ke Kuʻikahi Moana Moana ma 1820 i ʻōlelo ai e mālama ka poʻe ʻAlapia i ka poʻe pōā. Kanakolu makahiki ma hope mai ka ʻO Truce Maritime Truce mau i ʻae i nā moku Pelekane e holoholo ma nā kapakai. A laila hele ka poʻe Pelekania mai ka lima a ka kuʻe lima a loaʻa i ka 1892 ka ʻAelike Hōʻokoʻa kahi i hiki ʻole ai i ka poʻe ʻArabia ke launa me nā mana ʻē aʻe a hāʻawi ʻo United Kingdom iā lākou i ka pale kūloko a me nā makemake kālepa i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

Ke kamaʻilio nei mākou e pili ana i nā ʻohana Arab ʻaʻole i lohe i kēlā manawa i ka mina gula a lākou i neʻe ai. No laila hānai wale lākou, lawaiʻa a hōʻiliʻili i nā momi. Ma hope wale nō o ke Kaua Honua II ka nā māla mua a me nā ʻenekini. E hoʻomaka wale ana ka boom. Ua pau ke kaua a haʻalele ʻia ka Emepaea Pelekane no laila ua hoʻomaka nā ʻāina e kūkākūkā i ko lākou kūʻokoʻa.

Ua haʻalele ʻo UK ma 1968 a ʻākoakoa nā emirates e ʻike pehea lākou e hoʻomau ai. Ua hui ʻo Dubai a me Abu Dhabi a kono aku i nā mea pale o Bahrain a me Qatar. ʻO nā kuʻikahi hope aʻe ma luna o kahi ʻohana Arab e lilo i kuleana e hoʻokaʻawale, akā i 1971 hānau ka United Arab Emirates, he hui hui hou he ʻeono mau lālā. ʻAʻole ʻo Ras al Khaima i kēia manawa no ka mea he hoʻokūkū kūloko ia me ka emirate o Sarja, akā ua hui pū ʻia i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope.

ʻO ia ʻo Syekh o Abu Dhabi, ʻo Zayed bin Sultan al Nahayan, ka mea i noho pelekikena mai 1971 a hiki i kona make ʻana i 2004. ʻAi ʻia ʻo ia a me kāna hana i ka hana hou ʻana o ka mokuʻāina a me ke kaulike o ka mana ma waena o nā ʻohana aliʻi ʻehiku, ka mea ʻaʻole maʻalahi. ʻO ka lima me nā petrodollars, ua komo ka United Arab Emirates a wikiwiki loa i ke kaʻina hana hou i nā '90s a pēlā i lilo ai nā kahu hānai, pōā, a me nā lawaiʻa momi i waiwai a lilo i mea hana i nā geopolitical koʻikoʻi.

United Arab Emirates i kēia lā

E like me ka European Union ʻaʻole like nā emirates āpau. Aia nā ʻokoʻa waiwai no ka mea ʻaʻole kaulike kaulike nā māla aila. ʻO kahi laʻana, Abu Dhabi e noʻonoʻo kokoke ana iā 90% a me Dubai 5% o lākou. Eia kekahi, he mau mokulele ponoʻī kēia mau mokuʻāina ʻelua no laila he ala nui kālepa kā lākou. Hōʻike lāua ʻelua i 83% o GDP, no laila ke hilinaʻi nei nā ʻemira ʻelima liʻiliʻi loa ma o lākou i nā ʻauhau pekelala.

Akā maʻalahi ka lawe ʻana i ʻehiku mau emirates ma lalo o ka mokuʻāina hoʻokahi? ʻAʻole nui loa. Ua kau inoa ʻia kahi kumukānāwai i ka makahiki 1971 a mālama ʻia a hiki i ka makahiki 1996, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia ka manaʻo mua. Ma aneʻi ua kau ʻia kēlā ʻo Abu Dhabi ke kapikala a ma ka hoʻolōʻihi ʻia kāna emir nāna e alakaʻi i ka mokuʻāina. Ma hope, ua ʻōlelo ke kumukānāwai e pili ana i ka hoʻohui ʻana o kekahi ʻōnaehana nui i kahi mokuʻāina: ka ʻauhau, ke kālā, ka ʻona, ke olakino ... Ma kahi o kahi ʻōnaehana hoʻokolokolo maʻamau a me nā pūʻali koa.

I kēia lā, ʻo Ras al Khaima a me Dubai wale nō kā lākou mau ʻaha ponoʻī a ua hoʻokumu ʻia lākou pūʻali koa pūʻali Aia lākou i waena o nā mea mana loa o ka wahi. Mālama ʻia nā mea āpau e ka Federal Council e hui ana ʻehā mau manawa i ka makahiki. Hele nā ​​emira āpau i kēia ʻaha a koho ʻia nā kuhina a i ʻole nā ​​mea i hōʻoia ʻia, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā kūlana, kūkā ʻia nā kānāwai a me nā moʻohelu kālā. Koho ka pelekikena i kāna luna ponoʻī, akā noʻonoʻo mau i nā emirates a pau.

Aia he mau koho balota ma nā United Arab Emirates? Kakaikahi Aia i ke aupuni ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo kū kānāwai a ka Federal National Council, i hana ʻia e nā lālā he 40, mai nā aliʻi ʻehiku, i koho hapa ʻia i nā koho balota. Wale ma luna o 300 tausani mau kānaka i hiki ke koho a koho ʻia lākou e ke Kōmike Koho Koho Lāhui e noʻonoʻo nei i ka moekolohe, ka makahiki, ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa a me ka wahi noho.

