ʻO Kamakura, ka huakaʻi i Iapana

 

Kamakura ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea maʻamau nā huakaʻi i hiki ke hana ʻia mai Tokyo, Kapikala o Iāpana. Inā ʻaʻole hele ka honua i kēia maʻi ahulau, ʻo 2020 ka makahiki mākaʻikaʻi kiʻekiʻe o Iapana, me nā Olumepika a me nā mea āpau, no laila he ʻāina kipa nui ʻia ia.

Nui nā huakaʻi maʻalahi e hana ai mai Tokyo a ʻo Kamakura ma lalo o hoʻokahi hola ma ka hema o ke kūlanakauhale. Super kokoke a mahalo nui ʻia, no ka mea, ʻoiai, ʻo ka mea kaulana Kamakura Buddha he aha kāu e ʻike ai ma ke kiʻi.

Kamakura

He kulanakauhale kahakai ʻo ia ka hola ma ka hema mai Tokyo. I kekahi manawa ʻo ia ke kikowaena politika o ka ʻāina, hoʻi i ka kenekulia XNUMX, kahi aupuni i hala he kenekulia holoʻokoʻa ma lalo o ka mana o ka shogun Minamoto a me nā kiaʻāina Hojo. Ma hope ua hala ka mana i ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Kyoto, ke hoʻoholo ka mea kālaiʻāina e noho ma laila.

ʻO kēia lā wale nō kauhale noho mālie me nā heiau, nā kia hoʻomanaʻo mōʻaukala, a me nā luakini. A ʻoiai ma kahakai, he kahakai kona i piha ka nui i ke kauwela. Pehea e hele ai i Kamakura?

Ma ke kaʻaahi aia he ʻekolu koho. Hiki iā ʻoe ke lawe i ka Laina ʻo Odakyu ʻo ia ke ala makepono loa. Kūʻai ʻoe i ka Enoshima Kamakura Free Pass a pili pū me ka huakaʻi puni waena ma waena o Shinjuku ma Tokyo a me Kamakura. Hoʻohui ʻia, pili pū me ka hoʻohana o ka Enoden, kahi kaʻaahi ʻē aʻe akā ka uila, no 1520 yen wale nō. Ma kēia ala o ka lawe ʻana ma kahi o 90 mau minuke e hiki ai, no laila inā makemake ʻoe e lawe i kahi manawa liʻiliʻi pono ʻoe e hoʻohana i ka laina JR.

Na JR ka ʻO Shonan Shinjuku Line, kahi e hoʻopili ai iā Shinjuku a me Kamakura i hoʻokahi hola a he 940 yen ke kumu kūʻai. He mea pono e kali no ke kaʻaahi i Zushi, ʻo ia ka mea e kū ma ke kahua ʻo Kamakura (ʻelua mau haʻalele i kēlā me kēia hola), inā ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e loli ma ke kahua ʻo Ofuna. ʻO kekahi laina ka ʻO JR Yokosuka Line e hoʻopili ana iā Tokyo me Kamakura. ʻOi aku ka huakaʻi ma lalo o hoʻokahi hola a he 940 yen ke kumu kūʻai.

He ʻelua ʻāpana o ke kaona: ka Pākuʻi manuahi ʻo Enoshima Kamakura, ma 1520 yen, e komo pū ana me ka huakaʻi puni Shinjuku / Kamakura me ka hoʻohana o ka Enoden; a ʻo ka Hakone Kamakura Pass, no 7000 yen), hiki ke hoʻohana i ka laina Enoden a me ka lā Odayu, akā ʻo ka halihali hoʻi a puni ʻo Hakone i nā lā ʻekolu ma hope.

He aha kaʻu e kipa aku ai ma Kamakura? Hoʻolahalaha ʻia nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi nui o Kamakura i ʻekolu mau wahi kokoke i nā kikowaena: ma kahi o Kita Kamakura Station, Kamakura Station a me Hase Station. Pehea maoli kahi kūlanakauhale liʻiliʻi hiki iā ʻoe ke neʻe i ka wāwae aiʻole, no kekahi mea kiʻi hou aku, hoʻolimalima paikikala. Aia kekahi mau kaʻa ʻōhua a me nā kaʻaahi, inā makemake ʻoe e hōʻea i nā wahi mamao aku.