No laila, no ka laʻana, i nā koho balota o 2006, ka mea mua, 6 mau wahine a me nā kāne wale nō i komo. I kēia lā ʻoi aku ka nui o ka helu a ma 2011 lākou he 130 tausani a me 300 tausani i ka 2019.  A ʻo nā wahine? ʻĀ, kakaʻikahi loa nā balota a i nā koho balota o ka makahiki i hala aia ma kahi o 180 e koho ʻia ai i kekahi kūlana, ʻoiai ʻehiku wale nō i hiki ke hana pēlā. ʻO ia hoʻi, aia he ʻehiku mau wahine ma ka Federal National Council.

ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻoʻo ia sharia, Kānāwai Islam, he aha ia nā kaohi a me nā kūlana o ka nohona a me ka nohona politika o ka ʻāina. ʻOiai he kekelē kūʻokoʻa ko kēlā me kēia emirate, ʻaʻohe mea e hiki ke kūʻē i ke aupuni pekelala, i hoʻomalu ʻia e Islam. Aia ke kūʻokoʻa haipule, akā ʻo ka mea hoʻokahi e hiki ke hōʻike iā ia iho i ka lehulehu ʻo Islam.

ʻO ka mea i ʻike i kahi palapala e pili ana i ka United Arab Emirates a i ʻole kekahi o kāna mau mokuʻāina i ʻike he ʻelua mau mea maoli: ʻo ka mea waiwai a me nā ʻilihuna. ʻO nā mea hope loa ma mua o nā mea āpau hoʻolaʻa nā limahana haole i ka ʻoihana kūkulu. ʻO nā India, Pakistanis, Bangladeshi poʻe ʻike i ka waiwai o haʻi ma kahi mamao iki. ʻO kēia ka hihia ma Abu Dani, Sarja a me Dubai, nā kikowaena nui o ke kūlanakauhale me ka nui o ka poʻe noho.

ka emiratis hōʻike lākou i 11% o ka heluna kanaka, hoʻokahi miliona kānaka. Ua koho ʻia he 34% o lākou i lalo o 25 mau makahiki a ʻoliʻoli i ke kōkua nui mai ka mokuʻāina. A laila aia kekahi nā limahana haole, me nā hana mākaukau, ka mea loaʻa kālā maikaʻi. ʻO ka hapa nui i loko o ka ʻenehana ikehu.

Ma ka hopena, He aha ka pilina o ka Emirates me ke koena o ka honua? Pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ia ke kolu o nā ʻāina ʻAlapia e loaʻa nā pilina pilikino me Israel, a ʻaʻole liʻiliʻi ia. Mai kēia mea he kūlana ʻē aʻe kāna ma ka hakakā Palestinian a kūʻē iā ʻIrana. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua hakakā ʻo ia me ʻIranama no kekahi mau mokupuni a ka UAE e koi ai nona iho ma ka Strait o Omuz a hoʻopiʻi pū kekahi iā ia no ka hāpai ʻana i ka kūʻē kūloko ma o ka hoʻonāukiuki ʻana i ka poʻe Shiite.

Keikikāne ʻO Dubai a me Abu Dhabi ka mea i kāpena i ka kulekele ʻē aʻe o ka mokuʻāina, he kuʻikahi waiwai, pili kālā a me ka politika. Mai poina he a ka hui kuʻuna o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, mai kona kūʻokoʻa ʻana, a eia ma aneʻi he mau pūʻali koa ʻAmelika i hoʻouna ʻia. ʻO kāna mau pilikia me Iran ua lawe kokoke mai i ka UAE i Saudi Arabia, he ʻāina e makemake ana e ukali i nā kapuai o ka holomua hoʻokele waiwai a kona hoalauna.

United Arab Emirates a me ka mākaʻikaʻi

I nā makahiki i hala iho nei, ua hoʻokau ka ʻāina i ka inika ma ka mākaʻikaʻi, e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohana pono i kāna ke aniau mehana, kona mau mokupuni hoʻopunipuni a me ka hanohano o kona mau kūlanakauhaleUa puka aʻe mai ka wao nahele. Hele kanalua ʻole ka poʻe ma mua Dubai, kahi i ʻike ʻia ua ʻoi aku ka nui o nā loaʻa huakaʻi ma mua o ka aila.

Ma aneʻi hiki i nā mākaʻikaʻi ke ʻike i kahi ola i ka wao akua, me huakaʻi i nā 4 × 4 jeep, nā pō ʻAlapia ma waena o nā puʻu a me nā holo kāmelao, a i ʻole hele hele i ke kūʻai ʻana a i ʻole hele i waho i nā kī i ke ʻano pō nui.

I kēia lā, ʻo ia nā emirates o Ras al Khaima a me Umm al Quwain e makemake e hoʻomohala i kā lākou economies i ka lima me ka mākaʻikaʻi. I kēia manawa, ʻimi ʻo Fujairah e hoʻolilo i kāna awa i kikowaena no ke kālepa kai moana, ʻo Sarja ke kapikala o ka moʻomeheu a me ka aʻo, a ʻo Ajman kahi kikowaena moku a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana.

ʻO ka mea i koe e ʻike ʻia inā holo wale ka aila, e like me ka mea mau, e ola kēia mau ʻāina.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

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