ʻO kā mākou kipa mua ma Kamakura Buddha Nui, Kamakura Daibutsu. He kiʻi keleawe ia o Amida Buddha i loko o ka pā o ka Luakini ʻo Kotokuin. Kū kokoke ia i ka ʻumikūmākahi a me ka hapalua mika ka lōʻihi aʻo ia ka lua o ke kiʻi keleawe kiʻekiʻe Buddha ma ka ʻāina. Mai 1252 ia a aia ma loko o ka hale nui nui o ka luakini, akā ua ʻeha ka wahi i kekahi mau typhoons i ka XNUMX a me ka XNUMX mau kenekulia no laila ua hoʻoholo ʻia e waiho pololei i waho.

ʻO Kamakura Nui Buddha he 10 mau minuke wale nō ka hele a emi iki paha mai Hase Station, ke kolu o ke kahua ma ka Enoden Line mai Kamakura. Aia ka Enoden Terminal Station ma kahi kokoke i ka JR Kamakura Station a hoʻohui kēia kaʻa uila uila iā Kamakura me Enoshima a me Fujisawa. Ua pani ʻia ka Buddha a hiki i Iune ma muli o ka coronavirus a i kēia lā ua hāmama akā ua hoʻemi ʻia kona mau hola: mai 8 am a 5 pm. ʻO ka komo ʻana he 300 yen wale nō, ma lalo o $ 3 wale nō.

El Luakini ʻo Hokokuji heʻuʻuku, nani, a mamao aku paha. No ka mahele ʻo Rinzai ʻo Zen Buddhism a ua hoʻokumu ʻia i ka wā mua o Muromachi, ʻo ia ka luakini ʻohana o ka ʻohana Ashikaga. Ke piʻi nei mākou i ka puʻu, ma mua o ka portico a me kahi māla liʻiliʻi a hiki i ka hale nui i kūkulu hou ʻia i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o 1923 kenekulia ma hope o ka Great Kanto Earthquake o XNUMX.

ʻO ke kiʻi nui i loko o ka luakini ʻo Buddha kēlā, akā aia kekahi hale bele liʻiliʻi a me ka waiwai nui o nā mea āpau. māla ʻohe ka mea ma hope o ka hale nui. Ua like me ka ʻohā 2000 a me nā ala ʻololī e hele wāwae ma waena o, a hale noho kahi e inu ai i ka tī matcha (ti ʻōmaʻomaʻo), e noʻonoʻo ana i kēia nani. Aia kekahi mau ana e like me ka paʻa ʻana i ka lehu o kekahi o nā haku ʻohana Ashikaga.

Pehea ʻoe e hele ai i ka Halepule ʻo Hokokuji? Ke hele nei mai ke kahua kaʻa kaʻa ʻo Jomyoji (lawe ʻia kēia ma ke kahua ʻo Kamakura, 10 mau minuke ma 200 yen). Hiki iā ʻoe ke lawe i ka 23, 24 a i ʻole 36. Inā makemake ʻoe e hele wāwae, e hōʻea ʻoe i ka wāwae i ka hapalua hola a ʻoi iki paha mai ke kahua kaʻaahi like. Wehe ka Bamboo Garden mai ka hola 9 o ke kakahiaka a i ka 4 pm a pani ʻia mai ka lā 29 o Kēkēmapa a Ianuali 3 Kālā 300 yen a inā makemake ʻoe i ka lawelawe tī e uku ʻoe i 600 yen keu.

Kekahi heiau ʻo ia ka Luakini Hase, pili i ka ʻaoʻao Jodo a kaulana loa no kona kiʻekiʻe ʻumikūmākahi poʻo o Kannon, ke akua wahine o ke aloha. ʻAneʻane he ʻumi mau mika ke kiʻekiʻe o ke keʻena a ua hana ʻia ke kiʻi i ka lāʻau gilded, kekahi o nā mea nui loa o kona ʻano ma Iapana. Kuhi ka moʻolelo e like kēia lāʻau i hoʻohana ʻia e kālai i ke kiʻi o Kannon o Nara. He hale hōʻikeʻike ko ka luakini, kahi e uku hou ai i kahi komo, e mālama mau ana i nā kiʻi, nā kiʻi a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe ka Amida-do Hall me kahi kiʻi gula he ʻumi kapuaʻi o Amida Buddha.

ʻO ka luakini, no ka mea aia ia ma ka ʻaoʻao o kahi puʻu, he a pā nani mai kahi e nani ai nā manaʻo o ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Kamakura. Aia kekahi hale ʻaina e ʻoluʻolu hou a ʻike ʻoe, ma kahi o ke alapiʻi e piʻi a iho i lalo o ka pali, he mau haneli mau kiʻi liʻiliʻi o Jizo Bodhisattva, nāna e kōkua i nā ʻuhane o nā keiki e kiʻi i paradaiso.

Aia ma ke kumu o ka pali ka puka o ka luakini, me nā māla a me nā loko iʻa. ʻElima mau minuke wale ʻo Hasedera mai ke kahua ʻo Hase. Wehe ia mai 8 am a 5:30 pm a hiki i ka 5 ma waena o ʻOkakopa a me Pepeluali. ʻAʻole ia e pani i kekahi lā a he 400 yen ke komo.

ʻO ka luakini nui loa ma Kamakura ka Tsurugaoka Hachimangu. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ia ma 1603 a hoʻolaʻa ʻia iā Hachiman, ke akua hoʻomalu o ka ʻohana Minamoto a me samurai i ka nui. Komo ʻia ka luakini e kahi ala lōʻihi e hele ana mai ka papa hele wāwae o Kamakura, e hele ana i ke kūlanakauhale holoʻokoʻa a e hele ana ma lalo o kekahi mau toris. ʻO ka lumi nui ma ka pā ma luna o kahi alapiʻi. Aia i loko kahi hale hōʻikeʻike me nā pahi kaua, nā palapala, nā pale ...

I ka'ākau o ke alapiʻi, a hiki i ka 2010, aia kekahi kumulāʻau ginko i kahi manawa i lilo i wahi hūnā e hoʻouka i ka pū kī. Kahiko, nani ke gula i ka hāʻule, ʻaʻole ia i ola i kahi ʻino ma Malaki 2010 a make.

Ma ke kumu o nā ʻanuʻu he pae kahi e maʻa mau ai nā hōʻike mele a me nā hulahula a hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i kahi hale kapu ʻē aʻe a me nā hale kōkua a puni. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hele i kēia heiau mai Kamakura Station, ma ke kaʻa ʻōhua a i ʻole ka wāwae. Komo ka komo.

ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke wehewehe i ka helu o nā heiau a Kamakura akā hiki iā mākou ke inoa iā lākou: Kenchoji, Zeniarai, Engakuji, Meigetsuin, Ankokuronji, Jomyoji, Zuisenji, Myohonji, Jochiji, Tokeiji a me Jufukuji. He nani lākou āpau akā he ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻolilo iā ia i ka ʻike ʻana i nā luakini, ke kolu o ka manawa ua like lākou āpau. ʻO ka mea a mākou e ʻōlelo aku ai e kipa iā Enoshima a me kona mau kahakai a hana i ka piʻi wāwae.

ʻO Enoshima kahi mokupuni liʻiliʻi kokoke iā Tokyo e pili ana i ke kahakai e kahi alahaka āu e hele ai i ka wāwae. He wahi kapu ko ka mokupuni, kahi hale kiaʻi e nānā ai, ana a me nā māla. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia ka puʻu wahie ma ka wāwae a no laila e ʻike ʻoe i nā heiau he nui i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no Benten, ke akua wahine o ke kūlana maikaʻi, ke olakino a me nā mele.

Aia kekahi aquarium a maikaʻi nā kahakai, mehana a me ka wai mālie a me ka crabbing. Mai Kamakura aku ʻo Enoden he 25 mau minuke, mai Shinjuku aku hiki iā ʻoe ke kiʻi ma laila a like ia mai ke kahua ʻo Tokyo.

Ma ka hopena, Inā makemake ʻoe i ka holoholo ma Kamakura aia ʻekolu ala: ka Daibutsu Tour, ka Tenen Tour a me ka Gionyama Tour, i kēia lā i pani ʻia ma muli o ka typhoon o ka makahiki i hala. Inā ʻoe e hele i kēia makahiki aʻe, e hoʻāʻo e nānā i nā mea e hāmama ana. Kupaianaha lākou, nā ala ʻōmaʻomaʻo e hele i nā puʻu e hoʻohui ana i nā heiau a me nā heiau. Ma ka laulā, ʻaʻole lākou e ʻoi aku ma mua o ka hapalua hola i 90 mau minuke, akā ʻaʻole lākou e hoʻomākaukau no laila e kiaʻi no nā kāmaʻa a me ka ua.

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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